Abstract

We demonstrate a method to use phase-modulated pumps for multicasting of return-to-zero differential phase-shift keying (RZ-DPSK) signals. The method uses phase modulation of the input signal along with the co-phase- modulated pumps prior to wavelength conversion. Nine copies of a 50Gbit/s RZ-DPSK data signal are generated via four-wave mixing with an average conversion efficiency of 0dB. An average receiver sensitivity penalty of 1.9dB is observed at a bit-error rate of 109 with a worst case of 2.3dB. The effects of synchronization errors and phase-modulation frequencies up to 5GHz are investigated.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. Watanabe, J. Opt. Fiber. Commun. Rep. 3, 1, doi: 10.1007/s10297-005-0039-z (2005).
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    [CrossRef]
  3. G. Contestabile, M. Presi, and E. Ciaramella, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1775 (2004).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  7. G.-W. Lu, K. S. Abedin, and T. Miyazaki, Opt. Express 16, 21964 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. O. F. Yilmaz, S. Nuccio, S. Khaleghi, J.-Y. Yang, L. Christen, and A. Willner, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OThM4.
  9. R. Elschner, C.-A. Bunge, B. Huttl, A. G. Coca, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, C. Schubert, and K. Petermann, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 666 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  10. T. Richter, R. Elschner, C. Schubert, and K. Petermann, in European Conference on Optical Communication 2009 (ECOC, 2009), paper 3.3.2.
  11. S. Yamashita and M. Tani, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2006 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  12. O. F. Yilmaz, J. Wang, X. Wang, S. R. Nuccio, X. Wu, and A. E. Willner, in European Conference on Optical Communication 2010 (ECOC, 2010), paper 3.23.

2010 (1)

2009 (2)

C.-S. Brès, A. O. J. Wiberg, B. P.-P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1002 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. P. Fok and C. Shu, J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 2953 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

G.-W. Lu, K. S. Abedin, and T. Miyazaki, Opt. Express 16, 21964 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Elschner, C.-A. Bunge, B. Huttl, A. G. Coca, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, C. Schubert, and K. Petermann, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 666 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

B. H. L. Lee, R. Mohamad, and K. Dimyati, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2215 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

G. Contestabile, M. Presi, and E. Ciaramella, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1775 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Yamashita and M. Tani, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2006 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Abedin, K. S.

Alic, N.

C.-S. Brès, A. O. J. Wiberg, B. P.-P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1002 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bergman, K.

Biberman, A.

Brès, C.-S.

C.-S. Brès, A. O. J. Wiberg, B. P.-P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1002 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bunge, C.-A.

R. Elschner, C.-A. Bunge, B. Huttl, A. G. Coca, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, C. Schubert, and K. Petermann, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 666 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Christen, L.

O. F. Yilmaz, S. Nuccio, S. Khaleghi, J.-Y. Yang, L. Christen, and A. Willner, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OThM4.

Ciaramella, E.

G. Contestabile, M. Presi, and E. Ciaramella, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1775 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Coca, A. G.

R. Elschner, C.-A. Bunge, B. Huttl, A. G. Coca, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, C. Schubert, and K. Petermann, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 666 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Contestabile, G.

G. Contestabile, M. Presi, and E. Ciaramella, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1775 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dimyati, K.

B. H. L. Lee, R. Mohamad, and K. Dimyati, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2215 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Elschner, R.

R. Elschner, C.-A. Bunge, B. Huttl, A. G. Coca, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, C. Schubert, and K. Petermann, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 666 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Richter, R. Elschner, C. Schubert, and K. Petermann, in European Conference on Optical Communication 2009 (ECOC, 2009), paper 3.3.2.

Fok, M. P.

Foster, M. A.

Gaeta, A. L.

Huttl, B.

R. Elschner, C.-A. Bunge, B. Huttl, A. G. Coca, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, C. Schubert, and K. Petermann, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 666 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Khaleghi, S.

O. F. Yilmaz, S. Nuccio, S. Khaleghi, J.-Y. Yang, L. Christen, and A. Willner, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OThM4.

Kuo, B. P.-P.

C.-S. Brès, A. O. J. Wiberg, B. P.-P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1002 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lee, B. G.

Lee, B. H. L.

B. H. L. Lee, R. Mohamad, and K. Dimyati, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2215 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lipson, M.

Lu, G.-W.

Ludwig, R.

R. Elschner, C.-A. Bunge, B. Huttl, A. G. Coca, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, C. Schubert, and K. Petermann, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 666 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Miyazaki, T.

Mohamad, R.

B. H. L. Lee, R. Mohamad, and K. Dimyati, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2215 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nuccio, S.

O. F. Yilmaz, S. Nuccio, S. Khaleghi, J.-Y. Yang, L. Christen, and A. Willner, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OThM4.

Nuccio, S. R.

O. F. Yilmaz, J. Wang, X. Wang, S. R. Nuccio, X. Wu, and A. E. Willner, in European Conference on Optical Communication 2010 (ECOC, 2010), paper 3.23.

Petermann, K.

R. Elschner, C.-A. Bunge, B. Huttl, A. G. Coca, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, C. Schubert, and K. Petermann, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 666 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Richter, R. Elschner, C. Schubert, and K. Petermann, in European Conference on Optical Communication 2009 (ECOC, 2009), paper 3.3.2.

Presi, M.

G. Contestabile, M. Presi, and E. Ciaramella, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1775 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Radic, S.

C.-S. Brès, A. O. J. Wiberg, B. P.-P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1002 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Richter, T.

T. Richter, R. Elschner, C. Schubert, and K. Petermann, in European Conference on Optical Communication 2009 (ECOC, 2009), paper 3.3.2.

Schmidt-Langhorst, C.

R. Elschner, C.-A. Bunge, B. Huttl, A. G. Coca, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, C. Schubert, and K. Petermann, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 666 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Schubert, C.

R. Elschner, C.-A. Bunge, B. Huttl, A. G. Coca, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, C. Schubert, and K. Petermann, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 666 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Richter, R. Elschner, C. Schubert, and K. Petermann, in European Conference on Optical Communication 2009 (ECOC, 2009), paper 3.3.2.

Shu, C.

Tani, M.

S. Yamashita and M. Tani, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2006 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Turner-Foster, A. C.

Wang, J.

O. F. Yilmaz, J. Wang, X. Wang, S. R. Nuccio, X. Wu, and A. E. Willner, in European Conference on Optical Communication 2010 (ECOC, 2010), paper 3.23.

Wang, X.

O. F. Yilmaz, J. Wang, X. Wang, S. R. Nuccio, X. Wu, and A. E. Willner, in European Conference on Optical Communication 2010 (ECOC, 2010), paper 3.23.

Watanabe, S.

S. Watanabe, J. Opt. Fiber. Commun. Rep. 3, 1, doi: 10.1007/s10297-005-0039-z (2005).

Wiberg, A. O. J.

C.-S. Brès, A. O. J. Wiberg, B. P.-P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1002 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Willner, A.

O. F. Yilmaz, S. Nuccio, S. Khaleghi, J.-Y. Yang, L. Christen, and A. Willner, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OThM4.

Willner, A. E.

O. F. Yilmaz, J. Wang, X. Wang, S. R. Nuccio, X. Wu, and A. E. Willner, in European Conference on Optical Communication 2010 (ECOC, 2010), paper 3.23.

Wu, X.

O. F. Yilmaz, J. Wang, X. Wang, S. R. Nuccio, X. Wu, and A. E. Willner, in European Conference on Optical Communication 2010 (ECOC, 2010), paper 3.23.

Yamashita, S.

S. Yamashita and M. Tani, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2006 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yang, J.-Y.

O. F. Yilmaz, S. Nuccio, S. Khaleghi, J.-Y. Yang, L. Christen, and A. Willner, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OThM4.

Yilmaz, O. F.

O. F. Yilmaz, S. Nuccio, S. Khaleghi, J.-Y. Yang, L. Christen, and A. Willner, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OThM4.

O. F. Yilmaz, J. Wang, X. Wang, S. R. Nuccio, X. Wu, and A. E. Willner, in European Conference on Optical Communication 2010 (ECOC, 2010), paper 3.23.

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

R. Elschner, C.-A. Bunge, B. Huttl, A. G. Coca, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, C. Schubert, and K. Petermann, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 666 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

B. H. L. Lee, R. Mohamad, and K. Dimyati, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2215 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Contestabile, M. Presi, and E. Ciaramella, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1775 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C.-S. Brès, A. O. J. Wiberg, B. P.-P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1002 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Yamashita and M. Tani, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2006 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Opt. Express (2)

Other (4)

T. Richter, R. Elschner, C. Schubert, and K. Petermann, in European Conference on Optical Communication 2009 (ECOC, 2009), paper 3.3.2.

O. F. Yilmaz, S. Nuccio, S. Khaleghi, J.-Y. Yang, L. Christen, and A. Willner, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OThM4.

O. F. Yilmaz, J. Wang, X. Wang, S. R. Nuccio, X. Wu, and A. E. Willner, in European Conference on Optical Communication 2010 (ECOC, 2010), paper 3.23.

S. Watanabe, J. Opt. Fiber. Commun. Rep. 3, 1, doi: 10.1007/s10297-005-0039-z (2005).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Conceptual block diagram and spectrum. f P 1 and f P 2 show the input pumps that are used to generate the secondary pumps ( f P 112 and f P 221 ) and the idlers.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental block diagram of the multicasting setup: BPF, bandpass filter; BERT, bit-error rate test set; TDL, tunable delay line; and DLI, delay line interferometer.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spectra of the DPSK multicasting: (a) with phase-modulated signal/pumps ( 375 MHz tone) and (b) without phase modulation. For both (a) and (b), the DPSK signal launch power is 0 dBm and the pump powers are 21 dBm .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

BER performance of the multicasted output copies using a 375 MHz tone. The DPSK signal launch power is 0 dBm , and the pump powers are 21 dBm .

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Relative sensitivity penalties versus pump phase-modulation frequency measured on output channel four at a BER of 10 9 . Inset, P in versus P out characteristics for various f RF .

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Input power dynamic range versus relative sensitivity penalties (at a BER of 10 9 ) and (b) the sensitivity penalties versus timing offset between pumps 1 and 2 (circles) and the converted signal and the RF tone (triangles).

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