Abstract

We introduce the electrospinning method into fabricating oxygen-sensitive submicrometer scale optical fiber. Uniform tris (4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenathroline) ruthenium(II) dichloride ([Ru(dpp)3]2+Cl2)-doped fibers with a diameter of 900nm are obtained by electrospinning the organic silicon sol solution derived from tetraethyl orthosilicate and n-Octyltriethoxysilane (C14H32O3Si). The experimental results show that the single gel fiber exhibits excellent optical and sensing properties. A laser with a wavelength of 452nm can be efficiently launched into the fiber and guide along the fiber to excite the fluorescence. Then, we find that [Ru(dpp)3]2+–gel fiber has favorable optical and sensing characteristics, and the Stern–Volmer plots are linear in the full concentration range of O2 (0100vol.%). The ratio of I0/I100, where I0 and I100 respectively represent the fluorescence intensities of the fiber exposed to 100% N2 and 100% O2, as the sensitivity of the fiber is 3.5. Simultaneously, the fiber can make a quick response within 100ms. This method provides an effective and convenient way to fabricate highly uniform nanoscale or microscale optical waveguides for photonic devices.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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Guan, H. Y.

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He, S.

L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, Nature 426, 816 (2003).
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Horak, P.

Huyang, G.

Innocenzi, P.

P. Innocenzi, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 316, 309 (2003).
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Joakim, S.

S. Joakim and T. Martin, Phys. Rev. E 84, 011117 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jung, Y.

Kazes, M.

Koizumi, F.

Koukharenko, E.

Lapointe, J.

Li, Y.

Liu, Y. C.

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X. H. Yang, C. L. Shao, Y. C. Liu, R. X. Mu, and H. Y. Guan, Thin Solid Films 478, 228 (2005).
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Lo, Y.-L.

C. Chu and Y.-L. Lo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 63 (2008).
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Lou, J.

L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, Nature 426, 816 (2003).
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[CrossRef]

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Naqshbandi, M.

Pan, G. H.

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Poole, P. J.

Qin, R. F.

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Reisfeld, R.

Richardson, D.

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G. Sagué, E. Vetsch, W. Alt, D. Meschede, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 163602 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Saraidarov, T.

Sessions, N.

Shao, C. L.

X. H. Yang, C. L. Shao, and Y. C. Liu, J. Mater. Sci. 42, 8470 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. H. Yang, C. L. Shao, Y. C. Liu, R. X. Mu, and H. Y. Guan, Thin Solid Films 478, 228 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shen, M.

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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smith, C. L.

Song, H. W.

B. Dong, H. W. Song, H. Q. Yu, H. Zhang, R. F. Qin, X. Bai, G. H. Pan, S. Z. Lu, F. Wang, L. B. Fan, and Q. L. Dai, J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 1435 (2008).
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Tong, L.

Y. Li and L. Tong, Opt. Lett. 33, 303 (2008).
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Wilkinson, J.

Williams, R. L.

Xu, F.

Yang, X. H.

X. H. Yang, C. L. Shao, and Y. C. Liu, J. Mater. Sci. 42, 8470 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. H. Yang and L. L. Wang, Opt. Express 15, 16478 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. H. Yang, C. L. Shao, Y. C. Liu, R. X. Mu, and H. Y. Guan, Thin Solid Films 478, 228 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yu, H. Q.

B. Dong, H. W. Song, H. Q. Yu, H. Zhang, R. F. Qin, X. Bai, G. H. Pan, S. Z. Lu, F. Wang, L. B. Fan, and Q. L. Dai, J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 1435 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H.

B. Dong, H. W. Song, H. Q. Yu, H. Zhang, R. F. Qin, X. Bai, G. H. Pan, S. Z. Lu, F. Wang, L. B. Fan, and Q. L. Dai, J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 1435 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Opt. Photon.

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

C. Chu and Y.-L. Lo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 63 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Sci.

X. H. Yang, C. L. Shao, and Y. C. Liu, J. Mater. Sci. 42, 8470 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids

P. Innocenzi, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 316, 309 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. C

B. Dong, H. W. Song, H. Q. Yu, H. Zhang, R. F. Qin, X. Bai, G. H. Pan, S. Z. Lu, F. Wang, L. B. Fan, and Q. L. Dai, J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 1435 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nature

L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, Nature 426, 816 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. E

S. Joakim and T. Martin, Phys. Rev. E 84, 011117 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

G. Sagué, E. Vetsch, W. Alt, D. Meschede, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 163602 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thin Solid Films

X. H. Yang, C. L. Shao, Y. C. Liu, R. X. Mu, and H. Y. Guan, Thin Solid Films 478, 228 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Supplementary Material (1)

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of a typical electrospinning setup.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) FE-SEM image of the gel fiber. (b) Fourier- transform-IR spectrum of the gel fibers.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Sketch of the setup for oxygen sensing. Inset: the coupling region (Media 1).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Absorption spectra of the [ Ru ( dpp ) 3 ] 2 + –gel matrix film and the emission spectra of the blue LD light source.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Fluorescence spectra of the [ Ru ( dpp ) 3 ] 2 + –gel fiber under oxygen with different concentrations.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Stern–Volmer plots of [ Ru ( dpp ) 3 ] 2 + –gel fiber in relation to the oxygen concentration.

Equations (4)

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D + h υ 1 D * ( Excitation ) ,
D * D + h υ 2 ( Fluorescence ) ,
D * + O 2 O 2 * ( Quenching ) ,
I 0 I = τ 0 τ = 1 + K S V [ Q ] ,

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