Abstract

We demonstrate a novel periodically patterned ring resonator evanescently coupled with a coupler waveguide (CWG) on a silicon-on-insulator platform. In order to optimize the coupling, we phase match the ring resonator and the CWG by tuning the width of the CWG. In the transmission spectra, we measure a high extinction ratio of more than 20 dB and achieve a group index of 20 in the slow-light regime. Beating patterns in the calculated mode profiles suggest strong interference between degenerate modes. This device opens up the possibility of new applications in compact device integration in wavelength-division multiplexing system while reducing the in-band four-wave mixing cross talk.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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2011 (1)

2010 (2)

2009 (2)

L. Mahler, A. Tredicucci, F. Beltram, C. Walther, J. Faist, B. Witzigmann, H. E. Beere, and D. A. Ritchie, Nat. Photonics 3, 46 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. Giuntoni, A. Gajda, M. Krause, R. Steingrber, J. Bruns, and K. Petermann, Opt. Express 17, 18518 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (3)

2007 (3)

T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, E. Kuramochi, A. Shinya, and H. Taniyama, Nat. Photonics 1, 49 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. F. Krauss, J. Phys. D 40, 2666 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Goldring, U. Levy, and D. Mendlovic, Opt. Express 15, 3156 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

S. Hughes, L. Ramunno, J. F. Young, and J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033903 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

K. K. Tsia and A. W. Poon, Opt. Express 12, 5711 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssaert, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1328 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

M. Fujita and T. Baba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 2051 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

A. Yariv, Electron. Lett. 36, 321 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

J. S. Foresi, P. R. Villeneuve, J. Ferrera, E. R. Thoen, G. Steinmeyer, S. Fan, J. D. Joannopoulos, L. C. Kimerling, H. I. Smith, and E. P. Ippen, Nature 390, 143 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

Baba, T.

M. Fujita and T. Baba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 2051 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Baets, R.

P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssaert, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1328 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Beausoleil, R. G.

Beckx, S.

P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssaert, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1328 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Beere, H. E.

L. Mahler, A. Tredicucci, F. Beltram, C. Walther, J. Faist, B. Witzigmann, H. E. Beere, and D. A. Ritchie, Nat. Photonics 3, 46 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Beltram, F.

L. Mahler, A. Tredicucci, F. Beltram, C. Walther, J. Faist, B. Witzigmann, H. E. Beere, and D. A. Ritchie, Nat. Photonics 3, 46 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bienstman, P.

P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssaert, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1328 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bock, P. J.

Bogaerts, W.

P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssaert, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1328 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bruns, J.

Cheben, P.

Choy, J. T.

Delâge, A.

Densmore, A.

Dumon, P.

P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssaert, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1328 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dupuis, R. D.

Fainman, Y.

K. Ikeda, M. Nezhad, and Y. Fainman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 201111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Faist, J.

L. Mahler, A. Tredicucci, F. Beltram, C. Walther, J. Faist, B. Witzigmann, H. E. Beere, and D. A. Ritchie, Nat. Photonics 3, 46 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fan, S.

J. S. Foresi, P. R. Villeneuve, J. Ferrera, E. R. Thoen, G. Steinmeyer, S. Fan, J. D. Joannopoulos, L. C. Kimerling, H. I. Smith, and E. P. Ippen, Nature 390, 143 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fattal, D.

Fauchet, P. M.

J. Y. Lee and P. M. Fauchet, in Proceedings of Conference of Lasers and Electro-Optics (IEEE, 2011), paper CWM5.

Ferrera, J.

J. S. Foresi, P. R. Villeneuve, J. Ferrera, E. R. Thoen, G. Steinmeyer, S. Fan, J. D. Joannopoulos, L. C. Kimerling, H. I. Smith, and E. P. Ippen, Nature 390, 143 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Foresi, J. S.

J. S. Foresi, P. R. Villeneuve, J. Ferrera, E. R. Thoen, G. Steinmeyer, S. Fan, J. D. Joannopoulos, L. C. Kimerling, H. I. Smith, and E. P. Ippen, Nature 390, 143 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Foster, M. A.

Fujita, M.

M. Fujita and T. Baba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 2051 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gaeta, A. L.

Gajda, A.

Giuntoni, I.

Goldring, D.

Hall, T. J.

Hamsen, C.

Hare, J.

Haroche, S.

Huang, Y.

Hughes, S.

S. Hughes, L. Ramunno, J. F. Young, and J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033903 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ikeda, K.

K. Ikeda, M. Nezhad, and Y. Fainman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 201111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Integlia, R. A.

W. Song, R. A. Integlia, and W. Jiang, Phys. Rev. B 82, 235306 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

J. S. Foresi, P. R. Villeneuve, J. Ferrera, E. R. Thoen, G. Steinmeyer, S. Fan, J. D. Joannopoulos, L. C. Kimerling, H. I. Smith, and E. P. Ippen, Nature 390, 143 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Janz, S.

Jiang, W.

W. Song, R. A. Integlia, and W. Jiang, Phys. Rev. B 82, 235306 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Joannopoulos, J. D.

J. S. Foresi, P. R. Villeneuve, J. Ferrera, E. R. Thoen, G. Steinmeyer, S. Fan, J. D. Joannopoulos, L. C. Kimerling, H. I. Smith, and E. P. Ippen, Nature 390, 143 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kimerling, L. C.

J. S. Foresi, P. R. Villeneuve, J. Ferrera, E. R. Thoen, G. Steinmeyer, S. Fan, J. D. Joannopoulos, L. C. Kimerling, H. I. Smith, and E. P. Ippen, Nature 390, 143 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Krause, M.

Krauss, T. F.

T. F. Krauss, J. Phys. D 40, 2666 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kuramochi, E.

T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, E. Kuramochi, A. Shinya, and H. Taniyama, Nat. Photonics 1, 49 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lamontagne, B.

Lapointe, J.

Lee, J. Y.

J. Y. Lee and P. M. Fauchet, in Proceedings of Conference of Lasers and Electro-Optics (IEEE, 2011), paper CWM5.

Lefèvre-Seguin, V.

Levy, U.

Lipson, M.

Loncar, M.

Luyssaert, B.

P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssaert, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1328 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mahler, L.

L. Mahler, A. Tredicucci, F. Beltram, C. Walther, J. Faist, B. Witzigmann, H. E. Beere, and D. A. Ritchie, Nat. Photonics 3, 46 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mendlovic, D.

Nezhad, M.

K. Ikeda, M. Nezhad, and Y. Fainman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 201111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Notomi, M.

T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, E. Kuramochi, A. Shinya, and H. Taniyama, Nat. Photonics 1, 49 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Petermann, K.

Poon, A. W.

Raimond, J.-M.

Ramunno, L.

S. Hughes, L. Ramunno, J. F. Young, and J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033903 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ritchie, D. A.

L. Mahler, A. Tredicucci, F. Beltram, C. Walther, J. Faist, B. Witzigmann, H. E. Beere, and D. A. Ritchie, Nat. Photonics 3, 46 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ryou, J.-H.

Sandoghdar, V.

Schmid, J. H.

Shinya, A.

T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, E. Kuramochi, A. Shinya, and H. Taniyama, Nat. Photonics 1, 49 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sipe, J. E.

S. Hughes, L. Ramunno, J. F. Young, and J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033903 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Smith, H. I.

J. S. Foresi, P. R. Villeneuve, J. Ferrera, E. R. Thoen, G. Steinmeyer, S. Fan, J. D. Joannopoulos, L. C. Kimerling, H. I. Smith, and E. P. Ippen, Nature 390, 143 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Song, W.

W. Song, R. A. Integlia, and W. Jiang, Phys. Rev. B 82, 235306 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Steingrber, R.

Steinmeyer, G.

J. S. Foresi, P. R. Villeneuve, J. Ferrera, E. R. Thoen, G. Steinmeyer, S. Fan, J. D. Joannopoulos, L. C. Kimerling, H. I. Smith, and E. P. Ippen, Nature 390, 143 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Taillaert, D.

P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssaert, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1328 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tanabe, T.

T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, E. Kuramochi, A. Shinya, and H. Taniyama, Nat. Photonics 1, 49 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Taniyama, H.

T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, E. Kuramochi, A. Shinya, and H. Taniyama, Nat. Photonics 1, 49 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Thoen, E. R.

J. S. Foresi, P. R. Villeneuve, J. Ferrera, E. R. Thoen, G. Steinmeyer, S. Fan, J. D. Joannopoulos, L. C. Kimerling, H. I. Smith, and E. P. Ippen, Nature 390, 143 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tredicucci, A.

L. Mahler, A. Tredicucci, F. Beltram, C. Walther, J. Faist, B. Witzigmann, H. E. Beere, and D. A. Ritchie, Nat. Photonics 3, 46 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tsia, K. K.

Turner, A. C.

Van Campenhout, J.

P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssaert, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1328 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Van Thourhout, D.

P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssaert, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1328 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Villeneuve, P. R.

J. S. Foresi, P. R. Villeneuve, J. Ferrera, E. R. Thoen, G. Steinmeyer, S. Fan, J. D. Joannopoulos, L. C. Kimerling, H. I. Smith, and E. P. Ippen, Nature 390, 143 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Walther, C.

L. Mahler, A. Tredicucci, F. Beltram, C. Walther, J. Faist, B. Witzigmann, H. E. Beere, and D. A. Ritchie, Nat. Photonics 3, 46 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Weiss, D. S.

Wiaux, V.

P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssaert, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1328 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Witzigmann, B.

L. Mahler, A. Tredicucci, F. Beltram, C. Walther, J. Faist, B. Witzigmann, H. E. Beere, and D. A. Ritchie, Nat. Photonics 3, 46 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wouters, J.

P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssaert, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1328 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Xu, D.-X.

Xu, Q.

Yariv, A.

A. Yariv, Electron. Lett. 36, 321 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Young, J. F.

S. Hughes, L. Ramunno, J. F. Young, and J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033903 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

M. Fujita and T. Baba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 2051 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. Ikeda, M. Nezhad, and Y. Fainman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 201111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

A. Yariv, Electron. Lett. 36, 321 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssaert, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1328 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. D (1)

T. F. Krauss, J. Phys. D 40, 2666 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (2)

L. Mahler, A. Tredicucci, F. Beltram, C. Walther, J. Faist, B. Witzigmann, H. E. Beere, and D. A. Ritchie, Nat. Photonics 3, 46 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, E. Kuramochi, A. Shinya, and H. Taniyama, Nat. Photonics 1, 49 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

J. S. Foresi, P. R. Villeneuve, J. Ferrera, E. R. Thoen, G. Steinmeyer, S. Fan, J. D. Joannopoulos, L. C. Kimerling, H. I. Smith, and E. P. Ippen, Nature 390, 143 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

W. Song, R. A. Integlia, and W. Jiang, Phys. Rev. B 82, 235306 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

S. Hughes, L. Ramunno, J. F. Young, and J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033903 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

RSOFT Design Group, Inc., http://www.rsoftdesign.com .

2D simulations do not allow for detailed quantitatively comparison with experiments but they are computationally much more efficient.

J. Y. Lee and P. M. Fauchet, in Proceedings of Conference of Lasers and Electro-Optics (IEEE, 2011), paper CWM5.

Lumerical Solutions, Inc., http://www.lumerical.com .

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OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

SEM of (a) fabricated PPRR with 100 periodic circular holes; (b) magnified micrograph of the evanescent coupling region with CWG of width w. (c) Calculated dispersion diagram of the PPRR (black curve) and CWGs with different widths w. The photonic band gap is indicated.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Measured TE-polarized transmission spectra of the control ring and the PPRRs with CWG widths w from 0.90a to 0.70a. The resonances are identified with an asterisk. (b)–(d) Out-of-plane near-field scattering top-view images of the device with w=0.80a at different wavelengths.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) 2D FDTD simulated TE-polarized transmission spectra with CWG widths w from 0.90a to 0.70a. (b)–(e) Simulated intensity profiles of modes A—D. (f) Calculated projected wave vectors for modes A—E.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Group index calculated from the measured spectra (symbols) and group index calculated using 3D FDTD (curve).

Metrics