Abstract

Coherent beam combination of a 1.08kW fiber amplifier array has been demonstrated for the first time, to our knowledge. In the experiment, nine fiber amplifiers are tiled into a 3×3 array, and the output power of each amplifier is approximately 120W. A single frequency dithering algorithm is used to compensate the phase noises between the elements, which runs on a signal processor based on field programmable gate array for phase control on the fiber amplifiers. When the phase control system goes into closed loop, the fringe contrast of the far-field intensity pattern is improved to more than 85%, and the residual phase error is less than λ/15.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. Anderegg, S. J. Brosnan, E. Cheung, P. Epp, D. Hammons, H. Komine, M. E. Weber, and M. Wickham, Proc. SPIE 6102, 61020U (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. Xiao, J. Hou, M. Liu, and Z. F. Jiang, Opt. Express 16, 2015 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. L. Liu and M. A. Vorontsov, Proc. SPIE 5895, 58950P(2005).
    [CrossRef]
  4. L. Liu, M. A. Vorontsov, E. Polnau, T. Weyrauch, and L. A. Beresnev, Proc. SPIE 6708, 67080K (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  5. P. Zhou, Z. Liu, X. Wang, Y. Ma, H. Ma, X. Xu, and S. Guo, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 248 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  6. T. M. Shay and V. Benham, Proc. SPIE 5550, 313 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  7. T. M. Shay, Opt. Express 14, 12188 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. T. M. Shay, J. T. Baker, A. D. Sanchez, C. A. Robin, C. L. Vergien, C. Zeringue, D. Gallant, L. A. Chunte, B. Pulford, T. J. Bronder, and A. Lucero, Proc. SPIE 7195, 71951M(2009).
  9. V. Jolivet, P. Bourdon, B. Bennaï, L. Lombard, D. Goular, E. Pourtal, G. Canat, Y. Jaouën, B. Moreau, and O. Vasseur, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 257 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Y. Ma, P. Zhou, X. Wang, H. Ma, X. Xu, L. Si, Z. Liu, and Y. Zhao, Opt. Lett. 35, 1308 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. T. R. O’Meara, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 67, 306 (1977).
    [CrossRef]

2010 (1)

2009 (3)

P. Zhou, Z. Liu, X. Wang, Y. Ma, H. Ma, X. Xu, and S. Guo, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 248 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. M. Shay, J. T. Baker, A. D. Sanchez, C. A. Robin, C. L. Vergien, C. Zeringue, D. Gallant, L. A. Chunte, B. Pulford, T. J. Bronder, and A. Lucero, Proc. SPIE 7195, 71951M(2009).

V. Jolivet, P. Bourdon, B. Bennaï, L. Lombard, D. Goular, E. Pourtal, G. Canat, Y. Jaouën, B. Moreau, and O. Vasseur, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 257 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

L. Liu, M. A. Vorontsov, E. Polnau, T. Weyrauch, and L. A. Beresnev, Proc. SPIE 6708, 67080K (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

J. Anderegg, S. J. Brosnan, E. Cheung, P. Epp, D. Hammons, H. Komine, M. E. Weber, and M. Wickham, Proc. SPIE 6102, 61020U (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. M. Shay, Opt. Express 14, 12188 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

L. Liu and M. A. Vorontsov, Proc. SPIE 5895, 58950P(2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

T. M. Shay and V. Benham, Proc. SPIE 5550, 313 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1977 (1)

Anderegg, J.

J. Anderegg, S. J. Brosnan, E. Cheung, P. Epp, D. Hammons, H. Komine, M. E. Weber, and M. Wickham, Proc. SPIE 6102, 61020U (2006).
[CrossRef]

Baker, J. T.

T. M. Shay, J. T. Baker, A. D. Sanchez, C. A. Robin, C. L. Vergien, C. Zeringue, D. Gallant, L. A. Chunte, B. Pulford, T. J. Bronder, and A. Lucero, Proc. SPIE 7195, 71951M(2009).

Benham, V.

T. M. Shay and V. Benham, Proc. SPIE 5550, 313 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bennaï, B.

V. Jolivet, P. Bourdon, B. Bennaï, L. Lombard, D. Goular, E. Pourtal, G. Canat, Y. Jaouën, B. Moreau, and O. Vasseur, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 257 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Beresnev, L. A.

L. Liu, M. A. Vorontsov, E. Polnau, T. Weyrauch, and L. A. Beresnev, Proc. SPIE 6708, 67080K (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bourdon, P.

V. Jolivet, P. Bourdon, B. Bennaï, L. Lombard, D. Goular, E. Pourtal, G. Canat, Y. Jaouën, B. Moreau, and O. Vasseur, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 257 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bronder, T. J.

T. M. Shay, J. T. Baker, A. D. Sanchez, C. A. Robin, C. L. Vergien, C. Zeringue, D. Gallant, L. A. Chunte, B. Pulford, T. J. Bronder, and A. Lucero, Proc. SPIE 7195, 71951M(2009).

Brosnan, S. J.

J. Anderegg, S. J. Brosnan, E. Cheung, P. Epp, D. Hammons, H. Komine, M. E. Weber, and M. Wickham, Proc. SPIE 6102, 61020U (2006).
[CrossRef]

Canat, G.

V. Jolivet, P. Bourdon, B. Bennaï, L. Lombard, D. Goular, E. Pourtal, G. Canat, Y. Jaouën, B. Moreau, and O. Vasseur, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 257 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cheung, E.

J. Anderegg, S. J. Brosnan, E. Cheung, P. Epp, D. Hammons, H. Komine, M. E. Weber, and M. Wickham, Proc. SPIE 6102, 61020U (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chunte, L. A.

T. M. Shay, J. T. Baker, A. D. Sanchez, C. A. Robin, C. L. Vergien, C. Zeringue, D. Gallant, L. A. Chunte, B. Pulford, T. J. Bronder, and A. Lucero, Proc. SPIE 7195, 71951M(2009).

Epp, P.

J. Anderegg, S. J. Brosnan, E. Cheung, P. Epp, D. Hammons, H. Komine, M. E. Weber, and M. Wickham, Proc. SPIE 6102, 61020U (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gallant, D.

T. M. Shay, J. T. Baker, A. D. Sanchez, C. A. Robin, C. L. Vergien, C. Zeringue, D. Gallant, L. A. Chunte, B. Pulford, T. J. Bronder, and A. Lucero, Proc. SPIE 7195, 71951M(2009).

Goular, D.

V. Jolivet, P. Bourdon, B. Bennaï, L. Lombard, D. Goular, E. Pourtal, G. Canat, Y. Jaouën, B. Moreau, and O. Vasseur, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 257 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Guo, S.

P. Zhou, Z. Liu, X. Wang, Y. Ma, H. Ma, X. Xu, and S. Guo, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 248 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hammons, D.

J. Anderegg, S. J. Brosnan, E. Cheung, P. Epp, D. Hammons, H. Komine, M. E. Weber, and M. Wickham, Proc. SPIE 6102, 61020U (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hou, J.

Jaouën, Y.

V. Jolivet, P. Bourdon, B. Bennaï, L. Lombard, D. Goular, E. Pourtal, G. Canat, Y. Jaouën, B. Moreau, and O. Vasseur, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 257 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, Z. F.

Jolivet, V.

V. Jolivet, P. Bourdon, B. Bennaï, L. Lombard, D. Goular, E. Pourtal, G. Canat, Y. Jaouën, B. Moreau, and O. Vasseur, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 257 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Komine, H.

J. Anderegg, S. J. Brosnan, E. Cheung, P. Epp, D. Hammons, H. Komine, M. E. Weber, and M. Wickham, Proc. SPIE 6102, 61020U (2006).
[CrossRef]

Liu, L.

L. Liu, M. A. Vorontsov, E. Polnau, T. Weyrauch, and L. A. Beresnev, Proc. SPIE 6708, 67080K (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Liu and M. A. Vorontsov, Proc. SPIE 5895, 58950P(2005).
[CrossRef]

Liu, M.

Liu, Z.

Y. Ma, P. Zhou, X. Wang, H. Ma, X. Xu, L. Si, Z. Liu, and Y. Zhao, Opt. Lett. 35, 1308 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Zhou, Z. Liu, X. Wang, Y. Ma, H. Ma, X. Xu, and S. Guo, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 248 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lombard, L.

V. Jolivet, P. Bourdon, B. Bennaï, L. Lombard, D. Goular, E. Pourtal, G. Canat, Y. Jaouën, B. Moreau, and O. Vasseur, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 257 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lucero, A.

T. M. Shay, J. T. Baker, A. D. Sanchez, C. A. Robin, C. L. Vergien, C. Zeringue, D. Gallant, L. A. Chunte, B. Pulford, T. J. Bronder, and A. Lucero, Proc. SPIE 7195, 71951M(2009).

Ma, H.

Y. Ma, P. Zhou, X. Wang, H. Ma, X. Xu, L. Si, Z. Liu, and Y. Zhao, Opt. Lett. 35, 1308 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Zhou, Z. Liu, X. Wang, Y. Ma, H. Ma, X. Xu, and S. Guo, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 248 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ma, Y.

Y. Ma, P. Zhou, X. Wang, H. Ma, X. Xu, L. Si, Z. Liu, and Y. Zhao, Opt. Lett. 35, 1308 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Zhou, Z. Liu, X. Wang, Y. Ma, H. Ma, X. Xu, and S. Guo, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 248 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Moreau, B.

V. Jolivet, P. Bourdon, B. Bennaï, L. Lombard, D. Goular, E. Pourtal, G. Canat, Y. Jaouën, B. Moreau, and O. Vasseur, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 257 (2009).
[CrossRef]

O’Meara, T. R.

Polnau, E.

L. Liu, M. A. Vorontsov, E. Polnau, T. Weyrauch, and L. A. Beresnev, Proc. SPIE 6708, 67080K (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pourtal, E.

V. Jolivet, P. Bourdon, B. Bennaï, L. Lombard, D. Goular, E. Pourtal, G. Canat, Y. Jaouën, B. Moreau, and O. Vasseur, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 257 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pulford, B.

T. M. Shay, J. T. Baker, A. D. Sanchez, C. A. Robin, C. L. Vergien, C. Zeringue, D. Gallant, L. A. Chunte, B. Pulford, T. J. Bronder, and A. Lucero, Proc. SPIE 7195, 71951M(2009).

Robin, C. A.

T. M. Shay, J. T. Baker, A. D. Sanchez, C. A. Robin, C. L. Vergien, C. Zeringue, D. Gallant, L. A. Chunte, B. Pulford, T. J. Bronder, and A. Lucero, Proc. SPIE 7195, 71951M(2009).

Sanchez, A. D.

T. M. Shay, J. T. Baker, A. D. Sanchez, C. A. Robin, C. L. Vergien, C. Zeringue, D. Gallant, L. A. Chunte, B. Pulford, T. J. Bronder, and A. Lucero, Proc. SPIE 7195, 71951M(2009).

Shay, T. M.

T. M. Shay, J. T. Baker, A. D. Sanchez, C. A. Robin, C. L. Vergien, C. Zeringue, D. Gallant, L. A. Chunte, B. Pulford, T. J. Bronder, and A. Lucero, Proc. SPIE 7195, 71951M(2009).

T. M. Shay, Opt. Express 14, 12188 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. M. Shay and V. Benham, Proc. SPIE 5550, 313 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Si, L.

Vasseur, O.

V. Jolivet, P. Bourdon, B. Bennaï, L. Lombard, D. Goular, E. Pourtal, G. Canat, Y. Jaouën, B. Moreau, and O. Vasseur, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 257 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Vergien, C. L.

T. M. Shay, J. T. Baker, A. D. Sanchez, C. A. Robin, C. L. Vergien, C. Zeringue, D. Gallant, L. A. Chunte, B. Pulford, T. J. Bronder, and A. Lucero, Proc. SPIE 7195, 71951M(2009).

Vorontsov, M. A.

L. Liu, M. A. Vorontsov, E. Polnau, T. Weyrauch, and L. A. Beresnev, Proc. SPIE 6708, 67080K (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Liu and M. A. Vorontsov, Proc. SPIE 5895, 58950P(2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X.

Y. Ma, P. Zhou, X. Wang, H. Ma, X. Xu, L. Si, Z. Liu, and Y. Zhao, Opt. Lett. 35, 1308 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Zhou, Z. Liu, X. Wang, Y. Ma, H. Ma, X. Xu, and S. Guo, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 248 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Weber, M. E.

J. Anderegg, S. J. Brosnan, E. Cheung, P. Epp, D. Hammons, H. Komine, M. E. Weber, and M. Wickham, Proc. SPIE 6102, 61020U (2006).
[CrossRef]

Weyrauch, T.

L. Liu, M. A. Vorontsov, E. Polnau, T. Weyrauch, and L. A. Beresnev, Proc. SPIE 6708, 67080K (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wickham, M.

J. Anderegg, S. J. Brosnan, E. Cheung, P. Epp, D. Hammons, H. Komine, M. E. Weber, and M. Wickham, Proc. SPIE 6102, 61020U (2006).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, R.

Xu, X.

Y. Ma, P. Zhou, X. Wang, H. Ma, X. Xu, L. Si, Z. Liu, and Y. Zhao, Opt. Lett. 35, 1308 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Zhou, Z. Liu, X. Wang, Y. Ma, H. Ma, X. Xu, and S. Guo, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 248 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zeringue, C.

T. M. Shay, J. T. Baker, A. D. Sanchez, C. A. Robin, C. L. Vergien, C. Zeringue, D. Gallant, L. A. Chunte, B. Pulford, T. J. Bronder, and A. Lucero, Proc. SPIE 7195, 71951M(2009).

Zhao, Y.

Zhou, P.

Y. Ma, P. Zhou, X. Wang, H. Ma, X. Xu, L. Si, Z. Liu, and Y. Zhao, Opt. Lett. 35, 1308 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Zhou, Z. Liu, X. Wang, Y. Ma, H. Ma, X. Xu, and S. Guo, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 248 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

P. Zhou, Z. Liu, X. Wang, Y. Ma, H. Ma, X. Xu, and S. Guo, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 248 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. Jolivet, P. Bourdon, B. Bennaï, L. Lombard, D. Goular, E. Pourtal, G. Canat, Y. Jaouën, B. Moreau, and O. Vasseur, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 257 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. SPIE (5)

T. M. Shay and V. Benham, Proc. SPIE 5550, 313 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Anderegg, S. J. Brosnan, E. Cheung, P. Epp, D. Hammons, H. Komine, M. E. Weber, and M. Wickham, Proc. SPIE 6102, 61020U (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. M. Shay, J. T. Baker, A. D. Sanchez, C. A. Robin, C. L. Vergien, C. Zeringue, D. Gallant, L. A. Chunte, B. Pulford, T. J. Bronder, and A. Lucero, Proc. SPIE 7195, 71951M(2009).

L. Liu and M. A. Vorontsov, Proc. SPIE 5895, 58950P(2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Liu, M. A. Vorontsov, E. Polnau, T. Weyrauch, and L. A. Beresnev, Proc. SPIE 6708, 67080K (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

The experimental setup of CBC of nine beams. Iso denotes isolator, PA denotes preamplifier, PM denotes phase modulator, and FA denotes fiber amplifier.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Long-exposure far-field intensity pattern of the combined laser beam: (a) open-loop experimental result, (b) closed-loop experimental result, (c) closed-loop theoretical pattern.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Time series signals of energy collected by the pinhole in open loop (right) and closed loop (left).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Spectral density of energy collected by the pinhole in open loop (blue) and closed loop (red).

Metrics