Abstract

Nearly quantum-defect-limited laser operation of a resonantly pumped Er3+:YVO4 at 1593.5nm is demonstrated. Maximum slope efficiency of 85% and true CW power of 13W at 1593.5nm were achieved with a beam propagation factor of M21.05. This slope efficiency is, to the best of our knowledge, the highest efficiency ever reported for a crystalline Er-doped laser.

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. N. Ter-Gabrielyan, L. D. Merkle, A. Ikesue, and M. Dubinskii, Opt. Lett. 33, 1524 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. M. Dubinskii, J. Zhang, and V. Ter-Mikirtychev, Electron. Lett. 45, 400 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  3. D. Y. Shen, J. K. Sahu, and W. A. Clarkson, Opt. Lett. 31, 754 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. F. S. Ermeneux, R. Moncorge, P. Kabro, J. A. Capobianco, M. Bettinelli, and E. Cavalli, in OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics on ASSL (Optical Society of America, 1996), Vol. 1, pp. 498–502.
  5. W. Ryba-Romanowski, Cryst. Res. Technol. 38, 225 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  6. I. Sokolska, E. Heumann, S. Kück, and T.  Łukasiewicz, Appl. Phys. B 71, 893 (2000).
  7. J. Sulc, H. Jelinkova, W. Ryba-Romanowski, and T. Lukasiewicz, Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 207 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. Sulc, H. Jelinkova, M. Nemec, W. Ryba-Romanowski, and T. Lukasiewicz, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics 2010 (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper ATuA27.
  9. J. Kawanaka, S. Tokita, H. Nishioka, M. Fujita, K. Yamakawa, K. Ueda, and Y. Izawa, Laser Phys. 15, 1306 (2005).
  10. R. L. Aggarwal, D. J. Ripin, J. R. Ochoa, and T. Y. Fan, J. Appl. Phys. 98, 103514 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. Giesen, H. Hugel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, Appl. Phys. B 58, 365 (1994).
  12. S. Golab, P. Solarz, G. Dominiak-Dzik, T. Lukasiewicz, and W. Ryba-Romanowski, J. Alloys Compd. 341, 165 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  13. V. Fromzel, N. Ter-Gabrielyan, T. Lukasiewicz, W. Ryba-Romanowski, and M. Dubinskii “Pump saturation effects in Er3+:YVO4 single crystal,” Opt. Mater., submitted for publication.
  14. T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 448 (2007).
    [CrossRef]

2009

J. Sulc, H. Jelinkova, W. Ryba-Romanowski, and T. Lukasiewicz, Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 207 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Dubinskii, J. Zhang, and V. Ter-Mikirtychev, Electron. Lett. 45, 400 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

2007

T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 448 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

2005

J. Kawanaka, S. Tokita, H. Nishioka, M. Fujita, K. Yamakawa, K. Ueda, and Y. Izawa, Laser Phys. 15, 1306 (2005).

R. L. Aggarwal, D. J. Ripin, J. R. Ochoa, and T. Y. Fan, J. Appl. Phys. 98, 103514 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003

W. Ryba-Romanowski, Cryst. Res. Technol. 38, 225 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

S. Golab, P. Solarz, G. Dominiak-Dzik, T. Lukasiewicz, and W. Ryba-Romanowski, J. Alloys Compd. 341, 165 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000

I. Sokolska, E. Heumann, S. Kück, and T.  Łukasiewicz, Appl. Phys. B 71, 893 (2000).

1994

A. Giesen, H. Hugel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, Appl. Phys. B 58, 365 (1994).

?Lukasiewicz, T.

I. Sokolska, E. Heumann, S. Kück, and T.  Łukasiewicz, Appl. Phys. B 71, 893 (2000).

Aggarwal, R. L.

T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 448 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Aggarwal, D. J. Ripin, J. R. Ochoa, and T. Y. Fan, J. Appl. Phys. 98, 103514 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bettinelli, M.

F. S. Ermeneux, R. Moncorge, P. Kabro, J. A. Capobianco, M. Bettinelli, and E. Cavalli, in OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics on ASSL (Optical Society of America, 1996), Vol. 1, pp. 498–502.

Brauch, U.

A. Giesen, H. Hugel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, Appl. Phys. B 58, 365 (1994).

Capobianco, J. A.

F. S. Ermeneux, R. Moncorge, P. Kabro, J. A. Capobianco, M. Bettinelli, and E. Cavalli, in OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics on ASSL (Optical Society of America, 1996), Vol. 1, pp. 498–502.

Cavalli, E.

F. S. Ermeneux, R. Moncorge, P. Kabro, J. A. Capobianco, M. Bettinelli, and E. Cavalli, in OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics on ASSL (Optical Society of America, 1996), Vol. 1, pp. 498–502.

Chann, B.

T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 448 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Clarkson, W. A.

Dominiak-Dzik, G.

S. Golab, P. Solarz, G. Dominiak-Dzik, T. Lukasiewicz, and W. Ryba-Romanowski, J. Alloys Compd. 341, 165 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dubinskii, M.

M. Dubinskii, J. Zhang, and V. Ter-Mikirtychev, Electron. Lett. 45, 400 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Ter-Gabrielyan, L. D. Merkle, A. Ikesue, and M. Dubinskii, Opt. Lett. 33, 1524 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Fromzel, N. Ter-Gabrielyan, T. Lukasiewicz, W. Ryba-Romanowski, and M. Dubinskii “Pump saturation effects in Er3+:YVO4 single crystal,” Opt. Mater., submitted for publication.

Ermeneux, F. S.

F. S. Ermeneux, R. Moncorge, P. Kabro, J. A. Capobianco, M. Bettinelli, and E. Cavalli, in OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics on ASSL (Optical Society of America, 1996), Vol. 1, pp. 498–502.

Fan, T. Y.

T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 448 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Aggarwal, D. J. Ripin, J. R. Ochoa, and T. Y. Fan, J. Appl. Phys. 98, 103514 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fromzel, V.

V. Fromzel, N. Ter-Gabrielyan, T. Lukasiewicz, W. Ryba-Romanowski, and M. Dubinskii “Pump saturation effects in Er3+:YVO4 single crystal,” Opt. Mater., submitted for publication.

Fujita, M.

J. Kawanaka, S. Tokita, H. Nishioka, M. Fujita, K. Yamakawa, K. Ueda, and Y. Izawa, Laser Phys. 15, 1306 (2005).

Giesen, A.

A. Giesen, H. Hugel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, Appl. Phys. B 58, 365 (1994).

Golab, S.

S. Golab, P. Solarz, G. Dominiak-Dzik, T. Lukasiewicz, and W. Ryba-Romanowski, J. Alloys Compd. 341, 165 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Heumann, E.

I. Sokolska, E. Heumann, S. Kück, and T.  Łukasiewicz, Appl. Phys. B 71, 893 (2000).

Hugel, H.

A. Giesen, H. Hugel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, Appl. Phys. B 58, 365 (1994).

Ikesue, A.

Izawa, Y.

J. Kawanaka, S. Tokita, H. Nishioka, M. Fujita, K. Yamakawa, K. Ueda, and Y. Izawa, Laser Phys. 15, 1306 (2005).

Jelinkova, H.

J. Sulc, H. Jelinkova, W. Ryba-Romanowski, and T. Lukasiewicz, Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 207 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Sulc, H. Jelinkova, M. Nemec, W. Ryba-Romanowski, and T. Lukasiewicz, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics 2010 (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper ATuA27.

Kabro, P.

F. S. Ermeneux, R. Moncorge, P. Kabro, J. A. Capobianco, M. Bettinelli, and E. Cavalli, in OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics on ASSL (Optical Society of America, 1996), Vol. 1, pp. 498–502.

Kawanaka, J.

J. Kawanaka, S. Tokita, H. Nishioka, M. Fujita, K. Yamakawa, K. Ueda, and Y. Izawa, Laser Phys. 15, 1306 (2005).

Kück, S.

I. Sokolska, E. Heumann, S. Kück, and T.  Łukasiewicz, Appl. Phys. B 71, 893 (2000).

Lukasiewicz, T.

J. Sulc, H. Jelinkova, W. Ryba-Romanowski, and T. Lukasiewicz, Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 207 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Golab, P. Solarz, G. Dominiak-Dzik, T. Lukasiewicz, and W. Ryba-Romanowski, J. Alloys Compd. 341, 165 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Sulc, H. Jelinkova, M. Nemec, W. Ryba-Romanowski, and T. Lukasiewicz, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics 2010 (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper ATuA27.

V. Fromzel, N. Ter-Gabrielyan, T. Lukasiewicz, W. Ryba-Romanowski, and M. Dubinskii “Pump saturation effects in Er3+:YVO4 single crystal,” Opt. Mater., submitted for publication.

Merkle, L. D.

Moncorge, R.

F. S. Ermeneux, R. Moncorge, P. Kabro, J. A. Capobianco, M. Bettinelli, and E. Cavalli, in OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics on ASSL (Optical Society of America, 1996), Vol. 1, pp. 498–502.

Nemec, M.

J. Sulc, H. Jelinkova, M. Nemec, W. Ryba-Romanowski, and T. Lukasiewicz, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics 2010 (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper ATuA27.

Nishioka, H.

J. Kawanaka, S. Tokita, H. Nishioka, M. Fujita, K. Yamakawa, K. Ueda, and Y. Izawa, Laser Phys. 15, 1306 (2005).

Ochoa, J. R.

T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 448 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Aggarwal, D. J. Ripin, J. R. Ochoa, and T. Y. Fan, J. Appl. Phys. 98, 103514 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opower, H.

A. Giesen, H. Hugel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, Appl. Phys. B 58, 365 (1994).

Ripin, D. J.

T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 448 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Aggarwal, D. J. Ripin, J. R. Ochoa, and T. Y. Fan, J. Appl. Phys. 98, 103514 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ryba-Romanowski, W.

J. Sulc, H. Jelinkova, W. Ryba-Romanowski, and T. Lukasiewicz, Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 207 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Ryba-Romanowski, Cryst. Res. Technol. 38, 225 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Golab, P. Solarz, G. Dominiak-Dzik, T. Lukasiewicz, and W. Ryba-Romanowski, J. Alloys Compd. 341, 165 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Sulc, H. Jelinkova, M. Nemec, W. Ryba-Romanowski, and T. Lukasiewicz, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics 2010 (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper ATuA27.

V. Fromzel, N. Ter-Gabrielyan, T. Lukasiewicz, W. Ryba-Romanowski, and M. Dubinskii “Pump saturation effects in Er3+:YVO4 single crystal,” Opt. Mater., submitted for publication.

Sahu, J. K.

Shen, D. Y.

Sokolska, I.

I. Sokolska, E. Heumann, S. Kück, and T.  Łukasiewicz, Appl. Phys. B 71, 893 (2000).

Solarz, P.

S. Golab, P. Solarz, G. Dominiak-Dzik, T. Lukasiewicz, and W. Ryba-Romanowski, J. Alloys Compd. 341, 165 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Spitzberg, J.

T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 448 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sulc, J.

J. Sulc, H. Jelinkova, W. Ryba-Romanowski, and T. Lukasiewicz, Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 207 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Sulc, H. Jelinkova, M. Nemec, W. Ryba-Romanowski, and T. Lukasiewicz, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics 2010 (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper ATuA27.

Ter-Gabrielyan, N.

N. Ter-Gabrielyan, L. D. Merkle, A. Ikesue, and M. Dubinskii, Opt. Lett. 33, 1524 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Fromzel, N. Ter-Gabrielyan, T. Lukasiewicz, W. Ryba-Romanowski, and M. Dubinskii “Pump saturation effects in Er3+:YVO4 single crystal,” Opt. Mater., submitted for publication.

Ter-Mikirtychev, V.

M. Dubinskii, J. Zhang, and V. Ter-Mikirtychev, Electron. Lett. 45, 400 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tilleman, M.

T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 448 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tokita, S.

J. Kawanaka, S. Tokita, H. Nishioka, M. Fujita, K. Yamakawa, K. Ueda, and Y. Izawa, Laser Phys. 15, 1306 (2005).

Ueda, K.

J. Kawanaka, S. Tokita, H. Nishioka, M. Fujita, K. Yamakawa, K. Ueda, and Y. Izawa, Laser Phys. 15, 1306 (2005).

Voss, A.

A. Giesen, H. Hugel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, Appl. Phys. B 58, 365 (1994).

Wittig, K.

A. Giesen, H. Hugel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, Appl. Phys. B 58, 365 (1994).

Yamakawa, K.

J. Kawanaka, S. Tokita, H. Nishioka, M. Fujita, K. Yamakawa, K. Ueda, and Y. Izawa, Laser Phys. 15, 1306 (2005).

Zhang, J.

M. Dubinskii, J. Zhang, and V. Ter-Mikirtychev, Electron. Lett. 45, 400 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B

I. Sokolska, E. Heumann, S. Kück, and T.  Łukasiewicz, Appl. Phys. B 71, 893 (2000).

A. Giesen, H. Hugel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, Appl. Phys. B 58, 365 (1994).

Cryst. Res. Technol.

W. Ryba-Romanowski, Cryst. Res. Technol. 38, 225 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

M. Dubinskii, J. Zhang, and V. Ter-Mikirtychev, Electron. Lett. 45, 400 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 448 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Alloys Compd.

S. Golab, P. Solarz, G. Dominiak-Dzik, T. Lukasiewicz, and W. Ryba-Romanowski, J. Alloys Compd. 341, 165 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

R. L. Aggarwal, D. J. Ripin, J. R. Ochoa, and T. Y. Fan, J. Appl. Phys. 98, 103514 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys.

J. Kawanaka, S. Tokita, H. Nishioka, M. Fujita, K. Yamakawa, K. Ueda, and Y. Izawa, Laser Phys. 15, 1306 (2005).

Laser Phys. Lett.

J. Sulc, H. Jelinkova, W. Ryba-Romanowski, and T. Lukasiewicz, Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 207 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Other

J. Sulc, H. Jelinkova, M. Nemec, W. Ryba-Romanowski, and T. Lukasiewicz, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics 2010 (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper ATuA27.

F. S. Ermeneux, R. Moncorge, P. Kabro, J. A. Capobianco, M. Bettinelli, and E. Cavalli, in OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics on ASSL (Optical Society of America, 1996), Vol. 1, pp. 498–502.

V. Fromzel, N. Ter-Gabrielyan, T. Lukasiewicz, W. Ryba-Romanowski, and M. Dubinskii “Pump saturation effects in Er3+:YVO4 single crystal,” Opt. Mater., submitted for publication.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Overlay comparison of the polarization resolved resonant ( I 15 / 2 4 I 13 / 2 4 ) absorption cross section spectra of Er 3 + : YVO 4 and Er 3 + : YAG at 77 K . 1 (black), Er 3 + : YVO 4 , σ-polarization; 2 (blue), Er 3 + : YVO 4 , π-polarization; 3 (green), Er 3 + : YAG . Spectral resolution, 0.1 nm . In the inset, Er 3 + ( 0.5 % ) : YVO 4 upper laser level ( I 13 / 2 4 ) lifetime dependence on the temperature (taken on a pulverized sample). Wine- colored arrow indicates the position and the spectral width (FWHM) of the pump laser.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Simplified optical layout of the cryogenically cooled Er 3 + ( 0.5 % ) : YVO 4 laser at 1593.5 nm resonantly pumped by a spectrally narrowed single-mode Er-fiber laser at 1534.3 nm .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

True CW output (at 1593.5 nm ) versus absorbed pump power plots for the cryogenically cooled Er 3 + : YVO 4 laser resonantly pumped by a single-mode spectrally narrowed (to 0.4 nm ) fiber laser at 1534.3 nm . The four plots represent the data sets obtained with the output coupler reflectivities of 95% (wine), 90% (blue), 85% (black), and 70% (red). Solid curves indicate linear regression of the data.

Metrics