Abstract

An octave spanning spectrum is generated in an As2S3 taper via 77pJ pulses from an ultrafast fiber laser. Using a previously developed tapering method, we construct a 1.3μm taper that has a zero-dispersion wavelength around 1.4μm. The low two-photon absorption of sulfide-based chalcogenide fiber allows for higher input powers than previous efforts in selenium-based chalcogenide tapered fibers. This higher power handling capability combined with input pulse chirp compensation allows an octave spanning spectrum to be generated directly from the taper using the unamplified laser output.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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2011 (2)

2008 (2)

2007 (4)

2006 (1)

J. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135(2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2003 (2)

2002 (1)

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

2000 (1)

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635(2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aggarwal, I. D.

S. Dekker, C. Xiong, E. Mägi, A. C. Judge, J. S. Sanghera, L. B. Shaw, I. D. Aggarwal, D. J. Moss, and B. J. Eggleton, in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference 2010 (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CMM6.
[PubMed]

Bookey, H.

Cerullo, G.

Chiodo, N.

Choi, D.-Y.

Chudoba, C.

Coen, S.

J. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135(2006).
[CrossRef]

Cundiff, S. T.

S. T. Cundiff and J. Ye, Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 325 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635(2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dekker, S.

S. Dekker, C. Xiong, E. Mägi, A. C. Judge, J. S. Sanghera, L. B. Shaw, I. D. Aggarwal, D. J. Moss, and B. J. Eggleton, in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference 2010 (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CMM6.
[PubMed]

Diddams, S. A.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635(2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

DiMarcello, F.

Dudley, J.

J. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135(2006).
[CrossRef]

Eggleton, B. J.

M. R. E. Lamont, B. Luther-Davies, D.-Y. Choi, S. Madden, and B. J. Eggleton, Opt. Express 16, 14938(2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Yeom, E. C. Mägi, M. R. E. Lamont, M. A. F. Roelens, L. Fu, and B. J. Eggleton, Opt. Lett. 33, 660 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. C. Mägi, L. B. Fu, H. C. Nguyen, M. R. Lamont, D. I. Yeom, and B. J. Eggleton, Opt. Express 15, 10324 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Dekker, C. Xiong, E. Mägi, A. C. Judge, J. S. Sanghera, L. B. Shaw, I. D. Aggarwal, D. J. Moss, and B. J. Eggleton, in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference 2010 (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CMM6.
[PubMed]

Fleming, J.

Foster, M. A.

Fu, L.

Fu, L. B.

Fujimoto, J. G.

Gaeta, A. L.

Genty, G.

J. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135(2006).
[CrossRef]

Ghanta, R. K.

Griebner, U.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hall, J. L.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635(2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hartl, I.

Herrmann, J.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hudson, D. D.

Husakou, A.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jha, A.

Jones, D. J.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635(2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jorgensen, C.

Judge, A. C.

S. Dekker, C. Xiong, E. Mägi, A. C. Judge, J. S. Sanghera, L. B. Shaw, I. D. Aggarwal, D. J. Moss, and B. J. Eggleton, in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference 2010 (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CMM6.
[PubMed]

Kar, A.

Knight, J. C.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ko, T. H.

Korn, G.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lamont, M. R.

Lamont, M. R. E.

Lasri, J.

Li, X. D.

Liao, M.

Luther-Davies, B.

Madden, S.

Mägi, E.

S. Dekker, C. Xiong, E. Mägi, A. C. Judge, J. S. Sanghera, L. B. Shaw, I. D. Aggarwal, D. J. Moss, and B. J. Eggleton, in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference 2010 (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CMM6.
[PubMed]

Mägi, E. C.

Moll, K. D.

Monberg, E.

Moss, D. J.

S. Dekker, C. Xiong, E. Mägi, A. C. Judge, J. S. Sanghera, L. B. Shaw, I. D. Aggarwal, D. J. Moss, and B. J. Eggleton, in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference 2010 (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CMM6.
[PubMed]

Newbury, N.

Nguyen, H. C.

Nicholson, J. W.

Nickel, D.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ohishi, Y.

Osellame, R.

Psaila, N.

Qin, G.

Ranka, J. K.

I. Hartl, X. D. Li, C. Chudoba, R. K. Ghanta, T. H. Ko, J. G. Fujimoto, J. K. Ranka, and R. S. Windeler, Opt. Lett. 26, 608 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635(2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Roelens, M. A. F.

Russell, P. St. J.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sanghera, J. S.

S. Dekker, C. Xiong, E. Mägi, A. C. Judge, J. S. Sanghera, L. B. Shaw, I. D. Aggarwal, D. J. Moss, and B. J. Eggleton, in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference 2010 (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CMM6.
[PubMed]

Shaw, L. B.

S. Dekker, C. Xiong, E. Mägi, A. C. Judge, J. S. Sanghera, L. B. Shaw, I. D. Aggarwal, D. J. Moss, and B. J. Eggleton, in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference 2010 (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CMM6.
[PubMed]

Shen, S.

Stentz, A.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635(2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Suzuki, T.

Swann, W.

Thomson, R.

Thorpe, M. J.

Veng, T.

Wadsworth, W. J.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Windeler, R. S.

I. Hartl, X. D. Li, C. Chudoba, R. K. Ghanta, T. H. Ko, J. G. Fujimoto, J. K. Ranka, and R. S. Windeler, Opt. Lett. 26, 608 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635(2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wisk, P.

Xiong, C.

S. Dekker, C. Xiong, E. Mägi, A. C. Judge, J. S. Sanghera, L. B. Shaw, I. D. Aggarwal, D. J. Moss, and B. J. Eggleton, in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference 2010 (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CMM6.
[PubMed]

Yablon, A.

Yan, M. F.

Yan, X.

Ye, J.

Yeom, D.

Yeom, D. I.

Zhavoronkov, N.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (2)

J. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135(2006).
[CrossRef]

S. T. Cundiff and J. Ye, Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 325 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635(2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

S. Dekker, C. Xiong, E. Mägi, A. C. Judge, J. S. Sanghera, L. B. Shaw, I. D. Aggarwal, D. J. Moss, and B. J. Eggleton, in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference 2010 (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CMM6.
[PubMed]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Taper details. (a) Nonlinearity (left vertical axis) and effective mode area (right vertical axis) as a function of fiber diameter. The nonlinear parameter mirrors the effective mode area, and reaches extremely large values only when the fiber diameter goes below 4 μm . (b) Dispersion profile of the As 2 S 3 fiber as a function of taper diameter. The untapered fiber exhibits large, normal dispersion. The effect of tapering is to introduce anomalous waveguide dispersion, which eventually shifts the total dispersion to zero and beyond.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental layout. Pulses from the erbium laser are prechirped using 5 m of silica fiber ( β 2 = 0.021 ps 2 / m ), while the variable optical attenuator (VOA) is used to vary the average power. A FROG is used to retrieve the full electric field that is used in the simulation. Light is coupled into the chalcogenide fiber via a butt-coupled silica fiber that is affixed with UV-cured epoxy. The output of the taper device is measured individually with three spectrometers covering various wavelength ranges. While optical spectrum analyzer (OSA) 1 and OSA 2 are fiber coupled, OSA 3 is free-space coupled and allows for sensitive detection of the long wavelength edge.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental spectrograms and retrieved electric fields. (a) Shortest pulse achievable from the mode-locked laser. (b) Pulse as it appears just before entering the taper device. The pulse in (b) was used in the numerical model.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Output spectra from the As 2 S 3 taper (top) and numerical simulation (bottom). As the peak power is steadily increased, the supercontinuum generation achieves one octave of bandwidth ( 20 dB points) at 150 W peak power. At the highest peak power ( 824 W ), an octave is contained within the 10 dB points, and the long wavelength edge is extending into the mid-IR regime ( > 2 μm ). The spike at the center of the spectra is a long pulse pedestal ( > 10 ps ) on the laser output, and has a minimal contribution to the broadening.

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