Abstract

Taking the chromaticity inconstancy of LCDs and the inverse efficiency into account, a novel local colorimetric characterization model was developed in this Letter. Rather than dividing the device color space into many subspaces to refine the chromaticity description as existent local models, the proposed model tailored the transformation relationship uniquely for each characterized color with look-up tables and a local chromaticity matrix. Based on this model, the characterization task could be efficiently accomplished within a few steps for either the forward or the inverse transformation. Test experiments on several commercial LCDs indicated that the average color difference between the estimated and measured tristimulus values could be achieved in a low level of about 0.4 CIEDE2000 units, effectively demonstrating the proposed model.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  4. D. L. Post and C. S. Calhoun, Color Res. Appl. 25, 90 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  5. E. A. Day, L. Taplin, and R. S. Berns, Color Res. Appl. 29, 365 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. X. Zhang and H. Xu, Acta Opt. Sin. 27, 1719 (2007).
  7. B. Bastani, B. Cressman, and B. Funt, Color Res. Appl. 30, 438 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  11. M. D. Fairchild and D. R. Wyble, “Colorimetric characterization of the Apple Studio display,” Tech. Rep. (Munsell Color Science Laboratory, 1998), p. 1.
  12. International Electrotechnical Commission, “Colour measurement and management in multimedia systems and equipment. Part 4: equipment using liquid crystal display panels,” Tech. Rep. IEC 61966-4 (IEC, 2000), p. 5.

2011 (1)

K. Xiao, C. Fu, D. Karatzas, and S. Wuerger, Displays 32, 17 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

J. B. Thomas, J. Y. Hardeberg, I. Foucherot, and P. Gouton, Color Res. Appl. 33, 449 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

X. Zhang and H. Xu, Acta Opt. Sin. 27, 1719 (2007).

2005 (1)

B. Bastani, B. Cressman, and B. Funt, Color Res. Appl. 30, 438 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

E. A. Day, L. Taplin, and R. S. Berns, Color Res. Appl. 29, 365 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

N. Tamura, N. Tsumura, and Y. Miyake, J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 11, 333 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

D. L. Post and C. S. Calhoun, Color Res. Appl. 25, 90 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

R. S. Berns, R. J. Motta, and M. E. Gorzynski, Color Res. Appl. 18, 299 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. S. Berns, M. E. Gorzynski, and R. J. Motta, Color Res. Appl. 18, 315 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

D. L. Post, and C. S. Calhoun, Color Res. Appl. 14, 172 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Bastani, B.

B. Bastani, B. Cressman, and B. Funt, Color Res. Appl. 30, 438 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Berns, R. S.

E. A. Day, L. Taplin, and R. S. Berns, Color Res. Appl. 29, 365 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. S. Berns, M. E. Gorzynski, and R. J. Motta, Color Res. Appl. 18, 315 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. S. Berns, R. J. Motta, and M. E. Gorzynski, Color Res. Appl. 18, 299 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Calhoun, C. S.

D. L. Post and C. S. Calhoun, Color Res. Appl. 25, 90 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. L. Post, and C. S. Calhoun, Color Res. Appl. 14, 172 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Cressman, B.

B. Bastani, B. Cressman, and B. Funt, Color Res. Appl. 30, 438 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Day, E. A.

E. A. Day, L. Taplin, and R. S. Berns, Color Res. Appl. 29, 365 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fairchild, M. D.

M. D. Fairchild and D. R. Wyble, “Colorimetric characterization of the Apple Studio display,” Tech. Rep. (Munsell Color Science Laboratory, 1998), p. 1.

Foucherot, I.

J. B. Thomas, J. Y. Hardeberg, I. Foucherot, and P. Gouton, Color Res. Appl. 33, 449 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fu, C.

K. Xiao, C. Fu, D. Karatzas, and S. Wuerger, Displays 32, 17 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Funt, B.

B. Bastani, B. Cressman, and B. Funt, Color Res. Appl. 30, 438 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gorzynski, M. E.

R. S. Berns, M. E. Gorzynski, and R. J. Motta, Color Res. Appl. 18, 315 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. S. Berns, R. J. Motta, and M. E. Gorzynski, Color Res. Appl. 18, 299 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Gouton, P.

J. B. Thomas, J. Y. Hardeberg, I. Foucherot, and P. Gouton, Color Res. Appl. 33, 449 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hardeberg, J. Y.

J. B. Thomas, J. Y. Hardeberg, I. Foucherot, and P. Gouton, Color Res. Appl. 33, 449 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Karatzas, D.

K. Xiao, C. Fu, D. Karatzas, and S. Wuerger, Displays 32, 17 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Miyake, Y.

N. Tamura, N. Tsumura, and Y. Miyake, J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 11, 333 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Motta, R. J.

R. S. Berns, R. J. Motta, and M. E. Gorzynski, Color Res. Appl. 18, 299 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. S. Berns, M. E. Gorzynski, and R. J. Motta, Color Res. Appl. 18, 315 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Post, D. L.

D. L. Post and C. S. Calhoun, Color Res. Appl. 25, 90 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. L. Post, and C. S. Calhoun, Color Res. Appl. 14, 172 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Tamura, N.

N. Tamura, N. Tsumura, and Y. Miyake, J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 11, 333 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Taplin, L.

E. A. Day, L. Taplin, and R. S. Berns, Color Res. Appl. 29, 365 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Thomas, J. B.

J. B. Thomas, J. Y. Hardeberg, I. Foucherot, and P. Gouton, Color Res. Appl. 33, 449 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tsumura, N.

N. Tamura, N. Tsumura, and Y. Miyake, J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 11, 333 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wuerger, S.

K. Xiao, C. Fu, D. Karatzas, and S. Wuerger, Displays 32, 17 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wyble, D. R.

M. D. Fairchild and D. R. Wyble, “Colorimetric characterization of the Apple Studio display,” Tech. Rep. (Munsell Color Science Laboratory, 1998), p. 1.

Xiao, K.

K. Xiao, C. Fu, D. Karatzas, and S. Wuerger, Displays 32, 17 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Xu, H.

X. Zhang and H. Xu, Acta Opt. Sin. 27, 1719 (2007).

Zhang, X.

X. Zhang and H. Xu, Acta Opt. Sin. 27, 1719 (2007).

Acta Opt. Sin. (1)

X. Zhang and H. Xu, Acta Opt. Sin. 27, 1719 (2007).

Color Res. Appl. (7)

B. Bastani, B. Cressman, and B. Funt, Color Res. Appl. 30, 438 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. S. Berns, R. J. Motta, and M. E. Gorzynski, Color Res. Appl. 18, 299 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. S. Berns, M. E. Gorzynski, and R. J. Motta, Color Res. Appl. 18, 315 (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. L. Post, and C. S. Calhoun, Color Res. Appl. 14, 172 (1989).
[CrossRef]

D. L. Post and C. S. Calhoun, Color Res. Appl. 25, 90 (2000).
[CrossRef]

E. A. Day, L. Taplin, and R. S. Berns, Color Res. Appl. 29, 365 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Thomas, J. Y. Hardeberg, I. Foucherot, and P. Gouton, Color Res. Appl. 33, 449 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Displays (1)

K. Xiao, C. Fu, D. Karatzas, and S. Wuerger, Displays 32, 17 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Soc. Inf. Disp. (1)

N. Tamura, N. Tsumura, and Y. Miyake, J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 11, 333 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

M. D. Fairchild and D. R. Wyble, “Colorimetric characterization of the Apple Studio display,” Tech. Rep. (Munsell Color Science Laboratory, 1998), p. 1.

International Electrotechnical Commission, “Colour measurement and management in multimedia systems and equipment. Part 4: equipment using liquid crystal display panels,” Tech. Rep. IEC 61966-4 (IEC, 2000), p. 5.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Radiometric scalar (vertical axis) data points and interpolation lines to digital counts (horizontal axis) of r, g, b channels for (a) LCD1, (b) LCD2, (c) LCD3.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Mean CIEDE2000 color difference of inverse transformation changes with the updating times of the local chromaticity matrix on three LCDs.

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1. CIDs for LCDs When the Black Point (BP) Is Included and Excluded

Tables Icon

Table 2. Mean (μ) and SD of CIEDE2000 Color Differences for the Forward Transformation Test of Four Models Built with 8 and 16 (N) Measurements

Tables Icon

Table 3. Mean (μ) and SD of Pooled CIEDE2000 Color Differences for the Forward (For.) and Inverse (Inv.) Test of the Proposed Modela

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

[XYZ]=[x¯r(l¯r)L¯rmaxx¯g(l¯g)L¯gmaxx¯b(l¯b)L¯bmaxy¯r(l¯r)L¯rmaxy¯g(l¯g)L¯gmaxy¯b(l¯b)L¯bmaxz¯r(l¯r)L¯rmaxz¯g(l¯g)L¯gmaxz¯b(l¯b)L¯bmax][l¯rl¯gl¯b]+[X0Y0Z0],
[l¯rl¯gl¯b]=[x¯r(l¯r)L¯rmaxx¯g(l¯g)L¯gmaxx¯b(l¯b)L¯bmaxy¯r(l¯r)L¯rmaxy¯g(l¯g)L¯gmaxy¯b(l¯b)L¯bmaxz¯r(l¯r)L¯rmaxz¯g(l¯g)L¯gmaxz¯b(l¯b)L¯bmax]1([XYZ][X0Y0Z0]).
x¯r(l¯r)=l¯rHl¯rl¯rHl¯rL·x¯r(l¯rL)+l¯rl¯rLl¯rHl¯rL·x¯r(l¯rH),
XrX¯rmaxYrY¯rmaxZrZ¯rmaxXgX¯gmaxYgY¯gmaxZgZ¯gmaxXbX¯bmaxYbY¯bmaxZbZ¯bmax,
l¯re=Xr¯+Yr¯+Zr¯L¯rmaxX¯X¯rmax+X¯gmax+X¯bmax,l¯ge=Xg¯+Yg¯+Zg¯L¯gmaxY¯Y¯rmax+Y¯gmax+Y¯bmax,l¯be=Xb¯+Yb¯+Zb¯L¯bmaxZ¯Z¯rmax+Z¯gmax+Z¯bmax,
CID=jaj(stdN(|CiCmax|)),i=1,2,,N,j=r,g,b,

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