Abstract

We propose and demonstrate the use of a single semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA) and optical filtering to time demultiplex tributaries from an optical time division multiplexing-differential phase shift keying (OTDM-DPSK) signal. The scheme takes advantage of the fact that phase variations added to the target channel by cross-phase modulation from the control signal are effectively subtracted in the differential demodulation scheme employed for DPSK signals. Demultiplexing from 80 to 40Gbit/s is demonstrated with moderate power penalty using an SOA with recovery time twice as long as the bit period at 80Gbit/s. Large dynamic ranges for the input power and SOA current are experimentally demonstrated. The scheme is expected to be scalable toward higher bit rates.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, H. C. H. Mulvad, H. Hu, H. Ji, J. Xu, E. Palushani, J. L. Areal, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, in 36th European Conference on Optical Communication (2010), paper Mo.1.A.1.
  2. T. Yamamoto, E. Yoshida, and M. Nakazawa, Electron. Lett. 34, 1013 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. Bogoni, X. Wu, I. Fazal, and A. E. Willner, Opt. Lett. 34, 1825 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. E. Tangdiongga, Y. Liu, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, A. M. J. Koonen, H. J. S. Dorren, X. Shu, and I. Bennion, Opt. Lett. 32, 835 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. J. P. Sokoloff, P. R. Prucnal, I. Glesk, and M. Kane, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 787 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Nakamura, Y. Ueno, K. Tajima, J. Sasaki, T. Sugimoto, T. Kato, T. Shimoda, M. Itoh, H. Hatakeyama, T. Tamanuki, and T. Sasaki, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 425 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. L. Nielsen and J. Mørk, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 1606(2004).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. H. Gnauck and P. J. Winzer, J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 115 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Y.-C. Ku, K. Chan, C.-K. Chan, and L.-K. Chen, in 11th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (2006), paper 7C1-4-1.
  10. T. Hirooka, M. Okazaki, T. Hirano, P. Guan, M. Nakazawa, and S. Nakamura, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1574(2009).
    [CrossRef]
  11. T. Kobayashi, H. Yao, K. Amano, Y. Fukushima, A. Morimoto, and T. Sueta, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 382 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. Xu, X. Zhang, and J. Mørk, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 87 (2010).
    [CrossRef]

2010

J. Xu, X. Zhang, and J. Mørk, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 87 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

T. Hirooka, M. Okazaki, T. Hirano, P. Guan, M. Nakazawa, and S. Nakamura, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1574(2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Bogoni, X. Wu, I. Fazal, and A. E. Willner, Opt. Lett. 34, 1825 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

2005

2004

2000

S. Nakamura, Y. Ueno, K. Tajima, J. Sasaki, T. Sugimoto, T. Kato, T. Shimoda, M. Itoh, H. Hatakeyama, T. Tamanuki, and T. Sasaki, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 425 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998

T. Yamamoto, E. Yoshida, and M. Nakazawa, Electron. Lett. 34, 1013 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1993

J. P. Sokoloff, P. R. Prucnal, I. Glesk, and M. Kane, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 787 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1988

T. Kobayashi, H. Yao, K. Amano, Y. Fukushima, A. Morimoto, and T. Sueta, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 382 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Amano, K.

T. Kobayashi, H. Yao, K. Amano, Y. Fukushima, A. Morimoto, and T. Sueta, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 382 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Areal, J. L.

L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, H. C. H. Mulvad, H. Hu, H. Ji, J. Xu, E. Palushani, J. L. Areal, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, in 36th European Conference on Optical Communication (2010), paper Mo.1.A.1.

Bennion, I.

Bogoni, A.

Chan, C.-K.

Y.-C. Ku, K. Chan, C.-K. Chan, and L.-K. Chen, in 11th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (2006), paper 7C1-4-1.

Chan, K.

Y.-C. Ku, K. Chan, C.-K. Chan, and L.-K. Chen, in 11th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (2006), paper 7C1-4-1.

Chen, L.-K.

Y.-C. Ku, K. Chan, C.-K. Chan, and L.-K. Chen, in 11th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (2006), paper 7C1-4-1.

Clausen, A. T.

L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, H. C. H. Mulvad, H. Hu, H. Ji, J. Xu, E. Palushani, J. L. Areal, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, in 36th European Conference on Optical Communication (2010), paper Mo.1.A.1.

de Waardt, H.

Dorren, H. J. S.

Fazal, I.

Fukushima, Y.

T. Kobayashi, H. Yao, K. Amano, Y. Fukushima, A. Morimoto, and T. Sueta, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 382 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Galili, M.

L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, H. C. H. Mulvad, H. Hu, H. Ji, J. Xu, E. Palushani, J. L. Areal, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, in 36th European Conference on Optical Communication (2010), paper Mo.1.A.1.

Glesk, I.

J. P. Sokoloff, P. R. Prucnal, I. Glesk, and M. Kane, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 787 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Gnauck, A. H.

Guan, P.

T. Hirooka, M. Okazaki, T. Hirano, P. Guan, M. Nakazawa, and S. Nakamura, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1574(2009).
[CrossRef]

Hatakeyama, H.

S. Nakamura, Y. Ueno, K. Tajima, J. Sasaki, T. Sugimoto, T. Kato, T. Shimoda, M. Itoh, H. Hatakeyama, T. Tamanuki, and T. Sasaki, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 425 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hirano, T.

T. Hirooka, M. Okazaki, T. Hirano, P. Guan, M. Nakazawa, and S. Nakamura, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1574(2009).
[CrossRef]

Hirooka, T.

T. Hirooka, M. Okazaki, T. Hirano, P. Guan, M. Nakazawa, and S. Nakamura, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1574(2009).
[CrossRef]

Hu, H.

L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, H. C. H. Mulvad, H. Hu, H. Ji, J. Xu, E. Palushani, J. L. Areal, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, in 36th European Conference on Optical Communication (2010), paper Mo.1.A.1.

Itoh, M.

S. Nakamura, Y. Ueno, K. Tajima, J. Sasaki, T. Sugimoto, T. Kato, T. Shimoda, M. Itoh, H. Hatakeyama, T. Tamanuki, and T. Sasaki, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 425 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jeppesen, P.

L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, H. C. H. Mulvad, H. Hu, H. Ji, J. Xu, E. Palushani, J. L. Areal, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, in 36th European Conference on Optical Communication (2010), paper Mo.1.A.1.

Ji, H.

L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, H. C. H. Mulvad, H. Hu, H. Ji, J. Xu, E. Palushani, J. L. Areal, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, in 36th European Conference on Optical Communication (2010), paper Mo.1.A.1.

Kane, M.

J. P. Sokoloff, P. R. Prucnal, I. Glesk, and M. Kane, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 787 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kato, T.

S. Nakamura, Y. Ueno, K. Tajima, J. Sasaki, T. Sugimoto, T. Kato, T. Shimoda, M. Itoh, H. Hatakeyama, T. Tamanuki, and T. Sasaki, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 425 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Khoe, G. D.

Kobayashi, T.

T. Kobayashi, H. Yao, K. Amano, Y. Fukushima, A. Morimoto, and T. Sueta, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 382 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Koonen, A. M. J.

Ku, Y.-C.

Y.-C. Ku, K. Chan, C.-K. Chan, and L.-K. Chen, in 11th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (2006), paper 7C1-4-1.

Liu, Y.

Morimoto, A.

T. Kobayashi, H. Yao, K. Amano, Y. Fukushima, A. Morimoto, and T. Sueta, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 382 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Mørk, J.

J. Xu, X. Zhang, and J. Mørk, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 87 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Nielsen and J. Mørk, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 1606(2004).
[CrossRef]

Mulvad, H. C. H.

L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, H. C. H. Mulvad, H. Hu, H. Ji, J. Xu, E. Palushani, J. L. Areal, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, in 36th European Conference on Optical Communication (2010), paper Mo.1.A.1.

Nakamura, S.

T. Hirooka, M. Okazaki, T. Hirano, P. Guan, M. Nakazawa, and S. Nakamura, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1574(2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Nakamura, Y. Ueno, K. Tajima, J. Sasaki, T. Sugimoto, T. Kato, T. Shimoda, M. Itoh, H. Hatakeyama, T. Tamanuki, and T. Sasaki, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 425 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nakazawa, M.

T. Hirooka, M. Okazaki, T. Hirano, P. Guan, M. Nakazawa, and S. Nakamura, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1574(2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Yamamoto, E. Yoshida, and M. Nakazawa, Electron. Lett. 34, 1013 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nielsen, M. L.

Okazaki, M.

T. Hirooka, M. Okazaki, T. Hirano, P. Guan, M. Nakazawa, and S. Nakamura, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1574(2009).
[CrossRef]

Oxenløwe, L. K.

L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, H. C. H. Mulvad, H. Hu, H. Ji, J. Xu, E. Palushani, J. L. Areal, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, in 36th European Conference on Optical Communication (2010), paper Mo.1.A.1.

Palushani, E.

L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, H. C. H. Mulvad, H. Hu, H. Ji, J. Xu, E. Palushani, J. L. Areal, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, in 36th European Conference on Optical Communication (2010), paper Mo.1.A.1.

Prucnal, P. R.

J. P. Sokoloff, P. R. Prucnal, I. Glesk, and M. Kane, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 787 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Sasaki, J.

S. Nakamura, Y. Ueno, K. Tajima, J. Sasaki, T. Sugimoto, T. Kato, T. Shimoda, M. Itoh, H. Hatakeyama, T. Tamanuki, and T. Sasaki, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 425 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sasaki, T.

S. Nakamura, Y. Ueno, K. Tajima, J. Sasaki, T. Sugimoto, T. Kato, T. Shimoda, M. Itoh, H. Hatakeyama, T. Tamanuki, and T. Sasaki, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 425 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Shimoda, T.

S. Nakamura, Y. Ueno, K. Tajima, J. Sasaki, T. Sugimoto, T. Kato, T. Shimoda, M. Itoh, H. Hatakeyama, T. Tamanuki, and T. Sasaki, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 425 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Shu, X.

Sokoloff, J. P.

J. P. Sokoloff, P. R. Prucnal, I. Glesk, and M. Kane, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 787 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Sueta, T.

T. Kobayashi, H. Yao, K. Amano, Y. Fukushima, A. Morimoto, and T. Sueta, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 382 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Sugimoto, T.

S. Nakamura, Y. Ueno, K. Tajima, J. Sasaki, T. Sugimoto, T. Kato, T. Shimoda, M. Itoh, H. Hatakeyama, T. Tamanuki, and T. Sasaki, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 425 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tajima, K.

S. Nakamura, Y. Ueno, K. Tajima, J. Sasaki, T. Sugimoto, T. Kato, T. Shimoda, M. Itoh, H. Hatakeyama, T. Tamanuki, and T. Sasaki, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 425 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tamanuki, T.

S. Nakamura, Y. Ueno, K. Tajima, J. Sasaki, T. Sugimoto, T. Kato, T. Shimoda, M. Itoh, H. Hatakeyama, T. Tamanuki, and T. Sasaki, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 425 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tangdiongga, E.

Ueno, Y.

S. Nakamura, Y. Ueno, K. Tajima, J. Sasaki, T. Sugimoto, T. Kato, T. Shimoda, M. Itoh, H. Hatakeyama, T. Tamanuki, and T. Sasaki, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 425 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Willner, A. E.

Winzer, P. J.

Wu, X.

Xu, J.

J. Xu, X. Zhang, and J. Mørk, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 87 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, H. C. H. Mulvad, H. Hu, H. Ji, J. Xu, E. Palushani, J. L. Areal, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, in 36th European Conference on Optical Communication (2010), paper Mo.1.A.1.

Yamamoto, T.

T. Yamamoto, E. Yoshida, and M. Nakazawa, Electron. Lett. 34, 1013 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yao, H.

T. Kobayashi, H. Yao, K. Amano, Y. Fukushima, A. Morimoto, and T. Sueta, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 382 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, E.

T. Yamamoto, E. Yoshida, and M. Nakazawa, Electron. Lett. 34, 1013 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

J. Xu, X. Zhang, and J. Mørk, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 87 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

T. Yamamoto, E. Yoshida, and M. Nakazawa, Electron. Lett. 34, 1013 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

T. Kobayashi, H. Yao, K. Amano, Y. Fukushima, A. Morimoto, and T. Sueta, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 382 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Xu, X. Zhang, and J. Mørk, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 87 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

J. P. Sokoloff, P. R. Prucnal, I. Glesk, and M. Kane, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 787 (1993).
[CrossRef]

S. Nakamura, Y. Ueno, K. Tajima, J. Sasaki, T. Sugimoto, T. Kato, T. Shimoda, M. Itoh, H. Hatakeyama, T. Tamanuki, and T. Sasaki, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 425 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. Hirooka, M. Okazaki, T. Hirano, P. Guan, M. Nakazawa, and S. Nakamura, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1574(2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Lett.

Other

Y.-C. Ku, K. Chan, C.-K. Chan, and L.-K. Chen, in 11th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (2006), paper 7C1-4-1.

L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, H. C. H. Mulvad, H. Hu, H. Ji, J. Xu, E. Palushani, J. L. Areal, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, in 36th European Conference on Optical Communication (2010), paper Mo.1.A.1.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Principle of operation of OTDM-DPSK demultiplexer based on an SOA followed by an optical filter that is detuned from the probe center wavelength.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup. The OTDM-DPSK demultiplexer is composed of a single SOA followed by a detuned 0.9 nm optical BPF. (a) Details of the OTDM transmitter (b)  80 Gbit / s OTDM-DPSK signal generated by the transmitter (c) typical balanced detected eyes at a BER of 10 9 . CW, continuous-wave laser diode; MZM, Mach–Zehnder modulator; PM, phase modulator; SSMF, standard single mode fiber; MUX, optical time division multiplexer; ODL, optical delay line; FBG, fiber Bragg grating.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured optical spectra at the output of the SOA and after offset filtering of the probe.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

BER performance for 40 Gbit / s switching and for 80 to 40 Gbit / s demultiplexing.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Measurement of the 3 dB input power dynamics as well as operating current dynamics.

Metrics