Abstract

We have demonstrated active coherent beam combination (CBC) of up to 218 semiconductor amplifiers with 38.5W cw output using up to eleven one-dimensional 21-element individually addressable diode amplifier arrays operating at 960nm. The amplifier array elements are slab-coupled-optical-waveguide semiconductor amplifiers (SCOWAs) set up in a master-oscillator–power-amplifier configuration. Diffractive optical elements divide the master-oscillator beam to seed multiple arrays of SCOWAs. A SCOWA was phase actuated by adjusting the drive current to each element and controlled using a stochastic-parallel-gradient-descent (SPGD) algorithm for the active CBC. The SPGD is a hill-climbing algorithm that maximizes on-axis intensity in the far field, providing phase locking without needing a reference beam.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. V. Daneu, A. Sanchez, T. Y. Fan, H. K. Choi, G. W. Turner, and C. C. Cook, Opt. Lett. 25, 405 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  2. B. Chann, R. K. Huang, L. J. Missaggia, C. T. Harris, Z. L. Liau, A. K. Goyal, J. P. Donnelly, T. Y. Fan, A. Sanchez-Rubio, and G. W. Turner, Opt. Lett. 30, 2104 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. C. Hamilton, S. Tidwell, D. Meekhof, J. Seamans, N. Gitkind, and D. Lowenthal, Proc. SPIE 5336, 1 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. Levy and K. Roh, Proc. SPIE 2382, 58 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  5. L. Bartelt-Berger, U. Brauch, A. Giesen, H. Huegel, and H. Opower, Appl. Opt. 38, 5752 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  6. G. Hergenhan, B. Lucke, and U. Brauch, Appl. Opt. 42, 1667 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. W. Liang, N. Satyan, A. Yariv, A. Kewitsch, G. Rakuljic, F. Aflatouni, H. Hashemi, and J. Ungar, Opt. Express 15, 3201 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. T. Y. Fan, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 567(2005).
    [CrossRef]
  9. R. K. Huang, B. Chann, L. J. Missaggia, J. P. Donnelly, C. T. Harris, G. W. Turner, A. K. Goyal, T. Y. Fan, and A. Sanchez-Rubio, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 209 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. Vorontsov and V. Sivokon, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 15, 2745 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  11. L. Liu, M. Vorontsov, E. Polnau, T. Weyrauch, and L. Beresnev, Proc. SPIE 6708, 67080K (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. E. Kansky, C. X. Yu, D. V. Murphy, S. E. J. Shaw, R. C. Lawrence, and C. Higgs, Proc. SPIE 6306, 63060G(2006).
    [CrossRef]
  13. T. Y. Fan, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 291(2009).
    [CrossRef]
  14. S. J. Augst, T. Y. Fan, and A. Sanchez-Rubio, Opt. Lett. 29, 474 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

T. Y. Fan, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 291(2009).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

L. Liu, M. Vorontsov, E. Polnau, T. Weyrauch, and L. Beresnev, Proc. SPIE 6708, 67080K (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Liang, N. Satyan, A. Yariv, A. Kewitsch, G. Rakuljic, F. Aflatouni, H. Hashemi, and J. Ungar, Opt. Express 15, 3201 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. K. Huang, B. Chann, L. J. Missaggia, J. P. Donnelly, C. T. Harris, G. W. Turner, A. K. Goyal, T. Y. Fan, and A. Sanchez-Rubio, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 209 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

J. E. Kansky, C. X. Yu, D. V. Murphy, S. E. J. Shaw, R. C. Lawrence, and C. Higgs, Proc. SPIE 6306, 63060G(2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

2004 (2)

C. Hamilton, S. Tidwell, D. Meekhof, J. Seamans, N. Gitkind, and D. Lowenthal, Proc. SPIE 5336, 1 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Augst, T. Y. Fan, and A. Sanchez-Rubio, Opt. Lett. 29, 474 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

2000 (1)

1999 (1)

1998 (1)

1995 (1)

J. Levy and K. Roh, Proc. SPIE 2382, 58 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Aflatouni, F.

Augst, S. J.

Bartelt-Berger, L.

Beresnev, L.

L. Liu, M. Vorontsov, E. Polnau, T. Weyrauch, and L. Beresnev, Proc. SPIE 6708, 67080K (2007).
[CrossRef]

Brauch, U.

Chann, B.

R. K. Huang, B. Chann, L. J. Missaggia, J. P. Donnelly, C. T. Harris, G. W. Turner, A. K. Goyal, T. Y. Fan, and A. Sanchez-Rubio, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 209 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. Chann, R. K. Huang, L. J. Missaggia, C. T. Harris, Z. L. Liau, A. K. Goyal, J. P. Donnelly, T. Y. Fan, A. Sanchez-Rubio, and G. W. Turner, Opt. Lett. 30, 2104 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Choi, H. K.

Cook, C. C.

Daneu, V.

Donnelly, J. P.

R. K. Huang, B. Chann, L. J. Missaggia, J. P. Donnelly, C. T. Harris, G. W. Turner, A. K. Goyal, T. Y. Fan, and A. Sanchez-Rubio, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 209 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. Chann, R. K. Huang, L. J. Missaggia, C. T. Harris, Z. L. Liau, A. K. Goyal, J. P. Donnelly, T. Y. Fan, A. Sanchez-Rubio, and G. W. Turner, Opt. Lett. 30, 2104 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fan, T. Y.

T. Y. Fan, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 291(2009).
[CrossRef]

R. K. Huang, B. Chann, L. J. Missaggia, J. P. Donnelly, C. T. Harris, G. W. Turner, A. K. Goyal, T. Y. Fan, and A. Sanchez-Rubio, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 209 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Y. Fan, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 567(2005).
[CrossRef]

B. Chann, R. K. Huang, L. J. Missaggia, C. T. Harris, Z. L. Liau, A. K. Goyal, J. P. Donnelly, T. Y. Fan, A. Sanchez-Rubio, and G. W. Turner, Opt. Lett. 30, 2104 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. J. Augst, T. Y. Fan, and A. Sanchez-Rubio, Opt. Lett. 29, 474 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Daneu, A. Sanchez, T. Y. Fan, H. K. Choi, G. W. Turner, and C. C. Cook, Opt. Lett. 25, 405 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Giesen, A.

Gitkind, N.

C. Hamilton, S. Tidwell, D. Meekhof, J. Seamans, N. Gitkind, and D. Lowenthal, Proc. SPIE 5336, 1 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Goyal, A. K.

R. K. Huang, B. Chann, L. J. Missaggia, J. P. Donnelly, C. T. Harris, G. W. Turner, A. K. Goyal, T. Y. Fan, and A. Sanchez-Rubio, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 209 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. Chann, R. K. Huang, L. J. Missaggia, C. T. Harris, Z. L. Liau, A. K. Goyal, J. P. Donnelly, T. Y. Fan, A. Sanchez-Rubio, and G. W. Turner, Opt. Lett. 30, 2104 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hamilton, C.

C. Hamilton, S. Tidwell, D. Meekhof, J. Seamans, N. Gitkind, and D. Lowenthal, Proc. SPIE 5336, 1 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Harris, C. T.

R. K. Huang, B. Chann, L. J. Missaggia, J. P. Donnelly, C. T. Harris, G. W. Turner, A. K. Goyal, T. Y. Fan, and A. Sanchez-Rubio, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 209 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. Chann, R. K. Huang, L. J. Missaggia, C. T. Harris, Z. L. Liau, A. K. Goyal, J. P. Donnelly, T. Y. Fan, A. Sanchez-Rubio, and G. W. Turner, Opt. Lett. 30, 2104 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hashemi, H.

Hergenhan, G.

Higgs, C.

J. E. Kansky, C. X. Yu, D. V. Murphy, S. E. J. Shaw, R. C. Lawrence, and C. Higgs, Proc. SPIE 6306, 63060G(2006).
[CrossRef]

Huang, R. K.

R. K. Huang, B. Chann, L. J. Missaggia, J. P. Donnelly, C. T. Harris, G. W. Turner, A. K. Goyal, T. Y. Fan, and A. Sanchez-Rubio, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 209 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. Chann, R. K. Huang, L. J. Missaggia, C. T. Harris, Z. L. Liau, A. K. Goyal, J. P. Donnelly, T. Y. Fan, A. Sanchez-Rubio, and G. W. Turner, Opt. Lett. 30, 2104 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huegel, H.

Kansky, J. E.

J. E. Kansky, C. X. Yu, D. V. Murphy, S. E. J. Shaw, R. C. Lawrence, and C. Higgs, Proc. SPIE 6306, 63060G(2006).
[CrossRef]

Kewitsch, A.

Lawrence, R. C.

J. E. Kansky, C. X. Yu, D. V. Murphy, S. E. J. Shaw, R. C. Lawrence, and C. Higgs, Proc. SPIE 6306, 63060G(2006).
[CrossRef]

Levy, J.

J. Levy and K. Roh, Proc. SPIE 2382, 58 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Liang, W.

Liau, Z. L.

Liu, L.

L. Liu, M. Vorontsov, E. Polnau, T. Weyrauch, and L. Beresnev, Proc. SPIE 6708, 67080K (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lowenthal, D.

C. Hamilton, S. Tidwell, D. Meekhof, J. Seamans, N. Gitkind, and D. Lowenthal, Proc. SPIE 5336, 1 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lucke, B.

Meekhof, D.

C. Hamilton, S. Tidwell, D. Meekhof, J. Seamans, N. Gitkind, and D. Lowenthal, Proc. SPIE 5336, 1 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Missaggia, L. J.

R. K. Huang, B. Chann, L. J. Missaggia, J. P. Donnelly, C. T. Harris, G. W. Turner, A. K. Goyal, T. Y. Fan, and A. Sanchez-Rubio, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 209 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. Chann, R. K. Huang, L. J. Missaggia, C. T. Harris, Z. L. Liau, A. K. Goyal, J. P. Donnelly, T. Y. Fan, A. Sanchez-Rubio, and G. W. Turner, Opt. Lett. 30, 2104 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Murphy, D. V.

J. E. Kansky, C. X. Yu, D. V. Murphy, S. E. J. Shaw, R. C. Lawrence, and C. Higgs, Proc. SPIE 6306, 63060G(2006).
[CrossRef]

Opower, H.

Polnau, E.

L. Liu, M. Vorontsov, E. Polnau, T. Weyrauch, and L. Beresnev, Proc. SPIE 6708, 67080K (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rakuljic, G.

Roh, K.

J. Levy and K. Roh, Proc. SPIE 2382, 58 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sanchez, A.

Sanchez-Rubio, A.

Satyan, N.

Seamans, J.

C. Hamilton, S. Tidwell, D. Meekhof, J. Seamans, N. Gitkind, and D. Lowenthal, Proc. SPIE 5336, 1 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shaw, S. E. J.

J. E. Kansky, C. X. Yu, D. V. Murphy, S. E. J. Shaw, R. C. Lawrence, and C. Higgs, Proc. SPIE 6306, 63060G(2006).
[CrossRef]

Sivokon, V.

Tidwell, S.

C. Hamilton, S. Tidwell, D. Meekhof, J. Seamans, N. Gitkind, and D. Lowenthal, Proc. SPIE 5336, 1 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Turner, G. W.

Ungar, J.

Vorontsov, M.

L. Liu, M. Vorontsov, E. Polnau, T. Weyrauch, and L. Beresnev, Proc. SPIE 6708, 67080K (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Vorontsov and V. Sivokon, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 15, 2745 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Weyrauch, T.

L. Liu, M. Vorontsov, E. Polnau, T. Weyrauch, and L. Beresnev, Proc. SPIE 6708, 67080K (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yariv, A.

Yu, C. X.

J. E. Kansky, C. X. Yu, D. V. Murphy, S. E. J. Shaw, R. C. Lawrence, and C. Higgs, Proc. SPIE 6306, 63060G(2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

T. Y. Fan, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 291(2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Y. Fan, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 567(2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

R. K. Huang, B. Chann, L. J. Missaggia, J. P. Donnelly, C. T. Harris, G. W. Turner, A. K. Goyal, T. Y. Fan, and A. Sanchez-Rubio, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 209 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Proc. SPIE (4)

C. Hamilton, S. Tidwell, D. Meekhof, J. Seamans, N. Gitkind, and D. Lowenthal, Proc. SPIE 5336, 1 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Levy and K. Roh, Proc. SPIE 2382, 58 (1995).
[CrossRef]

L. Liu, M. Vorontsov, E. Polnau, T. Weyrauch, and L. Beresnev, Proc. SPIE 6708, 67080K (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Kansky, C. X. Yu, D. V. Murphy, S. E. J. Shaw, R. C. Lawrence, and C. Higgs, Proc. SPIE 6306, 63060G(2006).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the active CBC architecture concept.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Schematic of phase-to-current characterization setup. (b) Experimental far field of two in-phase elements. (c) Experimental far field of two out-of-phase elements.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Phase-noise spectral density and integrated phase noise of a single-element single-passed SCOWA.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Schematic of experimental layout for active CBC of multiple SCOWA arrays.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Experimental far field of six 21-element SCOWA arrays coherently combined.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Experimental far field of two 21-element SCOWA arrays coherently combined.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Experimental far field of eleven 21-element SCOWA arrays coherently combined.

Metrics