Abstract

In this Letter, the enhancement of thermal radiation in the terahertz region is presented theoretically by using the spoof surface plasmon mode on the microcavity array. We found that the terahertz wave is radiated selectively in a vertical direction. As a result, a quasi-monochromatic terahertz source can be created.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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  1. P. J. Hesketh, J. N. Zemalr, and B. Gebhart, Nature 324, 549 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. Maruyama, T. Kashiwa, H. Yugami, and M. Esashi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1393 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  3. F. Kusunoki, T. Kohama, T. Hiroshima, S. Fukumoto, J. Takahara, and T. Kobayashi, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 5253(2004).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. J. Greffet, R. Carminati, K. Joulain, J. P. Mulet, S. Mainguy, and Y. Chen, Nature 416, 61 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. N. Dahan, A. Niv, G. Biener, Y. Gorodetski, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Phys. Rev. B 76, 045427 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  6. G. Biener, N. Dahan, A. Niv, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasmana, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 081913 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  7. Y. Ueba, J. Takahara, and T. Nagatsuma, in Technical Digest of the 7th Asia-Pacific conference on Near-Field Optics, VIII-BT5 (Optical Society of Korea, 2009), p. 87.
  8. S. Ingvarsson, L. J. Klein, Y.-Y. Au, J. A. Lacey, and H. F. Hamann, Opt. Express 15, 11249 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 20 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. B. Pendry, L. Martin-Moreno, and F. J. Garcia-Vidal, Science 305, 847 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, and J. B. Pendry, J. Opt. A 7, S97 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. Martl, J. Darmo, C. Deutsch, M. Brandstetter, A. M. Andrews, P. Klang, G. Strasser, and K. Unterrainer, Opt. Express 19, 733 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

2008 (2)

G. Biener, N. Dahan, A. Niv, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasmana, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 081913 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 20 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

S. Ingvarsson, L. J. Klein, Y.-Y. Au, J. A. Lacey, and H. F. Hamann, Opt. Express 15, 11249 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Dahan, A. Niv, G. Biener, Y. Gorodetski, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Phys. Rev. B 76, 045427 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

S. A. Maier, S. R. Andrews, L. Martin-Moreno, and F. J. Garcia-Vidal, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 176805 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, and J. B. Pendry, J. Opt. A 7, S97 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

J. B. Pendry, L. Martin-Moreno, and F. J. Garcia-Vidal, Science 305, 847 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Kusunoki, T. Kohama, T. Hiroshima, S. Fukumoto, J. Takahara, and T. Kobayashi, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 5253(2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

J. J. Greffet, R. Carminati, K. Joulain, J. P. Mulet, S. Mainguy, and Y. Chen, Nature 416, 61 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

S. Maruyama, T. Kashiwa, H. Yugami, and M. Esashi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1393 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

P. J. Hesketh, J. N. Zemalr, and B. Gebhart, Nature 324, 549 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Andrews, A. M.

Andrews, S. R.

S. A. Maier, S. R. Andrews, L. Martin-Moreno, and F. J. Garcia-Vidal, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 176805 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Au, Y.-Y.

Biener, G.

G. Biener, N. Dahan, A. Niv, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasmana, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 081913 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. Dahan, A. Niv, G. Biener, Y. Gorodetski, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Phys. Rev. B 76, 045427 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Brandstetter, M.

Carminati, R.

J. J. Greffet, R. Carminati, K. Joulain, J. P. Mulet, S. Mainguy, and Y. Chen, Nature 416, 61 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, Y.

J. J. Greffet, R. Carminati, K. Joulain, J. P. Mulet, S. Mainguy, and Y. Chen, Nature 416, 61 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dahan, N.

G. Biener, N. Dahan, A. Niv, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasmana, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 081913 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. Dahan, A. Niv, G. Biener, Y. Gorodetski, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Phys. Rev. B 76, 045427 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Darmo, J.

Deutsch, C.

Esashi, M.

S. Maruyama, T. Kashiwa, H. Yugami, and M. Esashi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1393 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fukumoto, S.

F. Kusunoki, T. Kohama, T. Hiroshima, S. Fukumoto, J. Takahara, and T. Kobayashi, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 5253(2004).
[CrossRef]

Garcia-Vidal, F. J.

S. A. Maier, S. R. Andrews, L. Martin-Moreno, and F. J. Garcia-Vidal, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 176805 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, and J. B. Pendry, J. Opt. A 7, S97 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry, L. Martin-Moreno, and F. J. Garcia-Vidal, Science 305, 847 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gebhart, B.

P. J. Hesketh, J. N. Zemalr, and B. Gebhart, Nature 324, 549 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Gorodetski, Y.

N. Dahan, A. Niv, G. Biener, Y. Gorodetski, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Phys. Rev. B 76, 045427 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Greffet, J. J.

J. J. Greffet, R. Carminati, K. Joulain, J. P. Mulet, S. Mainguy, and Y. Chen, Nature 416, 61 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hamann, H. F.

Hasman, E.

N. Dahan, A. Niv, G. Biener, Y. Gorodetski, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Phys. Rev. B 76, 045427 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hasmana, E.

G. Biener, N. Dahan, A. Niv, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasmana, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 081913 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hesketh, P. J.

P. J. Hesketh, J. N. Zemalr, and B. Gebhart, Nature 324, 549 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Hiroshima, T.

F. Kusunoki, T. Kohama, T. Hiroshima, S. Fukumoto, J. Takahara, and T. Kobayashi, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 5253(2004).
[CrossRef]

Ingvarsson, S.

Joulain, K.

J. J. Greffet, R. Carminati, K. Joulain, J. P. Mulet, S. Mainguy, and Y. Chen, Nature 416, 61 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kashiwa, T.

S. Maruyama, T. Kashiwa, H. Yugami, and M. Esashi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1393 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Klang, P.

Klein, L. J.

Kleiner, V.

G. Biener, N. Dahan, A. Niv, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasmana, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 081913 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. Dahan, A. Niv, G. Biener, Y. Gorodetski, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Phys. Rev. B 76, 045427 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, T.

F. Kusunoki, T. Kohama, T. Hiroshima, S. Fukumoto, J. Takahara, and T. Kobayashi, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 5253(2004).
[CrossRef]

Kohama, T.

F. Kusunoki, T. Kohama, T. Hiroshima, S. Fukumoto, J. Takahara, and T. Kobayashi, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 5253(2004).
[CrossRef]

Kusunoki, F.

F. Kusunoki, T. Kohama, T. Hiroshima, S. Fukumoto, J. Takahara, and T. Kobayashi, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 5253(2004).
[CrossRef]

Lacey, J. A.

Landy, N. I.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 20 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Maier, S. A.

S. A. Maier, S. R. Andrews, L. Martin-Moreno, and F. J. Garcia-Vidal, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 176805 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mainguy, S.

J. J. Greffet, R. Carminati, K. Joulain, J. P. Mulet, S. Mainguy, and Y. Chen, Nature 416, 61 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Martin-Moreno, L.

S. A. Maier, S. R. Andrews, L. Martin-Moreno, and F. J. Garcia-Vidal, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 176805 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, and J. B. Pendry, J. Opt. A 7, S97 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry, L. Martin-Moreno, and F. J. Garcia-Vidal, Science 305, 847 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Martl, M.

Maruyama, S.

S. Maruyama, T. Kashiwa, H. Yugami, and M. Esashi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1393 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mock, J. J.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 20 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mulet, J. P.

J. J. Greffet, R. Carminati, K. Joulain, J. P. Mulet, S. Mainguy, and Y. Chen, Nature 416, 61 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nagatsuma, T.

Y. Ueba, J. Takahara, and T. Nagatsuma, in Technical Digest of the 7th Asia-Pacific conference on Near-Field Optics, VIII-BT5 (Optical Society of Korea, 2009), p. 87.

Niv, A.

G. Biener, N. Dahan, A. Niv, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasmana, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 081913 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. Dahan, A. Niv, G. Biener, Y. Gorodetski, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Phys. Rev. B 76, 045427 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Padilla, W. J.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 20 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pendry, J. B.

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, and J. B. Pendry, J. Opt. A 7, S97 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry, L. Martin-Moreno, and F. J. Garcia-Vidal, Science 305, 847 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sajuyigbe, S.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 20 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Smith, D. R.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 20 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Strasser, G.

Takahara, J.

F. Kusunoki, T. Kohama, T. Hiroshima, S. Fukumoto, J. Takahara, and T. Kobayashi, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 5253(2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ueba, J. Takahara, and T. Nagatsuma, in Technical Digest of the 7th Asia-Pacific conference on Near-Field Optics, VIII-BT5 (Optical Society of Korea, 2009), p. 87.

Ueba, Y.

Y. Ueba, J. Takahara, and T. Nagatsuma, in Technical Digest of the 7th Asia-Pacific conference on Near-Field Optics, VIII-BT5 (Optical Society of Korea, 2009), p. 87.

Unterrainer, K.

Yugami, H.

S. Maruyama, T. Kashiwa, H. Yugami, and M. Esashi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1393 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zemalr, J. N.

P. J. Hesketh, J. N. Zemalr, and B. Gebhart, Nature 324, 549 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

S. Maruyama, T. Kashiwa, H. Yugami, and M. Esashi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1393 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. Biener, N. Dahan, A. Niv, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasmana, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 081913 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A (1)

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, and J. B. Pendry, J. Opt. A 7, S97 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

F. Kusunoki, T. Kohama, T. Hiroshima, S. Fukumoto, J. Takahara, and T. Kobayashi, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 5253(2004).
[CrossRef]

Nature (2)

J. J. Greffet, R. Carminati, K. Joulain, J. P. Mulet, S. Mainguy, and Y. Chen, Nature 416, 61 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. J. Hesketh, J. N. Zemalr, and B. Gebhart, Nature 324, 549 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

N. Dahan, A. Niv, G. Biener, Y. Gorodetski, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Phys. Rev. B 76, 045427 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 20 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Maier, S. R. Andrews, L. Martin-Moreno, and F. J. Garcia-Vidal, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 176805 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (1)

J. B. Pendry, L. Martin-Moreno, and F. J. Garcia-Vidal, Science 305, 847 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

Y. Ueba, J. Takahara, and T. Nagatsuma, in Technical Digest of the 7th Asia-Pacific conference on Near-Field Optics, VIII-BT5 (Optical Society of Korea, 2009), p. 87.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic view of MCA.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Simulated results of emittance spectra for MCA. In the case of MCA with a = 80 μm and d = h = 100 μm , cavity modes of first and second resonance exist at 2.1 and 2.8 THz , respectively (gray curve). As far as a = 40 μm and d = h = 100 μm is concerned, spoof SP mode exists at 3 THz (solid curve). Down arrows indicate theoretical enhanced positions.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Dispersion relations of SPP (dashed curve) and spoof SP (solid curve) on MCA with a = 40 μm and d = h = 100 μm . Inset, schematic view of spoof SP on periodic structure. (b) Dispersion relation in the terahertz region of the spoof SP on the MCA (solid curve), reflected curve at k // = π / d (dashed curve), and light line (dashed gray curve).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Angular dependences of the spoof SP modes on the MCA of the theoretical curve (solid curve) and numerical results (circles). Numerical result of the polar plot of the emissivity of the spoof SP mode at (b)  3.0 THz , (c)  2.5 THz , and (d)  2.0 THz (the spoof SP modes appear in the form of sidelobes). The radiation with the largest emissivity in the MCA emitted vertically.

Equations (4)

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k = k 0 sin θ + m K x + n K y ,
k = k 0 sin θ + m K x .
k = k 0 ϵ 1 + ϵ ,
k 2 k 0 2 k 0 = S 0 2 k 0 π 2 / a 2 k 0 2 1 exp ( 2 | q z | h ) 1 + exp ( 2 | q z | h ) ,

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