Abstract

We report a novel, Tm-doped photonic crystal fiber (PCF) actively Q-switched oscillator that provides 8.9kW peak power with 435 µJ, 49 ns pulses at 10 kHz repetition rate at 2 μm wavelength. This fiber has a mode-field area >1000μm2, the largest of any flexible PCF providing diffraction-limited beam quality to the best of our knowledge. As an application, the oscillator is used as pump to generate >350nm broadening in 50m of SMF-28 fiber.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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  1. O. Schmidt, J. Rothhardt, T. Eidam, F. Röser, J. Limpert, A. Tünnermann, K. P. Hansen, C. Jakobsen, and J. Broeng, Opt. Express 16, 3918 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. Creeden, M. Jiang, P. A. Budni, P. A. Ketteridge, S. D. Setzler, Y. E. Young, J. C. McCarthy, P. G. Schunemann, T. M. Pollak, P. Tayebati, and E. P. Chicklis, Proc. SPIE 6952, 69520S (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  3. N. Simakov, A. Hemming, S. Bennetts, and J. Haub, Opt. Express 19, 16 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  4. G. Frith, T. McComb, B. Samson, W. Torruellas, M. Dennis, A. Carter, V. Khitrov, and K. Tankala, in Advanced Solid State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper WB5.
  5. A. F. El-Sherif and T. A. King, Opt. Commun. 218, 337 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Eichhorn and S. D. Jackson, Opt. Lett. 32, 19 (2007).
  7. C. C. C. Willis, L. Shah, M. Baudelet, P. Kadwani, T. S. McComb, R. A. Sims, V. Sudesh, and M. Richardson, Proc. SPIE 7580, 758003 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Y. Tang, L. Xu, Y. Yang, and J. Xu, Opt. Express 18, 22964 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  9. W. Shi, E. Petersen, Q. Fang, K. Kieu, A. Chavez-Pirson, N. Peyghambarian, and J. Yu, in Lasers, Sources, and Related Photonic Devices, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FTh4A.1.
  10. N. Modsching, P. Kadwani, R. A. Sims, L. Leick, J. Broeng, L. Shah, and M. Richardson, Opt. Lett. 36, 3873 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. Eichhorn and S. D. Jackson, Opt. Lett. 33, 1044 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  12. T. Schreiber, F. Roser, O. Schmidt, J. Limpert, R. Iliew, F. Lederer, A. Petersson, C. Jacobsen, K. Hansen, J. Broeng, and A. Tunnermann, Opt. Express 13, 19 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  13. T. S. McComb, R. A. Sims, C. C. C. Willis, P. Kadwani, V. Sudesh, L. Shah, and M. Richardson, Appl. Opt. 49, 6236 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  14. O. P. Kulkarni, V. V. Alexander, M. Kumar, M. J. Freeman, M. N. Islam, F. L. Terry, M. Neelakandan, and A. Chan, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, 2486 (2011).
    [CrossRef]

2011 (3)

2010 (3)

2008 (3)

M. Eichhorn and S. D. Jackson, Opt. Lett. 33, 1044 (2008).
[CrossRef]

O. Schmidt, J. Rothhardt, T. Eidam, F. Röser, J. Limpert, A. Tünnermann, K. P. Hansen, C. Jakobsen, and J. Broeng, Opt. Express 16, 3918 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Creeden, M. Jiang, P. A. Budni, P. A. Ketteridge, S. D. Setzler, Y. E. Young, J. C. McCarthy, P. G. Schunemann, T. M. Pollak, P. Tayebati, and E. P. Chicklis, Proc. SPIE 6952, 69520S (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

M. Eichhorn and S. D. Jackson, Opt. Lett. 32, 19 (2007).

2005 (1)

T. Schreiber, F. Roser, O. Schmidt, J. Limpert, R. Iliew, F. Lederer, A. Petersson, C. Jacobsen, K. Hansen, J. Broeng, and A. Tunnermann, Opt. Express 13, 19 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

A. F. El-Sherif and T. A. King, Opt. Commun. 218, 337 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Alexander, V. V.

Baudelet, M.

C. C. C. Willis, L. Shah, M. Baudelet, P. Kadwani, T. S. McComb, R. A. Sims, V. Sudesh, and M. Richardson, Proc. SPIE 7580, 758003 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bennetts, S.

N. Simakov, A. Hemming, S. Bennetts, and J. Haub, Opt. Express 19, 16 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Broeng, J.

Budni, P. A.

D. Creeden, M. Jiang, P. A. Budni, P. A. Ketteridge, S. D. Setzler, Y. E. Young, J. C. McCarthy, P. G. Schunemann, T. M. Pollak, P. Tayebati, and E. P. Chicklis, Proc. SPIE 6952, 69520S (2008).
[CrossRef]

Carter, A.

G. Frith, T. McComb, B. Samson, W. Torruellas, M. Dennis, A. Carter, V. Khitrov, and K. Tankala, in Advanced Solid State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper WB5.

Chan, A.

Chavez-Pirson, A.

W. Shi, E. Petersen, Q. Fang, K. Kieu, A. Chavez-Pirson, N. Peyghambarian, and J. Yu, in Lasers, Sources, and Related Photonic Devices, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FTh4A.1.

Chicklis, E. P.

D. Creeden, M. Jiang, P. A. Budni, P. A. Ketteridge, S. D. Setzler, Y. E. Young, J. C. McCarthy, P. G. Schunemann, T. M. Pollak, P. Tayebati, and E. P. Chicklis, Proc. SPIE 6952, 69520S (2008).
[CrossRef]

Creeden, D.

D. Creeden, M. Jiang, P. A. Budni, P. A. Ketteridge, S. D. Setzler, Y. E. Young, J. C. McCarthy, P. G. Schunemann, T. M. Pollak, P. Tayebati, and E. P. Chicklis, Proc. SPIE 6952, 69520S (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dennis, M.

G. Frith, T. McComb, B. Samson, W. Torruellas, M. Dennis, A. Carter, V. Khitrov, and K. Tankala, in Advanced Solid State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper WB5.

Eichhorn, M.

M. Eichhorn and S. D. Jackson, Opt. Lett. 33, 1044 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Eichhorn and S. D. Jackson, Opt. Lett. 32, 19 (2007).

Eidam, T.

El-Sherif, A. F.

A. F. El-Sherif and T. A. King, Opt. Commun. 218, 337 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fang, Q.

W. Shi, E. Petersen, Q. Fang, K. Kieu, A. Chavez-Pirson, N. Peyghambarian, and J. Yu, in Lasers, Sources, and Related Photonic Devices, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FTh4A.1.

Freeman, M. J.

Frith, G.

G. Frith, T. McComb, B. Samson, W. Torruellas, M. Dennis, A. Carter, V. Khitrov, and K. Tankala, in Advanced Solid State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper WB5.

Hansen, K.

T. Schreiber, F. Roser, O. Schmidt, J. Limpert, R. Iliew, F. Lederer, A. Petersson, C. Jacobsen, K. Hansen, J. Broeng, and A. Tunnermann, Opt. Express 13, 19 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hansen, K. P.

Haub, J.

N. Simakov, A. Hemming, S. Bennetts, and J. Haub, Opt. Express 19, 16 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hemming, A.

N. Simakov, A. Hemming, S. Bennetts, and J. Haub, Opt. Express 19, 16 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Iliew, R.

T. Schreiber, F. Roser, O. Schmidt, J. Limpert, R. Iliew, F. Lederer, A. Petersson, C. Jacobsen, K. Hansen, J. Broeng, and A. Tunnermann, Opt. Express 13, 19 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Islam, M. N.

Jackson, S. D.

M. Eichhorn and S. D. Jackson, Opt. Lett. 33, 1044 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Eichhorn and S. D. Jackson, Opt. Lett. 32, 19 (2007).

Jacobsen, C.

T. Schreiber, F. Roser, O. Schmidt, J. Limpert, R. Iliew, F. Lederer, A. Petersson, C. Jacobsen, K. Hansen, J. Broeng, and A. Tunnermann, Opt. Express 13, 19 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jakobsen, C.

Jiang, M.

D. Creeden, M. Jiang, P. A. Budni, P. A. Ketteridge, S. D. Setzler, Y. E. Young, J. C. McCarthy, P. G. Schunemann, T. M. Pollak, P. Tayebati, and E. P. Chicklis, Proc. SPIE 6952, 69520S (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kadwani, P.

Ketteridge, P. A.

D. Creeden, M. Jiang, P. A. Budni, P. A. Ketteridge, S. D. Setzler, Y. E. Young, J. C. McCarthy, P. G. Schunemann, T. M. Pollak, P. Tayebati, and E. P. Chicklis, Proc. SPIE 6952, 69520S (2008).
[CrossRef]

Khitrov, V.

G. Frith, T. McComb, B. Samson, W. Torruellas, M. Dennis, A. Carter, V. Khitrov, and K. Tankala, in Advanced Solid State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper WB5.

Kieu, K.

W. Shi, E. Petersen, Q. Fang, K. Kieu, A. Chavez-Pirson, N. Peyghambarian, and J. Yu, in Lasers, Sources, and Related Photonic Devices, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FTh4A.1.

King, T. A.

A. F. El-Sherif and T. A. King, Opt. Commun. 218, 337 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kulkarni, O. P.

Kumar, M.

Lederer, F.

T. Schreiber, F. Roser, O. Schmidt, J. Limpert, R. Iliew, F. Lederer, A. Petersson, C. Jacobsen, K. Hansen, J. Broeng, and A. Tunnermann, Opt. Express 13, 19 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Leick, L.

Limpert, J.

O. Schmidt, J. Rothhardt, T. Eidam, F. Röser, J. Limpert, A. Tünnermann, K. P. Hansen, C. Jakobsen, and J. Broeng, Opt. Express 16, 3918 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Schreiber, F. Roser, O. Schmidt, J. Limpert, R. Iliew, F. Lederer, A. Petersson, C. Jacobsen, K. Hansen, J. Broeng, and A. Tunnermann, Opt. Express 13, 19 (2005).
[CrossRef]

McCarthy, J. C.

D. Creeden, M. Jiang, P. A. Budni, P. A. Ketteridge, S. D. Setzler, Y. E. Young, J. C. McCarthy, P. G. Schunemann, T. M. Pollak, P. Tayebati, and E. P. Chicklis, Proc. SPIE 6952, 69520S (2008).
[CrossRef]

McComb, T.

G. Frith, T. McComb, B. Samson, W. Torruellas, M. Dennis, A. Carter, V. Khitrov, and K. Tankala, in Advanced Solid State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper WB5.

McComb, T. S.

C. C. C. Willis, L. Shah, M. Baudelet, P. Kadwani, T. S. McComb, R. A. Sims, V. Sudesh, and M. Richardson, Proc. SPIE 7580, 758003 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. S. McComb, R. A. Sims, C. C. C. Willis, P. Kadwani, V. Sudesh, L. Shah, and M. Richardson, Appl. Opt. 49, 6236 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Modsching, N.

Neelakandan, M.

Petersen, E.

W. Shi, E. Petersen, Q. Fang, K. Kieu, A. Chavez-Pirson, N. Peyghambarian, and J. Yu, in Lasers, Sources, and Related Photonic Devices, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FTh4A.1.

Petersson, A.

T. Schreiber, F. Roser, O. Schmidt, J. Limpert, R. Iliew, F. Lederer, A. Petersson, C. Jacobsen, K. Hansen, J. Broeng, and A. Tunnermann, Opt. Express 13, 19 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Peyghambarian, N.

W. Shi, E. Petersen, Q. Fang, K. Kieu, A. Chavez-Pirson, N. Peyghambarian, and J. Yu, in Lasers, Sources, and Related Photonic Devices, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FTh4A.1.

Pollak, T. M.

D. Creeden, M. Jiang, P. A. Budni, P. A. Ketteridge, S. D. Setzler, Y. E. Young, J. C. McCarthy, P. G. Schunemann, T. M. Pollak, P. Tayebati, and E. P. Chicklis, Proc. SPIE 6952, 69520S (2008).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, M.

Roser, F.

T. Schreiber, F. Roser, O. Schmidt, J. Limpert, R. Iliew, F. Lederer, A. Petersson, C. Jacobsen, K. Hansen, J. Broeng, and A. Tunnermann, Opt. Express 13, 19 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Röser, F.

Rothhardt, J.

Samson, B.

G. Frith, T. McComb, B. Samson, W. Torruellas, M. Dennis, A. Carter, V. Khitrov, and K. Tankala, in Advanced Solid State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper WB5.

Schmidt, O.

O. Schmidt, J. Rothhardt, T. Eidam, F. Röser, J. Limpert, A. Tünnermann, K. P. Hansen, C. Jakobsen, and J. Broeng, Opt. Express 16, 3918 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Schreiber, F. Roser, O. Schmidt, J. Limpert, R. Iliew, F. Lederer, A. Petersson, C. Jacobsen, K. Hansen, J. Broeng, and A. Tunnermann, Opt. Express 13, 19 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Schreiber, T.

T. Schreiber, F. Roser, O. Schmidt, J. Limpert, R. Iliew, F. Lederer, A. Petersson, C. Jacobsen, K. Hansen, J. Broeng, and A. Tunnermann, Opt. Express 13, 19 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Schunemann, P. G.

D. Creeden, M. Jiang, P. A. Budni, P. A. Ketteridge, S. D. Setzler, Y. E. Young, J. C. McCarthy, P. G. Schunemann, T. M. Pollak, P. Tayebati, and E. P. Chicklis, Proc. SPIE 6952, 69520S (2008).
[CrossRef]

Setzler, S. D.

D. Creeden, M. Jiang, P. A. Budni, P. A. Ketteridge, S. D. Setzler, Y. E. Young, J. C. McCarthy, P. G. Schunemann, T. M. Pollak, P. Tayebati, and E. P. Chicklis, Proc. SPIE 6952, 69520S (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shah, L.

Shi, W.

W. Shi, E. Petersen, Q. Fang, K. Kieu, A. Chavez-Pirson, N. Peyghambarian, and J. Yu, in Lasers, Sources, and Related Photonic Devices, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FTh4A.1.

Simakov, N.

N. Simakov, A. Hemming, S. Bennetts, and J. Haub, Opt. Express 19, 16 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sims, R. A.

Sudesh, V.

T. S. McComb, R. A. Sims, C. C. C. Willis, P. Kadwani, V. Sudesh, L. Shah, and M. Richardson, Appl. Opt. 49, 6236 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. C. C. Willis, L. Shah, M. Baudelet, P. Kadwani, T. S. McComb, R. A. Sims, V. Sudesh, and M. Richardson, Proc. SPIE 7580, 758003 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tang, Y.

Tankala, K.

G. Frith, T. McComb, B. Samson, W. Torruellas, M. Dennis, A. Carter, V. Khitrov, and K. Tankala, in Advanced Solid State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper WB5.

Tayebati, P.

D. Creeden, M. Jiang, P. A. Budni, P. A. Ketteridge, S. D. Setzler, Y. E. Young, J. C. McCarthy, P. G. Schunemann, T. M. Pollak, P. Tayebati, and E. P. Chicklis, Proc. SPIE 6952, 69520S (2008).
[CrossRef]

Terry, F. L.

Torruellas, W.

G. Frith, T. McComb, B. Samson, W. Torruellas, M. Dennis, A. Carter, V. Khitrov, and K. Tankala, in Advanced Solid State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper WB5.

Tunnermann, A.

T. Schreiber, F. Roser, O. Schmidt, J. Limpert, R. Iliew, F. Lederer, A. Petersson, C. Jacobsen, K. Hansen, J. Broeng, and A. Tunnermann, Opt. Express 13, 19 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tünnermann, A.

Willis, C. C. C.

T. S. McComb, R. A. Sims, C. C. C. Willis, P. Kadwani, V. Sudesh, L. Shah, and M. Richardson, Appl. Opt. 49, 6236 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. C. C. Willis, L. Shah, M. Baudelet, P. Kadwani, T. S. McComb, R. A. Sims, V. Sudesh, and M. Richardson, Proc. SPIE 7580, 758003 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J.

Xu, L.

Yang, Y.

Young, Y. E.

D. Creeden, M. Jiang, P. A. Budni, P. A. Ketteridge, S. D. Setzler, Y. E. Young, J. C. McCarthy, P. G. Schunemann, T. M. Pollak, P. Tayebati, and E. P. Chicklis, Proc. SPIE 6952, 69520S (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yu, J.

W. Shi, E. Petersen, Q. Fang, K. Kieu, A. Chavez-Pirson, N. Peyghambarian, and J. Yu, in Lasers, Sources, and Related Photonic Devices, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FTh4A.1.

Appl. Opt. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

A. F. El-Sherif and T. A. King, Opt. Commun. 218, 337 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Y. Tang, L. Xu, Y. Yang, and J. Xu, Opt. Express 18, 22964 (2010).
[CrossRef]

O. Schmidt, J. Rothhardt, T. Eidam, F. Röser, J. Limpert, A. Tünnermann, K. P. Hansen, C. Jakobsen, and J. Broeng, Opt. Express 16, 3918 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. Simakov, A. Hemming, S. Bennetts, and J. Haub, Opt. Express 19, 16 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Schreiber, F. Roser, O. Schmidt, J. Limpert, R. Iliew, F. Lederer, A. Petersson, C. Jacobsen, K. Hansen, J. Broeng, and A. Tunnermann, Opt. Express 13, 19 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Proc. SPIE (2)

C. C. C. Willis, L. Shah, M. Baudelet, P. Kadwani, T. S. McComb, R. A. Sims, V. Sudesh, and M. Richardson, Proc. SPIE 7580, 758003 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Creeden, M. Jiang, P. A. Budni, P. A. Ketteridge, S. D. Setzler, Y. E. Young, J. C. McCarthy, P. G. Schunemann, T. M. Pollak, P. Tayebati, and E. P. Chicklis, Proc. SPIE 6952, 69520S (2008).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

G. Frith, T. McComb, B. Samson, W. Torruellas, M. Dennis, A. Carter, V. Khitrov, and K. Tankala, in Advanced Solid State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper WB5.

W. Shi, E. Petersen, Q. Fang, K. Kieu, A. Chavez-Pirson, N. Peyghambarian, and J. Yu, in Lasers, Sources, and Related Photonic Devices, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FTh4A.1.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of the Q -switched oscillator.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Total average power for Q -switched operation at 10, 20, and 50 kHz repetition rates with HR mirror as feedback element. The slope is also shown with reflection grating, producing narrow-linewidth output at 1998 nm and 10 kHz repetition rate.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Variation of pulse duration and pulse energy (inset) with absorbed pump power.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Variation of CW slope efficiency with wavelength, (b) ASE output spectrum of the PCF (black), and (c) CW lasing spectra with HR as feedback at 2 W output (red).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Evolution of spectral broadening in SMF-28 at 1.5, 10, 25, and 50 m. The onset of modulation instability is seen at 1.5 m (red), broadening at 25 m (dark blue) extending to 2350 nm, and cutting back of broadening at 50 m (light blue) to 2250 nm.

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