Abstract

We demonstrate magnetically tunable surface plasmon resonance based on a composite consisting of noble metal nanoparticles and ferromagnetic thin film. We found that both the frequency and linewidth of the localized surface plasmon resonance can be manipulated by applying an external magnetic field. The underlying mechanism is attributed to the variation of the dielectric constant in the ferromagnetic thin film resulting from the change of magnetization. Our result shown here paves an alternative route for manipulation of the characteristics of the surface plasmon resonance, which may serve as a new design concept for the development of magneto-optical devices.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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  1. C. F. Bohren and D. R. Huffman, Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles (Wiley, 1983).
  2. C. Loo, A. Lowery, N. Halas, J. West, and R. Drezek, Nano Lett. 5, 709 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. R. Elghanian, J. J. Storhoff, R. C. Mucic, R. L. Letsinger, and C. A. Mirkin, Science 277, 1078 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. L. A. Sweatlock, S. A. Maier, H. A. Atwater, J. J. Penninkhof, and A. Polman, Phys. Rev. B 71, 235408 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. Nie and S. R. Emory, Science 275, 1102 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. Y.-P. Hsieh, C.-T. Liang, Y.-F. Chen, C.-W. Lai, and P.-T. Chou, Nanotechnology 18, 415707 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  7. W. Dickson, G. A. Wurtz, P. R. Evans, R. J. Pollard, and A. V. Zayats, Nano Lett. 8, 281 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. Khurgin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 251115 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. V. Krasavin, K. F. MacDonald, N. I. Zheludev, and A. V. Zayats, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3369 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  10. G. A. Wurtz, R. Pollard, and A. V. Zayats, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 057402 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. H. Y. Lin, C. L. Cheng, Y. Y. Chou, L. L. Huang, and Y. F. Chen, Opt. Express 14, 2372 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. A. J. Haes and R. P. Van Duyne, Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 379, 920 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. T. Liu, D. Li, Y. Zou, D. Yang, H. Li, Y. Wu, and M. Jiang, J. Coll. Inter. Sci. 350, 58 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  14. G. A. Wurtz, W. Hendren, R. Pollard, R. Atkinson, L. Le Guyader, A. Kirilyuk, Th. Rasing, I. I. Smolyaninov, and A. V. Zayats, New J. Phys. 10, 105012 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  15. O. V. Ivanov and D. I. Sementsov, Crystallogr. Rep. 40, 78 (1995).
  16. F. Hao and P. Nordlander, Chem. Phys. Lett. 446, 115 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  17. M. Xu and M. J. Dignam, J. Chem. Phys. 96, 3370 (1992).
    [CrossRef]

2010

T. Liu, D. Li, Y. Zou, D. Yang, H. Li, Y. Wu, and M. Jiang, J. Coll. Inter. Sci. 350, 58 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008

G. A. Wurtz, W. Hendren, R. Pollard, R. Atkinson, L. Le Guyader, A. Kirilyuk, Th. Rasing, I. I. Smolyaninov, and A. V. Zayats, New J. Phys. 10, 105012 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. Dickson, G. A. Wurtz, P. R. Evans, R. J. Pollard, and A. V. Zayats, Nano Lett. 8, 281 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

F. Hao and P. Nordlander, Chem. Phys. Lett. 446, 115 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y.-P. Hsieh, C.-T. Liang, Y.-F. Chen, C.-W. Lai, and P.-T. Chou, Nanotechnology 18, 415707 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

J. Khurgin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 251115 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Wurtz, R. Pollard, and A. V. Zayats, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 057402 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Y. Lin, C. L. Cheng, Y. Y. Chou, L. L. Huang, and Y. F. Chen, Opt. Express 14, 2372 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

C. Loo, A. Lowery, N. Halas, J. West, and R. Drezek, Nano Lett. 5, 709 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. A. Sweatlock, S. A. Maier, H. A. Atwater, J. J. Penninkhof, and A. Polman, Phys. Rev. B 71, 235408 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

A. J. Haes and R. P. Van Duyne, Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 379, 920 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Krasavin, K. F. MacDonald, N. I. Zheludev, and A. V. Zayats, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3369 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1997

S. Nie and S. R. Emory, Science 275, 1102 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Elghanian, J. J. Storhoff, R. C. Mucic, R. L. Letsinger, and C. A. Mirkin, Science 277, 1078 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995

O. V. Ivanov and D. I. Sementsov, Crystallogr. Rep. 40, 78 (1995).

1992

M. Xu and M. J. Dignam, J. Chem. Phys. 96, 3370 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Atkinson, R.

G. A. Wurtz, W. Hendren, R. Pollard, R. Atkinson, L. Le Guyader, A. Kirilyuk, Th. Rasing, I. I. Smolyaninov, and A. V. Zayats, New J. Phys. 10, 105012 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Atwater, H. A.

L. A. Sweatlock, S. A. Maier, H. A. Atwater, J. J. Penninkhof, and A. Polman, Phys. Rev. B 71, 235408 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bohren, C. F.

C. F. Bohren and D. R. Huffman, Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles (Wiley, 1983).

Chen, Y. F.

Chen, Y.-F.

Y.-P. Hsieh, C.-T. Liang, Y.-F. Chen, C.-W. Lai, and P.-T. Chou, Nanotechnology 18, 415707 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, C. L.

Chou, P.-T.

Y.-P. Hsieh, C.-T. Liang, Y.-F. Chen, C.-W. Lai, and P.-T. Chou, Nanotechnology 18, 415707 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chou, Y. Y.

Dickson, W.

W. Dickson, G. A. Wurtz, P. R. Evans, R. J. Pollard, and A. V. Zayats, Nano Lett. 8, 281 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dignam, M. J.

M. Xu and M. J. Dignam, J. Chem. Phys. 96, 3370 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Drezek, R.

C. Loo, A. Lowery, N. Halas, J. West, and R. Drezek, Nano Lett. 5, 709 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Elghanian, R.

R. Elghanian, J. J. Storhoff, R. C. Mucic, R. L. Letsinger, and C. A. Mirkin, Science 277, 1078 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Emory, S. R.

S. Nie and S. R. Emory, Science 275, 1102 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Evans, P. R.

W. Dickson, G. A. Wurtz, P. R. Evans, R. J. Pollard, and A. V. Zayats, Nano Lett. 8, 281 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Haes, A. J.

A. J. Haes and R. P. Van Duyne, Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 379, 920 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Halas, N.

C. Loo, A. Lowery, N. Halas, J. West, and R. Drezek, Nano Lett. 5, 709 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hao, F.

F. Hao and P. Nordlander, Chem. Phys. Lett. 446, 115 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hendren, W.

G. A. Wurtz, W. Hendren, R. Pollard, R. Atkinson, L. Le Guyader, A. Kirilyuk, Th. Rasing, I. I. Smolyaninov, and A. V. Zayats, New J. Phys. 10, 105012 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hsieh, Y.-P.

Y.-P. Hsieh, C.-T. Liang, Y.-F. Chen, C.-W. Lai, and P.-T. Chou, Nanotechnology 18, 415707 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Huang, L. L.

Huffman, D. R.

C. F. Bohren and D. R. Huffman, Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles (Wiley, 1983).

Ivanov, O. V.

O. V. Ivanov and D. I. Sementsov, Crystallogr. Rep. 40, 78 (1995).

Jiang, M.

T. Liu, D. Li, Y. Zou, D. Yang, H. Li, Y. Wu, and M. Jiang, J. Coll. Inter. Sci. 350, 58 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Khurgin, J.

J. Khurgin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 251115 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kirilyuk, A.

G. A. Wurtz, W. Hendren, R. Pollard, R. Atkinson, L. Le Guyader, A. Kirilyuk, Th. Rasing, I. I. Smolyaninov, and A. V. Zayats, New J. Phys. 10, 105012 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Krasavin, A. V.

A. V. Krasavin, K. F. MacDonald, N. I. Zheludev, and A. V. Zayats, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3369 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lai, C.-W.

Y.-P. Hsieh, C.-T. Liang, Y.-F. Chen, C.-W. Lai, and P.-T. Chou, Nanotechnology 18, 415707 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Le Guyader, L.

G. A. Wurtz, W. Hendren, R. Pollard, R. Atkinson, L. Le Guyader, A. Kirilyuk, Th. Rasing, I. I. Smolyaninov, and A. V. Zayats, New J. Phys. 10, 105012 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Letsinger, R. L.

R. Elghanian, J. J. Storhoff, R. C. Mucic, R. L. Letsinger, and C. A. Mirkin, Science 277, 1078 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, D.

T. Liu, D. Li, Y. Zou, D. Yang, H. Li, Y. Wu, and M. Jiang, J. Coll. Inter. Sci. 350, 58 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, H.

T. Liu, D. Li, Y. Zou, D. Yang, H. Li, Y. Wu, and M. Jiang, J. Coll. Inter. Sci. 350, 58 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liang, C.-T.

Y.-P. Hsieh, C.-T. Liang, Y.-F. Chen, C.-W. Lai, and P.-T. Chou, Nanotechnology 18, 415707 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lin, H. Y.

Liu, T.

T. Liu, D. Li, Y. Zou, D. Yang, H. Li, Y. Wu, and M. Jiang, J. Coll. Inter. Sci. 350, 58 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Loo, C.

C. Loo, A. Lowery, N. Halas, J. West, and R. Drezek, Nano Lett. 5, 709 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lowery, A.

C. Loo, A. Lowery, N. Halas, J. West, and R. Drezek, Nano Lett. 5, 709 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

MacDonald, K. F.

A. V. Krasavin, K. F. MacDonald, N. I. Zheludev, and A. V. Zayats, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3369 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Maier, S. A.

L. A. Sweatlock, S. A. Maier, H. A. Atwater, J. J. Penninkhof, and A. Polman, Phys. Rev. B 71, 235408 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mirkin, C. A.

R. Elghanian, J. J. Storhoff, R. C. Mucic, R. L. Letsinger, and C. A. Mirkin, Science 277, 1078 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mucic, R. C.

R. Elghanian, J. J. Storhoff, R. C. Mucic, R. L. Letsinger, and C. A. Mirkin, Science 277, 1078 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nie, S.

S. Nie and S. R. Emory, Science 275, 1102 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nordlander, P.

F. Hao and P. Nordlander, Chem. Phys. Lett. 446, 115 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Penninkhof, J. J.

L. A. Sweatlock, S. A. Maier, H. A. Atwater, J. J. Penninkhof, and A. Polman, Phys. Rev. B 71, 235408 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Pollard, R.

G. A. Wurtz, W. Hendren, R. Pollard, R. Atkinson, L. Le Guyader, A. Kirilyuk, Th. Rasing, I. I. Smolyaninov, and A. V. Zayats, New J. Phys. 10, 105012 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Wurtz, R. Pollard, and A. V. Zayats, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 057402 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pollard, R. J.

W. Dickson, G. A. Wurtz, P. R. Evans, R. J. Pollard, and A. V. Zayats, Nano Lett. 8, 281 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Polman, A.

L. A. Sweatlock, S. A. Maier, H. A. Atwater, J. J. Penninkhof, and A. Polman, Phys. Rev. B 71, 235408 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rasing, Th.

G. A. Wurtz, W. Hendren, R. Pollard, R. Atkinson, L. Le Guyader, A. Kirilyuk, Th. Rasing, I. I. Smolyaninov, and A. V. Zayats, New J. Phys. 10, 105012 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sementsov, D. I.

O. V. Ivanov and D. I. Sementsov, Crystallogr. Rep. 40, 78 (1995).

Smolyaninov, I. I.

G. A. Wurtz, W. Hendren, R. Pollard, R. Atkinson, L. Le Guyader, A. Kirilyuk, Th. Rasing, I. I. Smolyaninov, and A. V. Zayats, New J. Phys. 10, 105012 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Storhoff, J. J.

R. Elghanian, J. J. Storhoff, R. C. Mucic, R. L. Letsinger, and C. A. Mirkin, Science 277, 1078 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sweatlock, L. A.

L. A. Sweatlock, S. A. Maier, H. A. Atwater, J. J. Penninkhof, and A. Polman, Phys. Rev. B 71, 235408 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Van Duyne, R. P.

A. J. Haes and R. P. Van Duyne, Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 379, 920 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

West, J.

C. Loo, A. Lowery, N. Halas, J. West, and R. Drezek, Nano Lett. 5, 709 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wu, Y.

T. Liu, D. Li, Y. Zou, D. Yang, H. Li, Y. Wu, and M. Jiang, J. Coll. Inter. Sci. 350, 58 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wurtz, G. A.

G. A. Wurtz, W. Hendren, R. Pollard, R. Atkinson, L. Le Guyader, A. Kirilyuk, Th. Rasing, I. I. Smolyaninov, and A. V. Zayats, New J. Phys. 10, 105012 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. Dickson, G. A. Wurtz, P. R. Evans, R. J. Pollard, and A. V. Zayats, Nano Lett. 8, 281 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Wurtz, R. Pollard, and A. V. Zayats, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 057402 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, M.

M. Xu and M. J. Dignam, J. Chem. Phys. 96, 3370 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Yang, D.

T. Liu, D. Li, Y. Zou, D. Yang, H. Li, Y. Wu, and M. Jiang, J. Coll. Inter. Sci. 350, 58 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zayats, A. V.

G. A. Wurtz, W. Hendren, R. Pollard, R. Atkinson, L. Le Guyader, A. Kirilyuk, Th. Rasing, I. I. Smolyaninov, and A. V. Zayats, New J. Phys. 10, 105012 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. Dickson, G. A. Wurtz, P. R. Evans, R. J. Pollard, and A. V. Zayats, Nano Lett. 8, 281 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Wurtz, R. Pollard, and A. V. Zayats, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 057402 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Krasavin, K. F. MacDonald, N. I. Zheludev, and A. V. Zayats, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3369 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zheludev, N. I.

A. V. Krasavin, K. F. MacDonald, N. I. Zheludev, and A. V. Zayats, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3369 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zou, Y.

T. Liu, D. Li, Y. Zou, D. Yang, H. Li, Y. Wu, and M. Jiang, J. Coll. Inter. Sci. 350, 58 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Anal. Bioanal. Chem.

A. J. Haes and R. P. Van Duyne, Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 379, 920 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

J. Khurgin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 251115 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Krasavin, K. F. MacDonald, N. I. Zheludev, and A. V. Zayats, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3369 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett.

F. Hao and P. Nordlander, Chem. Phys. Lett. 446, 115 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Crystallogr. Rep.

O. V. Ivanov and D. I. Sementsov, Crystallogr. Rep. 40, 78 (1995).

J. Chem. Phys.

M. Xu and M. J. Dignam, J. Chem. Phys. 96, 3370 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Coll. Inter. Sci.

T. Liu, D. Li, Y. Zou, D. Yang, H. Li, Y. Wu, and M. Jiang, J. Coll. Inter. Sci. 350, 58 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett.

W. Dickson, G. A. Wurtz, P. R. Evans, R. J. Pollard, and A. V. Zayats, Nano Lett. 8, 281 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Loo, A. Lowery, N. Halas, J. West, and R. Drezek, Nano Lett. 5, 709 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nanotechnology

Y.-P. Hsieh, C.-T. Liang, Y.-F. Chen, C.-W. Lai, and P.-T. Chou, Nanotechnology 18, 415707 (2007).
[CrossRef]

New J. Phys.

G. A. Wurtz, W. Hendren, R. Pollard, R. Atkinson, L. Le Guyader, A. Kirilyuk, Th. Rasing, I. I. Smolyaninov, and A. V. Zayats, New J. Phys. 10, 105012 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Phys. Rev. B

L. A. Sweatlock, S. A. Maier, H. A. Atwater, J. J. Penninkhof, and A. Polman, Phys. Rev. B 71, 235408 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

G. A. Wurtz, R. Pollard, and A. V. Zayats, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 057402 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science

S. Nie and S. R. Emory, Science 275, 1102 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Elghanian, J. J. Storhoff, R. C. Mucic, R. L. Letsinger, and C. A. Mirkin, Science 277, 1078 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

C. F. Bohren and D. R. Huffman, Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles (Wiley, 1983).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Absorption spectra of Au nanoparticles (solid curve), FeCo thin film (dashed curve), and the composite of Au nanoparticles and the FeCo thin film (dotted curve). Inset, SEM image of Au nanoparticles.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Absorption spectra of the composite consisting of Au nanoparticles and FeCo thin film under different applied magnetic fields.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Peak position and linewidth of the absorption spectra of the composite consisting of Au nanoparticles and FeCo thin film as a function of applied magnetic field. Inset, hysteresis curves of the composite consisting of Au nanoparticles and FeCo thin film by means of the magneto-optical Kerr effect with the applied magnetic field parallel (dotted curve) and perpendicular (solid curve) to the plane of the sample.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Calculated effective dielectric constant of the FeCo thin film as a function of the applied magnetic field. Inset, calculated effective dielectric constant of the FeCo thin film as a function of the Kerr signal.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ε = a M + c ,
C = 24 π 2 r 3 ε m 3 / 2 λ ε 2 ( ε 1 + 2 ε m ) 2 + ε 2 2 ,

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