Abstract

We propose a fiber laser that can operate with passive mode-locking pulse output, continuous single-wavelength emission, and continuous multiwavelength emission. It consists of a nonlinear optical loop mirror (NOLM) in a linear cavity. The NOLM is used to induce different kinds of intensity-dependent feedback, which deter mine the operation mode of the laser. We have experimentally demonstrated that the fiber laser can easily be switched between the operation modes. The results may find useful applications in optical communication and fiber sensing.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  18. A. M. Weiner, Ultrafast Optics (Wiley, 2009).
    [CrossRef]
  19. J. J. Tian and Y. Yao, “A linear cavity multiwavelength fiber laser with adjustable lasing line number for fixed spectral regions,” Laser Phys., doi: 10.1134/S1054660X11050252 (to be published).
  20. P. C. Becker, N. A. Olsson, and J. R. Simpson, Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers: Fundamentals and Technology (Academic, 1997).
  21. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2007).
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    [CrossRef]
  23. H. Nakatsuka, D. Grischkowsky, and A. C. Balant, Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 910 (1981).
    [CrossRef]

2010 (1)

2009 (3)

2008 (4)

Z. X. Zhang, K. Xu, J. Wu, X. B. Hong, and J. T. Lin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 979 (2008).
[CrossRef]

O. Pottiez, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and E. A. Kuzin, Opt. Commun. 281, 1037 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. X. Zhang, L. Zhan, K. Xu, J. Wu, Y. X. Xia, and J. T. Lin, Opt. Lett. 33, 324 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Chen, C. Shu, and S. He, Opt. Lett. 33, 1395 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

X. Feng, C. Lu, H. Y. Tam, and P. K. A. Wai, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1334 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (4)

2003 (1)

B. Lee, Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 57 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

2001 (1)

2000 (1)

1983 (1)

B. P. Nelson, D. Cotter, K. J. Blow, and N. J. Doran, Opt. Commun. 48, 292 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

H. Nakatsuka, D. Grischkowsky, and A. C. Balant, Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 910 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2007).

Andrés, M. V.

Balant, A. C.

H. Nakatsuka, D. Grischkowsky, and A. C. Balant, Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 910 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Becker, P. C.

P. C. Becker, N. A. Olsson, and J. R. Simpson, Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers: Fundamentals and Technology (Academic, 1997).

Bellemare, A.

Bello-Jiménez, M.

Blow, K. J.

B. P. Nelson, D. Cotter, K. J. Blow, and N. J. Doran, Opt. Commun. 48, 292 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Chen, D.

Chen, D. Y.

Cotter, D.

B. P. Nelson, D. Cotter, K. J. Blow, and N. J. Doran, Opt. Commun. 48, 292 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Cruz, J. L.

Cuadrado-Laborde, C.

Diez, A.

Dong, X.

Doran, N. J.

B. P. Nelson, D. Cotter, K. J. Blow, and N. J. Doran, Opt. Commun. 48, 292 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Feng, X.

X. Feng, C. Lu, H. Y. Tam, and P. K. A. Wai, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1334 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Feng, X. H.

X. H. Feng, H. Y. Tan, C. Lu, P. K. Wai, and B. O. Guan, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1314 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Garcia-Gomez, D. E.

Grischkowsky, D.

H. Nakatsuka, D. Grischkowsky, and A. C. Balant, Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 910 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Guan, B. O.

X. H. Feng, H. Y. Tan, C. Lu, P. K. Wai, and B. O. Guan, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1314 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Han, Y. G.

He, S.

Hgo, N. Q.

Hong, X. B.

Z. X. Zhang, K. Xu, J. Wu, X. B. Hong, and J. T. Lin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 979 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ibarra-Escamilla, B.

O. Pottiez, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and E. A. Kuzin, Opt. Commun. 281, 1037 (2008).
[CrossRef]

O. Pottiez, E. A. Kuzin, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and F. Méndez-Martínez, Opt. Commun. 254, 152 (2005).
[CrossRef]

E. A. Kuzin, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and D. E. Garcia-Gomez, Opt. Lett. 26, 1559 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Karasek, M.

Kim, D. Y.

Kim, S. H.

Kuzin, E. A.

O. Pottiez, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and E. A. Kuzin, Opt. Commun. 281, 1037 (2008).
[CrossRef]

O. Pottiez, E. A. Kuzin, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and F. Méndez-Martínez, Opt. Commun. 254, 152 (2005).
[CrossRef]

E. A. Kuzin, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and D. E. Garcia-Gomez, Opt. Lett. 26, 1559 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lee, B.

B. Lee, Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 57 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. B.

Lin, J. T.

Z. X. Zhang, K. Xu, J. Wu, X. B. Hong, and J. T. Lin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 979 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. X. Zhang, L. Zhan, K. Xu, J. Wu, Y. X. Xia, and J. T. Lin, Opt. Lett. 33, 324 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, X. M.

LRochelle, S.

Lu, C.

X. H. Feng, H. Y. Tan, C. Lu, P. K. Wai, and B. O. Guan, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1314 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. Feng, C. Lu, H. Y. Tam, and P. K. A. Wai, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1334 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. M. Liu, X. Q. Zhou, and C. Lu, Opt. Lett. 30, 2257 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Luo, A. P.

Luo, Z. C.

Méndez-Martínez, F.

O. Pottiez, E. A. Kuzin, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and F. Méndez-Martínez, Opt. Commun. 254, 152 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nakatsuka, H.

H. Nakatsuka, D. Grischkowsky, and A. C. Balant, Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 910 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, B. P.

B. P. Nelson, D. Cotter, K. J. Blow, and N. J. Doran, Opt. Commun. 48, 292 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Olsson, N. A.

P. C. Becker, N. A. Olsson, and J. R. Simpson, Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers: Fundamentals and Technology (Academic, 1997).

Pottiez, O.

O. Pottiez, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and E. A. Kuzin, Opt. Commun. 281, 1037 (2008).
[CrossRef]

O. Pottiez, E. A. Kuzin, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and F. Méndez-Martínez, Opt. Commun. 254, 152 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rochette, M.

Sáez-Rodríguez, D.

Seong, N. H.

Shu, C.

Shum, P.

Simpson, J. R.

P. C. Becker, N. A. Olsson, and J. R. Simpson, Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers: Fundamentals and Technology (Academic, 1997).

Sun, Y. X.

Tam, H. Y.

X. Feng, C. Lu, H. Y. Tam, and P. K. A. Wai, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1334 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Dong, P. Shum, N. Q. Hgo, H. Y. Tam, and X. Dong, J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 1334 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tan, H. Y.

X. H. Feng, H. Y. Tan, C. Lu, P. K. Wai, and B. O. Guan, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1314 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Têtu, M.

Tian, J. J.

J. J. Tian, Y. Yao, Y. X. Sun, X. L. Yu, and D. Y. Chen, Opt. Express 17, 15160 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. J. Tian and Y. Yao, “A linear cavity multiwavelength fiber laser with adjustable lasing line number for fixed spectral regions,” Laser Phys., doi: 10.1134/S1054660X11050252 (to be published).

Tran, T. V. A.

Wai, P. K.

X. H. Feng, H. Y. Tan, C. Lu, P. K. Wai, and B. O. Guan, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1314 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wai, P. K. A.

X. Feng, C. Lu, H. Y. Tam, and P. K. A. Wai, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1334 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Weiner, A. M.

A. M. Weiner, Ultrafast Optics (Wiley, 2009).
[CrossRef]

Wu, J.

Z. X. Zhang, K. Xu, J. Wu, X. B. Hong, and J. T. Lin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 979 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. X. Zhang, L. Zhan, K. Xu, J. Wu, Y. X. Xia, and J. T. Lin, Opt. Lett. 33, 324 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xia, Y. X.

Xu, K.

Z. X. Zhang, L. Zhan, K. Xu, J. Wu, Y. X. Xia, and J. T. Lin, Opt. Lett. 33, 324 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. X. Zhang, K. Xu, J. Wu, X. B. Hong, and J. T. Lin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 979 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Xu, W. C.

Yao, Y.

J. J. Tian, Y. Yao, Y. X. Sun, X. L. Yu, and D. Y. Chen, Opt. Express 17, 15160 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. J. Tian and Y. Yao, “A linear cavity multiwavelength fiber laser with adjustable lasing line number for fixed spectral regions,” Laser Phys., doi: 10.1134/S1054660X11050252 (to be published).

Yu, X. L.

Zhan, L.

Zhang, Z. X.

Z. X. Zhang, L. Zhan, K. Xu, J. Wu, Y. X. Xia, and J. T. Lin, Opt. Lett. 33, 324 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. X. Zhang, K. Xu, J. Wu, X. B. Hong, and J. T. Lin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 979 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, X. Q.

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

X. Feng, C. Lu, H. Y. Tam, and P. K. A. Wai, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1334 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. X. Zhang, K. Xu, J. Wu, X. B. Hong, and J. T. Lin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 979 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. H. Feng, H. Y. Tan, C. Lu, P. K. Wai, and B. O. Guan, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1314 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Opt. Commun. (3)

B. P. Nelson, D. Cotter, K. J. Blow, and N. J. Doran, Opt. Commun. 48, 292 (1983).
[CrossRef]

O. Pottiez, E. A. Kuzin, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and F. Méndez-Martínez, Opt. Commun. 254, 152 (2005).
[CrossRef]

O. Pottiez, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and E. A. Kuzin, Opt. Commun. 281, 1037 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

B. Lee, Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 57 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (8)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

H. Nakatsuka, D. Grischkowsky, and A. C. Balant, Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 910 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

A. M. Weiner, Ultrafast Optics (Wiley, 2009).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Tian and Y. Yao, “A linear cavity multiwavelength fiber laser with adjustable lasing line number for fixed spectral regions,” Laser Phys., doi: 10.1134/S1054660X11050252 (to be published).

P. C. Becker, N. A. Olsson, and J. R. Simpson, Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers: Fundamentals and Technology (Academic, 1997).

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2007).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of proposed fiber laser.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Power-dependent NOLM reflection for different values of the QWP angle α and different input polarization states, (a)  α = 0.35 π , A s = 0.2 , φ = 0.38 π ; (b)  α = 0.45 π , A s = 0.3 , φ = 0.5 π ; (c)  α = 0.64 π , A s = 0.9 , φ = 0.89 π .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Passive mode-locking operation of the fiber laser: (a) comblike spectrum, (b) mode-locked pulse train, (c) waveform of a single pulse.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Output spectrum of a CW multiwavelength operation.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Output spectrum of a CW single- wavelength operation.

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