Phase retrieval extracts quantitative phase information from x-ray propagation-based phase-contrast images. Notwithstanding inherent approximations, phase retrieval using a single sample-to-detector distance (SDD) is very attractive, because it imposes no setup complications or additional radiation dose compared to absorption-based imaging. Considering the phase-attenuation duality (, where ε is constant), a simple absorption correction factor is proposed for the modified Bronnikov algorithm in x-ray propagation-based phase-contrast computed tomography (PPCT). Moreover, a practical method for calculating the optimal ε value is proposed, which requires no prior knowledge of the sample. Tests performed on simulation and experimental data successfully distin guished different materials in a quasihomogeneous and weakly absorbing sample from a single SDD-PPCT data point.
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