Abstract

We propose new transition metal (TM)-doped ZnSe/As2S3:As2Se3 composite materials for mid-IR fiber lasers. The composites are the suspension of crystalline micro- and nanosized TM2+:ZnSe or TM2+:ZnS powders in chalcogenide glasses with the refraction index matching. Mid-IR room-temperature lasing of Cr2+:ZnSe/As2S3:As2Se3 microcomposite material is demonstrated at the 2.4μm wavelength.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, I. S. Moskalev, D. Martyshkin, and C. Kim, Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 21 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  2. G. E. Snopatin, V. S. Shiryaev, V. G. Plotnichenko, E. M. Dianov, and M. F. Churbanov, Inorg. Mater. 45, 1439(2009).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. Hu, C. R. Menyuk, L. B. Shaw, J. S. Sanghera, and I. D. Aggarwal, Opt. Express 18, 6722 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. V. K. Tikhomirov and S. R. Elliot, Phys. Rev. B 51, 5538(1995).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. Song, J. Dua, and C. B. Arnold, Opt. Express 18, 5472(2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, K. Graham, I. S. Moskalev, I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, V. Gapontsev, D. Gapontsev, V. V. Badikov, and V. Panyutin, IEE Optoelectron. 150, 340 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  8. V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, L. I. Postnova, V. I. Konstantinov, V. P. Mikhailov, and N. V. Kuleshov, J. Cryst. Growth 198/199, 980 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J.-O. Ndap, K. Chattopadhyay, O. O. Adetunji, D. E. Zelmon, and A. Burger, J. Cryst. Growth 240, 176 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  10. U. Demirbas, A. Sennaroglu, and M. Somer, Opt. Mater. 28, 231 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  11. C. Kim, D. V. Martyshkin, V. V. Fedorov, I. S. Moskalev, and S. B. Mirov, Spectroscopy 22, 30 (2007).
  12. D. V. Martyshkin, V. V. Fedorov, C. Kim, I. S. Moskalev, and S. B. Mirov, J. Opt. 12 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  13. C. Kim, D. V. Martyshkin, V. V. Fedorov, and S. B. Mirov, Opt. Commun. 282, 2049 (2009).
    [CrossRef]

2010

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, I. S. Moskalev, D. Martyshkin, and C. Kim, Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 21 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Hu, C. R. Menyuk, L. B. Shaw, J. S. Sanghera, and I. D. Aggarwal, Opt. Express 18, 6722 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Song, J. Dua, and C. B. Arnold, Opt. Express 18, 5472(2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. V. Martyshkin, V. V. Fedorov, C. Kim, I. S. Moskalev, and S. B. Mirov, J. Opt. 12 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

C. Kim, D. V. Martyshkin, V. V. Fedorov, and S. B. Mirov, Opt. Commun. 282, 2049 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. E. Snopatin, V. S. Shiryaev, V. G. Plotnichenko, E. M. Dianov, and M. F. Churbanov, Inorg. Mater. 45, 1439(2009).
[CrossRef]

2007

C. Kim, D. V. Martyshkin, V. V. Fedorov, I. S. Moskalev, and S. B. Mirov, Spectroscopy 22, 30 (2007).

2006

U. Demirbas, A. Sennaroglu, and M. Somer, Opt. Mater. 28, 231 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2003

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, K. Graham, I. S. Moskalev, I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, V. Gapontsev, D. Gapontsev, V. V. Badikov, and V. Panyutin, IEE Optoelectron. 150, 340 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

J.-O. Ndap, K. Chattopadhyay, O. O. Adetunji, D. E. Zelmon, and A. Burger, J. Cryst. Growth 240, 176 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1999

V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, L. I. Postnova, V. I. Konstantinov, V. P. Mikhailov, and N. V. Kuleshov, J. Cryst. Growth 198/199, 980 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1996

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

V. K. Tikhomirov and S. R. Elliot, Phys. Rev. B 51, 5538(1995).
[CrossRef]

Adetunji, O. O.

J.-O. Ndap, K. Chattopadhyay, O. O. Adetunji, D. E. Zelmon, and A. Burger, J. Cryst. Growth 240, 176 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Aggarwal, I. D.

Arnold, C. B.

Badikov, V. V.

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, K. Graham, I. S. Moskalev, I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, V. Gapontsev, D. Gapontsev, V. V. Badikov, and V. Panyutin, IEE Optoelectron. 150, 340 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Burger, A.

J.-O. Ndap, K. Chattopadhyay, O. O. Adetunji, D. E. Zelmon, and A. Burger, J. Cryst. Growth 240, 176 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chattopadhyay, K.

J.-O. Ndap, K. Chattopadhyay, O. O. Adetunji, D. E. Zelmon, and A. Burger, J. Cryst. Growth 240, 176 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Churbanov, M. F.

G. E. Snopatin, V. S. Shiryaev, V. G. Plotnichenko, E. M. Dianov, and M. F. Churbanov, Inorg. Mater. 45, 1439(2009).
[CrossRef]

DeLoach, L. D.

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Demirbas, U.

U. Demirbas, A. Sennaroglu, and M. Somer, Opt. Mater. 28, 231 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dianov, E. M.

G. E. Snopatin, V. S. Shiryaev, V. G. Plotnichenko, E. M. Dianov, and M. F. Churbanov, Inorg. Mater. 45, 1439(2009).
[CrossRef]

Dua, J.

Elliot, S. R.

V. K. Tikhomirov and S. R. Elliot, Phys. Rev. B 51, 5538(1995).
[CrossRef]

Fedorov, V. V.

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, I. S. Moskalev, D. Martyshkin, and C. Kim, Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 21 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. V. Martyshkin, V. V. Fedorov, C. Kim, I. S. Moskalev, and S. B. Mirov, J. Opt. 12 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Kim, D. V. Martyshkin, V. V. Fedorov, and S. B. Mirov, Opt. Commun. 282, 2049 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Kim, D. V. Martyshkin, V. V. Fedorov, I. S. Moskalev, and S. B. Mirov, Spectroscopy 22, 30 (2007).

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, K. Graham, I. S. Moskalev, I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, V. Gapontsev, D. Gapontsev, V. V. Badikov, and V. Panyutin, IEE Optoelectron. 150, 340 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gapontsev, D.

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, K. Graham, I. S. Moskalev, I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, V. Gapontsev, D. Gapontsev, V. V. Badikov, and V. Panyutin, IEE Optoelectron. 150, 340 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gapontsev, V.

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, K. Graham, I. S. Moskalev, I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, V. Gapontsev, D. Gapontsev, V. V. Badikov, and V. Panyutin, IEE Optoelectron. 150, 340 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Graham, K.

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, K. Graham, I. S. Moskalev, I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, V. Gapontsev, D. Gapontsev, V. V. Badikov, and V. Panyutin, IEE Optoelectron. 150, 340 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hu, J.

Kim, C.

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, I. S. Moskalev, D. Martyshkin, and C. Kim, Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 21 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. V. Martyshkin, V. V. Fedorov, C. Kim, I. S. Moskalev, and S. B. Mirov, J. Opt. 12 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Kim, D. V. Martyshkin, V. V. Fedorov, and S. B. Mirov, Opt. Commun. 282, 2049 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Kim, D. V. Martyshkin, V. V. Fedorov, I. S. Moskalev, and S. B. Mirov, Spectroscopy 22, 30 (2007).

Konstantinov, V. I.

V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, L. I. Postnova, V. I. Konstantinov, V. P. Mikhailov, and N. V. Kuleshov, J. Cryst. Growth 198/199, 980 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Krupke, W. F.

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kuleshov, N. V.

V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, L. I. Postnova, V. I. Konstantinov, V. P. Mikhailov, and N. V. Kuleshov, J. Cryst. Growth 198/199, 980 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Levchenko, V. I.

V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, L. I. Postnova, V. I. Konstantinov, V. P. Mikhailov, and N. V. Kuleshov, J. Cryst. Growth 198/199, 980 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Martyshkin, D.

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, I. S. Moskalev, D. Martyshkin, and C. Kim, Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 21 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Martyshkin, D. V.

D. V. Martyshkin, V. V. Fedorov, C. Kim, I. S. Moskalev, and S. B. Mirov, J. Opt. 12 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Kim, D. V. Martyshkin, V. V. Fedorov, and S. B. Mirov, Opt. Commun. 282, 2049 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Kim, D. V. Martyshkin, V. V. Fedorov, I. S. Moskalev, and S. B. Mirov, Spectroscopy 22, 30 (2007).

Menyuk, C. R.

Mikhailov, V. P.

V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, L. I. Postnova, V. I. Konstantinov, V. P. Mikhailov, and N. V. Kuleshov, J. Cryst. Growth 198/199, 980 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mirov, S. B.

D. V. Martyshkin, V. V. Fedorov, C. Kim, I. S. Moskalev, and S. B. Mirov, J. Opt. 12 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, I. S. Moskalev, D. Martyshkin, and C. Kim, Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 21 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Kim, D. V. Martyshkin, V. V. Fedorov, and S. B. Mirov, Opt. Commun. 282, 2049 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Kim, D. V. Martyshkin, V. V. Fedorov, I. S. Moskalev, and S. B. Mirov, Spectroscopy 22, 30 (2007).

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, K. Graham, I. S. Moskalev, I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, V. Gapontsev, D. Gapontsev, V. V. Badikov, and V. Panyutin, IEE Optoelectron. 150, 340 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Moskalev, I. S.

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, I. S. Moskalev, D. Martyshkin, and C. Kim, Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 21 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. V. Martyshkin, V. V. Fedorov, C. Kim, I. S. Moskalev, and S. B. Mirov, J. Opt. 12 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Kim, D. V. Martyshkin, V. V. Fedorov, I. S. Moskalev, and S. B. Mirov, Spectroscopy 22, 30 (2007).

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, K. Graham, I. S. Moskalev, I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, V. Gapontsev, D. Gapontsev, V. V. Badikov, and V. Panyutin, IEE Optoelectron. 150, 340 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ndap, J.-O.

J.-O. Ndap, K. Chattopadhyay, O. O. Adetunji, D. E. Zelmon, and A. Burger, J. Cryst. Growth 240, 176 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Page, R. H.

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Panyutin, V.

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, K. Graham, I. S. Moskalev, I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, V. Gapontsev, D. Gapontsev, V. V. Badikov, and V. Panyutin, IEE Optoelectron. 150, 340 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Payne, S. A.

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Plotnichenko, V. G.

G. E. Snopatin, V. S. Shiryaev, V. G. Plotnichenko, E. M. Dianov, and M. F. Churbanov, Inorg. Mater. 45, 1439(2009).
[CrossRef]

Postnova, L. I.

V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, L. I. Postnova, V. I. Konstantinov, V. P. Mikhailov, and N. V. Kuleshov, J. Cryst. Growth 198/199, 980 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sanghera, J. S.

Sennaroglu, A.

U. Demirbas, A. Sennaroglu, and M. Somer, Opt. Mater. 28, 231 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shaw, L. B.

Shiryaev, V. S.

G. E. Snopatin, V. S. Shiryaev, V. G. Plotnichenko, E. M. Dianov, and M. F. Churbanov, Inorg. Mater. 45, 1439(2009).
[CrossRef]

Snopatin, G. E.

G. E. Snopatin, V. S. Shiryaev, V. G. Plotnichenko, E. M. Dianov, and M. F. Churbanov, Inorg. Mater. 45, 1439(2009).
[CrossRef]

Somer, M.

U. Demirbas, A. Sennaroglu, and M. Somer, Opt. Mater. 28, 231 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Song, S.

Sorokin, E.

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, K. Graham, I. S. Moskalev, I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, V. Gapontsev, D. Gapontsev, V. V. Badikov, and V. Panyutin, IEE Optoelectron. 150, 340 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sorokina, I. T.

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, K. Graham, I. S. Moskalev, I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, V. Gapontsev, D. Gapontsev, V. V. Badikov, and V. Panyutin, IEE Optoelectron. 150, 340 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tikhomirov, V. K.

V. K. Tikhomirov and S. R. Elliot, Phys. Rev. B 51, 5538(1995).
[CrossRef]

Wilke, G. D.

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Yakimovich, V. N.

V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, L. I. Postnova, V. I. Konstantinov, V. P. Mikhailov, and N. V. Kuleshov, J. Cryst. Growth 198/199, 980 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zelmon, D. E.

J.-O. Ndap, K. Chattopadhyay, O. O. Adetunji, D. E. Zelmon, and A. Burger, J. Cryst. Growth 240, 176 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEE Optoelectron.

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, K. Graham, I. S. Moskalev, I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, V. Gapontsev, D. Gapontsev, V. V. Badikov, and V. Panyutin, IEE Optoelectron. 150, 340 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Inorg. Mater.

G. E. Snopatin, V. S. Shiryaev, V. G. Plotnichenko, E. M. Dianov, and M. F. Churbanov, Inorg. Mater. 45, 1439(2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth

V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, L. I. Postnova, V. I. Konstantinov, V. P. Mikhailov, and N. V. Kuleshov, J. Cryst. Growth 198/199, 980 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J.-O. Ndap, K. Chattopadhyay, O. O. Adetunji, D. E. Zelmon, and A. Burger, J. Cryst. Growth 240, 176 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt.

D. V. Martyshkin, V. V. Fedorov, C. Kim, I. S. Moskalev, and S. B. Mirov, J. Opt. 12 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Laser Photon. Rev.

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, I. S. Moskalev, D. Martyshkin, and C. Kim, Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 21 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

C. Kim, D. V. Martyshkin, V. V. Fedorov, and S. B. Mirov, Opt. Commun. 282, 2049 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Mater.

U. Demirbas, A. Sennaroglu, and M. Somer, Opt. Mater. 28, 231 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B

V. K. Tikhomirov and S. R. Elliot, Phys. Rev. B 51, 5538(1995).
[CrossRef]

Spectroscopy

C. Kim, D. V. Martyshkin, V. V. Fedorov, I. S. Moskalev, and S. B. Mirov, Spectroscopy 22, 30 (2007).

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) TEM image corresponding to 27 nm Cr 2 + : ZnS nanoparticles (scale bar shown in the figure equals 20 nm ). (b) PL of TM-doped II–VI nanoparticles prepared by laser ablation in water: (i)  Cr 2 + -doped ZnS, (ii)  Co 2 + -doped ZnSe, and (iii)  Fe 2 + -doped ZnSe. (c) Glassy Cr 2 + : ZnSe / As 2 S 3 : As 2 Se 3 composite materials heat treated at 290 ° C .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) PL spectra, PL kinetics, and lasing spectrum of Cr 2 + : ZnSe / As 2 S 3 : As 2 Se 3 composite materials: (i) PL spectrum of As 2 S 3 / As 2 Se 3 ( 100 / 5 weight ratio) mixed with 50% (weight ratio) of Cr 2 + : ZnSe micropowder sealed in an evacuated quartz ampoule and heat treated at 290 ° C for 24 h , (ii) lasing of the same compound as shown in (i), (iii) PL spectrum of As 2 S 3 / As 2 Se 3 ( 100 / 5 weight ratio) dissolved in propylamine mixed with 50% (weight ratio) of Cr 2 + : ZnSe micropowder, and (iv) PL spectrum of Cr 2 + : ZnSe bulk sample given for comparison. (b) Output signal versus input pump energy of sample (i). (c) PL kinetics of (i) sample prepared from propylamine solution (same as above) and (ii) sample heat treated at 290 ° C (same as above); curve (iii) shows kinetic shortening due to random lasing of the Cr 2 + : ZnSe / As 2 S 3 : As 2 Se 3 composite.

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