Abstract

Massive photoinduced short- and medium-range structural changes (photopolymerization) in As–S glasses are induced by near-bandgap light and studied by Raman scattering. Structural changes involve bond restructuring in sulfur-rich nanodomains of these nanoscale-phase-separated glasses. The spectral dependence of the photopolymerization effect demonstrates that various wavelengths can be used to optically change the structure of As–S glasses. The immense structural changes are relevant to recent findings about the role of bandgap light illumination for fabricating channel waveguides in noncrystalline arsenic sulfides.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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[PubMed]

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2002

J. S. Sanghera, L. B. Shaw, and I. D. Aggarwal, C. R. Chim. 5, 873 (2002).

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S. Munejiri, F. Shimojo, and K. Hoshino, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 12, 7999 (2000).

1998

T. Wagner, S. O. Kasap, M. Vlcek, A. Sklenar, and A. Stronski, J. Mater. Sci. 33, 5581 (1998).

1995

K. Shimakawa, A. V. Kolobov, and S. R. Elliott, Adv. Phys. 44, 475 (1995).

1985

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M. Frumar, A. P. Firth, and A. E. Owen, Philos. Mag. B 50, 463 (1984).

Aggarwal, I. D.

Baker, N. J.

Chen, B.-X.

Choi, D. Y.

Chrissanthopoulos, A.

F. Kyriazis, A. Chrissanthopoulos, V. Dracopoulos, M. Krbal, T. Wagner, M. Frumar, and S. N. Yannopoulos, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355, 2010 (2009).

Dracopoulos, V.

F. Kyriazis, A. Chrissanthopoulos, V. Dracopoulos, M. Krbal, T. Wagner, M. Frumar, and S. N. Yannopoulos, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355, 2010 (2009).

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Elliott, S. R.

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Firth, A. P.

M. Frumar, A. P. Firth, and A. E. Owen, Philos. Mag. B 50, 463 (1984).

Frumar, M.

F. Kyriazis, A. Chrissanthopoulos, V. Dracopoulos, M. Krbal, T. Wagner, M. Frumar, and S. N. Yannopoulos, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355, 2010 (2009).

M. Frumar, A. P. Firth, and A. E. Owen, Philos. Mag. B 50, 463 (1984).

Fu, L. B.

Hamanaka, H.

Hoshino, K.

S. Munejiri, F. Shimojo, and K. Hoshino, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 12, 7999 (2000).

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Kasap, S. O.

T. Wagner, S. O. Kasap, M. Vlcek, A. Sklenar, and A. Stronski, J. Mater. Sci. 33, 5581 (1998).

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K. Shimakawa, A. V. Kolobov, and S. R. Elliott, Adv. Phys. 44, 475 (1995).

Krbal, M.

F. Kyriazis, A. Chrissanthopoulos, V. Dracopoulos, M. Krbal, T. Wagner, M. Frumar, and S. N. Yannopoulos, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355, 2010 (2009).

Kyriazis, F.

F. Kyriazis, A. Chrissanthopoulos, V. Dracopoulos, M. Krbal, T. Wagner, M. Frumar, and S. N. Yannopoulos, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355, 2010 (2009).

F. Kyriazis and S. N. Yannopoulos, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 101901 (2009).

Lamont, M. R. E.

Lin, H.-S.

Luther-Davies, B.

Madden, S.

Moss, D. J.

Munejiri, S.

S. Munejiri, F. Shimojo, and K. Hoshino, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 12, 7999 (2000).

Nguyen, H. C.

Nguyen, V. Q.

Owen, A. E.

M. Frumar, A. P. Firth, and A. E. Owen, Philos. Mag. B 50, 463 (1984).

Pureza, P. C.

Sanghera, J. S.

Shaw, L. B.

Shimakawa, K.

K. Shimakawa, A. V. Kolobov, and S. R. Elliott, Adv. Phys. 44, 475 (1995).

Shimojo, F.

S. Munejiri, F. Shimojo, and K. Hoshino, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 12, 7999 (2000).

Sklenar, A.

T. Wagner, S. O. Kasap, M. Vlcek, A. Sklenar, and A. Stronski, J. Mater. Sci. 33, 5581 (1998).

Stronski, A.

T. Wagner, S. O. Kasap, M. Vlcek, A. Sklenar, and A. Stronski, J. Mater. Sci. 33, 5581 (1998).

Ta’eed, V. G.

Thielen, P. A.

Trunov, M. L.

S. N. Yannopoulos and M. L. Trunov, Phys. Status Solidi B 246, 1773 (2009).

Vlcek, M.

T. Wagner, S. O. Kasap, M. Vlcek, A. Sklenar, and A. Stronski, J. Mater. Sci. 33, 5581 (1998).

Wagner, T.

F. Kyriazis, A. Chrissanthopoulos, V. Dracopoulos, M. Krbal, T. Wagner, M. Frumar, and S. N. Yannopoulos, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355, 2010 (2009).

T. Wagner, S. O. Kasap, M. Vlcek, A. Sklenar, and A. Stronski, J. Mater. Sci. 33, 5581 (1998).

Yamaguchi, M.

M. Yamaguchi, Philos. Mag. B 51, 651 (1985).

Yannopoulos, S. N.

F. Kyriazis and S. N. Yannopoulos, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 101901 (2009).

F. Kyriazis, A. Chrissanthopoulos, V. Dracopoulos, M. Krbal, T. Wagner, M. Frumar, and S. N. Yannopoulos, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355, 2010 (2009).

S. N. Yannopoulos and M. L. Trunov, Phys. Status Solidi B 246, 1773 (2009).

Zakery, A.

A. Zakery and S. R. Elliott, Optical Nonlinearities in Chalcogenide Glasses and their Applications (Springer, 2007).

Zou, L.-E.

Adv. Phys.

K. Shimakawa, A. V. Kolobov, and S. R. Elliott, Adv. Phys. 44, 475 (1995).

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

F. Kyriazis and S. N. Yannopoulos, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 101901 (2009).

C. R. Chim.

J. S. Sanghera, L. B. Shaw, and I. D. Aggarwal, C. R. Chim. 5, 873 (2002).

J. Mater. Sci.

T. Wagner, S. O. Kasap, M. Vlcek, A. Sklenar, and A. Stronski, J. Mater. Sci. 33, 5581 (1998).

J. Non-Cryst. Solids

F. Kyriazis, A. Chrissanthopoulos, V. Dracopoulos, M. Krbal, T. Wagner, M. Frumar, and S. N. Yannopoulos, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355, 2010 (2009).

J. Phys. Condens. Matter

S. Munejiri, F. Shimojo, and K. Hoshino, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 12, 7999 (2000).

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Philos. Mag. B

M. Frumar, A. P. Firth, and A. E. Owen, Philos. Mag. B 50, 463 (1984).

M. Yamaguchi, Philos. Mag. B 51, 651 (1985).

Phys. Status Solidi B

S. N. Yannopoulos and M. L. Trunov, Phys. Status Solidi B 246, 1773 (2009).

Other

A. Zakery and S. R. Elliott, Optical Nonlinearities in Chalcogenide Glasses and their Applications (Springer, 2007).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Optical bandgap versus composition of As–S glasses. The dashed curve is a guide for the eye. The inset shows an image of S-rich binary glasses with increasing As content from left to right.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Representative reduced Raman spectra of As x S 100 x glasses; numbers denote the As content in atomic percent. Solid curves denote Raman spectra excited with the near-bandgap wavelengths (left row, 441.6 nm ; right row, 514.5 nm ), while dashed curves denote off-resonance ( 1024 nm ) Raman spectra. The vertical dashed lines designate the peak positions of S n and S 8 species.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Dependence of the intensity ratio I ( S 8 ) / I ( total   S S ) (proportional to S 8 ring population) on the As content. Open circles, off-resonant conditions; solid squares, near-bandgap conditions. (b) Normalized PP efficiency induced by near-bandgap light.

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