Abstract

A backward linear digital image correlation algorithm was introduced to obtain subpixel image registration without noise-induced bias for an image set consisting of a noise-free reference image and a number of noisy current images. Furthermore, a correction procedure using additional reference images (generated by offsetting the original image to displacement increments of either half-pixels or even quarter-pixels) was proposed to reduce subpixel approximation bias in the analysis. Numerical results of six sets of synthetic images showed that the proposed algorithm was effective in improving the accuracy of subpixel image registration.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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