Abstract

We examined nonlinear fiber fuse effect (FFE) in hollow optical fibers (HOFs) that consist of a central air hole surrounded by a high-index ring core and silica cladding. In contrast to conventional solid-core fibers, the HOF with a hole diameter of 4μm showed high threshold power of 4W, and resulted in unique tadpole-like voids in periodic arrays after the FFE. As the hole diameter increased to 6μm, plasma propagation was suppressed within the distance of 1mm inside of the HOF. Detailed comparisons were made in terms of threshold power, void formation, and penetration length.

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References

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2009 (1)

2005 (1)

2004 (3)

Y. Shuto, S. Yanagi, S. Asakawa, M. Kobayashi, and R. Nagase, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1113 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, and A. A. Frolov, Opt. Lett. 29, 1852 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, A. A. Frolov, Y. K. Chamorovsky, G. A. Ivanov, and I. L. Vorobjev, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 180 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

1991 (1)

1989 (1)

D. P. Hand and T. A. Birks, Electron. Lett. 25, 33 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (2)

Asakawa, S.

Y. Shuto, S. Yanagi, S. Asakawa, M. Kobayashi, and R. Nagase, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1113 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Atkins, R. M.

Birks, T. A.

D. P. Hand and T. A. Birks, Electron. Lett. 25, 33 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Blow, K. J.

R. Kashyap and K. J. Blow, Electron. Lett. 24, 47 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Bufetov, I. A.

E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, and A. A. Frolov, Opt. Lett. 29, 1852 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, A. A. Frolov, Y. K. Chamorovsky, G. A. Ivanov, and I. L. Vorobjev, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 180 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Calo, J. M.

Chamorovsky, Y. K.

E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, A. A. Frolov, Y. K. Chamorovsky, G. A. Ivanov, and I. L. Vorobjev, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 180 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Choi, S.

Dianov, E. M.

E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, A. A. Frolov, Y. K. Chamorovsky, G. A. Ivanov, and I. L. Vorobjev, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 180 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, and A. A. Frolov, Opt. Lett. 29, 1852 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Driscoll, T. J.

Frolov, A. A.

E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, and A. A. Frolov, Opt. Lett. 29, 1852 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, A. A. Frolov, Y. K. Chamorovsky, G. A. Ivanov, and I. L. Vorobjev, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 180 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fujimaki, M.

K. Takenaga, S. Tanigawa, S. Matsuo, M. Fujimaki, and H. Tsuchiya, “Fiber fuse phenomenon in hole-assisted fibers,” presented at the Thirty-Fourth European Conference on Optical Communication, Brussels, Belgium, September 21–25, 2008.

Hand, D. P.

Ivanov, G. A.

E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, A. A. Frolov, Y. K. Chamorovsky, G. A. Ivanov, and I. L. Vorobjev, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 180 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jeong, Y.

Jung, H.

Jung, Y.

Kashyap, R.

R. Kashyap and K. J. Blow, Electron. Lett. 24, 47 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, M.

Y. Shuto, S. Yanagi, S. Asakawa, M. Kobayashi, and R. Nagase, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1113 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lawandy, N. M.

Lee, J. W.

Lee, S.

Matsuo, S.

K. Takenaga, S. Tanigawa, S. Matsuo, M. Fujimaki, and H. Tsuchiya, “Fiber fuse phenomenon in hole-assisted fibers,” presented at the Thirty-Fourth European Conference on Optical Communication, Brussels, Belgium, September 21–25, 2008.

Nagase, R.

Y. Shuto, S. Yanagi, S. Asakawa, M. Kobayashi, and R. Nagase, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1113 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Oh, K.

Park, J.

Russell, P. St. J.

Shuto, Y.

Y. Shuto, S. Yanagi, S. Asakawa, M. Kobayashi, and R. Nagase, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1113 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Simpkins, P. G.

Takenaga, K.

K. Takenaga, S. Tanigawa, S. Matsuo, M. Fujimaki, and H. Tsuchiya, “Fiber fuse phenomenon in hole-assisted fibers,” presented at the Thirty-Fourth European Conference on Optical Communication, Brussels, Belgium, September 21–25, 2008.

Tanigawa, S.

K. Takenaga, S. Tanigawa, S. Matsuo, M. Fujimaki, and H. Tsuchiya, “Fiber fuse phenomenon in hole-assisted fibers,” presented at the Thirty-Fourth European Conference on Optical Communication, Brussels, Belgium, September 21–25, 2008.

Tsuchiya, H.

K. Takenaga, S. Tanigawa, S. Matsuo, M. Fujimaki, and H. Tsuchiya, “Fiber fuse phenomenon in hole-assisted fibers,” presented at the Thirty-Fourth European Conference on Optical Communication, Brussels, Belgium, September 21–25, 2008.

Vorobjev, I. L.

E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, A. A. Frolov, Y. K. Chamorovsky, G. A. Ivanov, and I. L. Vorobjev, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 180 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yablon, A. D.

Yanagi, S.

Y. Shuto, S. Yanagi, S. Asakawa, M. Kobayashi, and R. Nagase, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1113 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

R. Kashyap and K. J. Blow, Electron. Lett. 24, 47 (1988).
[CrossRef]

D. P. Hand and T. A. Birks, Electron. Lett. 25, 33 (1989).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

Y. Shuto, S. Yanagi, S. Asakawa, M. Kobayashi, and R. Nagase, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1113 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, A. A. Frolov, Y. K. Chamorovsky, G. A. Ivanov, and I. L. Vorobjev, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 180 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Other (1)

K. Takenaga, S. Tanigawa, S. Matsuo, M. Fujimaki, and H. Tsuchiya, “Fiber fuse phenomenon in hole-assisted fibers,” presented at the Thirty-Fourth European Conference on Optical Communication, Brussels, Belgium, September 21–25, 2008.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the FFE experiments. The inset shows the adiabatically spliced SMF-HOF structure with their cross sections.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Side-view micrographs of (a) the 4 μm hole HOF and (b) the SMF after the FFE at the launched power of 5.4 W . Cross sections of the HOF at z = z 1 , z 2 , and z 3 are on the top.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Penetration length as a function of launched power for the 6 μm hole HOF (solid squares) and for the HAF (open circles) [9]. Side-view micrographs of the damaged HOF for various power levels are shown in the insets. The dashed vertical lines are the splicing points between the HOF and the SMF, and the solid lines indicate the endpoints of the fiber damage.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Intensity distributions of the fundamental core modes for the SMF and the HOFs (top) and their profiles along the horizontal lines (bottom).

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Threshold Properties Required for FFE Initiation

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