Abstract

We report a 790nm pumped, Tm3+ doped ZBLAN glass buried waveguide laser that produces 47mW at 1880nm, with a 50% internal slope efficiency and an M2 of 1.7. The waveguide cladding is defined by two overlapping rings created by femtosecond direct-writing of the glass, which results in the formation of a tubular depressed- index-cladding structure, and the laser resonator is defined by external dielectric mirrors. This is, to the best of our knowledge, the most efficient laser created in a glass host via femtosecond waveguide writing.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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2003

C. B. Schaffer, J. F. Garcia, and E. Mazur, Appl. Phys. A 76, 351 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1999

K. Miura, J. Qiu, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 256–257, 212 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1996

Androz, G.

Bain, F.

R. R. Thomson, G. Jose, F. Bain, A. A. Lagatsky, N. D. Psaila, A. K. Kar, A. Hja, W. Sibbett, and C. T. A. Brown, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CtuU5.

Bernier, M.

Brown, C. T. A.

R. R. Thomson, G. Jose, F. Bain, A. A. Lagatsky, N. D. Psaila, A. K. Kar, A. Hja, W. Sibbett, and C. T. A. Brown, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CtuU5.

Calmano, T.

Cerullo, G.

Chang, W. S.

S. H. Cho, W. S. Chang, J. G. Kim, and K. H. Whang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 121907 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chin, S. L.

Cho, S. H.

S. H. Cho, W. S. Chang, J. G. Kim, and K. H. Whang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 121907 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Davis, K. M.

Della Valle, G.

Ebendorff-Heidepriem, H.

Faucher, D.

Festa, A.

Foo, T. C.

Garcia, J. F.

C. B. Schaffer, J. F. Garcia, and E. Mazur, Appl. Phys. A 76, 351 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hemming, A.

Hirao, K.

K. Miura, J. Qiu, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 256–257, 212 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Davis, K. Miura, N. Sugimoto, and K. Hirao, Opt. Lett. 21, 1729 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hja, A.

R. R. Thomson, G. Jose, F. Bain, A. A. Lagatsky, N. D. Psaila, A. K. Kar, A. Hja, W. Sibbett, and C. T. A. Brown, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CtuU5.

Hu, J.

Huber, G.

Jose, G.

R. R. Thomson, G. Jose, F. Bain, A. A. Lagatsky, N. D. Psaila, A. K. Kar, A. Hja, W. Sibbett, and C. T. A. Brown, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CtuU5.

Kar, A. K.

R. R. Thomson, G. Jose, F. Bain, A. A. Lagatsky, N. D. Psaila, A. K. Kar, A. Hja, W. Sibbett, and C. T. A. Brown, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CtuU5.

Khrushchev, K.

Kim, J. G.

S. H. Cho, W. S. Chang, J. G. Kim, and K. H. Whang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 121907 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lagatsky, A. A.

R. R. Thomson, G. Jose, F. Bain, A. A. Lagatsky, N. D. Psaila, A. K. Kar, A. Hja, W. Sibbett, and C. T. A. Brown, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CtuU5.

Lancaster, D. G.

Laporta, P.

Li, Y.

Mazur, E.

C. B. Schaffer, J. F. Garcia, and E. Mazur, Appl. Phys. A 76, 351 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Menyuk, C. R.

Mitchell, J.

Mitsuyu, T.

K. Miura, J. Qiu, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 256–257, 212 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Miura, K.

K. Miura, J. Qiu, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 256–257, 212 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Davis, K. Miura, N. Sugimoto, and K. Hirao, Opt. Lett. 21, 1729 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Monro, T. M.

Moore, R. C.

Okhrimchuk, A. G.

Osellame, R.

Petermann, K.

Peyghambarian, N.

X. Zhu and N. Peyghambarian, Adv. OptoElectron. 2010, 501956 (2010).

Psaila, N. D.

R. R. Thomson, G. Jose, F. Bain, A. A. Lagatsky, N. D. Psaila, A. K. Kar, A. Hja, W. Sibbett, and C. T. A. Brown, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CtuU5.

Qiu, J.

K. Miura, J. Qiu, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 256–257, 212 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Saliminia, A.

Schaffer, C. B.

C. B. Schaffer, J. F. Garcia, and E. Mazur, Appl. Phys. A 76, 351 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sheng, Y.

Shestakov, A. V.

Sibbett, W.

R. R. Thomson, G. Jose, F. Bain, A. A. Lagatsky, N. D. Psaila, A. K. Kar, A. Hja, W. Sibbett, and C. T. A. Brown, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CtuU5.

Siebenmorgen, J.

Sugimoto, N.

Taccheo, S.

Thomson, R. R.

R. R. Thomson, G. Jose, F. Bain, A. A. Lagatsky, N. D. Psaila, A. K. Kar, A. Hja, W. Sibbett, and C. T. A. Brown, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CtuU5.

Vallee, R.

Whang, K. H.

S. H. Cho, W. S. Chang, J. G. Kim, and K. H. Whang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 121907 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, W.

Zhu, X.

X. Zhu and N. Peyghambarian, Adv. OptoElectron. 2010, 501956 (2010).

Adv. Opt. Photon.

Adv. OptoElectron.

X. Zhu and N. Peyghambarian, Adv. OptoElectron. 2010, 501956 (2010).

Appl. Phys. A

C. B. Schaffer, J. F. Garcia, and E. Mazur, Appl. Phys. A 76, 351 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

S. H. Cho, W. S. Chang, J. G. Kim, and K. H. Whang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 121907 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids

K. Miura, J. Qiu, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 256–257, 212 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Other

R. R. Thomson, G. Jose, F. Bain, A. A. Lagatsky, N. D. Psaila, A. K. Kar, A. Hja, W. Sibbett, and C. T. A. Brown, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CtuU5.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a)–(c) Range of waveguide structures fs laser written in ZBLAN glass. Structures with increasing complexity were produced to explore waveguide losses as a function of cladding structure and thickness. The writing laser beam entered from the top of the images. Scale bar corresponds to 50 μm .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Absolute refractive index profile at 637 nm of the WG formed from 24 partially overlapping cylinders direct written at 1 m / min . Inset shows corresponding optical microscope image.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Predicted confinement loss at λ = 1.9 μm for a W depressed cladding WG. Loss of the FM and first higher order mode as a function of cladding width.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured internal slope efficiencies as a function of absorbed 790 nm pump power for the Tm 3 + :ZBLAN WG laser. The inset is the measured Tm 3 + waveguide laser spectrum.

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