Abstract

In this study, the new temperature-dependent phosphor, Y2O3:Tb3+/Tm3+, was investigated for high-temperature thermometry. The photoluminescence intensity at 456nm emitted from Tm3+ was strong at temperatures higher than 1100K, whereas the peak intensities emitted from Tb3+ decreased due to the thermal quenching effect. Thus, the intensity ratio between those emissions showed an appropriate variation for thermometry over a wide temperature range. In addition, the phosphors showed a distinct change of visible emission colors from green to blue with increasing temperature. These findings suggest the applicability of these phosphors in visual thermo-sensors.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. H. Khalid and K. Kontis, Sensors 8, 5673 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. W. Allison and G. T. Gillies, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 2615 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. Omrane, F. Ossler, and M. Alden, Exp. Therm. Fluid. Sci. 28, 669 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  4. R. Hasegawa, I. Sakata, H. Yanagihara, B. Johansson, A. Omrane, and M. Alden, Appl. Phys. B 88, 291 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. Omrane, P. Petersson, M. Alden, and M. A. Linne, Appl. Phys. B 92, 99 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. D. Alaruri, A. J. Brewington, M. A. Thomas, and J. A. Miller, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 42, 735(1993).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. D. Chambers and D. R. Clarke, Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 39, 325 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. L. Heyes, S. Seefeldt, and J. P. Feist, Opt. Laser Technol. 38, 257 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. Brubach, A. Patt, and A. Dreizler, Appl. Phys. B 83, 499 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  10. W. H. Fonger and C. W. Struck, J. Chem. Phys. 52, 6364 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S. Gustaf, R. Mttias, and A. Marcus, Opt. Lett. 33, 1327 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  12. G. Sarner, M. Richter, and M. Alden, Meas. Sci. Technol. 19, 125304 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  13. L. P. Goss, A. A. Smith, and M. E. Post, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 60, 3702 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  15. G. K. Das and T. T. Y. Tan, J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 11211 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  16. Y. Satoh, S. Ohshio, and H. Saitoh, J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 22, 659 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  17. Y. Liu, C. N. Xu, H. Chen, and K. Nonaka, Opt. Mater. 25, 243 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  18. N. Ishiwada, T. Ueda, and T. Yokomori, “Characteristics of rare earth (RE=Eu,Tb, Tm)-doped Y2O3 phosphors for thermometry,” Luminescence (to be published).
    [PubMed]
  19. X. Qin and Y. Ju, J. Mater. Res. 20, 2960 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  20. Y. Iwako, Y. Akimoto, M. Omiya, T. Ueda, T. Yokomori, J. Lumin. 130, 1470 (2010).
    [CrossRef]

2010 (1)

Y. Iwako, Y. Akimoto, M. Omiya, T. Ueda, T. Yokomori, J. Lumin. 130, 1470 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

M. D. Chambers and D. R. Clarke, Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 39, 325 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (5)

A. H. Khalid and K. Kontis, Sensors 8, 5673 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Omrane, P. Petersson, M. Alden, and M. A. Linne, Appl. Phys. B 92, 99 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Gustaf, R. Mttias, and A. Marcus, Opt. Lett. 33, 1327 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Sarner, M. Richter, and M. Alden, Meas. Sci. Technol. 19, 125304 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. K. Das and T. T. Y. Tan, J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 11211 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

R. Hasegawa, I. Sakata, H. Yanagihara, B. Johansson, A. Omrane, and M. Alden, Appl. Phys. B 88, 291 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

A. L. Heyes, S. Seefeldt, and J. P. Feist, Opt. Laser Technol. 38, 257 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Brubach, A. Patt, and A. Dreizler, Appl. Phys. B 83, 499 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

X. Qin and Y. Ju, J. Mater. Res. 20, 2960 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

A. Omrane, F. Ossler, and M. Alden, Exp. Therm. Fluid. Sci. 28, 669 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu, C. N. Xu, H. Chen, and K. Nonaka, Opt. Mater. 25, 243 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

Y. Satoh, S. Ohshio, and H. Saitoh, J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 22, 659 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

J. P. Feist and A. L. Heyes, Meas. Sci. Technol. 11, 942 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

S. W. Allison and G. T. Gillies, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 2615 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

S. D. Alaruri, A. J. Brewington, M. A. Thomas, and J. A. Miller, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 42, 735(1993).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

L. P. Goss, A. A. Smith, and M. E. Post, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 60, 3702 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1970 (1)

W. H. Fonger and C. W. Struck, J. Chem. Phys. 52, 6364 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Akimoto, Y.

Y. Iwako, Y. Akimoto, M. Omiya, T. Ueda, T. Yokomori, J. Lumin. 130, 1470 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Alaruri, S. D.

S. D. Alaruri, A. J. Brewington, M. A. Thomas, and J. A. Miller, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 42, 735(1993).
[CrossRef]

Alden, M.

G. Sarner, M. Richter, and M. Alden, Meas. Sci. Technol. 19, 125304 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Omrane, P. Petersson, M. Alden, and M. A. Linne, Appl. Phys. B 92, 99 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Hasegawa, I. Sakata, H. Yanagihara, B. Johansson, A. Omrane, and M. Alden, Appl. Phys. B 88, 291 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Omrane, F. Ossler, and M. Alden, Exp. Therm. Fluid. Sci. 28, 669 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Allison, S. W.

S. W. Allison and G. T. Gillies, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 2615 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Brewington, A. J.

S. D. Alaruri, A. J. Brewington, M. A. Thomas, and J. A. Miller, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 42, 735(1993).
[CrossRef]

Brubach, J.

J. Brubach, A. Patt, and A. Dreizler, Appl. Phys. B 83, 499 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chambers, M. D.

M. D. Chambers and D. R. Clarke, Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 39, 325 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H.

Y. Liu, C. N. Xu, H. Chen, and K. Nonaka, Opt. Mater. 25, 243 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Clarke, D. R.

M. D. Chambers and D. R. Clarke, Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 39, 325 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Das, G. K.

G. K. Das and T. T. Y. Tan, J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 11211 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dreizler, A.

J. Brubach, A. Patt, and A. Dreizler, Appl. Phys. B 83, 499 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Feist, J. P.

A. L. Heyes, S. Seefeldt, and J. P. Feist, Opt. Laser Technol. 38, 257 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Feist and A. L. Heyes, Meas. Sci. Technol. 11, 942 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Fonger, W. H.

W. H. Fonger and C. W. Struck, J. Chem. Phys. 52, 6364 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Gillies, G. T.

S. W. Allison and G. T. Gillies, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 2615 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Goss, L. P.

L. P. Goss, A. A. Smith, and M. E. Post, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 60, 3702 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Gustaf, S.

Hasegawa, R.

R. Hasegawa, I. Sakata, H. Yanagihara, B. Johansson, A. Omrane, and M. Alden, Appl. Phys. B 88, 291 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Heyes, A. L.

A. L. Heyes, S. Seefeldt, and J. P. Feist, Opt. Laser Technol. 38, 257 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Feist and A. L. Heyes, Meas. Sci. Technol. 11, 942 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ishiwada, N.

N. Ishiwada, T. Ueda, and T. Yokomori, “Characteristics of rare earth (RE=Eu,Tb, Tm)-doped Y2O3 phosphors for thermometry,” Luminescence (to be published).
[PubMed]

Iwako, Y.

Y. Iwako, Y. Akimoto, M. Omiya, T. Ueda, T. Yokomori, J. Lumin. 130, 1470 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Johansson, B.

R. Hasegawa, I. Sakata, H. Yanagihara, B. Johansson, A. Omrane, and M. Alden, Appl. Phys. B 88, 291 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ju, Y.

X. Qin and Y. Ju, J. Mater. Res. 20, 2960 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Khalid, A. H.

A. H. Khalid and K. Kontis, Sensors 8, 5673 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kontis, K.

A. H. Khalid and K. Kontis, Sensors 8, 5673 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Linne, M. A.

A. Omrane, P. Petersson, M. Alden, and M. A. Linne, Appl. Phys. B 92, 99 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

Y. Liu, C. N. Xu, H. Chen, and K. Nonaka, Opt. Mater. 25, 243 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Marcus, A.

Miller, J. A.

S. D. Alaruri, A. J. Brewington, M. A. Thomas, and J. A. Miller, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 42, 735(1993).
[CrossRef]

Mttias, R.

Nonaka, K.

Y. Liu, C. N. Xu, H. Chen, and K. Nonaka, Opt. Mater. 25, 243 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ohshio, S.

Y. Satoh, S. Ohshio, and H. Saitoh, J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 22, 659 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Omiya, M.

Y. Iwako, Y. Akimoto, M. Omiya, T. Ueda, T. Yokomori, J. Lumin. 130, 1470 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Omrane, A.

A. Omrane, P. Petersson, M. Alden, and M. A. Linne, Appl. Phys. B 92, 99 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Hasegawa, I. Sakata, H. Yanagihara, B. Johansson, A. Omrane, and M. Alden, Appl. Phys. B 88, 291 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Omrane, F. Ossler, and M. Alden, Exp. Therm. Fluid. Sci. 28, 669 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ossler, F.

A. Omrane, F. Ossler, and M. Alden, Exp. Therm. Fluid. Sci. 28, 669 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Patt, A.

J. Brubach, A. Patt, and A. Dreizler, Appl. Phys. B 83, 499 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Petersson, P.

A. Omrane, P. Petersson, M. Alden, and M. A. Linne, Appl. Phys. B 92, 99 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Post, M. E.

L. P. Goss, A. A. Smith, and M. E. Post, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 60, 3702 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Qin, X.

X. Qin and Y. Ju, J. Mater. Res. 20, 2960 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Richter, M.

G. Sarner, M. Richter, and M. Alden, Meas. Sci. Technol. 19, 125304 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Saitoh, H.

Y. Satoh, S. Ohshio, and H. Saitoh, J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 22, 659 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sakata, I.

R. Hasegawa, I. Sakata, H. Yanagihara, B. Johansson, A. Omrane, and M. Alden, Appl. Phys. B 88, 291 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sarner, G.

G. Sarner, M. Richter, and M. Alden, Meas. Sci. Technol. 19, 125304 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Satoh, Y.

Y. Satoh, S. Ohshio, and H. Saitoh, J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 22, 659 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Seefeldt, S.

A. L. Heyes, S. Seefeldt, and J. P. Feist, Opt. Laser Technol. 38, 257 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Smith, A. A.

L. P. Goss, A. A. Smith, and M. E. Post, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 60, 3702 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Struck, C. W.

W. H. Fonger and C. W. Struck, J. Chem. Phys. 52, 6364 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Tan, T. T. Y.

G. K. Das and T. T. Y. Tan, J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 11211 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Thomas, M. A.

S. D. Alaruri, A. J. Brewington, M. A. Thomas, and J. A. Miller, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 42, 735(1993).
[CrossRef]

Ueda, T.

Y. Iwako, Y. Akimoto, M. Omiya, T. Ueda, T. Yokomori, J. Lumin. 130, 1470 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Ishiwada, T. Ueda, and T. Yokomori, “Characteristics of rare earth (RE=Eu,Tb, Tm)-doped Y2O3 phosphors for thermometry,” Luminescence (to be published).
[PubMed]

Xu, C. N.

Y. Liu, C. N. Xu, H. Chen, and K. Nonaka, Opt. Mater. 25, 243 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yanagihara, H.

R. Hasegawa, I. Sakata, H. Yanagihara, B. Johansson, A. Omrane, and M. Alden, Appl. Phys. B 88, 291 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yokomori, T.

Y. Iwako, Y. Akimoto, M. Omiya, T. Ueda, T. Yokomori, J. Lumin. 130, 1470 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Ishiwada, T. Ueda, and T. Yokomori, “Characteristics of rare earth (RE=Eu,Tb, Tm)-doped Y2O3 phosphors for thermometry,” Luminescence (to be published).
[PubMed]

Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. (1)

M. D. Chambers and D. R. Clarke, Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 39, 325 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (3)

J. Brubach, A. Patt, and A. Dreizler, Appl. Phys. B 83, 499 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Hasegawa, I. Sakata, H. Yanagihara, B. Johansson, A. Omrane, and M. Alden, Appl. Phys. B 88, 291 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Omrane, P. Petersson, M. Alden, and M. A. Linne, Appl. Phys. B 92, 99 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Exp. Therm. Fluid. Sci. (1)

A. Omrane, F. Ossler, and M. Alden, Exp. Therm. Fluid. Sci. 28, 669 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. (1)

S. D. Alaruri, A. J. Brewington, M. A. Thomas, and J. A. Miller, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 42, 735(1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

W. H. Fonger and C. W. Struck, J. Chem. Phys. 52, 6364 (1970).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (1)

Y. Iwako, Y. Akimoto, M. Omiya, T. Ueda, T. Yokomori, J. Lumin. 130, 1470 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Res. (1)

X. Qin and Y. Ju, J. Mater. Res. 20, 2960 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Sci. Lett. (1)

Y. Satoh, S. Ohshio, and H. Saitoh, J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 22, 659 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. C (1)

G. K. Das and T. T. Y. Tan, J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 11211 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Luminescence (1)

N. Ishiwada, T. Ueda, and T. Yokomori, “Characteristics of rare earth (RE=Eu,Tb, Tm)-doped Y2O3 phosphors for thermometry,” Luminescence (to be published).
[PubMed]

Meas. Sci. Technol. (2)

J. P. Feist and A. L. Heyes, Meas. Sci. Technol. 11, 942 (2000).
[CrossRef]

G. Sarner, M. Richter, and M. Alden, Meas. Sci. Technol. 19, 125304 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

A. L. Heyes, S. Seefeldt, and J. P. Feist, Opt. Laser Technol. 38, 257 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Mater. (1)

Y. Liu, C. N. Xu, H. Chen, and K. Nonaka, Opt. Mater. 25, 243 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (2)

L. P. Goss, A. A. Smith, and M. E. Post, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 60, 3702 (1989).
[CrossRef]

S. W. Allison and G. T. Gillies, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 2615 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sensors (1)

A. H. Khalid and K. Kontis, Sensors 8, 5673 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Emission spectra of Y 2 O 3 : Tb 3 + ( Tb 3 + , 1 mol . % ) at various temperatures.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Emission spectra of Y 2 O 3 : Tm 3 + ( Tm 3 + , 1 mol . % ) at various temperatures.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Emission spectra of Y 2 O 3 : Tb 3 + / Tm 3 + ( Tb 3 + , 1 mol . % ; Tm 3 + , 1 mol . % ) at various temperatures.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Temperature dependence of intensity ratios in Y 2 O 3 : Tb 3 + / Tm 3 + ( Tb 3 + , 1 mol . % ; Tm 3 + ; 1 mol . % ).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Images of temperature-sensitive visible photoluminescence of Y 2 O 3 : Tb 3 + / Tm 3 + as a function of dopant concentration, Tb 3 + : Tm 3 + = . (a)  2 mol . % : 1 mol . % , (b)  1 mol . % : 1 mol . % and (c)  0.6 mol . % : 1 mol . % .

Equations (1)

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Intensity Ratio = I m ( T ) / I ( T ) I m ( T 0 ) / I ( T 0 ) ,

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