Abstract

We theoretically investigate a wavelength-selective all-optical switch using Raman-induced loss in a silicon resonator add–drop filter. We show that picojoule control pulses can selectively modulate and “erase” a single cavity resonance from full extinction to greater than 97% transmission while leaving adjacent resonances undisturbed. Full switching is achievable in less than 300ps with only a few hundred femtojoule energy dissipation. This represents, to our knowledge, the first scheme for selective modulation of single resonances of an optical cavity.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (6)

M. Paniccia and R. Won, Nat. Photon. 4, 498 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. T. Reed, G. Mashanovich, F. Y. Gardes, and D. J. Thomson, Nat. Photon. 4, 518 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Spano, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, and J. Marti, Nano Lett. 10, 1506 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Belotti, M. Galli, D. Gerace, L. C. Andreani, G. Guizzetti, A. R. Md Zain, N. P. Johnson, M. Sorel, and R. M. De La Rue, Opt. Express 18, 1450 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y.-P. Huang and P. Kumar, Opt. Lett. 35, 2376 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, J. S. Levy, C. B. Poitras, R. Salem, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, Opt. Express 18, 3582 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

B. C. Jacobs and J. D. Franson, Phys. Rev. A 79, 063830(2009).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Solli, P. Koonath, and B. Jalali, Phys. Rev. A 79, 053853 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, P. Dong, M. Lipson, and K. Bergman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 767 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. K. Tsang and Y. Liu, Semicond. Sci. Technol. 23, 064007(2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2004 (1)

V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, Nature 431, 1081 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

1987 (1)

R. Soref and B. Bennett, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 123 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Almeida, V. R.

V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, Nature 431, 1081 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Andreani, L. C.

Barrios, C. A.

V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, Nature 431, 1081 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Belotti, M.

Bennett, B.

R. Soref and B. Bennett, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 123 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Bergman, K.

B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, P. Dong, M. Lipson, and K. Bergman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 767 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Biberman, A.

B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, P. Dong, M. Lipson, and K. Bergman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 767 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Blasco, J.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Spano, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, and J. Marti, Nano Lett. 10, 1506 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Claps, Z. R.

Daldosso, N.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Spano, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, and J. Marti, Nano Lett. 10, 1506 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

De La Rue, R. M.

Dimitropoulos, D.

Dong, P.

B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, P. Dong, M. Lipson, and K. Bergman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 767 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fedeli, J. M.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Spano, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, and J. Marti, Nano Lett. 10, 1506 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Foster, M. A.

Franson, J. D.

B. C. Jacobs and J. D. Franson, Phys. Rev. A 79, 063830(2009).
[CrossRef]

Gaeta, A. L.

Galán, J. V.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Spano, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, and J. Marti, Nano Lett. 10, 1506 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Galli, M.

García-Rupérez, J.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Spano, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, and J. Marti, Nano Lett. 10, 1506 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gardes, F. Y.

G. T. Reed, G. Mashanovich, F. Y. Gardes, and D. J. Thomson, Nat. Photon. 4, 518 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Garrido, B.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Spano, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, and J. Marti, Nano Lett. 10, 1506 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gautier, P.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Spano, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, and J. Marti, Nano Lett. 10, 1506 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gerace, D.

Guider, R.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Spano, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, and J. Marti, Nano Lett. 10, 1506 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Guizzetti, G.

Han, Y.

Hernández, S.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Spano, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, and J. Marti, Nano Lett. 10, 1506 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang, Y.-P.

Jacobs, B. C.

B. C. Jacobs and J. D. Franson, Phys. Rev. A 79, 063830(2009).
[CrossRef]

Jalali, B.

Johnson, N. P.

Jordana, E.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Spano, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, and J. Marti, Nano Lett. 10, 1506 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Khan, M. H.

Koonath, P.

D. R. Solli, P. Koonath, and B. Jalali, Phys. Rev. A 79, 053853 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, P.

Lebour, Y.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Spano, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, and J. Marti, Nano Lett. 10, 1506 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, B. G.

B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, P. Dong, M. Lipson, and K. Bergman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 767 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Levy, J. S.

Lipson, M.

A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, J. S. Levy, C. B. Poitras, R. Salem, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, Opt. Express 18, 3582 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, P. Dong, M. Lipson, and K. Bergman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 767 (2008).
[CrossRef]

V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, Nature 431, 1081 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, Y.

H. K. Tsang and Y. Liu, Semicond. Sci. Technol. 23, 064007(2008).
[CrossRef]

Marti, J.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Spano, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, and J. Marti, Nano Lett. 10, 1506 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Martínez, A.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Spano, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, and J. Marti, Nano Lett. 10, 1506 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mashanovich, G.

G. T. Reed, G. Mashanovich, F. Y. Gardes, and D. J. Thomson, Nat. Photon. 4, 518 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Md Zain, A. R.

Panepucci, R. R.

V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, Nature 431, 1081 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Paniccia, M.

M. Paniccia and R. Won, Nat. Photon. 4, 498 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pavesi, L.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Spano, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, and J. Marti, Nano Lett. 10, 1506 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Poitras, C. B.

Qi, M.

Raghunathan, V.

Reed, G. T.

G. T. Reed, G. Mashanovich, F. Y. Gardes, and D. J. Thomson, Nat. Photon. 4, 518 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Salem, R.

Sanchis, P.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Spano, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, and J. Marti, Nano Lett. 10, 1506 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shen, H.

Solli, D. R.

D. R. Solli, P. Koonath, and B. Jalali, Phys. Rev. A 79, 053853 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Soref, R.

R. Soref and B. Bennett, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 123 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Sorel, M.

Spano, R.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Spano, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, and J. Marti, Nano Lett. 10, 1506 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thomson, D. J.

G. T. Reed, G. Mashanovich, F. Y. Gardes, and D. J. Thomson, Nat. Photon. 4, 518 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tsang, H. K.

H. K. Tsang and Y. Liu, Semicond. Sci. Technol. 23, 064007(2008).
[CrossRef]

Turner-Foster, A. C.

Won, R.

M. Paniccia and R. Won, Nat. Photon. 4, 498 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, S.

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

R. Soref and B. Bennett, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 123 (1987).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, P. Dong, M. Lipson, and K. Bergman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 767 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (1)

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Spano, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, and J. Marti, Nano Lett. 10, 1506 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Photon. (2)

M. Paniccia and R. Won, Nat. Photon. 4, 498 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. T. Reed, G. Mashanovich, F. Y. Gardes, and D. J. Thomson, Nat. Photon. 4, 518 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, Nature 431, 1081 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (2)

B. C. Jacobs and J. D. Franson, Phys. Rev. A 79, 063830(2009).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Solli, P. Koonath, and B. Jalali, Phys. Rev. A 79, 053853 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Semicond. Sci. Technol. (1)

H. K. Tsang and Y. Liu, Semicond. Sci. Technol. 23, 064007(2008).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Add–drop filter with counterpropagating control (red) and anti-Stokes signal (blue). Transmission is observed as the signal through-port. The control in-port also serves as the signal drop-port.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Passive transmission spectrum of high-Q silicon add–drop filter. The control and anti-Stokes signal are tuned to resonances 15.6 THz apart. (b) Transmission at the anti-Stokes resonance for several control pulse energies. Adjacent resonances are undisturbed.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Control pulse energy and energy dissipation required to achieve certain transmission. Inset: Transmission as a function of power inside the cavity. Switching is most efficient for transmission values below 90%.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Response of anti-Stokes signal at through-port to 2.2 pJ , 300 ps control pulse. Ninety-seven percent transmission is achieved with the adjacent resonance essentially undisturbed.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

T N ( λ res ) = [ t 1 α t 2 1 α t 1 t 2 ] 2 ,
a ( λ ) = a l + a fca + a R ( λ ) I c , n ( λ ) = n 0 ( λ ) + n fcr + n 2 I c .
a R ( ω ) = g R Γ R 2 ( ω ω a ) 2 + Γ R 2 .

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