Abstract

We report on a nonlinear mirror (NLM) scheme that enables, for the first time to the best of our best knowledge, tunable mode locking of a Cr2+:ZnSe laser in the picosecond regime. The NLM—used as the output coupler of the laser cavity—consists of a periodically poled lithium niobate (PPLN) crystal with a fan-out grating coupled with a dichroic mirror and a wedged dispersive YAG plate. The Cr2+:ZnSe laser, pumped by a CW thulium-doped fiber laser, delivers 85ps pulses at a repetition rate of 220MHz with a 300mW average power. Thanks to the use of a fan-out PPLN crystal, we benefit from the wide tunability of the Cr2+:ZnSe laser and achieve mode locking over the whole 2.442.55μm range while maintaining a narrow-linewidth emission suitable for time-resolved nonlinear spectroscopy applications.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. Baron, A. Ryasnyanskiy, N. Dubreuil, P. Delaye, Q. V. Tran, S. Combrié, A. de Rossi, R. Frey, and G. Roosen, Opt. Express 17, 552 (2009).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  8. S. Mirov, V. Fedorov, I. Moskalev, D. Martyshkin, and C. Kim, Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 21 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  9. E. Sorokin, S. Naumov, and I. T. Sorokina, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 690 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  17. K. A. Stankov, V. P. Tzolov, and M. G. Mirkov, Opt. Lett. 16, 1119 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (4)

J.-B. Dherbecourt, A. Godard, M. Raybaut, J.-M. Melkonian, and M. Lefebvre, Opt. Lett. 35, 2197 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Mirov, V. Fedorov, I. Moskalev, D. Martyshkin, and C. Kim, Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 21 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Iliev, I. Buchvarov, S. Kurimura, and V. Petrov, Opt. Lett. 35, 1016 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. M. Thomas, S. P. Chard, and M. J. Damzen, Appl. Phys. B 101, 553 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

2008 (1)

A. Ryasnyanskiy, N. Dubreuil, P. Delaye, R. Frey, and G. Roosen, and J. Europ, J. Europ. Opt. Soc. Rap. Public. 3, 08037 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

2005 (1)

E. Sorokin, S. Naumov, and I. T. Sorokina, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 690 (2005).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1993 (1)

K. A. Stankov, K. Hamal, H. Jelinkova, and I. Prochazka, Opt. Commun. 95, 85 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

K. L. Vodopyanov, H. Graener, C. C. Phillips, and T. J. Tate, Phys. Rev. B 46, 13194 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

1988 (1)

K. A. Stankov, Appl. Phys. B 45, 191 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Alford, W. J.

C. R. Pollock, N. A. Brillant, D. Gwin, T. J. Carrig, W. J. Alford, J. B. Heroux, W. I. Wang, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper TuA6.

Baron, A.

Brillant, N. A.

C. R. Pollock, N. A. Brillant, D. Gwin, T. J. Carrig, W. J. Alford, J. B. Heroux, W. I. Wang, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper TuA6.

Buchvarov, I.

Cankaya, H.

Carrig, T. J.

C. R. Pollock, N. A. Brillant, D. Gwin, T. J. Carrig, W. J. Alford, J. B. Heroux, W. I. Wang, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper TuA6.

Chard, S. P.

G. M. Thomas, S. P. Chard, and M. J. Damzen, Appl. Phys. B 101, 553 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cizmeciyan, M. N.

Combrié, S.

Damzen, M. J.

G. M. Thomas, S. P. Chard, and M. J. Damzen, Appl. Phys. B 101, 553 (2010).
[CrossRef]

de Rossi, A.

Delaye, P.

A. Baron, A. Ryasnyanskiy, N. Dubreuil, P. Delaye, Q. V. Tran, S. Combrié, A. de Rossi, R. Frey, and G. Roosen, Opt. Express 17, 552 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ryasnyanskiy, N. Dubreuil, P. Delaye, R. Frey, and G. Roosen, and J. Europ, J. Europ. Opt. Soc. Rap. Public. 3, 08037 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dherbecourt, J.-B.

Dubreuil, N.

A. Baron, A. Ryasnyanskiy, N. Dubreuil, P. Delaye, Q. V. Tran, S. Combrié, A. de Rossi, R. Frey, and G. Roosen, Opt. Express 17, 552 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ryasnyanskiy, N. Dubreuil, P. Delaye, R. Frey, and G. Roosen, and J. Europ, J. Europ. Opt. Soc. Rap. Public. 3, 08037 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Europ, J.

A. Ryasnyanskiy, N. Dubreuil, P. Delaye, R. Frey, and G. Roosen, and J. Europ, J. Europ. Opt. Soc. Rap. Public. 3, 08037 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fedorov, V.

S. Mirov, V. Fedorov, I. Moskalev, D. Martyshkin, and C. Kim, Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 21 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Frey, R.

A. Baron, A. Ryasnyanskiy, N. Dubreuil, P. Delaye, Q. V. Tran, S. Combrié, A. de Rossi, R. Frey, and G. Roosen, Opt. Express 17, 552 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ryasnyanskiy, N. Dubreuil, P. Delaye, R. Frey, and G. Roosen, and J. Europ, J. Europ. Opt. Soc. Rap. Public. 3, 08037 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Godard, A.

Gord, J. R.

Graener, H.

K. L. Vodopyanov, H. Graener, C. C. Phillips, and T. J. Tate, Phys. Rev. B 46, 13194 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Gwin, D.

C. R. Pollock, N. A. Brillant, D. Gwin, T. J. Carrig, W. J. Alford, J. B. Heroux, W. I. Wang, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper TuA6.

Hamal, K.

K. A. Stankov, K. Hamal, H. Jelinkova, and I. Prochazka, Opt. Commun. 95, 85 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. Hamal, K. A. Stankov, H. Jelinkova, I. Prochazka, and M. Koselja, Seventh International Symposium on Ultrafast Processes in Spectroscopy (Institute of Physics Conference, 1992), pp. 59–62.

Hanna, D. C.

Heroux, J. B.

C. R. Pollock, N. A. Brillant, D. Gwin, T. J. Carrig, W. J. Alford, J. B. Heroux, W. I. Wang, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper TuA6.

Iliev, H.

Jelinkova, H.

K. A. Stankov, K. Hamal, H. Jelinkova, and I. Prochazka, Opt. Commun. 95, 85 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. Hamal, K. A. Stankov, H. Jelinkova, I. Prochazka, and M. Koselja, Seventh International Symposium on Ultrafast Processes in Spectroscopy (Institute of Physics Conference, 1992), pp. 59–62.

Kim, C.

S. Mirov, V. Fedorov, I. Moskalev, D. Martyshkin, and C. Kim, Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 21 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Koselja, M.

K. Hamal, K. A. Stankov, H. Jelinkova, I. Prochazka, and M. Koselja, Seventh International Symposium on Ultrafast Processes in Spectroscopy (Institute of Physics Conference, 1992), pp. 59–62.

Kurimura, S.

Kurt, A.

Lefebvre, M.

Lefort, L.

Martyshkin, D.

S. Mirov, V. Fedorov, I. Moskalev, D. Martyshkin, and C. Kim, Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 21 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Melkonian, J.-M.

Meyer, J. R.

C. R. Pollock, N. A. Brillant, D. Gwin, T. J. Carrig, W. J. Alford, J. B. Heroux, W. I. Wang, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper TuA6.

Meyer, T. R.

Mirkov, M. G.

Mirov, S.

S. Mirov, V. Fedorov, I. Moskalev, D. Martyshkin, and C. Kim, Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 21 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Moskalev, I.

S. Mirov, V. Fedorov, I. Moskalev, D. Martyshkin, and C. Kim, Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 21 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Naumov, S.

E. Sorokin, S. Naumov, and I. T. Sorokina, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 690 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Petrov, V.

Phillips, C. C.

K. L. Vodopyanov, H. Graener, C. C. Phillips, and T. J. Tate, Phys. Rev. B 46, 13194 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Pollock, C. R.

C. R. Pollock, N. A. Brillant, D. Gwin, T. J. Carrig, W. J. Alford, J. B. Heroux, W. I. Wang, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper TuA6.

Prochazka, I.

K. A. Stankov, K. Hamal, H. Jelinkova, and I. Prochazka, Opt. Commun. 95, 85 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. Hamal, K. A. Stankov, H. Jelinkova, I. Prochazka, and M. Koselja, Seventh International Symposium on Ultrafast Processes in Spectroscopy (Institute of Physics Conference, 1992), pp. 59–62.

Puech, K.

Raybaut, M.

Roosen, G.

A. Baron, A. Ryasnyanskiy, N. Dubreuil, P. Delaye, Q. V. Tran, S. Combrié, A. de Rossi, R. Frey, and G. Roosen, Opt. Express 17, 552 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ryasnyanskiy, N. Dubreuil, P. Delaye, R. Frey, and G. Roosen, and J. Europ, J. Europ. Opt. Soc. Rap. Public. 3, 08037 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Roy, S.

Ryasnyanskiy, A.

A. Baron, A. Ryasnyanskiy, N. Dubreuil, P. Delaye, Q. V. Tran, S. Combrié, A. de Rossi, R. Frey, and G. Roosen, Opt. Express 17, 552 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ryasnyanskiy, N. Dubreuil, P. Delaye, R. Frey, and G. Roosen, and J. Europ, J. Europ. Opt. Soc. Rap. Public. 3, 08037 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sennaroglu, A.

Sorokin, E.

E. Sorokin, S. Naumov, and I. T. Sorokina, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 690 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sorokina, I. T.

E. Sorokin, S. Naumov, and I. T. Sorokina, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 690 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Stankov, K. A.

K. A. Stankov, K. Hamal, H. Jelinkova, and I. Prochazka, Opt. Commun. 95, 85 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. A. Stankov, V. P. Tzolov, and M. G. Mirkov, Opt. Lett. 16, 1119 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. A. Stankov, Appl. Phys. B 45, 191 (1988).
[CrossRef]

K. Hamal, K. A. Stankov, H. Jelinkova, I. Prochazka, and M. Koselja, Seventh International Symposium on Ultrafast Processes in Spectroscopy (Institute of Physics Conference, 1992), pp. 59–62.

Tate, T. J.

K. L. Vodopyanov, H. Graener, C. C. Phillips, and T. J. Tate, Phys. Rev. B 46, 13194 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Thomas, G. M.

G. M. Thomas, S. P. Chard, and M. J. Damzen, Appl. Phys. B 101, 553 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tran, Q. V.

Tzolov, V. P.

Vodopyanov, K. L.

K. L. Vodopyanov, H. Graener, C. C. Phillips, and T. J. Tate, Phys. Rev. B 46, 13194 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Vurgaftman, I.

C. R. Pollock, N. A. Brillant, D. Gwin, T. J. Carrig, W. J. Alford, J. B. Heroux, W. I. Wang, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper TuA6.

Wang, W. I.

C. R. Pollock, N. A. Brillant, D. Gwin, T. J. Carrig, W. J. Alford, J. B. Heroux, W. I. Wang, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper TuA6.

Appl. Phys. B (2)

K. A. Stankov, Appl. Phys. B 45, 191 (1988).
[CrossRef]

G. M. Thomas, S. P. Chard, and M. J. Damzen, Appl. Phys. B 101, 553 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Spectrosc. (1)

C.R. Physique (1)

A. Godard, C.R. Physique 8, 1100 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

E. Sorokin, S. Naumov, and I. T. Sorokina, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 690 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Europ. Opt. Soc. Rap. Public. (1)

A. Ryasnyanskiy, N. Dubreuil, P. Delaye, R. Frey, and G. Roosen, and J. Europ, J. Europ. Opt. Soc. Rap. Public. 3, 08037 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Laser Photon. Rev. (1)

S. Mirov, V. Fedorov, I. Moskalev, D. Martyshkin, and C. Kim, Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 21 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

K. A. Stankov, K. Hamal, H. Jelinkova, and I. Prochazka, Opt. Commun. 95, 85 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

K. L. Vodopyanov, H. Graener, C. C. Phillips, and T. J. Tate, Phys. Rev. B 46, 13194 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

C. R. Pollock, N. A. Brillant, D. Gwin, T. J. Carrig, W. J. Alford, J. B. Heroux, W. I. Wang, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper TuA6.

K. Hamal, K. A. Stankov, H. Jelinkova, I. Prochazka, and M. Koselja, Seventh International Symposium on Ultrafast Processes in Spectroscopy (Institute of Physics Conference, 1992), pp. 59–62.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental scheme of the mode-locked Cr 2 + :ZnSe laser. M 1 (radius of curvature RoC = 50 mm ), M 2 , and M 3 ( RoC = 100 mm ) are highly reflective at the laser radiation and transparent at the pump wavelength. The dichroic coupler RoC is 100 mm .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Output power versus incident pump power under CW and ML operations. Insets, spatial output beam profiles measured in CW and mode-locked operation for a 5.5 W pump power.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Pulse trains emitted by the laser with a chopped pump. Inset, pulse train at a shorter time scale.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Tunability of the NLM mode-locked laser.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Pulse train as recorded by an HgCdZnTe detector at 2.55 μm . Inset, two-photon detection autocorrelation trace (shaded area: full interferogram; curve: low pass filtering).

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