Abstract

We present a single-shot cross-correlating scheme capable of high dynamic range and large temporal window for pulse contrast characterization. By adopting a long-wavelength sampling pulse parametrically converted from the pulse under test, wavelength combination in the correlating process allows the use of a large noncollinear phase-matching angle in periodically poled lithium niobate crystal, matches the high-sensitivity detection system consisting of a fiber array and a photomultiplier tube, and favors the elimination of optical scattering noise. The prototype experiments demonstrate a detectable contrast maximum up to 109, temporal window of 50ps, and resolution of 1ps, using <0.5mJ input energy.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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2009

2008

2007

2006

G. Priebe, K. A. Janulewicz, V. I. Redkorechev, J. Tümmler, and P. V. Nickles, Opt. Commun. 259, 848 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

2004

2001

J. Collier, C. Hernandez-Gomez, R. Allott, C. Danson, and A. Hall, Laser Part. Beams 19, 231 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1998

M. B. Gray, D. A. Shaddock, C. C. Harb, and H. A. Bachor, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 3755 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Allott, R.

J. Collier, C. Hernandez-Gomez, R. Allott, C. Danson, and A. Hall, Laser Part. Beams 19, 231 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bachor, H. A.

M. B. Gray, D. A. Shaddock, C. C. Harb, and H. A. Bachor, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 3755 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Barty, C. P. J.

I. Jovanovic, C. Brown, C. Haefner, M. Shverdin, M. Taranowski, and C. P. J. Barty, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper JThD137.
[PubMed]

Bromage, J.

Brown, C.

I. Jovanovic, C. Brown, C. Haefner, M. Shverdin, M. Taranowski, and C. P. J. Barty, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper JThD137.
[PubMed]

Chambaret, J. P.

Collier, J.

J. Collier, C. Hernandez-Gomez, R. Allott, C. Danson, and A. Hall, Laser Part. Beams 19, 231 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Danson, C.

J. Collier, C. Hernandez-Gomez, R. Allott, C. Danson, and A. Hall, Laser Part. Beams 19, 231 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Divall, E. J.

Dorrer, C.

Fernandez, J. C.

Flippo, K. A.

Gray, M. B.

M. B. Gray, D. A. Shaddock, C. C. Harb, and H. A. Bachor, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 3755 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Haefner, C.

I. Jovanovic, C. Brown, C. Haefner, M. Shverdin, M. Taranowski, and C. P. J. Barty, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper JThD137.
[PubMed]

Hall, A.

J. Collier, C. Hernandez-Gomez, R. Allott, C. Danson, and A. Hall, Laser Part. Beams 19, 231 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Harb, C. C.

M. B. Gray, D. A. Shaddock, C. C. Harb, and H. A. Bachor, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 3755 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hegelich, B. M.

Hernandez-Gomez, C.

J. Collier, C. Hernandez-Gomez, R. Allott, C. Danson, and A. Hall, Laser Part. Beams 19, 231 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jamelot, G.

Janulewicz, K. A.

G. Priebe, K. A. Janulewicz, V. I. Redkorechev, J. Tümmler, and P. V. Nickles, Opt. Commun. 259, 848 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, R. P.

Jovanovic, I.

I. Jovanovic, C. Brown, C. Haefner, M. Shverdin, M. Taranowski, and C. P. J. Barty, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper JThD137.
[PubMed]

Kalashnikov, M. P.

Luo, H.

Nickles, P. V.

G. Priebe, K. A. Janulewicz, V. I. Redkorechev, J. Tümmler, and P. V. Nickles, Opt. Commun. 259, 848 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pittman, M.

Ple, F.

Priebe, G.

G. Priebe, K. A. Janulewicz, V. I. Redkorechev, J. Tümmler, and P. V. Nickles, Opt. Commun. 259, 848 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Qian, L. J.

Redkorechev, V. I.

G. Priebe, K. A. Janulewicz, V. I. Redkorechev, J. Tümmler, and P. V. Nickles, Opt. Commun. 259, 848 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Risse, E.

Ross, I. N.

Sandner, W.

Schönnagel, H.

Shaddock, D. A.

M. B. Gray, D. A. Shaddock, C. C. Harb, and H. A. Bachor, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 3755 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Shah, R. C.

Shimada, T.

Shverdin, M.

I. Jovanovic, C. Brown, C. Haefner, M. Shverdin, M. Taranowski, and C. P. J. Barty, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper JThD137.
[PubMed]

Taranowski, M.

I. Jovanovic, C. Brown, C. Haefner, M. Shverdin, M. Taranowski, and C. P. J. Barty, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper JThD137.
[PubMed]

Tümmler, J.

G. Priebe, K. A. Janulewicz, V. I. Redkorechev, J. Tümmler, and P. V. Nickles, Opt. Commun. 259, 848 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wen, S. C.

Xu, C.

Yuan, P.

Zhang, D. F.

Zhu, H. Y.

Zuegel, J. D.

Eur. Phys. J. D

R. C. Shah, R. P. Johnson, T. Shimada, and B. M. Hegelich, Eur. Phys. J. D 55, 305 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Laser Part. Beams

J. Collier, C. Hernandez-Gomez, R. Allott, C. Danson, and A. Hall, Laser Part. Beams 19, 231 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

G. Priebe, K. A. Janulewicz, V. I. Redkorechev, J. Tümmler, and P. V. Nickles, Opt. Commun. 259, 848 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Rev. Sci. Instrum.

M. B. Gray, D. A. Shaddock, C. C. Harb, and H. A. Bachor, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 3755 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Other

I. Jovanovic, C. Brown, C. Haefner, M. Shverdin, M. Taranowski, and C. P. J. Barty, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper JThD137.
[PubMed]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Calculated maximum noncollinear PM angle of SFG and temporal window with a dependence of sampling wavelength in birefringently PM LiNbO 3 and PPLN crystals, respectively. Dash-dotted (dashed) curve, the noncollinear PM angle in birefringently PM LiNbO 3 (PPLN); Dotted (solid) line, the temporal window in birefringently PM LiNbO 3 (PPLN). The wavelength of the pulse under test is fixed at 800 nm .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic diagram of the experiment setup. BS, beam splitter with a reflection of 20 % ; F1 and F2, cylindrical concave mirrors with R = 0.5 m .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured DFG-correlation traces of the pulse at 800 nm (solid curve with square symbol) and the pulse at 3.3 μm (solid curve with circular symbol) with a common reference at 400 nm , respectively. The theoretical prediction of the pulse distribution at 3.3 μm is also plotted (dashed curve), which is calculated from the nonlinear coupled-wave equations by using the measured pulse distribution at 800 nm as the pump and assuming a CW laser at 1054 nm as the near-IR seeding of the OPA.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured SFG-correlation traces for the femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser (a) with and (b), (c) without inserting a 1 mm - thick uncoated β-BBO crystal for calibration. Trace (b) [(c)] corresponds to the pulse under test attenuated by 1 × 10 3 ( 3 × 10 7 ) times.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Measured SFG-correlation trace (solid curve with square symbol) and autocorrelation trace (dashed curve) for the femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser, respectively.

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