Abstract

We demonstrate a polarization rotator based on adiabatic mode evolution on silicon for polarization-diversified circuits. The rotator has a device length of 420μm, a polarization-conversion efficiency of more than 90%, and an insertion loss less than 1dB for a wavelength range of 80nm. Combining the rotator with a compact, broadband polarization beam splitter based on cascaded directional couplers enhances the polarization conversion extinction ratio to over 30dB with less than 1.5dB total insertion loss over a 60nm spectral range.

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2010 (1)

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

T. Barwicz, M. R. Watts, M. A. Popovic, P. T. Rakich, L. Socci, F. X. Kartner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, Nat. Photon. 1, 57 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

1997 (1)

C. R. Doerr, M. Zirngibl, C. H. Joyner, L. W. Stulz, and H. M. Presby, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 85 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

Y. Shani, C. H. Henry, R. C. Kistler, R. F. Kazarinov, and K. J. Orlowsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 120 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

L. G. Kazovsky, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 279 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

T. E. Darcie, B. Glance, K. Gayliard, J. R. Talman, B. L. Kasper, and C. A. Burrus, Electron. Lett. 23, 1369 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Asghari, M.

Barwicz, T.

T. Barwicz, M. R. Watts, M. A. Popovic, P. T. Rakich, L. Socci, F. X. Kartner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, Nat. Photon. 1, 57 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Burrus, C. A.

T. E. Darcie, B. Glance, K. Gayliard, J. R. Talman, B. L. Kasper, and C. A. Burrus, Electron. Lett. 23, 1369 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Cassan, E.

Crozat, P.

Cunningham, J. E.

Damlencourt, J.

Darcie, T. E.

T. E. Darcie, B. Glance, K. Gayliard, J. R. Talman, B. L. Kasper, and C. A. Burrus, Electron. Lett. 23, 1369 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Doerr, C. R.

C. R. Doerr, M. Zirngibl, C. H. Joyner, L. W. Stulz, and H. M. Presby, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 85 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Dong, P.

Fdli, J. M.

Feng, D.

Feng, N.

Fukuda, H.

Gayliard, K.

T. E. Darcie, B. Glance, K. Gayliard, J. R. Talman, B. L. Kasper, and C. A. Burrus, Electron. Lett. 23, 1369 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Glance, B.

T. E. Darcie, B. Glance, K. Gayliard, J. R. Talman, B. L. Kasper, and C. A. Burrus, Electron. Lett. 23, 1369 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

Henry, C. H.

Y. Shani, C. H. Henry, R. C. Kistler, R. F. Kazarinov, and K. J. Orlowsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 120 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

T. Barwicz, M. R. Watts, M. A. Popovic, P. T. Rakich, L. Socci, F. X. Kartner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, Nat. Photon. 1, 57 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Itabashi, S.

Joyner, C. H.

C. R. Doerr, M. Zirngibl, C. H. Joyner, L. W. Stulz, and H. M. Presby, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 85 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kartner, F. X.

T. Barwicz, M. R. Watts, M. A. Popovic, P. T. Rakich, L. Socci, F. X. Kartner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, Nat. Photon. 1, 57 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kasper, B. L.

T. E. Darcie, B. Glance, K. Gayliard, J. R. Talman, B. L. Kasper, and C. A. Burrus, Electron. Lett. 23, 1369 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Kazarinov, R. F.

Y. Shani, C. H. Henry, R. C. Kistler, R. F. Kazarinov, and K. J. Orlowsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 120 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Kazovsky, L. G.

L. G. Kazovsky, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 279 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Kistler, R. C.

Y. Shani, C. H. Henry, R. C. Kistler, R. F. Kazarinov, and K. J. Orlowsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 120 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Krishnamoorthy, A. V.

Laval, S.

Lecunff, Y.

Li, G.

Liang, H.

Liao, S.

Marris-Morini, D.

Orlowsky, K. J.

Y. Shani, C. H. Henry, R. C. Kistler, R. F. Kazarinov, and K. J. Orlowsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 120 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Osmond, J.

Popovic, M. A.

T. Barwicz, M. R. Watts, M. A. Popovic, P. T. Rakich, L. Socci, F. X. Kartner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, Nat. Photon. 1, 57 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Presby, H. M.

C. R. Doerr, M. Zirngibl, C. H. Joyner, L. W. Stulz, and H. M. Presby, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 85 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rakich, P. T.

T. Barwicz, M. R. Watts, M. A. Popovic, P. T. Rakich, L. Socci, F. X. Kartner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, Nat. Photon. 1, 57 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shafiiha, R.

Shani, Y.

Y. Shani, C. H. Henry, R. C. Kistler, R. F. Kazarinov, and K. J. Orlowsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 120 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Shinojima, H.

Smith, H. I.

T. Barwicz, M. R. Watts, M. A. Popovic, P. T. Rakich, L. Socci, F. X. Kartner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, Nat. Photon. 1, 57 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Socci, L.

T. Barwicz, M. R. Watts, M. A. Popovic, P. T. Rakich, L. Socci, F. X. Kartner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, Nat. Photon. 1, 57 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Stulz, L. W.

C. R. Doerr, M. Zirngibl, C. H. Joyner, L. W. Stulz, and H. M. Presby, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 85 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Talman, J. R.

T. E. Darcie, B. Glance, K. Gayliard, J. R. Talman, B. L. Kasper, and C. A. Burrus, Electron. Lett. 23, 1369 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Tsuchizawa, T.

Vivien, L.

Watanabe, T.

Watts, M. R.

T. Barwicz, M. R. Watts, M. A. Popovic, P. T. Rakich, L. Socci, F. X. Kartner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, Nat. Photon. 1, 57 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. R. Watts and H. A. Haus, Opt. Lett. 30, 138 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yamada, K.

Zheng, D.

Zirngibl, M.

C. R. Doerr, M. Zirngibl, C. H. Joyner, L. W. Stulz, and H. M. Presby, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 85 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Y. Shani, C. H. Henry, R. C. Kistler, R. F. Kazarinov, and K. J. Orlowsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 120 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

T. E. Darcie, B. Glance, K. Gayliard, J. R. Talman, B. L. Kasper, and C. A. Burrus, Electron. Lett. 23, 1369 (1987).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

C. R. Doerr, M. Zirngibl, C. H. Joyner, L. W. Stulz, and H. M. Presby, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 85 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

L. G. Kazovsky, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 279 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photon. (1)

T. Barwicz, M. R. Watts, M. A. Popovic, P. T. Rakich, L. Socci, F. X. Kartner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, Nat. Photon. 1, 57 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (1)

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Polarization diversity scheme in (a) transmitter and (b) receiver photonic circuits with PBS and PR. CW, continuous wave; Mod, modulator.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Schematic of the TM TE PR with input/output mode adaptors. (b) Mode index evolution along the PR structure. (c) Total electrical field amplitude ( | E | ) distribution profiles of the six characteristic modes. (d) Normalized conversion efficiency measured for a 300-μm-long PR with different nominal lateral offsets between the Si and Si 3 N 4 structures.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Schematic of the PBS with three-stage cascaded directional couplers in silicon waveguides. Insertion loss and extinction ratio of a single PBS for (b) TE input and (c) TM input light.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Schematic of a PR followed by a PBS as a cleanup filter to enhance the extinction ratio. (b) Optical microscope image of the fabricated device incorporating both PBS and PR. (c) Measured polarization conversion insertion loss and extinction ratio of the scheme with a PR followed by a PBS. The dashed curve is a quadratic fitting of insertion loss, with a minimum value of 0.7 dB and is less than 1.5 dB for over a 60 nm wavelength range.

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