Abstract

We report a simple technique to suppress high-frequency phase noise of a Yb-based fiber optical frequency comb using an active intensity noise servo. Out-of-loop measurements of the phase noise using an optical heterodyne beat with a cw laser show suppression of phase noise by 7dB out to Fourier frequencies of 100kHz with a unity-gain crossing of 700kHz. These results are enabled by the strong correlation between the intensity and phase noise of the laser. Detailed measurements of intensity and phase noise spectra, as well as transfer functions, reveal that the dominant phase and intensity noise contribution above 100kHz is due to amplified spontaneous emission or other quantum noise sources.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 191 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  2. T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Ha¨nsch, Nature 416, 233 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. S. T. Cundiff and J. Ye, Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 325 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  4. T. R. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. C. Yost, M. J. Martin, A. Marcinkevicius, M. E. Fermann, and J. Ye, Nat. Photon. 2, 355 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. Ruehl, A. Marcinkevicius, M. E. Fermann, and I. Hartl, Opt. Lett. 35, 3015 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. W. C. Swann, J. J. McFerran, I. Coddington, N. R. Newbury, I. Hartl, M. E. Fermann, P. S. Westbrook, J. W. Nicholson, K. S. Feder, C. Langrock, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 31, 3046 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. M. J. Thorpe, K. D. Moll, R. J. Jones, B. Safdi, and J. Ye, Science 311, 1595 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. R. J. Jones, K. D. Moll, M. J. Thorpe, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 193201 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. C. Gohle, T. Udem, M. Herrmann, J. Rauschenberger, R. Holzwarth, H. A. Schuessler, F. Krausz, and T. W. Ha¨nsch, Nature 436, 234 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. H. A. Haus and A. Mecozzi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 983 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  11. R. Paschotta, Appl. Phys. B 79, 163 (2004).
  12. N. R. Newbury and B. R. Washburn, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1388 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  13. E. Benkler, H. Telle, A. Zach, and F. Tauser, Opt. Express 13, 5662 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. J. J. McFerran, W. C. Swann, B. R. Washburn, and N. R. Newbury, Opt. Lett. 31, 1997 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. I. L. Budunoğlu, C. Ülgüdür, B. Oktem, and F. Ö. Ilday, Opt. Lett. 34, 2516 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. C. C. Harb, T. C. Ralph, E. H. Huntington, D. E. McClelland, H.-A. Bachor, and I. Freitag, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 2936 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  17. D. C. Yost, T. R. Schibli, J. Ye, J. L. Tate, J. Hostetter, M. B. Gaarde, and K. J. Schafer, Nat. Phys. 5, 815 (2009).
    [CrossRef]

2010 (1)

2009 (3)

M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 191 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. L. Budunoğlu, C. Ülgüdür, B. Oktem, and F. Ö. Ilday, Opt. Lett. 34, 2516 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. C. Yost, T. R. Schibli, J. Ye, J. L. Tate, J. Hostetter, M. B. Gaarde, and K. J. Schafer, Nat. Phys. 5, 815 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

T. R. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. C. Yost, M. J. Martin, A. Marcinkevicius, M. E. Fermann, and J. Ye, Nat. Photon. 2, 355 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006 (3)

2005 (4)

N. R. Newbury and B. R. Washburn, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1388 (2005).
[CrossRef]

E. Benkler, H. Telle, A. Zach, and F. Tauser, Opt. Express 13, 5662 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. J. Jones, K. D. Moll, M. J. Thorpe, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 193201 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Gohle, T. Udem, M. Herrmann, J. Rauschenberger, R. Holzwarth, H. A. Schuessler, F. Krausz, and T. W. Ha¨nsch, Nature 436, 234 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

R. Paschotta, Appl. Phys. B 79, 163 (2004).

2003 (1)

S. T. Cundiff and J. Ye, Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 325 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Ha¨nsch, Nature 416, 233 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997 (1)

1993 (1)

H. A. Haus and A. Mecozzi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 983 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Bachor, H.-A.

Benkler, E.

Budunoglu, I. L.

Coddington, I.

Cundiff, S. T.

S. T. Cundiff and J. Ye, Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 325 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Feder, K. S.

Fejer, M. M.

Fermann, M. E.

Freitag, I.

Gaarde, M. B.

D. C. Yost, T. R. Schibli, J. Ye, J. L. Tate, J. Hostetter, M. B. Gaarde, and K. J. Schafer, Nat. Phys. 5, 815 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gohle, C.

C. Gohle, T. Udem, M. Herrmann, J. Rauschenberger, R. Holzwarth, H. A. Schuessler, F. Krausz, and T. W. Ha¨nsch, Nature 436, 234 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ha¨nsch, T. W.

C. Gohle, T. Udem, M. Herrmann, J. Rauschenberger, R. Holzwarth, H. A. Schuessler, F. Krausz, and T. W. Ha¨nsch, Nature 436, 234 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Ha¨nsch, Nature 416, 233 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Harb, C. C.

Hartl, I.

Haus, H. A.

H. A. Haus and A. Mecozzi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 983 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Herrmann, M.

C. Gohle, T. Udem, M. Herrmann, J. Rauschenberger, R. Holzwarth, H. A. Schuessler, F. Krausz, and T. W. Ha¨nsch, Nature 436, 234 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Holzwarth, R.

C. Gohle, T. Udem, M. Herrmann, J. Rauschenberger, R. Holzwarth, H. A. Schuessler, F. Krausz, and T. W. Ha¨nsch, Nature 436, 234 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Ha¨nsch, Nature 416, 233 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hostetter, J.

D. C. Yost, T. R. Schibli, J. Ye, J. L. Tate, J. Hostetter, M. B. Gaarde, and K. J. Schafer, Nat. Phys. 5, 815 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Huntington, E. H.

Ilday, F. Ö.

Jones, R. J.

M. J. Thorpe, K. D. Moll, R. J. Jones, B. Safdi, and J. Ye, Science 311, 1595 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. J. Jones, K. D. Moll, M. J. Thorpe, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 193201 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krausz, F.

C. Gohle, T. Udem, M. Herrmann, J. Rauschenberger, R. Holzwarth, H. A. Schuessler, F. Krausz, and T. W. Ha¨nsch, Nature 436, 234 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Langrock, C.

Marcinkevicius, A.

A. Ruehl, A. Marcinkevicius, M. E. Fermann, and I. Hartl, Opt. Lett. 35, 3015 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. R. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. C. Yost, M. J. Martin, A. Marcinkevicius, M. E. Fermann, and J. Ye, Nat. Photon. 2, 355 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Martin, M. J.

T. R. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. C. Yost, M. J. Martin, A. Marcinkevicius, M. E. Fermann, and J. Ye, Nat. Photon. 2, 355 (2008).
[CrossRef]

McClelland, D. E.

McFerran, J. J.

Mecozzi, A.

H. A. Haus and A. Mecozzi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 983 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Moll, K. D.

M. J. Thorpe, K. D. Moll, R. J. Jones, B. Safdi, and J. Ye, Science 311, 1595 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. J. Jones, K. D. Moll, M. J. Thorpe, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 193201 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Newbury, N. R.

Nicholson, J. W.

Oktem, B.

Paschotta, R.

R. Paschotta, Appl. Phys. B 79, 163 (2004).

Ralph, T. C.

Rauschenberger, J.

C. Gohle, T. Udem, M. Herrmann, J. Rauschenberger, R. Holzwarth, H. A. Schuessler, F. Krausz, and T. W. Ha¨nsch, Nature 436, 234 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ruehl, A.

Safdi, B.

M. J. Thorpe, K. D. Moll, R. J. Jones, B. Safdi, and J. Ye, Science 311, 1595 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schafer, K. J.

D. C. Yost, T. R. Schibli, J. Ye, J. L. Tate, J. Hostetter, M. B. Gaarde, and K. J. Schafer, Nat. Phys. 5, 815 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Schibli, T. R.

D. C. Yost, T. R. Schibli, J. Ye, J. L. Tate, J. Hostetter, M. B. Gaarde, and K. J. Schafer, Nat. Phys. 5, 815 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. C. Yost, M. J. Martin, A. Marcinkevicius, M. E. Fermann, and J. Ye, Nat. Photon. 2, 355 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Schuessler, H. A.

C. Gohle, T. Udem, M. Herrmann, J. Rauschenberger, R. Holzwarth, H. A. Schuessler, F. Krausz, and T. W. Ha¨nsch, Nature 436, 234 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Swann, W. C.

Tate, J. L.

D. C. Yost, T. R. Schibli, J. Ye, J. L. Tate, J. Hostetter, M. B. Gaarde, and K. J. Schafer, Nat. Phys. 5, 815 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tauser, F.

Telle, H.

Thorpe, M. J.

M. J. Thorpe, K. D. Moll, R. J. Jones, B. Safdi, and J. Ye, Science 311, 1595 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. J. Jones, K. D. Moll, M. J. Thorpe, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 193201 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Udem, T.

C. Gohle, T. Udem, M. Herrmann, J. Rauschenberger, R. Holzwarth, H. A. Schuessler, F. Krausz, and T. W. Ha¨nsch, Nature 436, 234 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Ha¨nsch, Nature 416, 233 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ülgüdür, C.

Washburn, B. R.

Westbrook, P. S.

Ye, J.

D. C. Yost, T. R. Schibli, J. Ye, J. L. Tate, J. Hostetter, M. B. Gaarde, and K. J. Schafer, Nat. Phys. 5, 815 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. C. Yost, M. J. Martin, A. Marcinkevicius, M. E. Fermann, and J. Ye, Nat. Photon. 2, 355 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Thorpe, K. D. Moll, R. J. Jones, B. Safdi, and J. Ye, Science 311, 1595 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. J. Jones, K. D. Moll, M. J. Thorpe, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 193201 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. T. Cundiff and J. Ye, Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 325 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yost, D. C.

D. C. Yost, T. R. Schibli, J. Ye, J. L. Tate, J. Hostetter, M. B. Gaarde, and K. J. Schafer, Nat. Phys. 5, 815 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. C. Yost, M. J. Martin, A. Marcinkevicius, M. E. Fermann, and J. Ye, Nat. Photon. 2, 355 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zach, A.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

R. Paschotta, Appl. Phys. B 79, 163 (2004).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

N. R. Newbury and B. R. Washburn, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1388 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. A. Haus and A. Mecozzi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 983 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 191 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nat. Photon. (1)

T. R. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. C. Yost, M. J. Martin, A. Marcinkevicius, M. E. Fermann, and J. Ye, Nat. Photon. 2, 355 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Phys. (1)

D. C. Yost, T. R. Schibli, J. Ye, J. L. Tate, J. Hostetter, M. B. Gaarde, and K. J. Schafer, Nat. Phys. 5, 815 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nature (2)

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Ha¨nsch, Nature 416, 233 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Gohle, T. Udem, M. Herrmann, J. Rauschenberger, R. Holzwarth, H. A. Schuessler, F. Krausz, and T. W. Ha¨nsch, Nature 436, 234 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

R. J. Jones, K. D. Moll, M. J. Thorpe, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 193201 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

S. T. Cundiff and J. Ye, Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 325 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

M. J. Thorpe, K. D. Moll, R. J. Jones, B. Safdi, and J. Ye, Science 311, 1595 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Intensity noise spectrum of the Yb oscillator at various pump powers normalized to DC signal. The shaded box indicates the shot-noise floor of the measurements. (b) Intensity modulation transfer functions for the oscillator and the pump diode.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Comparison of the intensity noise spectrum with the frequency noise of a comb tooth near the optical carrier for I 1.1 I th .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Intensity noise spectrum of the oscillator with and without the servo action. The dashed line indicates the shot-noise floor. (b) Reduction in the phase noise near the carrier frequency due to the servo (inset: rf spectrum of the phase-locked optical beatnote).

Metrics