Abstract

We demonstrate a novel (to the best of our knowledge) 40GHz passively mode-locked AlGaInAs/InP 1.55μm laser with a low divergence angle (12.7°×26.3°), timing jitter of 1.2ps (10kHz100MHz), and a radio frequency linewidth of 25kHz.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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  1. K. Yvind, D. Larsson, L. J. Christiansen, C. Angelo, L. K. Oxenløwe, J. Mørk, D. Birkedal, J. M. Hvam, and J. Hanberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 975 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. Gee, F. Quinlan, S. Ozharar, and P. J. Delfyett, J. J. Plant, and P. W. Juodawlkis, Opt. Lett. 30, 2742 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. D. Klotzkin, J. S. Huang, H. Lu, T. Nguyen, T. Pinnington, R. Rajasekaran, H. Tan, and C. Tsai, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 975 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  4. L. Hou, P. Stolarz, J. Javaloyes, R. Green, C. Ironside, M. Sorel, and A. C. Bryce, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1731 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  5. B. Qiu, S. D. McDougall, X. Liu, G. Bacchin, and J. H. Marsh, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1124 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  6. L. Hou, M. Haji, R. Dylewicz, B. Qiu, and A. C. Bryce, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 82 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  7. Z. G. Lu, J. R. Liu, P. J. Poole, S. Raymond, P. J. Barrios, D. Poitras, G. Pakulski, P. Grant, and D. Roy-Guay, Opt. Express 17, 13609 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. D. J. Derickson, R. J. Helkey, A. Mar, J. R. Karin, J. G. Wasserbauer, and J. E. Bowers, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2186 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  9. G. P. Agrawal and N. A. Olsson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2297 (1989).
    [CrossRef]

2011 (1)

L. Hou, M. Haji, R. Dylewicz, B. Qiu, and A. C. Bryce, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 82 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

Z. G. Lu, J. R. Liu, P. J. Poole, S. Raymond, P. J. Barrios, D. Poitras, G. Pakulski, P. Grant, and D. Roy-Guay, Opt. Express 17, 13609 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Hou, P. Stolarz, J. Javaloyes, R. Green, C. Ironside, M. Sorel, and A. C. Bryce, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1731 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

D. Klotzkin, J. S. Huang, H. Lu, T. Nguyen, T. Pinnington, R. Rajasekaran, H. Tan, and C. Tsai, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 975 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

B. Qiu, S. D. McDougall, X. Liu, G. Bacchin, and J. H. Marsh, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1124 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Gee, F. Quinlan, S. Ozharar, and P. J. Delfyett, J. J. Plant, and P. W. Juodawlkis, Opt. Lett. 30, 2742 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

K. Yvind, D. Larsson, L. J. Christiansen, C. Angelo, L. K. Oxenløwe, J. Mørk, D. Birkedal, J. M. Hvam, and J. Hanberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 975 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

D. J. Derickson, R. J. Helkey, A. Mar, J. R. Karin, J. G. Wasserbauer, and J. E. Bowers, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2186 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

G. P. Agrawal and N. A. Olsson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2297 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal and N. A. Olsson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2297 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Angelo, C.

K. Yvind, D. Larsson, L. J. Christiansen, C. Angelo, L. K. Oxenløwe, J. Mørk, D. Birkedal, J. M. Hvam, and J. Hanberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 975 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bacchin, G.

B. Qiu, S. D. McDougall, X. Liu, G. Bacchin, and J. H. Marsh, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1124 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Barrios, P. J.

Birkedal, D.

K. Yvind, D. Larsson, L. J. Christiansen, C. Angelo, L. K. Oxenløwe, J. Mørk, D. Birkedal, J. M. Hvam, and J. Hanberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 975 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bowers, J. E.

D. J. Derickson, R. J. Helkey, A. Mar, J. R. Karin, J. G. Wasserbauer, and J. E. Bowers, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2186 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Bryce, A. C.

L. Hou, M. Haji, R. Dylewicz, B. Qiu, and A. C. Bryce, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 82 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Hou, P. Stolarz, J. Javaloyes, R. Green, C. Ironside, M. Sorel, and A. C. Bryce, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1731 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Christiansen, L. J.

K. Yvind, D. Larsson, L. J. Christiansen, C. Angelo, L. K. Oxenløwe, J. Mørk, D. Birkedal, J. M. Hvam, and J. Hanberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 975 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Delfyett, P. J.

Derickson, D. J.

D. J. Derickson, R. J. Helkey, A. Mar, J. R. Karin, J. G. Wasserbauer, and J. E. Bowers, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2186 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Dylewicz, R.

L. Hou, M. Haji, R. Dylewicz, B. Qiu, and A. C. Bryce, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 82 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Gee, S.

Grant, P.

Green, R.

L. Hou, P. Stolarz, J. Javaloyes, R. Green, C. Ironside, M. Sorel, and A. C. Bryce, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1731 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Haji, M.

L. Hou, M. Haji, R. Dylewicz, B. Qiu, and A. C. Bryce, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 82 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hanberg, J.

K. Yvind, D. Larsson, L. J. Christiansen, C. Angelo, L. K. Oxenløwe, J. Mørk, D. Birkedal, J. M. Hvam, and J. Hanberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 975 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Helkey, R. J.

D. J. Derickson, R. J. Helkey, A. Mar, J. R. Karin, J. G. Wasserbauer, and J. E. Bowers, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2186 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Hou, L.

L. Hou, M. Haji, R. Dylewicz, B. Qiu, and A. C. Bryce, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 82 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Hou, P. Stolarz, J. Javaloyes, R. Green, C. Ironside, M. Sorel, and A. C. Bryce, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1731 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Huang, J. S.

D. Klotzkin, J. S. Huang, H. Lu, T. Nguyen, T. Pinnington, R. Rajasekaran, H. Tan, and C. Tsai, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 975 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hvam, J. M.

K. Yvind, D. Larsson, L. J. Christiansen, C. Angelo, L. K. Oxenløwe, J. Mørk, D. Birkedal, J. M. Hvam, and J. Hanberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 975 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ironside, C.

L. Hou, P. Stolarz, J. Javaloyes, R. Green, C. Ironside, M. Sorel, and A. C. Bryce, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1731 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Javaloyes, J.

L. Hou, P. Stolarz, J. Javaloyes, R. Green, C. Ironside, M. Sorel, and A. C. Bryce, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1731 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Juodawlkis, P. W.

Karin, J. R.

D. J. Derickson, R. J. Helkey, A. Mar, J. R. Karin, J. G. Wasserbauer, and J. E. Bowers, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2186 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Klotzkin, D.

D. Klotzkin, J. S. Huang, H. Lu, T. Nguyen, T. Pinnington, R. Rajasekaran, H. Tan, and C. Tsai, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 975 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Larsson, D.

K. Yvind, D. Larsson, L. J. Christiansen, C. Angelo, L. K. Oxenløwe, J. Mørk, D. Birkedal, J. M. Hvam, and J. Hanberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 975 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J. R.

Liu, X.

B. Qiu, S. D. McDougall, X. Liu, G. Bacchin, and J. H. Marsh, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1124 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lu, H.

D. Klotzkin, J. S. Huang, H. Lu, T. Nguyen, T. Pinnington, R. Rajasekaran, H. Tan, and C. Tsai, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 975 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lu, Z. G.

Mar, A.

D. J. Derickson, R. J. Helkey, A. Mar, J. R. Karin, J. G. Wasserbauer, and J. E. Bowers, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2186 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Marsh, J. H.

B. Qiu, S. D. McDougall, X. Liu, G. Bacchin, and J. H. Marsh, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1124 (2005).
[CrossRef]

McDougall, S. D.

B. Qiu, S. D. McDougall, X. Liu, G. Bacchin, and J. H. Marsh, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1124 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mørk, J.

K. Yvind, D. Larsson, L. J. Christiansen, C. Angelo, L. K. Oxenløwe, J. Mørk, D. Birkedal, J. M. Hvam, and J. Hanberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 975 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nguyen, T.

D. Klotzkin, J. S. Huang, H. Lu, T. Nguyen, T. Pinnington, R. Rajasekaran, H. Tan, and C. Tsai, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 975 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Olsson, N. A.

G. P. Agrawal and N. A. Olsson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2297 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Oxenløwe, L. K.

K. Yvind, D. Larsson, L. J. Christiansen, C. Angelo, L. K. Oxenløwe, J. Mørk, D. Birkedal, J. M. Hvam, and J. Hanberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 975 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ozharar, S.

Pakulski, G.

Pinnington, T.

D. Klotzkin, J. S. Huang, H. Lu, T. Nguyen, T. Pinnington, R. Rajasekaran, H. Tan, and C. Tsai, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 975 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Plant, J. J.

Poitras, D.

Poole, P. J.

Qiu, B.

L. Hou, M. Haji, R. Dylewicz, B. Qiu, and A. C. Bryce, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 82 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. Qiu, S. D. McDougall, X. Liu, G. Bacchin, and J. H. Marsh, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1124 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Quinlan, F.

Rajasekaran, R.

D. Klotzkin, J. S. Huang, H. Lu, T. Nguyen, T. Pinnington, R. Rajasekaran, H. Tan, and C. Tsai, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 975 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Raymond, S.

Roy-Guay, D.

Sorel, M.

L. Hou, P. Stolarz, J. Javaloyes, R. Green, C. Ironside, M. Sorel, and A. C. Bryce, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1731 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Stolarz, P.

L. Hou, P. Stolarz, J. Javaloyes, R. Green, C. Ironside, M. Sorel, and A. C. Bryce, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1731 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tan, H.

D. Klotzkin, J. S. Huang, H. Lu, T. Nguyen, T. Pinnington, R. Rajasekaran, H. Tan, and C. Tsai, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 975 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, C.

D. Klotzkin, J. S. Huang, H. Lu, T. Nguyen, T. Pinnington, R. Rajasekaran, H. Tan, and C. Tsai, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 975 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wasserbauer, J. G.

D. J. Derickson, R. J. Helkey, A. Mar, J. R. Karin, J. G. Wasserbauer, and J. E. Bowers, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2186 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Yvind, K.

K. Yvind, D. Larsson, L. J. Christiansen, C. Angelo, L. K. Oxenløwe, J. Mørk, D. Birkedal, J. M. Hvam, and J. Hanberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 975 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

B. Qiu, S. D. McDougall, X. Liu, G. Bacchin, and J. H. Marsh, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1124 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Derickson, R. J. Helkey, A. Mar, J. R. Karin, J. G. Wasserbauer, and J. E. Bowers, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2186 (1992).
[CrossRef]

G. P. Agrawal and N. A. Olsson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2297 (1989).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

L. Hou, M. Haji, R. Dylewicz, B. Qiu, and A. C. Bryce, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 82 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Yvind, D. Larsson, L. J. Christiansen, C. Angelo, L. K. Oxenløwe, J. Mørk, D. Birkedal, J. M. Hvam, and J. Hanberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 975 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Klotzkin, J. S. Huang, H. Lu, T. Nguyen, T. Pinnington, R. Rajasekaran, H. Tan, and C. Tsai, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 975 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Hou, P. Stolarz, J. Javaloyes, R. Green, C. Ironside, M. Sorel, and A. C. Bryce, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1731 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic of epitaxial wafer structure and conduction band diagram, (b) scanning electron microscope image of the cross section of the device, and (c) simulated near-field pattern of the three-QW device with ridge waveguide height of 1.65 μm (black curve), 1.85 μm (red dashed–dotted curve), and the five-QW device of 1.85 μm (green dashed curve).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Typical L - I gain characteristics for different V SA , from 0 to 3 V with a step of 0.5 V , (b) the F–P laser L-I curves, (c) net modal gain versus current, and (d) measured FFP of the device.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Measured map of mode-locking regime of laser operation as a function of I gain and V SA and (b) FWHM of the autocorrelation trace as a function of the I gain for different V SA .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Measured autocorrelation pulse trains, (b) isolated pulse fitting by sech 2 shape, (c) RF spectrum, (d) optical spectrum, and (e) SSB noise for I gain = 54 mA , V SA = 2.7 V .

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