Abstract

We demonstrate the transfer of an ultrastable microwave frequency by transmitting a 30-nm-wide optical frequency comb from a mode-locked laser over 86km of installed optical fiber. The pulse train is returned to the transmitter via the same fiber for compensation of environmentally induced optical path length changes. The fractional transfer stability measured at the remote end reaches 4×1017 after 1600s, corresponding to a timing jitter of 64fs.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. Hänsch, Eur. Phys. J. Special Topics 172, 69 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. Kim, J. A. Cox, J. Chen, and F. X. Kärtner, Nat. Photon. 2, 733 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  3. E. Allaria, C. Callegari, D. Cocco, W. M. Fawley, M. Kiskinova, C. Masciovecchio, and F. Parmigiani, New J. Phys. 12, 075002 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  4. P. R. Bolton, Int. J. Mod. Phys. B 21, 527 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  5. F. Loehl, V. Arsov, M. Felber, K. Hacker, B. Lorbeer, F. Ludwig, K. Matthiesen, H. Schlarb, B. Schmidt, A. Winter, S. Schulz, J. Zemella, J. Szewinski, and W. Jalmuzna, in Proceedings of 11th European Particle Accelerator Conference (2008), pp. 3360–3362.
  6. J. F. Cliche and B. Shillue, IEEE Control Syst. Mag. 26, 19 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, M. Lours, C. Chardonnet, and G. Santarelli, Appl. Phys. B 98, 723 (2010).
    [CrossRef]

2010 (3)

E. Allaria, C. Callegari, D. Cocco, W. M. Fawley, M. Kiskinova, C. Masciovecchio, and F. Parmigiani, New J. Phys. 12, 075002 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Marra, H. S. Margolis, S. N. Lea, and P. Gill, Opt. Lett. 35, 1025 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, M. Lours, C. Chardonnet, and G. Santarelli, Appl. Phys. B 98, 723 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. Hänsch, Eur. Phys. J. Special Topics 172, 69 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

J. Kim, J. A. Cox, J. Chen, and F. X. Kärtner, Nat. Photon. 2, 733 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

P. R. Bolton, Int. J. Mod. Phys. B 21, 527 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. T. Dawkins, J. J. McFerran, and A. N. Luiten, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 54, 918 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

J. F. Cliche and B. Shillue, IEEE Control Syst. Mag. 26, 19 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

Allaria, E.

E. Allaria, C. Callegari, D. Cocco, W. M. Fawley, M. Kiskinova, C. Masciovecchio, and F. Parmigiani, New J. Phys. 12, 075002 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Amy-Klein, A.

O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, M. Lours, C. Chardonnet, and G. Santarelli, Appl. Phys. B 98, 723 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Arsov, V.

F. Loehl, V. Arsov, M. Felber, K. Hacker, B. Lorbeer, F. Ludwig, K. Matthiesen, H. Schlarb, B. Schmidt, A. Winter, S. Schulz, J. Zemella, J. Szewinski, and W. Jalmuzna, in Proceedings of 11th European Particle Accelerator Conference (2008), pp. 3360–3362.

Bolton, P. R.

P. R. Bolton, Int. J. Mod. Phys. B 21, 527 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Callegari, C.

E. Allaria, C. Callegari, D. Cocco, W. M. Fawley, M. Kiskinova, C. Masciovecchio, and F. Parmigiani, New J. Phys. 12, 075002 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chardonnet, C.

O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, M. Lours, C. Chardonnet, and G. Santarelli, Appl. Phys. B 98, 723 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J.

J. Kim, J. A. Cox, J. Chen, and F. X. Kärtner, Nat. Photon. 2, 733 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cliche, J. F.

J. F. Cliche and B. Shillue, IEEE Control Syst. Mag. 26, 19 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cocco, D.

E. Allaria, C. Callegari, D. Cocco, W. M. Fawley, M. Kiskinova, C. Masciovecchio, and F. Parmigiani, New J. Phys. 12, 075002 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cox, J. A.

J. Kim, J. A. Cox, J. Chen, and F. X. Kärtner, Nat. Photon. 2, 733 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dawkins, S. T.

S. T. Dawkins, J. J. McFerran, and A. N. Luiten, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 54, 918 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fawley, W. M.

E. Allaria, C. Callegari, D. Cocco, W. M. Fawley, M. Kiskinova, C. Masciovecchio, and F. Parmigiani, New J. Phys. 12, 075002 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Felber, M.

F. Loehl, V. Arsov, M. Felber, K. Hacker, B. Lorbeer, F. Ludwig, K. Matthiesen, H. Schlarb, B. Schmidt, A. Winter, S. Schulz, J. Zemella, J. Szewinski, and W. Jalmuzna, in Proceedings of 11th European Particle Accelerator Conference (2008), pp. 3360–3362.

Gill, P.

Hacker, K.

F. Loehl, V. Arsov, M. Felber, K. Hacker, B. Lorbeer, F. Ludwig, K. Matthiesen, H. Schlarb, B. Schmidt, A. Winter, S. Schulz, J. Zemella, J. Szewinski, and W. Jalmuzna, in Proceedings of 11th European Particle Accelerator Conference (2008), pp. 3360–3362.

Hänsch, T.

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. Hänsch, Eur. Phys. J. Special Topics 172, 69 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Holman, K. W.

Holzwarth, R.

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. Hänsch, Eur. Phys. J. Special Topics 172, 69 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hudson, D. D.

Jalmuzna, W.

F. Loehl, V. Arsov, M. Felber, K. Hacker, B. Lorbeer, F. Ludwig, K. Matthiesen, H. Schlarb, B. Schmidt, A. Winter, S. Schulz, J. Zemella, J. Szewinski, and W. Jalmuzna, in Proceedings of 11th European Particle Accelerator Conference (2008), pp. 3360–3362.

Jones, D. J.

Kärtner, F. X.

J. Kim, J. A. Cox, J. Chen, and F. X. Kärtner, Nat. Photon. 2, 733 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J.

J. Kim, J. A. Cox, J. Chen, and F. X. Kärtner, Nat. Photon. 2, 733 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kiskinova, M.

E. Allaria, C. Callegari, D. Cocco, W. M. Fawley, M. Kiskinova, C. Masciovecchio, and F. Parmigiani, New J. Phys. 12, 075002 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lea, S. N.

Loehl, F.

F. Loehl, V. Arsov, M. Felber, K. Hacker, B. Lorbeer, F. Ludwig, K. Matthiesen, H. Schlarb, B. Schmidt, A. Winter, S. Schulz, J. Zemella, J. Szewinski, and W. Jalmuzna, in Proceedings of 11th European Particle Accelerator Conference (2008), pp. 3360–3362.

Lopez, O.

O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, M. Lours, C. Chardonnet, and G. Santarelli, Appl. Phys. B 98, 723 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lorbeer, B.

F. Loehl, V. Arsov, M. Felber, K. Hacker, B. Lorbeer, F. Ludwig, K. Matthiesen, H. Schlarb, B. Schmidt, A. Winter, S. Schulz, J. Zemella, J. Szewinski, and W. Jalmuzna, in Proceedings of 11th European Particle Accelerator Conference (2008), pp. 3360–3362.

Lours, M.

O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, M. Lours, C. Chardonnet, and G. Santarelli, Appl. Phys. B 98, 723 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ludwig, F.

F. Loehl, V. Arsov, M. Felber, K. Hacker, B. Lorbeer, F. Ludwig, K. Matthiesen, H. Schlarb, B. Schmidt, A. Winter, S. Schulz, J. Zemella, J. Szewinski, and W. Jalmuzna, in Proceedings of 11th European Particle Accelerator Conference (2008), pp. 3360–3362.

Luiten, A. N.

S. T. Dawkins, J. J. McFerran, and A. N. Luiten, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 54, 918 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Margolis, H. S.

Marra, G.

Masciovecchio, C.

E. Allaria, C. Callegari, D. Cocco, W. M. Fawley, M. Kiskinova, C. Masciovecchio, and F. Parmigiani, New J. Phys. 12, 075002 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Matthiesen, K.

F. Loehl, V. Arsov, M. Felber, K. Hacker, B. Lorbeer, F. Ludwig, K. Matthiesen, H. Schlarb, B. Schmidt, A. Winter, S. Schulz, J. Zemella, J. Szewinski, and W. Jalmuzna, in Proceedings of 11th European Particle Accelerator Conference (2008), pp. 3360–3362.

McFerran, J. J.

S. T. Dawkins, J. J. McFerran, and A. N. Luiten, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 54, 918 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Parmigiani, F.

E. Allaria, C. Callegari, D. Cocco, W. M. Fawley, M. Kiskinova, C. Masciovecchio, and F. Parmigiani, New J. Phys. 12, 075002 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Santarelli, G.

O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, M. Lours, C. Chardonnet, and G. Santarelli, Appl. Phys. B 98, 723 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Schlarb, H.

F. Loehl, V. Arsov, M. Felber, K. Hacker, B. Lorbeer, F. Ludwig, K. Matthiesen, H. Schlarb, B. Schmidt, A. Winter, S. Schulz, J. Zemella, J. Szewinski, and W. Jalmuzna, in Proceedings of 11th European Particle Accelerator Conference (2008), pp. 3360–3362.

Schmidt, B.

F. Loehl, V. Arsov, M. Felber, K. Hacker, B. Lorbeer, F. Ludwig, K. Matthiesen, H. Schlarb, B. Schmidt, A. Winter, S. Schulz, J. Zemella, J. Szewinski, and W. Jalmuzna, in Proceedings of 11th European Particle Accelerator Conference (2008), pp. 3360–3362.

Schulz, S.

F. Loehl, V. Arsov, M. Felber, K. Hacker, B. Lorbeer, F. Ludwig, K. Matthiesen, H. Schlarb, B. Schmidt, A. Winter, S. Schulz, J. Zemella, J. Szewinski, and W. Jalmuzna, in Proceedings of 11th European Particle Accelerator Conference (2008), pp. 3360–3362.

Shillue, B.

J. F. Cliche and B. Shillue, IEEE Control Syst. Mag. 26, 19 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Szewinski, J.

F. Loehl, V. Arsov, M. Felber, K. Hacker, B. Lorbeer, F. Ludwig, K. Matthiesen, H. Schlarb, B. Schmidt, A. Winter, S. Schulz, J. Zemella, J. Szewinski, and W. Jalmuzna, in Proceedings of 11th European Particle Accelerator Conference (2008), pp. 3360–3362.

Udem, T.

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. Hänsch, Eur. Phys. J. Special Topics 172, 69 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Winter, A.

F. Loehl, V. Arsov, M. Felber, K. Hacker, B. Lorbeer, F. Ludwig, K. Matthiesen, H. Schlarb, B. Schmidt, A. Winter, S. Schulz, J. Zemella, J. Szewinski, and W. Jalmuzna, in Proceedings of 11th European Particle Accelerator Conference (2008), pp. 3360–3362.

Ye, J.

Zemella, J.

F. Loehl, V. Arsov, M. Felber, K. Hacker, B. Lorbeer, F. Ludwig, K. Matthiesen, H. Schlarb, B. Schmidt, A. Winter, S. Schulz, J. Zemella, J. Szewinski, and W. Jalmuzna, in Proceedings of 11th European Particle Accelerator Conference (2008), pp. 3360–3362.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, M. Lours, C. Chardonnet, and G. Santarelli, Appl. Phys. B 98, 723 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Eur. Phys. J. Special Topics (1)

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. Hänsch, Eur. Phys. J. Special Topics 172, 69 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Control Syst. Mag. (1)

J. F. Cliche and B. Shillue, IEEE Control Syst. Mag. 26, 19 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control (1)

S. T. Dawkins, J. J. McFerran, and A. N. Luiten, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 54, 918 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Int. J. Mod. Phys. B (1)

P. R. Bolton, Int. J. Mod. Phys. B 21, 527 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photon. (1)

J. Kim, J. A. Cox, J. Chen, and F. X. Kärtner, Nat. Photon. 2, 733 (2008).
[CrossRef]

New J. Phys. (1)

E. Allaria, C. Callegari, D. Cocco, W. M. Fawley, M. Kiskinova, C. Masciovecchio, and F. Parmigiani, New J. Phys. 12, 075002 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (1)

F. Loehl, V. Arsov, M. Felber, K. Hacker, B. Lorbeer, F. Ludwig, K. Matthiesen, H. Schlarb, B. Schmidt, A. Winter, S. Schulz, J. Zemella, J. Szewinski, and W. Jalmuzna, in Proceedings of 11th European Particle Accelerator Conference (2008), pp. 3360–3362.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Block diagram of the experimental setup. Each repetition rate detection module consists of a photodiode followed by a tunable bandpass filter and cascaded rf amplifiers. The block marked as f or ϕ comparison is either a phase detector followed by a fast Fourier transform analyzer or an SSB modulator-based frequency counting system. MLL, mode-locked laser; CIR, optical circulator; SMF, single mode fiber; Int., integrator; Det., detection stage; DCF, dispersion-compensating fiber; EDFA, erbium-doped fiber amplifier.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Phase noise of the thirty-second harmonic of the repetition rate measured at the user end when the phase-noise suppression feedback loop is activated and turned off (free running).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Fractional frequency stability of the thirty-second harmonic of the repetition rate measured at the user end. The stability is limited by the measurement noise floor.

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