Abstract

The physics of electrically switched long-period grating in a twin-hole fiber with internal electrodes is studied. Dynamic measurements for the two polarizations show how the grating spectra shift in time due to the mechanical stress and heat transfer in the core and the cladding.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. Z. Yu, W. Margulis, O. Tarasenko, H. Knape, and P.-Y. Fonjallaz, Opt. Express 15, 14948 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. M. R. Mokhtar, C. S. Goh, S. A. Butler, S. Y. Set, K. Kikuchi, D. J. Richardson, and M. Ibsen, Electron. Lett. 39, 509(2003).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Z. Yu, O. Tarasenko, W. Margulis, and P.-Y. Fonjallaz, Opt. Express 16, 8229 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58(1996).
    [CrossRef]
  5. R. Kashyap, in Fiber Bragg Gratings, 2nd ed. (Academic, 2009), pp. 477–479.
  6. S. W. James and R. P. Tatam, Meas. Sci. Technol. 14, R49(2003).
    [CrossRef]
  7. K. J. Han, Y. W. Lee, J. Kwon, S. Roh, J. Jung, and B. Lee, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2114 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  8. H. Knape and W. Margulis, Opt. Lett. 32, 614 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

2007 (2)

2004 (1)

K. J. Han, Y. W. Lee, J. Kwon, S. Roh, J. Jung, and B. Lee, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2114 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

S. W. James and R. P. Tatam, Meas. Sci. Technol. 14, R49(2003).
[CrossRef]

M. R. Mokhtar, C. S. Goh, S. A. Butler, S. Y. Set, K. Kikuchi, D. J. Richardson, and M. Ibsen, Electron. Lett. 39, 509(2003).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58(1996).
[CrossRef]

Bhatia, V.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58(1996).
[CrossRef]

Butler, S. A.

M. R. Mokhtar, C. S. Goh, S. A. Butler, S. Y. Set, K. Kikuchi, D. J. Richardson, and M. Ibsen, Electron. Lett. 39, 509(2003).
[CrossRef]

Erdogan, T.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58(1996).
[CrossRef]

Fonjallaz, P.-Y.

Goh, C. S.

M. R. Mokhtar, C. S. Goh, S. A. Butler, S. Y. Set, K. Kikuchi, D. J. Richardson, and M. Ibsen, Electron. Lett. 39, 509(2003).
[CrossRef]

Han, K. J.

K. J. Han, Y. W. Lee, J. Kwon, S. Roh, J. Jung, and B. Lee, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2114 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ibsen, M.

M. R. Mokhtar, C. S. Goh, S. A. Butler, S. Y. Set, K. Kikuchi, D. J. Richardson, and M. Ibsen, Electron. Lett. 39, 509(2003).
[CrossRef]

James, S. W.

S. W. James and R. P. Tatam, Meas. Sci. Technol. 14, R49(2003).
[CrossRef]

Judkins, J. B.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58(1996).
[CrossRef]

Jung, J.

K. J. Han, Y. W. Lee, J. Kwon, S. Roh, J. Jung, and B. Lee, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2114 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kashyap, R.

R. Kashyap, in Fiber Bragg Gratings, 2nd ed. (Academic, 2009), pp. 477–479.

Kikuchi, K.

M. R. Mokhtar, C. S. Goh, S. A. Butler, S. Y. Set, K. Kikuchi, D. J. Richardson, and M. Ibsen, Electron. Lett. 39, 509(2003).
[CrossRef]

Knape, H.

Kwon, J.

K. J. Han, Y. W. Lee, J. Kwon, S. Roh, J. Jung, and B. Lee, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2114 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lee, B.

K. J. Han, Y. W. Lee, J. Kwon, S. Roh, J. Jung, and B. Lee, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2114 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y. W.

K. J. Han, Y. W. Lee, J. Kwon, S. Roh, J. Jung, and B. Lee, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2114 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lemaire, P. J.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58(1996).
[CrossRef]

Margulis, W.

Mokhtar, M. R.

M. R. Mokhtar, C. S. Goh, S. A. Butler, S. Y. Set, K. Kikuchi, D. J. Richardson, and M. Ibsen, Electron. Lett. 39, 509(2003).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

M. R. Mokhtar, C. S. Goh, S. A. Butler, S. Y. Set, K. Kikuchi, D. J. Richardson, and M. Ibsen, Electron. Lett. 39, 509(2003).
[CrossRef]

Roh, S.

K. J. Han, Y. W. Lee, J. Kwon, S. Roh, J. Jung, and B. Lee, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2114 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Set, S. Y.

M. R. Mokhtar, C. S. Goh, S. A. Butler, S. Y. Set, K. Kikuchi, D. J. Richardson, and M. Ibsen, Electron. Lett. 39, 509(2003).
[CrossRef]

Sipe, J. E.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58(1996).
[CrossRef]

Tarasenko, O.

Tatam, R. P.

S. W. James and R. P. Tatam, Meas. Sci. Technol. 14, R49(2003).
[CrossRef]

Vengsarkar, A. M.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58(1996).
[CrossRef]

Yu, Z.

Electron. Lett. (1)

M. R. Mokhtar, C. S. Goh, S. A. Butler, S. Y. Set, K. Kikuchi, D. J. Richardson, and M. Ibsen, Electron. Lett. 39, 509(2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

K. J. Han, Y. W. Lee, J. Kwon, S. Roh, J. Jung, and B. Lee, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2114 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58(1996).
[CrossRef]

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

S. W. James and R. P. Tatam, Meas. Sci. Technol. 14, R49(2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (1)

R. Kashyap, in Fiber Bragg Gratings, 2nd ed. (Academic, 2009), pp. 477–479.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Heat transfer from a metal electrode and consequent refractive index change simulated with COMSOL. The temperature distribution T, Δ n x , and Δ n y are shown at times 200 ns , 2.5, 25, and 280 µs . The color scales are different in each figure.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Schematic illustration of the wavelength shift for x polarization at various times. The black dots indicate the measured resonance peak. The purple and green arrows indicate the probe wavelengths used for (b). (b) Time evolution of the signal transmitted by the x polarization when the TLS probes the LPG at 1500 (curve A, purple) and 1537 nm (curve B, green).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Schematic illustration of the wavelength shift for y polarization at various times. The black dots indicate the measured resonance peak. The pink and orange arrows indicate the probe wavelengths employed for (b). (b) Time evolution of the signal transmitted by the y polarization when the TLS was tuned at 1517 (curve C, pink) and 1542 nm (curve D, orange).

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