Abstract

We present an experimental demonstration of energy transfer between counterpropagating cladding modes in a fiber Bragg grating (FBG). A strong FBG written in a standard photosensitive optical fiber is illuminated with a single cladding mode, and the power transferred between the forward propagating cladding mode and different backward propagating cladding modes is measured by using two auxiliary long period gratings. Resonances between cladding modes having 30pm bandwidth and 8dB rejection have been observed.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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2010

L. Y. Shao, A. Laronche, M. Smietana, P. Mikulic, W. J. Bock, and J. Albert, Opt. Commun. 283, 2690 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Shu, K. Sudgen, and I. Bennion, Meas. Sci. Technol. 21, 094003 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Han, F. Guo, and Y. Lu, Opt. Lett. 35, 399 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Mosquera, D. Sáez-Rodriguez, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, Opt. Lett. 35, 613 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009

R. S. Quimby, T. F. Morse, R. L. Shubochkin, and S. Ramachandran, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 12 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

2003

2002

2001

S. Ramachandran, B. Mikkelsen, L. C. Cowsar, M. F. Yan, G. Raybon, L. Boivin, M. Fishteyn, W. A. Reed, P. Wisk, D. Brownlow, R. G. Huff, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 632 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999

1997

1996

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1993

V. Mizrahi and J. E. Shipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1513 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1990

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, K. A. Vineberg, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, and I. Skinner, Electron. Lett. 26, 1270 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1986

1978

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Albert, J.

L. Y. Shao, A. Laronche, M. Smietana, P. Mikulic, W. J. Bock, and J. Albert, Opt. Commun. 283, 2690 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Andrés, M. V.

Bennion, I.

X. Shu, K. Sudgen, and I. Bennion, Meas. Sci. Technol. 21, 094003 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bhatia, V.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bilodeau, F.

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, K. A. Vineberg, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, and I. Skinner, Electron. Lett. 26, 1270 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Blake, J. N.

Bock, W. J.

L. Y. Shao, A. Laronche, M. Smietana, P. Mikulic, W. J. Bock, and J. Albert, Opt. Commun. 283, 2690 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Boivin, L.

S. Ramachandran, B. Mikkelsen, L. C. Cowsar, M. F. Yan, G. Raybon, L. Boivin, M. Fishteyn, W. A. Reed, P. Wisk, D. Brownlow, R. G. Huff, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 632 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Brownlow, D.

S. Ramachandran, B. Mikkelsen, L. C. Cowsar, M. F. Yan, G. Raybon, L. Boivin, M. Fishteyn, W. A. Reed, P. Wisk, D. Brownlow, R. G. Huff, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 632 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chung, W. H.

Cowsar, L. C.

S. Ramachandran, B. Mikkelsen, L. C. Cowsar, M. F. Yan, G. Raybon, L. Boivin, M. Fishteyn, W. A. Reed, P. Wisk, D. Brownlow, R. G. Huff, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 632 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Cruz, J. L.

Eggleton, B. J.

Erdogan, T.

T. Erdogan, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 1760 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Fishteyn, M.

S. Ramachandran, B. Mikkelsen, L. C. Cowsar, M. F. Yan, G. Raybon, L. Boivin, M. Fishteyn, W. A. Reed, P. Wisk, D. Brownlow, R. G. Huff, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 632 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fujii, Y.

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Gruner-Nielsen, L.

S. Ramachandran, B. Mikkelsen, L. C. Cowsar, M. F. Yan, G. Raybon, L. Boivin, M. Fishteyn, W. A. Reed, P. Wisk, D. Brownlow, R. G. Huff, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 632 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Guan, B. O.

Guo, F.

Han, M.

Hill, K. O.

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, K. A. Vineberg, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, and I. Skinner, Electron. Lett. 26, 1270 (1990).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Huff, R. G.

S. Ramachandran, B. Mikkelsen, L. C. Cowsar, M. F. Yan, G. Raybon, L. Boivin, M. Fishteyn, W. A. Reed, P. Wisk, D. Brownlow, R. G. Huff, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 632 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, D. C.

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, K. A. Vineberg, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, and I. Skinner, Electron. Lett. 26, 1270 (1990).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Judkins, J. B.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kashyap, R.

R. Kashyap, Fiber Bragg Gratings (Academic, 1999).

Kawasaki, B. S.

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Kim, B. Y.

Laronche, A.

L. Y. Shao, A. Laronche, M. Smietana, P. Mikulic, W. J. Bock, and J. Albert, Opt. Commun. 283, 2690 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lemaire, P. J.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lu, Y.

Malo, B.

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, K. A. Vineberg, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, and I. Skinner, Electron. Lett. 26, 1270 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Mikkelsen, B.

S. Ramachandran, B. Mikkelsen, L. C. Cowsar, M. F. Yan, G. Raybon, L. Boivin, M. Fishteyn, W. A. Reed, P. Wisk, D. Brownlow, R. G. Huff, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 632 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mikulic, P.

L. Y. Shao, A. Laronche, M. Smietana, P. Mikulic, W. J. Bock, and J. Albert, Opt. Commun. 283, 2690 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mizrahi, V.

V. Mizrahi and J. E. Shipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1513 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Morse, T. F.

R. S. Quimby, T. F. Morse, R. L. Shubochkin, and S. Ramachandran, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 12 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mosquera, L.

Peyghambarian, N.

Quimby, R. S.

R. S. Quimby, T. F. Morse, R. L. Shubochkin, and S. Ramachandran, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 12 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ramachandran, S.

R. S. Quimby, T. F. Morse, R. L. Shubochkin, and S. Ramachandran, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 12 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Ramachandran, B. Mikkelsen, L. C. Cowsar, M. F. Yan, G. Raybon, L. Boivin, M. Fishteyn, W. A. Reed, P. Wisk, D. Brownlow, R. G. Huff, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 632 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Raybon, G.

S. Ramachandran, B. Mikkelsen, L. C. Cowsar, M. F. Yan, G. Raybon, L. Boivin, M. Fishteyn, W. A. Reed, P. Wisk, D. Brownlow, R. G. Huff, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 632 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Reed, W. A.

S. Ramachandran, B. Mikkelsen, L. C. Cowsar, M. F. Yan, G. Raybon, L. Boivin, M. Fishteyn, W. A. Reed, P. Wisk, D. Brownlow, R. G. Huff, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 632 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sáez-Rodriguez, D.

Schülzgen, A.

Shao, L. Y.

L. Y. Shao, A. Laronche, M. Smietana, P. Mikulic, W. J. Bock, and J. Albert, Opt. Commun. 283, 2690 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Shaw, H. J.

Shipe, J. E.

V. Mizrahi and J. E. Shipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1513 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Shu, X.

X. Shu, K. Sudgen, and I. Bennion, Meas. Sci. Technol. 21, 094003 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Shubochkin, R. L.

R. S. Quimby, T. F. Morse, R. L. Shubochkin, and S. Ramachandran, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 12 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sipe, J. E.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Skinner, I.

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, K. A. Vineberg, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, and I. Skinner, Electron. Lett. 26, 1270 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Smietana, M.

L. Y. Shao, A. Laronche, M. Smietana, P. Mikulic, W. J. Bock, and J. Albert, Opt. Commun. 283, 2690 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Spalter, S.

Strasser, T. A.

Sudgen, K.

X. Shu, K. Sudgen, and I. Bennion, Meas. Sci. Technol. 21, 094003 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, S.

Tam, H. Y.

Tao, X. M.

Vengsarkar, A. M.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Vineberg, K. A.

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, K. A. Vineberg, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, and I. Skinner, Electron. Lett. 26, 1270 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Westbrook, P. S.

Windeler, R. S.

Wisk, P.

S. Ramachandran, B. Mikkelsen, L. C. Cowsar, M. F. Yan, G. Raybon, L. Boivin, M. Fishteyn, W. A. Reed, P. Wisk, D. Brownlow, R. G. Huff, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 632 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yan, M. F.

S. Ramachandran, B. Mikkelsen, L. C. Cowsar, M. F. Yan, G. Raybon, L. Boivin, M. Fishteyn, W. A. Reed, P. Wisk, D. Brownlow, R. G. Huff, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 632 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, A. P.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, K. A. Vineberg, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, and I. Skinner, Electron. Lett. 26, 1270 (1990).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

R. S. Quimby, T. F. Morse, R. L. Shubochkin, and S. Ramachandran, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 12 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

S. Ramachandran, B. Mikkelsen, L. C. Cowsar, M. F. Yan, G. Raybon, L. Boivin, M. Fishteyn, W. A. Reed, P. Wisk, D. Brownlow, R. G. Huff, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 632 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[CrossRef]

V. Mizrahi and J. E. Shipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1513 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A

Meas. Sci. Technol.

X. Shu, K. Sudgen, and I. Bennion, Meas. Sci. Technol. 21, 094003 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

L. Y. Shao, A. Laronche, M. Smietana, P. Mikulic, W. J. Bock, and J. Albert, Opt. Commun. 283, 2690 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Other

R. Kashyap, Fiber Bragg Gratings (Academic, 1999).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the fiber modes: FBG, fiber Bragg grating; LPG, long period grating.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Transmission spectra of the LPGs: dotted curve, single grating; solid curve, pair of gratings. (b) Bragg grating transmission spectrum.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Resonant wavelength between the LP 01 and LP 0 n copropagating modes versus the LPG period: curves, theory; dot, experiment. (b) Resonant wavelength between the LP 01 and the LP 0 n counterpropagating modes versus the Bragg grating period: curves, theory; dots, experiment.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Transmission spectrum of the Bragg and LPGs ensemble. (b) Resonances between the LP 09 and the LP 0 n counterpropagating modes as a function of the Bragg grating period: curves, theory; dots, experiment.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Coupling Constant κ and 3 dB Bandwidth Δ λ of Resonances between the LP 09 and the LP 0 n Modes

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