Abstract

The numerically exact superposition T-matrix method is used to compute the scattering cross sections and the Stokes scattering matrix for polydisperse spherical particles covered with a large number of much smaller grains. We show that the optical effect of the presence of microscopic dust on the surfaces of wavelength-sized, weakly absorbing particles is much less significant than that of a major overall asphericity of the particle shape.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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  1. H. Volten, O. Muñoz, E. Rol, J. de Haan, W. Vassen, J. Hovenier, K. Muinonen, and T. Nousiainen, J. Geophys. Res. 106, 17375 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  2. O. Muñoz and H. Volten, in Light Scattering Reviews: Single and Multiple Light Scattering, A.A.Kokhanovsky, ed. (Springer–Praxis, 2006), pp. 3–29.
  3. T. Nousiainen, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 1261 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. I. Mishchenko, L. D. Travis, R. A. Kahn, and R. A. West, J. Geophys. Res. 102, 16831 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. I. Mishchenko, L. D. Travis, and A. A. Lacis, Scattering, Absorption, and Emission of Light by Small Particles (Cambridge University, 2002), http://www.giss.nasa.gov/~crmim/books.html.
  6. O. Dubovik, A. Sinyuk, T. Lapyonok, B. N. Holben, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, T. F. Eck, H. Volten, O. Muñoz, B. Veihelmann, W. J. van der Zande, J.-F. Leon, M. Sorokin, and I. Slutsker, J. Geophys. Res. 111, D11208 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. Macke, J. Mueller, and E. Raschke, J. Atmos. Sci. 53, 2813 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  8. P. Yang and K. N. Liou, Contrib. Atmos. Phys. 71, 223 (1998).
  9. P. Yang, Q. Feng, G. Hong, G. W. Kattawar, W. J. Wiscombe, M. I. Mishchenko, O. Dubovik, I. Laszlo, and I. N. Sokolik, J. Aerosol Sci. 38, 995 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  10. K. Muinonen, T. Nousiainen, H. Lindqvist, O. Muñoz, and G. Videen, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 1628 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  11. B. A. Baum, P. Yang, Y.-X. Hu, and Q. Feng, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 111, 2534 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. I. Mishchenko and A. A. Lacis, Appl. Opt. 42, 5551(2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. W. Sun, T. Nousiainen, K. Muinonen, Q. Fu, N. G. Loeb, and G. Videen, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 79–80, 1083 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  14. C. Li., G. W. Kattawar, and P. Yang, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 89, 123 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  15. T. Rother, K. Schmidt, J. Wauer, V. Shcherbakov, and J.-F. Gayet, Appl. Opt. 45, 6030 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. T. Nousiainen and K. Muinonen, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 106, 389 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  17. E. Zubko, K. Muinonen, Y. Shkuratov, G. Videen, and T. Nousiainen, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 106, 604 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  18. J.-C. Auger, G. E. Fernandes, K. B. Aptowicz, Y.-L. Pan, and R. K. Chang, Appl. Phys. B 99, 229 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  19. M. Kahnert, T. Nousiainen, and P. Mauno, “On the impact of small-scale surface roughness and non-sphericity on the optical properties of hematite aerosols,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (to be published).
  20. D. W. Mackowski and M. I. Mishchenko, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 13, 2266 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  21. D. Mackowski, K. Fuller, and M. Mishchenko, ftp://ftp.eng.auburn.edu/pub/dmckwski/scatcodes/index.html.
  22. H. C. van de Hulst, Light Scattering by Small Particles(Wiley, 1957).
  23. J. E. Hansen and L. D. Travis, Space Sci. Rev. 16, 527(1974).
    [CrossRef]

2010 (2)

B. A. Baum, P. Yang, Y.-X. Hu, and Q. Feng, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 111, 2534 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J.-C. Auger, G. E. Fernandes, K. B. Aptowicz, Y.-L. Pan, and R. K. Chang, Appl. Phys. B 99, 229 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

T. Nousiainen, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 1261 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Muinonen, T. Nousiainen, H. Lindqvist, O. Muñoz, and G. Videen, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 1628 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

P. Yang, Q. Feng, G. Hong, G. W. Kattawar, W. J. Wiscombe, M. I. Mishchenko, O. Dubovik, I. Laszlo, and I. N. Sokolik, J. Aerosol Sci. 38, 995 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Nousiainen and K. Muinonen, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 106, 389 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. Zubko, K. Muinonen, Y. Shkuratov, G. Videen, and T. Nousiainen, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 106, 604 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

O. Dubovik, A. Sinyuk, T. Lapyonok, B. N. Holben, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, T. F. Eck, H. Volten, O. Muñoz, B. Veihelmann, W. J. van der Zande, J.-F. Leon, M. Sorokin, and I. Slutsker, J. Geophys. Res. 111, D11208 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Rother, K. Schmidt, J. Wauer, V. Shcherbakov, and J.-F. Gayet, Appl. Opt. 45, 6030 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

C. Li., G. W. Kattawar, and P. Yang, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 89, 123 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

M. I. Mishchenko and A. A. Lacis, Appl. Opt. 42, 5551(2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Sun, T. Nousiainen, K. Muinonen, Q. Fu, N. G. Loeb, and G. Videen, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 79–80, 1083 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

H. Volten, O. Muñoz, E. Rol, J. de Haan, W. Vassen, J. Hovenier, K. Muinonen, and T. Nousiainen, J. Geophys. Res. 106, 17375 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

P. Yang and K. N. Liou, Contrib. Atmos. Phys. 71, 223 (1998).

1997 (1)

M. I. Mishchenko, L. D. Travis, R. A. Kahn, and R. A. West, J. Geophys. Res. 102, 16831 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

A. Macke, J. Mueller, and E. Raschke, J. Atmos. Sci. 53, 2813 (1996).
[CrossRef]

D. W. Mackowski and M. I. Mishchenko, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 13, 2266 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

J. E. Hansen and L. D. Travis, Space Sci. Rev. 16, 527(1974).
[CrossRef]

Aptowicz, K. B.

J.-C. Auger, G. E. Fernandes, K. B. Aptowicz, Y.-L. Pan, and R. K. Chang, Appl. Phys. B 99, 229 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Auger, J.-C.

J.-C. Auger, G. E. Fernandes, K. B. Aptowicz, Y.-L. Pan, and R. K. Chang, Appl. Phys. B 99, 229 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Baum, B. A.

B. A. Baum, P. Yang, Y.-X. Hu, and Q. Feng, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 111, 2534 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chang, R. K.

J.-C. Auger, G. E. Fernandes, K. B. Aptowicz, Y.-L. Pan, and R. K. Chang, Appl. Phys. B 99, 229 (2010).
[CrossRef]

de Haan, J.

H. Volten, O. Muñoz, E. Rol, J. de Haan, W. Vassen, J. Hovenier, K. Muinonen, and T. Nousiainen, J. Geophys. Res. 106, 17375 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dubovik, O.

P. Yang, Q. Feng, G. Hong, G. W. Kattawar, W. J. Wiscombe, M. I. Mishchenko, O. Dubovik, I. Laszlo, and I. N. Sokolik, J. Aerosol Sci. 38, 995 (2007).
[CrossRef]

O. Dubovik, A. Sinyuk, T. Lapyonok, B. N. Holben, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, T. F. Eck, H. Volten, O. Muñoz, B. Veihelmann, W. J. van der Zande, J.-F. Leon, M. Sorokin, and I. Slutsker, J. Geophys. Res. 111, D11208 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Eck, T. F.

O. Dubovik, A. Sinyuk, T. Lapyonok, B. N. Holben, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, T. F. Eck, H. Volten, O. Muñoz, B. Veihelmann, W. J. van der Zande, J.-F. Leon, M. Sorokin, and I. Slutsker, J. Geophys. Res. 111, D11208 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Feng, Q.

B. A. Baum, P. Yang, Y.-X. Hu, and Q. Feng, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 111, 2534 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Yang, Q. Feng, G. Hong, G. W. Kattawar, W. J. Wiscombe, M. I. Mishchenko, O. Dubovik, I. Laszlo, and I. N. Sokolik, J. Aerosol Sci. 38, 995 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fernandes, G. E.

J.-C. Auger, G. E. Fernandes, K. B. Aptowicz, Y.-L. Pan, and R. K. Chang, Appl. Phys. B 99, 229 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fu, Q.

W. Sun, T. Nousiainen, K. Muinonen, Q. Fu, N. G. Loeb, and G. Videen, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 79–80, 1083 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fuller, K.

D. Mackowski, K. Fuller, and M. Mishchenko, ftp://ftp.eng.auburn.edu/pub/dmckwski/scatcodes/index.html.

Gayet, J.-F.

Hansen, J. E.

J. E. Hansen and L. D. Travis, Space Sci. Rev. 16, 527(1974).
[CrossRef]

Holben, B. N.

O. Dubovik, A. Sinyuk, T. Lapyonok, B. N. Holben, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, T. F. Eck, H. Volten, O. Muñoz, B. Veihelmann, W. J. van der Zande, J.-F. Leon, M. Sorokin, and I. Slutsker, J. Geophys. Res. 111, D11208 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hong, G.

P. Yang, Q. Feng, G. Hong, G. W. Kattawar, W. J. Wiscombe, M. I. Mishchenko, O. Dubovik, I. Laszlo, and I. N. Sokolik, J. Aerosol Sci. 38, 995 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hovenier, J.

H. Volten, O. Muñoz, E. Rol, J. de Haan, W. Vassen, J. Hovenier, K. Muinonen, and T. Nousiainen, J. Geophys. Res. 106, 17375 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hu, Y.-X.

B. A. Baum, P. Yang, Y.-X. Hu, and Q. Feng, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 111, 2534 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kahn, R. A.

M. I. Mishchenko, L. D. Travis, R. A. Kahn, and R. A. West, J. Geophys. Res. 102, 16831 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kahnert, M.

M. Kahnert, T. Nousiainen, and P. Mauno, “On the impact of small-scale surface roughness and non-sphericity on the optical properties of hematite aerosols,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (to be published).

Kattawar, G. W.

P. Yang, Q. Feng, G. Hong, G. W. Kattawar, W. J. Wiscombe, M. I. Mishchenko, O. Dubovik, I. Laszlo, and I. N. Sokolik, J. Aerosol Sci. 38, 995 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Li., G. W. Kattawar, and P. Yang, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 89, 123 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lacis, A. A.

M. I. Mishchenko and A. A. Lacis, Appl. Opt. 42, 5551(2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. I. Mishchenko, L. D. Travis, and A. A. Lacis, Scattering, Absorption, and Emission of Light by Small Particles (Cambridge University, 2002), http://www.giss.nasa.gov/~crmim/books.html.

Lapyonok, T.

O. Dubovik, A. Sinyuk, T. Lapyonok, B. N. Holben, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, T. F. Eck, H. Volten, O. Muñoz, B. Veihelmann, W. J. van der Zande, J.-F. Leon, M. Sorokin, and I. Slutsker, J. Geophys. Res. 111, D11208 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Laszlo, I.

P. Yang, Q. Feng, G. Hong, G. W. Kattawar, W. J. Wiscombe, M. I. Mishchenko, O. Dubovik, I. Laszlo, and I. N. Sokolik, J. Aerosol Sci. 38, 995 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Leon, J.-F.

O. Dubovik, A. Sinyuk, T. Lapyonok, B. N. Holben, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, T. F. Eck, H. Volten, O. Muñoz, B. Veihelmann, W. J. van der Zande, J.-F. Leon, M. Sorokin, and I. Slutsker, J. Geophys. Res. 111, D11208 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Li, C.

C. Li., G. W. Kattawar, and P. Yang, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 89, 123 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lindqvist, H.

K. Muinonen, T. Nousiainen, H. Lindqvist, O. Muñoz, and G. Videen, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 1628 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liou, K. N.

P. Yang and K. N. Liou, Contrib. Atmos. Phys. 71, 223 (1998).

Loeb, N. G.

W. Sun, T. Nousiainen, K. Muinonen, Q. Fu, N. G. Loeb, and G. Videen, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 79–80, 1083 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Macke, A.

A. Macke, J. Mueller, and E. Raschke, J. Atmos. Sci. 53, 2813 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Mackowski, D.

D. Mackowski, K. Fuller, and M. Mishchenko, ftp://ftp.eng.auburn.edu/pub/dmckwski/scatcodes/index.html.

Mackowski, D. W.

Mauno, P.

M. Kahnert, T. Nousiainen, and P. Mauno, “On the impact of small-scale surface roughness and non-sphericity on the optical properties of hematite aerosols,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (to be published).

Mishchenko, M.

O. Dubovik, A. Sinyuk, T. Lapyonok, B. N. Holben, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, T. F. Eck, H. Volten, O. Muñoz, B. Veihelmann, W. J. van der Zande, J.-F. Leon, M. Sorokin, and I. Slutsker, J. Geophys. Res. 111, D11208 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Mackowski, K. Fuller, and M. Mishchenko, ftp://ftp.eng.auburn.edu/pub/dmckwski/scatcodes/index.html.

Mishchenko, M. I.

P. Yang, Q. Feng, G. Hong, G. W. Kattawar, W. J. Wiscombe, M. I. Mishchenko, O. Dubovik, I. Laszlo, and I. N. Sokolik, J. Aerosol Sci. 38, 995 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. I. Mishchenko and A. A. Lacis, Appl. Opt. 42, 5551(2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. I. Mishchenko, L. D. Travis, R. A. Kahn, and R. A. West, J. Geophys. Res. 102, 16831 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. W. Mackowski and M. I. Mishchenko, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 13, 2266 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. I. Mishchenko, L. D. Travis, and A. A. Lacis, Scattering, Absorption, and Emission of Light by Small Particles (Cambridge University, 2002), http://www.giss.nasa.gov/~crmim/books.html.

Mueller, J.

A. Macke, J. Mueller, and E. Raschke, J. Atmos. Sci. 53, 2813 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Muinonen, K.

K. Muinonen, T. Nousiainen, H. Lindqvist, O. Muñoz, and G. Videen, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 1628 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Nousiainen and K. Muinonen, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 106, 389 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. Zubko, K. Muinonen, Y. Shkuratov, G. Videen, and T. Nousiainen, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 106, 604 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Sun, T. Nousiainen, K. Muinonen, Q. Fu, N. G. Loeb, and G. Videen, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 79–80, 1083 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Volten, O. Muñoz, E. Rol, J. de Haan, W. Vassen, J. Hovenier, K. Muinonen, and T. Nousiainen, J. Geophys. Res. 106, 17375 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Muñoz, O.

K. Muinonen, T. Nousiainen, H. Lindqvist, O. Muñoz, and G. Videen, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 1628 (2009).
[CrossRef]

O. Dubovik, A. Sinyuk, T. Lapyonok, B. N. Holben, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, T. F. Eck, H. Volten, O. Muñoz, B. Veihelmann, W. J. van der Zande, J.-F. Leon, M. Sorokin, and I. Slutsker, J. Geophys. Res. 111, D11208 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Volten, O. Muñoz, E. Rol, J. de Haan, W. Vassen, J. Hovenier, K. Muinonen, and T. Nousiainen, J. Geophys. Res. 106, 17375 (2001).
[CrossRef]

O. Muñoz and H. Volten, in Light Scattering Reviews: Single and Multiple Light Scattering, A.A.Kokhanovsky, ed. (Springer–Praxis, 2006), pp. 3–29.

Nousiainen, T.

T. Nousiainen, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 1261 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Muinonen, T. Nousiainen, H. Lindqvist, O. Muñoz, and G. Videen, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 1628 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Nousiainen and K. Muinonen, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 106, 389 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. Zubko, K. Muinonen, Y. Shkuratov, G. Videen, and T. Nousiainen, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 106, 604 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Sun, T. Nousiainen, K. Muinonen, Q. Fu, N. G. Loeb, and G. Videen, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 79–80, 1083 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Volten, O. Muñoz, E. Rol, J. de Haan, W. Vassen, J. Hovenier, K. Muinonen, and T. Nousiainen, J. Geophys. Res. 106, 17375 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Kahnert, T. Nousiainen, and P. Mauno, “On the impact of small-scale surface roughness and non-sphericity on the optical properties of hematite aerosols,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (to be published).

Pan, Y.-L.

J.-C. Auger, G. E. Fernandes, K. B. Aptowicz, Y.-L. Pan, and R. K. Chang, Appl. Phys. B 99, 229 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Raschke, E.

A. Macke, J. Mueller, and E. Raschke, J. Atmos. Sci. 53, 2813 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Rol, E.

H. Volten, O. Muñoz, E. Rol, J. de Haan, W. Vassen, J. Hovenier, K. Muinonen, and T. Nousiainen, J. Geophys. Res. 106, 17375 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rother, T.

Schmidt, K.

Shcherbakov, V.

Shkuratov, Y.

E. Zubko, K. Muinonen, Y. Shkuratov, G. Videen, and T. Nousiainen, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 106, 604 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sinyuk, A.

O. Dubovik, A. Sinyuk, T. Lapyonok, B. N. Holben, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, T. F. Eck, H. Volten, O. Muñoz, B. Veihelmann, W. J. van der Zande, J.-F. Leon, M. Sorokin, and I. Slutsker, J. Geophys. Res. 111, D11208 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Slutsker, I.

O. Dubovik, A. Sinyuk, T. Lapyonok, B. N. Holben, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, T. F. Eck, H. Volten, O. Muñoz, B. Veihelmann, W. J. van der Zande, J.-F. Leon, M. Sorokin, and I. Slutsker, J. Geophys. Res. 111, D11208 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sokolik, I. N.

P. Yang, Q. Feng, G. Hong, G. W. Kattawar, W. J. Wiscombe, M. I. Mishchenko, O. Dubovik, I. Laszlo, and I. N. Sokolik, J. Aerosol Sci. 38, 995 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sorokin, M.

O. Dubovik, A. Sinyuk, T. Lapyonok, B. N. Holben, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, T. F. Eck, H. Volten, O. Muñoz, B. Veihelmann, W. J. van der Zande, J.-F. Leon, M. Sorokin, and I. Slutsker, J. Geophys. Res. 111, D11208 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sun, W.

W. Sun, T. Nousiainen, K. Muinonen, Q. Fu, N. G. Loeb, and G. Videen, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 79–80, 1083 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Travis, L. D.

M. I. Mishchenko, L. D. Travis, R. A. Kahn, and R. A. West, J. Geophys. Res. 102, 16831 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Hansen and L. D. Travis, Space Sci. Rev. 16, 527(1974).
[CrossRef]

M. I. Mishchenko, L. D. Travis, and A. A. Lacis, Scattering, Absorption, and Emission of Light by Small Particles (Cambridge University, 2002), http://www.giss.nasa.gov/~crmim/books.html.

van de Hulst, H. C.

H. C. van de Hulst, Light Scattering by Small Particles(Wiley, 1957).

van der Zande, W. J.

O. Dubovik, A. Sinyuk, T. Lapyonok, B. N. Holben, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, T. F. Eck, H. Volten, O. Muñoz, B. Veihelmann, W. J. van der Zande, J.-F. Leon, M. Sorokin, and I. Slutsker, J. Geophys. Res. 111, D11208 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Vassen, W.

H. Volten, O. Muñoz, E. Rol, J. de Haan, W. Vassen, J. Hovenier, K. Muinonen, and T. Nousiainen, J. Geophys. Res. 106, 17375 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Veihelmann, B.

O. Dubovik, A. Sinyuk, T. Lapyonok, B. N. Holben, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, T. F. Eck, H. Volten, O. Muñoz, B. Veihelmann, W. J. van der Zande, J.-F. Leon, M. Sorokin, and I. Slutsker, J. Geophys. Res. 111, D11208 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Videen, G.

K. Muinonen, T. Nousiainen, H. Lindqvist, O. Muñoz, and G. Videen, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 1628 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Zubko, K. Muinonen, Y. Shkuratov, G. Videen, and T. Nousiainen, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 106, 604 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Sun, T. Nousiainen, K. Muinonen, Q. Fu, N. G. Loeb, and G. Videen, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 79–80, 1083 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Volten, H.

O. Dubovik, A. Sinyuk, T. Lapyonok, B. N. Holben, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, T. F. Eck, H. Volten, O. Muñoz, B. Veihelmann, W. J. van der Zande, J.-F. Leon, M. Sorokin, and I. Slutsker, J. Geophys. Res. 111, D11208 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Volten, O. Muñoz, E. Rol, J. de Haan, W. Vassen, J. Hovenier, K. Muinonen, and T. Nousiainen, J. Geophys. Res. 106, 17375 (2001).
[CrossRef]

O. Muñoz and H. Volten, in Light Scattering Reviews: Single and Multiple Light Scattering, A.A.Kokhanovsky, ed. (Springer–Praxis, 2006), pp. 3–29.

Wauer, J.

West, R. A.

M. I. Mishchenko, L. D. Travis, R. A. Kahn, and R. A. West, J. Geophys. Res. 102, 16831 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wiscombe, W. J.

P. Yang, Q. Feng, G. Hong, G. W. Kattawar, W. J. Wiscombe, M. I. Mishchenko, O. Dubovik, I. Laszlo, and I. N. Sokolik, J. Aerosol Sci. 38, 995 (2007).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (1)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Elements of the normalized Stokes scattering matrix for a single monodisperse host, a monodisperse host dusted with 49 small particles, a polydisperse host, and a polydisperse host dusted with 49 small particles. The inset shows the host–dust grains configuration used in our T-matrix computations.

Equations (2)

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[ I sca Q sca U sca V sca ] [ a 1 ( Θ ) b 1 ( Θ ) 0 0 b 1 ( Θ ) a 2 ( Θ ) 0 0 0 0 a 3 ( Θ ) b 2 ( Θ ) 0 0 b 2 ( Θ ) a 4 ( Θ ) ] [ I inc Q inc U inc V inc ] ,
1 2 0 π d Θ sin Θ a 1 ( Θ ) = 1 .

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