Abstract

Solid para-H2 is a promising gain medium for stimulated Raman scattering, due to its high number density and narrow Raman linewidth. In preparation for the design of a cw solid hydrogen Raman laser, we have made the first measurements, to our knowledge, of the index of refraction of a solid para-H2 crystal, in the wavelength range of 4301100nm. For a crystal stabilized at 4.4K, this refractive index is measured to be npH2=1.130±0.001 at 514nm. A slight, but significant, dependence on the final crystal-growth temperature is observed, with higher npH2 at higher crystal-growth temperatures. Once a crystal is grown, it can be heated up to 10K with no change in npH2. The refractive index varies only slightly over the observed wavelength range, and no significant birefringence was observed.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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2010 (1)

H. Hoshina, D. Skvortsov, B. G. Sartakov, and A. F. Vilesov, J. Chem. Phys. 132, 074302 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

B. A. Tom, S. Bhasker, Y. Miyamoto, T. Momose, and B. J. McCall, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80, 016108 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

2003 (2)

M. Fushitani, S. Kuma, Y. Miyamoto, H. Katsuki, T. Wakabayashi, T. Momose, and A. F. Vilesov, Opt. Lett. 28, 37 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. J. McCall, A. J. Huneycutt, R. J. Saykally, C. M. Lindsay, T. Oka, M. Fushitani, Y. Miyamoto, and T. Momose, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1350 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

2000 (2)

1998 (3)

J. K. Brasseur, K. S. Repasky, and J. L. Carlsten, Opt. Lett. 23, 367 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Suzuki, M. Katsuragawa, R. S. D. Sihombing, J. Z. Li, and K. Hakuta, J. Low Temp. Phys. 111, 463 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. Momose, J. Low Temp. Phys. 111, 469 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

D. P. Weliky, K. E. Kerr, T. J. Byers, Y. Zhang, T. Momose, and T. Oka, J. Chem. Phys. 105, 4461 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

T. Momose, D. P. Weliky, and T. Oka, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 153, 760 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

P. Rabinowitz, B. N. Perry, and N. Levinos, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 797 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1970 (1)

R. G. Bohn and C. F. Mate, Phys. Rev. B 2, 2121 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Bhasker, S.

B. A. Tom, S. Bhasker, Y. Miyamoto, T. Momose, and B. J. McCall, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80, 016108 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bohn, R. G.

R. G. Bohn and C. F. Mate, Phys. Rev. B 2, 2121 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Brasseur, J. K.

Byers, T. J.

D. P. Weliky, K. E. Kerr, T. J. Byers, Y. Zhang, T. Momose, and T. Oka, J. Chem. Phys. 105, 4461 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Carlsten, J. L.

Fushitani, M.

M. Fushitani, S. Kuma, Y. Miyamoto, H. Katsuki, T. Wakabayashi, T. Momose, and A. F. Vilesov, Opt. Lett. 28, 37 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. J. McCall, A. J. Huneycutt, R. J. Saykally, C. M. Lindsay, T. Oka, M. Fushitani, Y. Miyamoto, and T. Momose, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1350 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hakuta, K.

M. Katsuragawa and K. Hakuta, Opt. Lett. 25, 177 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Suzuki, M. Katsuragawa, R. S. D. Sihombing, J. Z. Li, and K. Hakuta, J. Low Temp. Phys. 111, 463 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hoshina, H.

H. Hoshina, D. Skvortsov, B. G. Sartakov, and A. F. Vilesov, J. Chem. Phys. 132, 074302 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huneycutt, A. J.

B. J. McCall, A. J. Huneycutt, R. J. Saykally, C. M. Lindsay, T. Oka, M. Fushitani, Y. Miyamoto, and T. Momose, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1350 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Katsuki, H.

Katsuragawa, M.

M. Katsuragawa and K. Hakuta, Opt. Lett. 25, 177 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Suzuki, M. Katsuragawa, R. S. D. Sihombing, J. Z. Li, and K. Hakuta, J. Low Temp. Phys. 111, 463 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kerr, K. E.

D. P. Weliky, K. E. Kerr, T. J. Byers, Y. Zhang, T. Momose, and T. Oka, J. Chem. Phys. 105, 4461 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kuma, S.

Kuyanov, K. E.

Levinos, N.

P. Rabinowitz, B. N. Perry, and N. Levinos, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 797 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Li, J. Z.

M. Suzuki, M. Katsuragawa, R. S. D. Sihombing, J. Z. Li, and K. Hakuta, J. Low Temp. Phys. 111, 463 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lindsay, C. M.

B. J. McCall, A. J. Huneycutt, R. J. Saykally, C. M. Lindsay, T. Oka, M. Fushitani, Y. Miyamoto, and T. Momose, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1350 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mate, C. F.

R. G. Bohn and C. F. Mate, Phys. Rev. B 2, 2121 (1970).
[CrossRef]

McCall, B. J.

B. A. Tom, S. Bhasker, Y. Miyamoto, T. Momose, and B. J. McCall, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80, 016108 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. J. McCall, A. J. Huneycutt, R. J. Saykally, C. M. Lindsay, T. Oka, M. Fushitani, Y. Miyamoto, and T. Momose, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1350 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Meng, L. S.

Miyamoto, Y.

B. A. Tom, S. Bhasker, Y. Miyamoto, T. Momose, and B. J. McCall, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80, 016108 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Fushitani, S. Kuma, Y. Miyamoto, H. Katsuki, T. Wakabayashi, T. Momose, and A. F. Vilesov, Opt. Lett. 28, 37 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. J. McCall, A. J. Huneycutt, R. J. Saykally, C. M. Lindsay, T. Oka, M. Fushitani, Y. Miyamoto, and T. Momose, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1350 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Momose, T.

B. A. Tom, S. Bhasker, Y. Miyamoto, T. Momose, and B. J. McCall, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80, 016108 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. E. Kuyanov, T. Momose, and A. F. Vilesov, Appl. Opt. 43, 6023 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Fushitani, S. Kuma, Y. Miyamoto, H. Katsuki, T. Wakabayashi, T. Momose, and A. F. Vilesov, Opt. Lett. 28, 37 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. J. McCall, A. J. Huneycutt, R. J. Saykally, C. M. Lindsay, T. Oka, M. Fushitani, Y. Miyamoto, and T. Momose, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1350 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Momose, J. Low Temp. Phys. 111, 469 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. P. Weliky, K. E. Kerr, T. J. Byers, Y. Zhang, T. Momose, and T. Oka, J. Chem. Phys. 105, 4461 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. Momose, D. P. Weliky, and T. Oka, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 153, 760 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Oka, T.

B. J. McCall, A. J. Huneycutt, R. J. Saykally, C. M. Lindsay, T. Oka, M. Fushitani, Y. Miyamoto, and T. Momose, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1350 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. P. Weliky, K. E. Kerr, T. J. Byers, Y. Zhang, T. Momose, and T. Oka, J. Chem. Phys. 105, 4461 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. Momose, D. P. Weliky, and T. Oka, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 153, 760 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Perry, B. N.

P. Rabinowitz, B. N. Perry, and N. Levinos, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 797 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Rabinowitz, P.

P. Rabinowitz, B. N. Perry, and N. Levinos, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 797 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Repasky, K. S.

Roos, P. A.

Sartakov, B. G.

H. Hoshina, D. Skvortsov, B. G. Sartakov, and A. F. Vilesov, J. Chem. Phys. 132, 074302 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Saykally, R. J.

B. J. McCall, A. J. Huneycutt, R. J. Saykally, C. M. Lindsay, T. Oka, M. Fushitani, Y. Miyamoto, and T. Momose, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1350 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sihombing, R. S. D.

M. Suzuki, M. Katsuragawa, R. S. D. Sihombing, J. Z. Li, and K. Hakuta, J. Low Temp. Phys. 111, 463 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Skvortsov, D.

H. Hoshina, D. Skvortsov, B. G. Sartakov, and A. F. Vilesov, J. Chem. Phys. 132, 074302 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Souers, P. C.

P. C. Souers, Hydrogen Properties for Fusion Energy(University of California, 1986).

Suzuki, M.

M. Suzuki, M. Katsuragawa, R. S. D. Sihombing, J. Z. Li, and K. Hakuta, J. Low Temp. Phys. 111, 463 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tom, B. A.

B. A. Tom, S. Bhasker, Y. Miyamoto, T. Momose, and B. J. McCall, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80, 016108 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vilesov, A. F.

Wakabayashi, T.

Weliky, D. P.

D. P. Weliky, K. E. Kerr, T. J. Byers, Y. Zhang, T. Momose, and T. Oka, J. Chem. Phys. 105, 4461 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. Momose, D. P. Weliky, and T. Oka, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 153, 760 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y.

D. P. Weliky, K. E. Kerr, T. J. Byers, Y. Zhang, T. Momose, and T. Oka, J. Chem. Phys. 105, 4461 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

B. J. McCall, A. J. Huneycutt, R. J. Saykally, C. M. Lindsay, T. Oka, M. Fushitani, Y. Miyamoto, and T. Momose, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1350 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

P. Rabinowitz, B. N. Perry, and N. Levinos, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 797 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (2)

H. Hoshina, D. Skvortsov, B. G. Sartakov, and A. F. Vilesov, J. Chem. Phys. 132, 074302 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. P. Weliky, K. E. Kerr, T. J. Byers, Y. Zhang, T. Momose, and T. Oka, J. Chem. Phys. 105, 4461 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Low Temp. Phys. (2)

T. Momose, J. Low Temp. Phys. 111, 469 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Suzuki, M. Katsuragawa, R. S. D. Sihombing, J. Z. Li, and K. Hakuta, J. Low Temp. Phys. 111, 463 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Mol. Spectrosc. (1)

T. Momose, D. P. Weliky, and T. Oka, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 153, 760 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

R. G. Bohn and C. F. Mate, Phys. Rev. B 2, 2121 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

B. A. Tom, S. Bhasker, Y. Miyamoto, T. Momose, and B. J. McCall, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80, 016108 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

NIST Cryogenic Technologies Group, Material Properties Compilation, available at: http://cryogenics.nist.gov.

P. C. Souers, Hydrogen Properties for Fusion Energy(University of California, 1986).

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the cell and the laser path in the presence of the para- H 2 crystal.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Index of refraction data taken at various growth temperatures of the crystal. The inset shows the dependence on α, the angle (in degrees) between the polarization axis of the light and the c axis of the crystal.

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