Abstract

We report efficient cw laser operation of laser diode pumped Pr3+-doped LiYF4 crystals in the visible spectral region. Using two InGaN laser diodes emitting at λP=443.9nm with maximum output power of 1W each and a 2.9-mm-long crystal with a doping concentration of 0.5%, output powers of 938mW, 418mW, 384mW, and 773mW were achieved for the laser wavelengths 639.5nm, 607.2nm, 545.9nm, and 522.6nm, respectively. The maximum absorbed pump powers were approximately 1.5W, resulting in slope efficiencies of 63.6%, 32.0%, 52.1%, and 61.5%, as well as electro-optical efficiencies of 9.4%, 4.2%, 3.8%, and 7.7%, respectively. Within these experiments, laser diode-pumped laser action at 545.9nm was demonstrated for what is believed to be the first time.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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2010 (1)

2009 (2)

H. Okamoto, K. Kasuga, I. Hara, and Y. Kubota, Opt. Express 17, 20227 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Fibrich, H. Jelinkova, J. Sulc, K. Nejezchleb, and V. Skoda, Appl. Phys. B 97, 363 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

P. J. Deren, A. Bednarkiewicz, R. Maihou, and W. Strek, Mol. Phys. 101, 951 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

1994 (1)

T. Danger, A. Bleckmann, and G. Huber, Appl. Phys. B 58, 413 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

J. L. Adam, W. A. Sibley, and D. R. Gabbe, J. Lumin. 33, 391 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

J. Hegarty, D. L. Huber, and W. M. Yen, Phys. Rev. B 25, 5638 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

L. Esterowitz, F. J. Bartoli, and R. E. Allen, Phys. Rev. B 19, 6442 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1975 (1)

G. Huber, W. W. Krühler, W. Bludau, and H. G. Danielmeyer, J. Appl. Phys. 46, 3580 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

H. P. Weber, P. F. Liao, and B. C. Tofield, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-10, 563 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1966 (1)

D. Findlay and R. A. Clay, Phys. Lett. 20, 277 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Adam, J. L.

J. L. Adam, W. A. Sibley, and D. R. Gabbe, J. Lumin. 33, 391 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Allen, R. E.

L. Esterowitz, F. J. Bartoli, and R. E. Allen, Phys. Rev. B 19, 6442 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Bartoli, F. J.

L. Esterowitz, F. J. Bartoli, and R. E. Allen, Phys. Rev. B 19, 6442 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Bednarkiewicz, A.

P. J. Deren, A. Bednarkiewicz, R. Maihou, and W. Strek, Mol. Phys. 101, 951 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bellancourt, A.

Bleckmann, A.

T. Danger, A. Bleckmann, and G. Huber, Appl. Phys. B 58, 413 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bludau, W.

G. Huber, W. W. Krühler, W. Bludau, and H. G. Danielmeyer, J. Appl. Phys. 46, 3580 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Caird, J. A.

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Chase, L. L.

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Clay, R. A.

D. Findlay and R. A. Clay, Phys. Lett. 20, 277 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Cornacchia, F.

Danger, T.

T. Danger, A. Bleckmann, and G. Huber, Appl. Phys. B 58, 413 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Danielmeyer, H. G.

G. Huber, W. W. Krühler, W. Bludau, and H. G. Danielmeyer, J. Appl. Phys. 46, 3580 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Deren, P. J.

P. J. Deren, A. Bednarkiewicz, R. Maihou, and W. Strek, Mol. Phys. 101, 951 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Doualan, J.-L.

Esterowitz, L.

L. Esterowitz, F. J. Bartoli, and R. E. Allen, Phys. Rev. B 19, 6442 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Fechner, M.

M. Fechner, A. Richter, N.-O. Hansen, A. Petrosyan, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, in CLEO-Europe EQEC, OSA Technical Digest Series, (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper CA6 3.

Fibrich, M.

M. Fibrich, H. Jelinkova, J. Sulc, K. Nejezchleb, and V. Skoda, Appl. Phys. B 97, 363 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Findlay, D.

D. Findlay and R. A. Clay, Phys. Lett. 20, 277 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Gabbe, D. R.

J. L. Adam, W. A. Sibley, and D. R. Gabbe, J. Lumin. 33, 391 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Girard, J. M. S.

Hansen, N.-O.

N.-O. Hansen, A. Bellancourt, U. Weichmann, and G. Huber, Appl. Opt. 49, 3864 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Fechner, A. Richter, N.-O. Hansen, A. Petrosyan, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, in CLEO-Europe EQEC, OSA Technical Digest Series, (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper CA6 3.

Hara, I.

Hegarty, J.

J. Hegarty, D. L. Huber, and W. M. Yen, Phys. Rev. B 25, 5638 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Heumann, E.

Huber, D. L.

J. Hegarty, D. L. Huber, and W. M. Yen, Phys. Rev. B 25, 5638 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Huber, G.

N.-O. Hansen, A. Bellancourt, U. Weichmann, and G. Huber, Appl. Opt. 49, 3864 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Cornacchia, A. D. Lieto, M. Tonelli, A. Richter, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, Opt. Express 16, 15932 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Richter, E. Heumann, G. Huber, V. Ostroumov, and W. Seelert, Opt. Express 15, 5172 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Richter, E. Heumann, E. Osiac, and G. Huber, Opt. Lett. 29, 2638 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Danger, A. Bleckmann, and G. Huber, Appl. Phys. B 58, 413 (1994).
[CrossRef]

G. Huber, W. W. Krühler, W. Bludau, and H. G. Danielmeyer, J. Appl. Phys. 46, 3580 (1975).
[CrossRef]

M. Fechner, A. Richter, N.-O. Hansen, A. Petrosyan, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, in CLEO-Europe EQEC, OSA Technical Digest Series, (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper CA6 3.

Jelinkova, H.

M. Fibrich, H. Jelinkova, J. Sulc, K. Nejezchleb, and V. Skoda, Appl. Phys. B 97, 363 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kasuga, K.

Krühler, W. W.

G. Huber, W. W. Krühler, W. Bludau, and H. G. Danielmeyer, J. Appl. Phys. 46, 3580 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Krupke, W. F.

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Kubota, Y.

Laroche, M.

Liao, P. F.

H. P. Weber, P. F. Liao, and B. C. Tofield, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-10, 563 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Lieto, A. D.

Maihou, R.

P. J. Deren, A. Bednarkiewicz, R. Maihou, and W. Strek, Mol. Phys. 101, 951 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Moncorge, R.

Nejezchleb, K.

M. Fibrich, H. Jelinkova, J. Sulc, K. Nejezchleb, and V. Skoda, Appl. Phys. B 97, 363 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Okamoto, H.

Osiac, E.

Ostroumov, V.

Payne, S. A.

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Petermann, K.

M. Fechner, A. Richter, N.-O. Hansen, A. Petrosyan, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, in CLEO-Europe EQEC, OSA Technical Digest Series, (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper CA6 3.

Petrosyan, A.

M. Fechner, A. Richter, N.-O. Hansen, A. Petrosyan, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, in CLEO-Europe EQEC, OSA Technical Digest Series, (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper CA6 3.

Ramponi, A. J.

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Richter, A.

F. Cornacchia, A. D. Lieto, M. Tonelli, A. Richter, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, Opt. Express 16, 15932 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Richter, E. Heumann, G. Huber, V. Ostroumov, and W. Seelert, Opt. Express 15, 5172 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Richter, E. Heumann, E. Osiac, and G. Huber, Opt. Lett. 29, 2638 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Fechner, A. Richter, N.-O. Hansen, A. Petrosyan, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, in CLEO-Europe EQEC, OSA Technical Digest Series, (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper CA6 3.

A. Richter, Laser Parameters and Performance of Pr3+-doped Fluorides Operating in the Visible Spectral Region (Cuvillier Verlag, 2008).
[PubMed]

Seelert, W.

Sibley, W. A.

J. L. Adam, W. A. Sibley, and D. R. Gabbe, J. Lumin. 33, 391 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Skoda, V.

M. Fibrich, H. Jelinkova, J. Sulc, K. Nejezchleb, and V. Skoda, Appl. Phys. B 97, 363 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Staver, P. R.

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Strek, W.

P. J. Deren, A. Bednarkiewicz, R. Maihou, and W. Strek, Mol. Phys. 101, 951 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sulc, J.

M. Fibrich, H. Jelinkova, J. Sulc, K. Nejezchleb, and V. Skoda, Appl. Phys. B 97, 363 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tofield, B. C.

H. P. Weber, P. F. Liao, and B. C. Tofield, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-10, 563 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Tonelli, M.

Weber, H. P.

H. P. Weber, P. F. Liao, and B. C. Tofield, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-10, 563 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Weichmann, U.

Yen, W. M.

J. Hegarty, D. L. Huber, and W. M. Yen, Phys. Rev. B 25, 5638 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (2)

T. Danger, A. Bleckmann, and G. Huber, Appl. Phys. B 58, 413 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. Fibrich, H. Jelinkova, J. Sulc, K. Nejezchleb, and V. Skoda, Appl. Phys. B 97, 363 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

H. P. Weber, P. F. Liao, and B. C. Tofield, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-10, 563 (1974).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

G. Huber, W. W. Krühler, W. Bludau, and H. G. Danielmeyer, J. Appl. Phys. 46, 3580 (1975).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (1)

J. L. Adam, W. A. Sibley, and D. R. Gabbe, J. Lumin. 33, 391 (1985).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Mol. Phys. (1)

P. J. Deren, A. Bednarkiewicz, R. Maihou, and W. Strek, Mol. Phys. 101, 951 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Lett. (1)

D. Findlay and R. A. Clay, Phys. Lett. 20, 277 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (2)

J. Hegarty, D. L. Huber, and W. M. Yen, Phys. Rev. B 25, 5638 (1982).
[CrossRef]

L. Esterowitz, F. J. Bartoli, and R. E. Allen, Phys. Rev. B 19, 6442 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

A. Richter, Laser Parameters and Performance of Pr3+-doped Fluorides Operating in the Visible Spectral Region (Cuvillier Verlag, 2008).
[PubMed]

M. Fechner, A. Richter, N.-O. Hansen, A. Petrosyan, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, in CLEO-Europe EQEC, OSA Technical Digest Series, (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper CA6 3.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Polarization-dependent emission cross sections of a Pr 3 + -doped LiYF 4 crystal using InGaN LDs as excitation source.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic setup of the LD-pumped Pr 3 + : LiYF 4 lasers.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Power characteristics of InGaN LD-pumped Pr 3 + : LiYF 4 lasers operating at the transitions λ L = 522.6 nm , 545.9 nm , 607.2 nm , and 639.5 nm .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Caustic and beam profile of the Pr 3 + : LiYF 4 laser operating at λ L = 522.6 nm .

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Summary of Pr 3 + : LiYF 4 Laser Results as a Function of the Emission Wavelength, with Stokes Factor η Q , Minimum Outcoupling Efficiency η C , min , and Maximum Internal Round Trip Losses L i , max

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