Abstract

Using a physical and chemical dehydration technique and a high-pressure, ultradry O2 atmosphere in a semiclosed steel-chamber furnace, we fabricated a group of fluorotellurite glasses with a composition of (90x)TeO2-xZnF2-10Na2O (mol.%, x=030). For x=30, no OH absorption was observed in the range of 0.386.1μm. This is the first report of a water-free mid-IR fluorotellurite glass, to our knowledge, offering the common advantages of a robust oxide glass and an IR-transparent fluoride one. Besides optimized linear transmittance and absorption, the nonlinear refractive indices and Raman gain coefficients are reduced. These results are discussed in the context of mid-IR high-power laser generation and transmission.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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2011

J. Massera, A. Haldeman, J. Jackson, C. Rivero-Baleine, L. Petit, and K. Richardson, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94, 130(2011).
[CrossRef]

2009

2008

2007

M. D. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, A. B. Seddon, D. Furniss, V. K. Tikhomirov, C. Rivero, M. Ramme, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, M. Couzi, and T. Cardinal, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90, 1448 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. Jose, Y. Arai, and Y. Ohishi, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1517 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Lin, B. H. Kim, D. S. Moon, Y. Chung, and W.-T. Han, Opt. Express 15, 3665 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1970

C. C. Wang, Phys. Rev. B 2, 2045 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Arai, Y.

Bungay, C.

Bushong, E. J.

Cardinal, T.

M. D. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, A. B. Seddon, D. Furniss, V. K. Tikhomirov, C. Rivero, M. Ramme, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, M. Couzi, and T. Cardinal, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90, 1448 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Q.

G. Liao, Q. Chen, J. Xing, H. Gebavi, D. Milanese, M. Fokine, and M. Ferraris, J. Non-Crystal. Solids 355, 447 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chung, Y.

A. Lin, X. Liu, P. R. Watekar, Y. Chung, and W.-T. Han, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 021901 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Lin, B. H. Kim, D. S. Moon, Y. Chung, and W.-T. Han, Opt. Express 15, 3665 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Couzi, M.

M. D. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, A. B. Seddon, D. Furniss, V. K. Tikhomirov, C. Rivero, M. Ramme, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, M. Couzi, and T. Cardinal, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90, 1448 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ebendorff-Heidepriem, H.

Ferraris, M.

G. Liao, Q. Chen, J. Xing, H. Gebavi, D. Milanese, M. Fokine, and M. Ferraris, J. Non-Crystal. Solids 355, 447 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fokine, M.

G. Liao, Q. Chen, J. Xing, H. Gebavi, D. Milanese, M. Fokine, and M. Ferraris, J. Non-Crystal. Solids 355, 447 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Foo, T.-C.

Furniss, D.

M. D. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, A. B. Seddon, D. Furniss, V. K. Tikhomirov, C. Rivero, M. Ramme, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, M. Couzi, and T. Cardinal, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90, 1448 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gebavi, H.

G. Liao, Q. Chen, J. Xing, H. Gebavi, D. Milanese, M. Fokine, and M. Ferraris, J. Non-Crystal. Solids 355, 447 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Haldeman, A.

J. Massera, A. Haldeman, J. Jackson, C. Rivero-Baleine, L. Petit, and K. Richardson, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94, 130(2011).
[CrossRef]

Han, W.-T.

Hemming, A.

Jackson, J.

J. Massera, A. Haldeman, J. Jackson, C. Rivero-Baleine, L. Petit, and K. Richardson, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94, 130(2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Jackson, C. Smith, J. Massera, C. Rivero-Baleine, C. Bungay, L. Petit, and K. Richardson, Opt. Express 17, 9071 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jain, H.

H. M. Moawad, J. Toulouse, H. Jain, O. Latinovic, and A. R. Kortan, in Optoelectronic Materials and Technology in the Information Age: Proceedings of the Symposium at the 103rd Annual Meeting of the American Ceramic Society, Vol.  126 of Ceramic Transactions, R.Guo, A.Bruce, V.Gopala, B.Hiremath, B.Lee, and M.Yan, eds. (American Ceramic Society, 2001), pp. 45–57.

Jose, R.

Kim, B. H.

Kortan, A. R.

H. M. Moawad, J. Toulouse, H. Jain, O. Latinovic, and A. R. Kortan, in Optoelectronic Materials and Technology in the Information Age: Proceedings of the Symposium at the 103rd Annual Meeting of the American Ceramic Society, Vol.  126 of Ceramic Transactions, R.Guo, A.Bruce, V.Gopala, B.Hiremath, B.Lee, and M.Yan, eds. (American Ceramic Society, 2001), pp. 45–57.

Lancaster, D. G.

Latinovic, O.

H. M. Moawad, J. Toulouse, H. Jain, O. Latinovic, and A. R. Kortan, in Optoelectronic Materials and Technology in the Information Age: Proceedings of the Symposium at the 103rd Annual Meeting of the American Ceramic Society, Vol.  126 of Ceramic Transactions, R.Guo, A.Bruce, V.Gopala, B.Hiremath, B.Lee, and M.Yan, eds. (American Ceramic Society, 2001), pp. 45–57.

Li, Y.

Liao, G.

G. Liao, Q. Chen, J. Xing, H. Gebavi, D. Milanese, M. Fokine, and M. Ferraris, J. Non-Crystal. Solids 355, 447 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lin, A.

Liu, X.

A. Lin, X. Liu, P. R. Watekar, W. Zhao, B. Peng, C. Sun, Y. Wang, and W.-T. Han, Opt. Lett. 34, 791 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Lin, X. Liu, P. R. Watekar, Y. Chung, and W.-T. Han, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 021901 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Massera, J.

J. Massera, A. Haldeman, J. Jackson, C. Rivero-Baleine, L. Petit, and K. Richardson, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94, 130(2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Jackson, C. Smith, J. Massera, C. Rivero-Baleine, C. Bungay, L. Petit, and K. Richardson, Opt. Express 17, 9071 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Milanese, D.

G. Liao, Q. Chen, J. Xing, H. Gebavi, D. Milanese, M. Fokine, and M. Ferraris, J. Non-Crystal. Solids 355, 447 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Moawad, H. M.

H. M. Moawad, J. Toulouse, H. Jain, O. Latinovic, and A. R. Kortan, in Optoelectronic Materials and Technology in the Information Age: Proceedings of the Symposium at the 103rd Annual Meeting of the American Ceramic Society, Vol.  126 of Ceramic Transactions, R.Guo, A.Bruce, V.Gopala, B.Hiremath, B.Lee, and M.Yan, eds. (American Ceramic Society, 2001), pp. 45–57.

Monro, T. M.

Moon, D. S.

Moore, R. C.

O’Donnell, M. D.

M. D. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, A. B. Seddon, D. Furniss, V. K. Tikhomirov, C. Rivero, M. Ramme, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, M. Couzi, and T. Cardinal, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90, 1448 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ohishi, Y.

Peng, B.

Petit, L.

J. Massera, A. Haldeman, J. Jackson, C. Rivero-Baleine, L. Petit, and K. Richardson, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94, 130(2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Jackson, C. Smith, J. Massera, C. Rivero-Baleine, C. Bungay, L. Petit, and K. Richardson, Opt. Express 17, 9071 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ramme, M.

M. D. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, A. B. Seddon, D. Furniss, V. K. Tikhomirov, C. Rivero, M. Ramme, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, M. Couzi, and T. Cardinal, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90, 1448 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, K.

J. Massera, A. Haldeman, J. Jackson, C. Rivero-Baleine, L. Petit, and K. Richardson, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94, 130(2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Jackson, C. Smith, J. Massera, C. Rivero-Baleine, C. Bungay, L. Petit, and K. Richardson, Opt. Express 17, 9071 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. D. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, A. B. Seddon, D. Furniss, V. K. Tikhomirov, C. Rivero, M. Ramme, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, M. Couzi, and T. Cardinal, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90, 1448 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rivero, C.

M. D. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, A. B. Seddon, D. Furniss, V. K. Tikhomirov, C. Rivero, M. Ramme, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, M. Couzi, and T. Cardinal, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90, 1448 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rivero-Baleine, C.

J. Massera, A. Haldeman, J. Jackson, C. Rivero-Baleine, L. Petit, and K. Richardson, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94, 130(2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Jackson, C. Smith, J. Massera, C. Rivero-Baleine, C. Bungay, L. Petit, and K. Richardson, Opt. Express 17, 9071 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Seddon, A. B.

M. D. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, A. B. Seddon, D. Furniss, V. K. Tikhomirov, C. Rivero, M. Ramme, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, M. Couzi, and T. Cardinal, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90, 1448 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Smith, C.

Stegeman, G.

M. D. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, A. B. Seddon, D. Furniss, V. K. Tikhomirov, C. Rivero, M. Ramme, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, M. Couzi, and T. Cardinal, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90, 1448 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Stegeman, R.

M. D. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, A. B. Seddon, D. Furniss, V. K. Tikhomirov, C. Rivero, M. Ramme, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, M. Couzi, and T. Cardinal, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90, 1448 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Stolen, R.

M. D. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, A. B. Seddon, D. Furniss, V. K. Tikhomirov, C. Rivero, M. Ramme, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, M. Couzi, and T. Cardinal, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90, 1448 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sun, C.

Tikhomirov, V. K.

M. D. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, A. B. Seddon, D. Furniss, V. K. Tikhomirov, C. Rivero, M. Ramme, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, M. Couzi, and T. Cardinal, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90, 1448 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Toulouse, J.

A. Lin, A. Zhang, E. J. Bushong, and J. Toulouse, Opt. Express 17, 16716 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. M. Moawad, J. Toulouse, H. Jain, O. Latinovic, and A. R. Kortan, in Optoelectronic Materials and Technology in the Information Age: Proceedings of the Symposium at the 103rd Annual Meeting of the American Ceramic Society, Vol.  126 of Ceramic Transactions, R.Guo, A.Bruce, V.Gopala, B.Hiremath, B.Lee, and M.Yan, eds. (American Ceramic Society, 2001), pp. 45–57.

Wang, C. C.

C. C. Wang, Phys. Rev. B 2, 2045 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

Watekar, P. R.

A. Lin, X. Liu, P. R. Watekar, W. Zhao, B. Peng, C. Sun, Y. Wang, and W.-T. Han, Opt. Lett. 34, 791 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Lin, X. Liu, P. R. Watekar, Y. Chung, and W.-T. Han, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 021901 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Xing, J.

G. Liao, Q. Chen, J. Xing, H. Gebavi, D. Milanese, M. Fokine, and M. Ferraris, J. Non-Crystal. Solids 355, 447 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, A.

Zhang, W.

Zhao, W.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

A. Lin, X. Liu, P. R. Watekar, Y. Chung, and W.-T. Han, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 021901 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc.

J. Massera, A. Haldeman, J. Jackson, C. Rivero-Baleine, L. Petit, and K. Richardson, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94, 130(2011).
[CrossRef]

M. D. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, A. B. Seddon, D. Furniss, V. K. Tikhomirov, C. Rivero, M. Ramme, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, M. Couzi, and T. Cardinal, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90, 1448 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Crystal. Solids

G. Liao, Q. Chen, J. Xing, H. Gebavi, D. Milanese, M. Fokine, and M. Ferraris, J. Non-Crystal. Solids 355, 447 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. B

C. C. Wang, Phys. Rev. B 2, 2045 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Other

H. M. Moawad, J. Toulouse, H. Jain, O. Latinovic, and A. R. Kortan, in Optoelectronic Materials and Technology in the Information Age: Proceedings of the Symposium at the 103rd Annual Meeting of the American Ceramic Society, Vol.  126 of Ceramic Transactions, R.Guo, A.Bruce, V.Gopala, B.Hiremath, B.Lee, and M.Yan, eds. (American Ceramic Society, 2001), pp. 45–57.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Transmission spectra contrast between TZN-80 glass and TZNF-20 glass to show the chemical dehydration effect by introducing ZnF 2 : (a) UV–VIS + near-IR spectra and (b) mid-IR spectra.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Transmission and absorption spectra of TZNF-30 glass: (a) UV–VIS spectra and (b) mid-IR spectra.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Evolution with the concentration of ZnF 2 of (a) the linear refractive index, (b) the nonlinear refractive index, and (c) the Raman gain coefficient relative to SiO 2 .

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Te O Te + H O 2 2 [ Te - OH ] ,
2 [ Te - OH ] + ZnF 2 Te O Te + ZnO + 2 HF ,
ZnF 2 + H 2 O ZnO + 2 HF .
α = 1 L 2 L 1 · log ( T 1 T 2 ) ,

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