Abstract

We demonstrate photon-number-resolving detection based on coincidence frequency upconversion. Pumped by synchronized pulses, the photon signal of the coherent state at 1.04μm was upconverted into visible replicas with preserved photon number distribution. The upconverted photons were then registered by a silicon multipixel photon counter. The photon-number-resolving performance was improved by reducing the background counts with a synchronous pump as the coincidence gate and reducing the intrinsic parametric fluorescence influence with long-wavelength pumping. A total detection efficiency of 3.7% was achieved with a quite low noise probability per pulse of 0.0002.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2010 (4)

M. T. Rakher, L. Ma, O. Slattery, X. Tang, and K. Srinivasan, Nat. Photon. 4, 786 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Mehmet, H. Vahlbruch, N. Lastzka, K. Danzmann, and R. Schnabel, Phys. Rev. A 81, 013814 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. Pomarico, B. Sanguinetti, R. Thew, and H. Zbinden, Opt. Express 18, 10750 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Allevi, M. Bondani, and A. Andreoni, Opt. Lett. 35, 1707 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

I. Afec, A. Natan, O. Ambar, and Y. Silberberg, Phys. Rev. A 79, 043830 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

B. E. Kardynał, Z. L. Yuan, and A. J. Shields, Nat. Photon. 2, 425 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Dong, H. Pan, Y. Li, E. Wu, and H. Zeng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 071101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, M. Halder, O. Alibart, P. Baldi, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, Nature 437, 116 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (3)

A. P. VanDevender and P. G. Kwiat, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1433(2004).

M. A. Albota and F. N. C. Wong, Opt. Lett. 29, 1449 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Waks, E. Diamanti, B. C. Sanders, S. D. Bartlett, and Y. Yamamoto, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 113602 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

M. Vasilyev, S. Choi, P. Kumar, and G. M. D’Ariano, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 2354 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Afec, I.

I. Afec, A. Natan, O. Ambar, and Y. Silberberg, Phys. Rev. A 79, 043830 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Albota, M. A.

Alibart, O.

S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, M. Halder, O. Alibart, P. Baldi, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, Nature 437, 116 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Allevi, A.

Ambar, O.

I. Afec, A. Natan, O. Ambar, and Y. Silberberg, Phys. Rev. A 79, 043830 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Andreoni, A.

Asobe, M.

Baldi, P.

S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, M. Halder, O. Alibart, P. Baldi, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, Nature 437, 116 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bartlett, S. D.

E. Waks, E. Diamanti, B. C. Sanders, S. D. Bartlett, and Y. Yamamoto, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 113602 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bondani, M.

Choi, S.

M. Vasilyev, S. Choi, P. Kumar, and G. M. D’Ariano, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 2354 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chong, A.

D’Ariano, G. M.

M. Vasilyev, S. Choi, P. Kumar, and G. M. D’Ariano, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 2354 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Danzmann, K.

M. Mehmet, H. Vahlbruch, N. Lastzka, K. Danzmann, and R. Schnabel, Phys. Rev. A 81, 013814 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Diamanti, E.

H. Takesue, E. Diamanti, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, and Y. Yamamoto, Opt. Express 14, 13067 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Waks, E. Diamanti, B. C. Sanders, S. D. Bartlett, and Y. Yamamoto, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 113602 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dong, H.

H. Dong, H. Pan, Y. Li, E. Wu, and H. Zeng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 071101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Eraerds, P.

Fejer, M. M.

Gisin, N.

P. Eraerds, M. Legré, A. Rochas, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Opt. Express 15, 14539 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, M. Halder, O. Alibart, P. Baldi, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, Nature 437, 116 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gu, X.

K. Huang, X. Gu, H. Pan, E. Wu, and H. Zeng, “Synchronized fiber lasers for efficient coincidence single-photon frequency upconversion,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., doi: 10.1109/JSTQE.2010.2102005 (posted February 4, 2011, in press).

Halder, M.

S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, M. Halder, O. Alibart, P. Baldi, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, Nature 437, 116 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Honjo, T.

Huang, K.

K. Huang, X. Gu, H. Pan, E. Wu, and H. Zeng, “Synchronized fiber lasers for efficient coincidence single-photon frequency upconversion,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., doi: 10.1109/JSTQE.2010.2102005 (posted February 4, 2011, in press).

Inoue, K.

Kamada, H.

Kardynal, B. E.

B. E. Kardynał, Z. L. Yuan, and A. J. Shields, Nat. Photon. 2, 425 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, P.

M. Vasilyev, S. Choi, P. Kumar, and G. M. D’Ariano, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 2354 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kwiat, P. G.

A. P. VanDevender and P. G. Kwiat, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1433(2004).

Langrock, C.

Lastzka, N.

M. Mehmet, H. Vahlbruch, N. Lastzka, K. Danzmann, and R. Schnabel, Phys. Rev. A 81, 013814 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Legré, M.

Li, Y.

H. Dong, H. Pan, Y. Li, E. Wu, and H. Zeng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 071101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ma, L.

M. T. Rakher, L. Ma, O. Slattery, X. Tang, and K. Srinivasan, Nat. Photon. 4, 786 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mehmet, M.

M. Mehmet, H. Vahlbruch, N. Lastzka, K. Danzmann, and R. Schnabel, Phys. Rev. A 81, 013814 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Natan, A.

I. Afec, A. Natan, O. Ambar, and Y. Silberberg, Phys. Rev. A 79, 043830 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nishida, Y.

Pan, H.

H. Dong, H. Pan, Y. Li, E. Wu, and H. Zeng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 071101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Huang, X. Gu, H. Pan, E. Wu, and H. Zeng, “Synchronized fiber lasers for efficient coincidence single-photon frequency upconversion,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., doi: 10.1109/JSTQE.2010.2102005 (posted February 4, 2011, in press).

Pomarico, E.

Rakher, M. T.

M. T. Rakher, L. Ma, O. Slattery, X. Tang, and K. Srinivasan, Nat. Photon. 4, 786 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Renninger, W. H.

Rochas, A.

Sanders, B. C.

E. Waks, E. Diamanti, B. C. Sanders, S. D. Bartlett, and Y. Yamamoto, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 113602 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sanguinetti, B.

Schnabel, R.

M. Mehmet, H. Vahlbruch, N. Lastzka, K. Danzmann, and R. Schnabel, Phys. Rev. A 81, 013814 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Shields, A. J.

B. E. Kardynał, Z. L. Yuan, and A. J. Shields, Nat. Photon. 2, 425 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Silberberg, Y.

I. Afec, A. Natan, O. Ambar, and Y. Silberberg, Phys. Rev. A 79, 043830 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Slattery, O.

M. T. Rakher, L. Ma, O. Slattery, X. Tang, and K. Srinivasan, Nat. Photon. 4, 786 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Srinivasan, K.

M. T. Rakher, L. Ma, O. Slattery, X. Tang, and K. Srinivasan, Nat. Photon. 4, 786 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tadanaga, O.

Takesue, H.

Tang, X.

M. T. Rakher, L. Ma, O. Slattery, X. Tang, and K. Srinivasan, Nat. Photon. 4, 786 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tanzilli, S.

S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, M. Halder, O. Alibart, P. Baldi, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, Nature 437, 116 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thew, R.

Tittel, W.

S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, M. Halder, O. Alibart, P. Baldi, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, Nature 437, 116 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vahlbruch, H.

M. Mehmet, H. Vahlbruch, N. Lastzka, K. Danzmann, and R. Schnabel, Phys. Rev. A 81, 013814 (2010).
[CrossRef]

VanDevender, A. P.

A. P. VanDevender and P. G. Kwiat, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1433(2004).

Vasilyev, M.

M. Vasilyev, S. Choi, P. Kumar, and G. M. D’Ariano, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 2354 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Waks, E.

E. Waks, E. Diamanti, B. C. Sanders, S. D. Bartlett, and Y. Yamamoto, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 113602 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wise, F. W.

Wong, F. N. C.

Wu, E.

H. Dong, H. Pan, Y. Li, E. Wu, and H. Zeng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 071101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Huang, X. Gu, H. Pan, E. Wu, and H. Zeng, “Synchronized fiber lasers for efficient coincidence single-photon frequency upconversion,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., doi: 10.1109/JSTQE.2010.2102005 (posted February 4, 2011, in press).

Yamamoto, Y.

H. Takesue, E. Diamanti, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, and Y. Yamamoto, Opt. Express 14, 13067 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Waks, E. Diamanti, B. C. Sanders, S. D. Bartlett, and Y. Yamamoto, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 113602 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yuan, Z. L.

B. E. Kardynał, Z. L. Yuan, and A. J. Shields, Nat. Photon. 2, 425 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zbinden, H.

Zeng, H.

H. Dong, H. Pan, Y. Li, E. Wu, and H. Zeng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 071101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Huang, X. Gu, H. Pan, E. Wu, and H. Zeng, “Synchronized fiber lasers for efficient coincidence single-photon frequency upconversion,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., doi: 10.1109/JSTQE.2010.2102005 (posted February 4, 2011, in press).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

H. Dong, H. Pan, Y. Li, E. Wu, and H. Zeng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 071101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

A. P. VanDevender and P. G. Kwiat, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1433(2004).

Nat. Photon. (2)

M. T. Rakher, L. Ma, O. Slattery, X. Tang, and K. Srinivasan, Nat. Photon. 4, 786 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. E. Kardynał, Z. L. Yuan, and A. J. Shields, Nat. Photon. 2, 425 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, M. Halder, O. Alibart, P. Baldi, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, Nature 437, 116 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. A (2)

M. Mehmet, H. Vahlbruch, N. Lastzka, K. Danzmann, and R. Schnabel, Phys. Rev. A 81, 013814 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. Afec, A. Natan, O. Ambar, and Y. Silberberg, Phys. Rev. A 79, 043830 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

E. Waks, E. Diamanti, B. C. Sanders, S. D. Bartlett, and Y. Yamamoto, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 113602 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Vasilyev, S. Choi, P. Kumar, and G. M. D’Ariano, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 2354 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

K. Huang, X. Gu, H. Pan, E. Wu, and H. Zeng, “Synchronized fiber lasers for efficient coincidence single-photon frequency upconversion,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., doi: 10.1109/JSTQE.2010.2102005 (posted February 4, 2011, in press).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for the photon- number-resolved detection at 1.04 μm . Cir, circulator; Col, collimator; BS, beam splitter; DM, dichroic mirror; IF, interference filter; GP, Glan prism; Atten, attenuator; Si-MPPC, silicon multipixel photon counter; SPCM, single-photon counting module; YDFL, ytterbium-doped fiber laser; YDFA, ytterbium-doped fiber amplifier; EDFL, erbium-doped fiber laser; EDFA, erbium-doped fiber amplifier.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Output voltage amplitude histogram for the upconverted photons. The photon number distribution is shown in the inset. (b) Detected photon numbers by SPCM (circles) and Si-MPPC (squares) as a function of incident photon numbers. Solid curves are the fits to the data.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Output voltage amplitude histograms of frequency-upconversion PNRD (a) with one arm of the inter ferometer blocked and (b) with constructive interference. The corresponding photon number distributions are shown in the insets.

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