Abstract

Nanoantennas have the unique ability to affect the emission pattern of a dipole in free space. We present a technique based on full-field heterodyne holography for the mapping of the scattered field of plasmonic gold nanodisk chains in all three dimensions. A spectroscopic study allowed us to determine the resonant and nonresonant wavelengths at which we conducted a full characterization of the scattered field on a chosen nanodisk chain.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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2010

W. Zhang, H. Lina, C. Santschi, and O. J. F. Martin, Nano Lett. 10, 1006 (2010).
[PubMed]

A. G. Curto, G. Volpe, T. H. Taminiau, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, Science 329, 930 (2010).
[PubMed]

T. Kosako, Y. Kadoya, and H. F. Hofmann, Nature 4, 312 (2010).

E. Absil, G. Tessier, M. Gross, M. Atlan, N. Warnasooriya, S. Y. Suck, M. Coppey-Moisan, and D. Fournier, Opt. Express 18, 780 (2010).
[PubMed]

N. Warnasooriya, F. Joud, P. Bun, G. Tessier, M. Coppey-Moisan, P. Desbiolles, M. Atlan, M. Abboud, and M. Gross, Opt. Express 18, 3264 (2010).
[PubMed]

2009

2008

R. L. Olmon, P. M. Krenz, A. C. Jones, G. D. Boremann, and M. B. Raschke, Opt. Express 16, 20295 (2008).
[PubMed]

G. W. Bryant, F. J. Garćıa de Abajo, and J. Aizpurua, Nano Lett. 8, 631 (2008).
[PubMed]

C. Huang, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, A. Bruyant, A. Guenot, E. Finot, J.-C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, Phys. Rev. B 78, 155407 (2008).

2007

M. Atlan, M. Gross, and E. Absil, Opt. Lett. 32, 1456 (2007).
[PubMed]

T. H. Taminiau, R. J. Moerland, F. B. Segerink, L. Kuipers, and N. F. van Hulst, Nano Lett. 7, 28 (2007).
[PubMed]

P. Ghenuche, I. G. Cormack, G. Badenes, P. Loza-Alvarez, and R. Quidant, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 041109 (2007).

O. L. Muskens, V. Giannini, J. A. Sánchez-Gil, and J. Gómez Rivas, Opt. Express 15, 17736 (2007).
[PubMed]

2006

S. Kühn, U. Håkanson, L. Rogobete, and V. Sandoghdar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 1 (2006).

2005

J. N. Farahani, D. W. Pohl, H. J. Eisler, and B. Hecht, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 1 (2005).

J.-J. Greffet, Science 308, 1561 (2005).
[PubMed]

P. Mühlschlegel, H.-J. Eisler, O. J. F. Martin, B. Hecht, and D. W. Pohl, Science 308, 1607 (2005).
[PubMed]

2000

Abboud, M.

Absil, E.

Aizpurua, J.

G. W. Bryant, F. J. Garćıa de Abajo, and J. Aizpurua, Nano Lett. 8, 631 (2008).
[PubMed]

Atlan, M.

Badenes, G.

P. Ghenuche, I. G. Cormack, G. Badenes, P. Loza-Alvarez, and R. Quidant, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 041109 (2007).

Bharadwaj, P.

Boremann, G. D.

Bouhelier, A.

C. Huang, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, A. Bruyant, A. Guenot, E. Finot, J.-C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, Phys. Rev. B 78, 155407 (2008).

Bruyant, A.

C. Huang, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, A. Bruyant, A. Guenot, E. Finot, J.-C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, Phys. Rev. B 78, 155407 (2008).

Bryant, G. W.

G. W. Bryant, F. J. Garćıa de Abajo, and J. Aizpurua, Nano Lett. 8, 631 (2008).
[PubMed]

Bun, P.

Colas des Francs, G.

C. Huang, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, A. Bruyant, A. Guenot, E. Finot, J.-C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, Phys. Rev. B 78, 155407 (2008).

Coppey-Moisan, M.

Cormack, I. G.

P. Ghenuche, I. G. Cormack, G. Badenes, P. Loza-Alvarez, and R. Quidant, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 041109 (2007).

Cuche, E.

Curto, A. G.

A. G. Curto, G. Volpe, T. H. Taminiau, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, Science 329, 930 (2010).
[PubMed]

Depeursinge, C.

Dereux, A.

C. Huang, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, A. Bruyant, A. Guenot, E. Finot, J.-C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, Phys. Rev. B 78, 155407 (2008).

Desbiolles, P.

Deutsch, B.

Eisler, H. J.

J. N. Farahani, D. W. Pohl, H. J. Eisler, and B. Hecht, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 1 (2005).

Eisler, H.-J.

P. Mühlschlegel, H.-J. Eisler, O. J. F. Martin, B. Hecht, and D. W. Pohl, Science 308, 1607 (2005).
[PubMed]

Farahani, J. N.

J. N. Farahani, D. W. Pohl, H. J. Eisler, and B. Hecht, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 1 (2005).

Finot, E.

C. Huang, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, A. Bruyant, A. Guenot, E. Finot, J.-C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, Phys. Rev. B 78, 155407 (2008).

Fournier, D.

Garcia de Abajo, F. J.

G. W. Bryant, F. J. Garćıa de Abajo, and J. Aizpurua, Nano Lett. 8, 631 (2008).
[PubMed]

Ghenuche, P.

P. Ghenuche, I. G. Cormack, G. Badenes, P. Loza-Alvarez, and R. Quidant, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 041109 (2007).

Giannini, V.

Greffet, J.-J.

J.-J. Greffet, Science 308, 1561 (2005).
[PubMed]

Gross, M.

Guenot, A.

C. Huang, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, A. Bruyant, A. Guenot, E. Finot, J.-C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, Phys. Rev. B 78, 155407 (2008).

Håkanson, U.

S. Kühn, U. Håkanson, L. Rogobete, and V. Sandoghdar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 1 (2006).

Hecht, B.

P. Mühlschlegel, H.-J. Eisler, O. J. F. Martin, B. Hecht, and D. W. Pohl, Science 308, 1607 (2005).
[PubMed]

J. N. Farahani, D. W. Pohl, H. J. Eisler, and B. Hecht, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 1 (2005).

Hofmann, H. F.

T. Kosako, Y. Kadoya, and H. F. Hofmann, Nature 4, 312 (2010).

Huang, C.

C. Huang, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, A. Bruyant, A. Guenot, E. Finot, J.-C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, Phys. Rev. B 78, 155407 (2008).

Jones, A. C.

Joud, F.

Kadoya, Y.

T. Kosako, Y. Kadoya, and H. F. Hofmann, Nature 4, 312 (2010).

Kosako, T.

T. Kosako, Y. Kadoya, and H. F. Hofmann, Nature 4, 312 (2010).

Krenz, P. M.

Kreuzer, M. P.

A. G. Curto, G. Volpe, T. H. Taminiau, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, Science 329, 930 (2010).
[PubMed]

Kühn, S.

S. Kühn, U. Håkanson, L. Rogobete, and V. Sandoghdar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 1 (2006).

Kuipers, L.

T. H. Taminiau, R. J. Moerland, F. B. Segerink, L. Kuipers, and N. F. van Hulst, Nano Lett. 7, 28 (2007).
[PubMed]

Lina, H.

W. Zhang, H. Lina, C. Santschi, and O. J. F. Martin, Nano Lett. 10, 1006 (2010).
[PubMed]

Loza-Alvarez, P.

P. Ghenuche, I. G. Cormack, G. Badenes, P. Loza-Alvarez, and R. Quidant, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 041109 (2007).

Marquet, P.

Martin, O. J. F.

W. Zhang, H. Lina, C. Santschi, and O. J. F. Martin, Nano Lett. 10, 1006 (2010).
[PubMed]

P. Mühlschlegel, H.-J. Eisler, O. J. F. Martin, B. Hecht, and D. W. Pohl, Science 308, 1607 (2005).
[PubMed]

Moerland, R. J.

T. H. Taminiau, R. J. Moerland, F. B. Segerink, L. Kuipers, and N. F. van Hulst, Nano Lett. 7, 28 (2007).
[PubMed]

Mühlschlegel, P.

P. Mühlschlegel, H.-J. Eisler, O. J. F. Martin, B. Hecht, and D. W. Pohl, Science 308, 1607 (2005).
[PubMed]

Muskens, O. L.

Novotny, L.

Olmon, R. L.

Pohl, D. W.

P. Mühlschlegel, H.-J. Eisler, O. J. F. Martin, B. Hecht, and D. W. Pohl, Science 308, 1607 (2005).
[PubMed]

J. N. Farahani, D. W. Pohl, H. J. Eisler, and B. Hecht, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 1 (2005).

Quidant, R.

A. G. Curto, G. Volpe, T. H. Taminiau, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, Science 329, 930 (2010).
[PubMed]

P. Ghenuche, I. G. Cormack, G. Badenes, P. Loza-Alvarez, and R. Quidant, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 041109 (2007).

Raschke, M. B.

Rivas, J. Gómez

Rogobete, L.

S. Kühn, U. Håkanson, L. Rogobete, and V. Sandoghdar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 1 (2006).

Sánchez-Gil, J. A.

Sandoghdar, V.

S. Kühn, U. Håkanson, L. Rogobete, and V. Sandoghdar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 1 (2006).

Santschi, C.

W. Zhang, H. Lina, C. Santschi, and O. J. F. Martin, Nano Lett. 10, 1006 (2010).
[PubMed]

Segerink, F. B.

T. H. Taminiau, R. J. Moerland, F. B. Segerink, L. Kuipers, and N. F. van Hulst, Nano Lett. 7, 28 (2007).
[PubMed]

Suck, S. Y.

Taminiau, T. H.

A. G. Curto, G. Volpe, T. H. Taminiau, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, Science 329, 930 (2010).
[PubMed]

T. H. Taminiau, R. J. Moerland, F. B. Segerink, L. Kuipers, and N. F. van Hulst, Nano Lett. 7, 28 (2007).
[PubMed]

Tessier, G.

van Hulst, N. F.

A. G. Curto, G. Volpe, T. H. Taminiau, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, Science 329, 930 (2010).
[PubMed]

T. H. Taminiau, R. J. Moerland, F. B. Segerink, L. Kuipers, and N. F. van Hulst, Nano Lett. 7, 28 (2007).
[PubMed]

Volpe, G.

A. G. Curto, G. Volpe, T. H. Taminiau, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, Science 329, 930 (2010).
[PubMed]

Warnasooriya, N.

Weeber, J.-C.

C. Huang, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, A. Bruyant, A. Guenot, E. Finot, J.-C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, Phys. Rev. B 78, 155407 (2008).

Zhang, W.

W. Zhang, H. Lina, C. Santschi, and O. J. F. Martin, Nano Lett. 10, 1006 (2010).
[PubMed]

Adv. Opt. Photon.

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

P. Ghenuche, I. G. Cormack, G. Badenes, P. Loza-Alvarez, and R. Quidant, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 041109 (2007).

Nano Lett.

G. W. Bryant, F. J. Garćıa de Abajo, and J. Aizpurua, Nano Lett. 8, 631 (2008).
[PubMed]

W. Zhang, H. Lina, C. Santschi, and O. J. F. Martin, Nano Lett. 10, 1006 (2010).
[PubMed]

T. H. Taminiau, R. J. Moerland, F. B. Segerink, L. Kuipers, and N. F. van Hulst, Nano Lett. 7, 28 (2007).
[PubMed]

Nature

T. Kosako, Y. Kadoya, and H. F. Hofmann, Nature 4, 312 (2010).

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. B

C. Huang, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, A. Bruyant, A. Guenot, E. Finot, J.-C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, Phys. Rev. B 78, 155407 (2008).

Phys. Rev. Lett.

S. Kühn, U. Håkanson, L. Rogobete, and V. Sandoghdar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 1 (2006).

J. N. Farahani, D. W. Pohl, H. J. Eisler, and B. Hecht, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 1 (2005).

Science

J.-J. Greffet, Science 308, 1561 (2005).
[PubMed]

P. Mühlschlegel, H.-J. Eisler, O. J. F. Martin, B. Hecht, and D. W. Pohl, Science 308, 1607 (2005).
[PubMed]

A. G. Curto, G. Volpe, T. H. Taminiau, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, Science 329, 930 (2010).
[PubMed]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Experimental setup: λ / 2 , half-wave plate; (P)BS, (polarizing) beam splitter; AOM1, AOM2, acousto-optic modulators; ND1, ND2, neutral density filters; M, mirror; MO, microscope objective; and CCD, charge coupled device. (b) Setup for spectroscopy: an imaging spectrometer is placed in front of a CCD camera; the sample is illuminated using a white light source in dark-field illumination (OBJ: 50 × , NA = 0.75 in air).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Scheme of the Au nanodisk chain consisting of n disks of diameter d with an interdot spacing of Δ. The double arrows indicate the polarization of the incident electric field. (b) SEM image of a chain: n = 17 , d = 150 nm , and Δ = 30 nm . (c) Corresponding scattering spectra obtained with p- (solid curve) and s-polarized (dashed curve) light.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a), (b) Modulus of the scattered field reconstructed from a single hologram at λ exc , 2 = 785 nm [column (a)] and λ exc , 1 = 658 nm [column (b)] of a disk chain ( n = 17 , d = 150 nm , and Δ = 20 nm ). Cross sections along different planes centered on the antenna: x y (top), y z (middle), and x z planes (bottom). (b) The collection cone of the NA = 0.95 objective is shown on the glass side (dotted lines) and on the air side (solid lines). Note the different color bars at the resonant and nonresonant wavelengths, adjusted using the quantitative spectrum of Fig. 2c. The scale bar is 2 μm .

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