Abstract

We report on the efficient operation of a high-power erbium-doped polycrystalline Er:YAG ceramic laser at 1617nm resonantly pumped by a high-power 1532nm Er,Yb fiber laser. Lasing characteristics of Er:YAG ceramics with different Er3+ concentrations are evaluated and compared. With an output coupler of 15% transmission and 0.5 at. % Er3+-doped YAG ceramic as the gain media, the laser generates 14W of output power at 1617nm for 28.8W of incident pump power at 1532nm, corresponding to a slope efficiency with respect to incident pump power of 51.7%.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. R. C. Stoneman, R. Hartman, E. A. Schneider, C. G. Garvin, and S. W. Henderson, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Series (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper WE2.
  2. R. D. Stultz, V. Leyva, and K. Spariosu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 241118 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  3. K. Spariosu, V. Leyva, R. A. Reeder, and M. J. Klotz, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 182 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. Garbuzov, I. Kudryashov, and M. Dubinskii, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Series (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper MF17.
  5. N. Ter-Gabrielyan, M. Dubinskii, G. A. Newburgh, A. Michael, and L. D. Merkle, Opt. Express 17, 7159 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. W. Kim, D. Y. Shen, J. K. Sahu, and W. A. Clarkson, Opt. Express 16, 5807 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. Ikesue and Y. L. Aung, Nat. Photon. 2, 721 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Ikesue, T. Kinoshita, K. Kamata, and K. Yoshita, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 78, 1033 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. Wisdom, M. Digonnet, and R. L. Byer, Photon. Spectra 38, 50 (2004).
  10. A. Pirri, D. Alderighi, G. Toci, and M. Vannini, Opt. Express 17, 23344 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  11. N. Ter-Gabrielyan, L. D. Merkle, E. R. Kupp, G. L. Messing, and M. Dubinskii, Opt. Lett. 35, 922 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  12. D. Y. Shen, H. Chen, X. P. Qin, J. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, X. F. Yang, and T. Zhao, Appl. Phys. Express 4, 052701 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. W. Kim, J. I. Mackenzie, and W. A. Clarkson, Opt. Express 17, 11935 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  14. Y. F. Chen, Y. P. Lan, and S. C. Wang, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 615 (2000).
    [CrossRef]

2011 (1)

D. Y. Shen, H. Chen, X. P. Qin, J. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, X. F. Yang, and T. Zhao, Appl. Phys. Express 4, 052701 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

2009 (3)

2008 (2)

2006 (1)

K. Spariosu, V. Leyva, R. A. Reeder, and M. J. Klotz, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 182 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

R. D. Stultz, V. Leyva, and K. Spariosu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 241118 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

J. Wisdom, M. Digonnet, and R. L. Byer, Photon. Spectra 38, 50 (2004).

2000 (1)

Y. F. Chen, Y. P. Lan, and S. C. Wang, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 615 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

A. Ikesue, T. Kinoshita, K. Kamata, and K. Yoshita, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 78, 1033 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Alderighi, D.

Aung, Y. L.

A. Ikesue and Y. L. Aung, Nat. Photon. 2, 721 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

J. Wisdom, M. Digonnet, and R. L. Byer, Photon. Spectra 38, 50 (2004).

Chen, H.

D. Y. Shen, H. Chen, X. P. Qin, J. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, X. F. Yang, and T. Zhao, Appl. Phys. Express 4, 052701 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. F.

Y. F. Chen, Y. P. Lan, and S. C. Wang, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 615 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Clarkson, W. A.

Digonnet, M.

J. Wisdom, M. Digonnet, and R. L. Byer, Photon. Spectra 38, 50 (2004).

Dubinskii, M.

Garbuzov, D.

D. Garbuzov, I. Kudryashov, and M. Dubinskii, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Series (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper MF17.

Garvin, C. G.

R. C. Stoneman, R. Hartman, E. A. Schneider, C. G. Garvin, and S. W. Henderson, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Series (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper WE2.

Hartman, R.

R. C. Stoneman, R. Hartman, E. A. Schneider, C. G. Garvin, and S. W. Henderson, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Series (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper WE2.

Henderson, S. W.

R. C. Stoneman, R. Hartman, E. A. Schneider, C. G. Garvin, and S. W. Henderson, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Series (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper WE2.

Ikesue, A.

A. Ikesue and Y. L. Aung, Nat. Photon. 2, 721 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Ikesue, T. Kinoshita, K. Kamata, and K. Yoshita, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 78, 1033 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kamata, K.

A. Ikesue, T. Kinoshita, K. Kamata, and K. Yoshita, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 78, 1033 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J. W.

Kinoshita, T.

A. Ikesue, T. Kinoshita, K. Kamata, and K. Yoshita, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 78, 1033 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Klotz, M. J.

K. Spariosu, V. Leyva, R. A. Reeder, and M. J. Klotz, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 182 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kudryashov, I.

D. Garbuzov, I. Kudryashov, and M. Dubinskii, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Series (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper MF17.

Kupp, E. R.

Lan, Y. P.

Y. F. Chen, Y. P. Lan, and S. C. Wang, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 615 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Leyva, V.

K. Spariosu, V. Leyva, R. A. Reeder, and M. J. Klotz, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 182 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. D. Stultz, V. Leyva, and K. Spariosu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 241118 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mackenzie, J. I.

Merkle, L. D.

Messing, G. L.

Michael, A.

Newburgh, G. A.

Pirri, A.

Qin, X. P.

D. Y. Shen, H. Chen, X. P. Qin, J. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, X. F. Yang, and T. Zhao, Appl. Phys. Express 4, 052701 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Reeder, R. A.

K. Spariosu, V. Leyva, R. A. Reeder, and M. J. Klotz, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 182 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sahu, J. K.

Schneider, E. A.

R. C. Stoneman, R. Hartman, E. A. Schneider, C. G. Garvin, and S. W. Henderson, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Series (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper WE2.

Shen, D. Y.

D. Y. Shen, H. Chen, X. P. Qin, J. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, X. F. Yang, and T. Zhao, Appl. Phys. Express 4, 052701 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Kim, D. Y. Shen, J. K. Sahu, and W. A. Clarkson, Opt. Express 16, 5807 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Spariosu, K.

K. Spariosu, V. Leyva, R. A. Reeder, and M. J. Klotz, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 182 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. D. Stultz, V. Leyva, and K. Spariosu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 241118 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Stoneman, R. C.

R. C. Stoneman, R. Hartman, E. A. Schneider, C. G. Garvin, and S. W. Henderson, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Series (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper WE2.

Stultz, R. D.

R. D. Stultz, V. Leyva, and K. Spariosu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 241118 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tang, D. Y.

D. Y. Shen, H. Chen, X. P. Qin, J. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, X. F. Yang, and T. Zhao, Appl. Phys. Express 4, 052701 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ter-Gabrielyan, N.

Toci, G.

Vannini, M.

Wang, S. C.

Y. F. Chen, Y. P. Lan, and S. C. Wang, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 615 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wisdom, J.

J. Wisdom, M. Digonnet, and R. L. Byer, Photon. Spectra 38, 50 (2004).

Yang, X. F.

D. Y. Shen, H. Chen, X. P. Qin, J. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, X. F. Yang, and T. Zhao, Appl. Phys. Express 4, 052701 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yoshita, K.

A. Ikesue, T. Kinoshita, K. Kamata, and K. Yoshita, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 78, 1033 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

D. Y. Shen, H. Chen, X. P. Qin, J. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, X. F. Yang, and T. Zhao, Appl. Phys. Express 4, 052701 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, T.

D. Y. Shen, H. Chen, X. P. Qin, J. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, X. F. Yang, and T. Zhao, Appl. Phys. Express 4, 052701 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Express (1)

D. Y. Shen, H. Chen, X. P. Qin, J. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, X. F. Yang, and T. Zhao, Appl. Phys. Express 4, 052701 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

R. D. Stultz, V. Leyva, and K. Spariosu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 241118 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

K. Spariosu, V. Leyva, R. A. Reeder, and M. J. Klotz, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 182 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. F. Chen, Y. P. Lan, and S. C. Wang, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 615 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (1)

A. Ikesue, T. Kinoshita, K. Kamata, and K. Yoshita, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 78, 1033 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photon. (1)

A. Ikesue and Y. L. Aung, Nat. Photon. 2, 721 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Photon. Spectra (1)

J. Wisdom, M. Digonnet, and R. L. Byer, Photon. Spectra 38, 50 (2004).

Other (2)

R. C. Stoneman, R. Hartman, E. A. Schneider, C. G. Garvin, and S. W. Henderson, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Series (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper WE2.

D. Garbuzov, I. Kudryashov, and M. Dubinskii, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Series (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper MF17.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic diagram of the Er:YAG ceramic laser. 1: Er,Yb fiber laser, 2: collimating and focusing lenses, 3: input coupler, 4: Er:YAG ceramic gain medium, 5: output coupler.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Energy level diagram and (b) absorption spectrum of the 1.0 at.% doped Er:YAG ceramic at room temperature.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Laser output spectrum at 1617nm (solid curve) and fluorescence spectrum of the Er:YAG ceramic at room temperature (dotted line).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Output powers at 1617nm as a function of incident pump power for 0.5 at.% and 1.0 at.% doped Er:YAG ceramic samples.

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