Abstract

We report an excited-state Faraday anomalous-dispersion optical filter operating on the rubidium 5P3/25D5/2 transition (775.9nm in vacuum) without the use of a pump laser. An electrodeless discharge vapor lamp is employed to replace the Rb vapor cell in a traditional Faraday anomalous-dispersion optical filter system. Atoms can be excited by power rather than a complex frequency-locked pump laser. A proof-of-concept experimental demonstration with a maximum transmission of 1.9% and a filter bandwidth of 650MHz is presented.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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Y. Yang, X. Cheng, F. Li, X. Hu, X. Lin, and S. Gong, Opt. Lett. 36, 1302 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Liu, Y. Zhang, H. Wu, and D. Fan, Opt. Commun. 284, 4180 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. Miao, L. Yin, W. Zhuang, B. Luo, A. Dang, J. Chen, and H. Guo, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 086106 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (2)

H. Gou, A. Dang, Y. Han, S. Gao, Y. Cao, and B. Luo, Chin. Sci. Bull. 55, 527 (2010), in Chinese.
[CrossRef]

A. Popescu and T. Walther, Appl. Phys. B 98, 667 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

2007 (1)

J. C. Camparo, Appl. Phys. 101, 053303 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

A. Popescu, D. Walldorf, K. Schorstein, and T. Walther, Opt. Commun. 264, 475 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

F. Li, Y. Wang, X. Chen, and S. Gong, Chin. J. Lasers 23, 1317 (2005).

2004 (1)

A. Popescu, K. Schorstein, and T. Walther, Appl. Phys. B 79, 955 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

J. Wang, J. Tang, M. Duan, and J. Li, Acta Electron. Sin. 28, 38 (2000).

1995 (2)

1993 (1)

K. Choi, J. Menders, P. Searcy, and E. Korevaar, Opt. Commun. 96, 240 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

1988 (1)

J. A. Gelbwachs, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1266(1988).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

Billmers, R. I.

Camparo, J. C.

J. C. Camparo, Appl. Phys. 101, 053303 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cao, Y.

H. Gou, A. Dang, Y. Han, S. Gao, Y. Cao, and B. Luo, Chin. Sci. Bull. 55, 527 (2010), in Chinese.
[CrossRef]

Chen, H.

Chen, J.

X. Miao, L. Yin, W. Zhuang, B. Luo, A. Dang, J. Chen, and H. Guo, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 086106 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Sun, X. Miao, R. Sheng, and J. Chen, “Near-infrared spectra and distribution of population on excited states of electrodeless discharge rubidium vapor lamp,” Chin. Phys. B, 110341 (to be published).

Q. Sun, X. Miao, R. Sheng, and J. Chen, in Proceedings of 2011 National Conference on Optoelectronics and Quantum Electronics of China (Chinese Institute of Electronics, 2011), pp. 225–227.

Chen, S. S.

Chen, X.

F. Li, Y. Wang, X. Chen, and S. Gong, Chin. J. Lasers 23, 1317 (2005).

Cheng, X.

Choi, K.

K. Choi, J. Menders, P. Searcy, and E. Korevaar, Opt. Commun. 96, 240 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Contarino, V. M.

Dang, A.

X. Miao, L. Yin, W. Zhuang, B. Luo, A. Dang, J. Chen, and H. Guo, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 086106 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Gou, A. Dang, Y. Han, S. Gao, Y. Cao, and B. Luo, Chin. Sci. Bull. 55, 527 (2010), in Chinese.
[CrossRef]

Dick, D. J.

Dong, T.

Y. Wang, Q. Wang, J. Fu, and T. Dong, Principle of Quantum Frequency Standard (Science, 1986), p. 391, in Chinese.

Duan, M.

J. Wang, J. Tang, M. Duan, and J. Li, Acta Electron. Sin. 28, 38 (2000).

J. Tang, Q. Wang, Y. Li, L. Zhang, J. Gan, and M. Duan, Appl. Opt. 34, 2619 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Fan, D.

S. Liu, Y. Zhang, H. Wu, and D. Fan, Opt. Commun. 284, 4180 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Fu, J.

Y. Wang, Q. Wang, J. Fu, and T. Dong, Principle of Quantum Frequency Standard (Science, 1986), p. 391, in Chinese.

Gan, J.

Gao, S.

H. Gou, A. Dang, Y. Han, S. Gao, Y. Cao, and B. Luo, Chin. Sci. Bull. 55, 527 (2010), in Chinese.
[CrossRef]

Gayen, S. K.

Gelbwachs, J. A.

J. A. Gelbwachs, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1266(1988).
[CrossRef]

Gong, S.

Y. Yang, X. Cheng, F. Li, X. Hu, X. Lin, and S. Gong, Opt. Lett. 36, 1302 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Li, Y. Wang, X. Chen, and S. Gong, Chin. J. Lasers 23, 1317 (2005).

Gou, H.

H. Gou, A. Dang, Y. Han, S. Gao, Y. Cao, and B. Luo, Chin. Sci. Bull. 55, 527 (2010), in Chinese.
[CrossRef]

Guo, H.

X. Miao, L. Yin, W. Zhuang, B. Luo, A. Dang, J. Chen, and H. Guo, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 086106 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Han, Y.

H. Gou, A. Dang, Y. Han, S. Gao, Y. Cao, and B. Luo, Chin. Sci. Bull. 55, 527 (2010), in Chinese.
[CrossRef]

Harrell, S. D.

Hu, X.

Hu, Z. L.

Korevaar, E.

K. Choi, J. Menders, P. Searcy, and E. Korevaar, Opt. Commun. 96, 240 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Krueger, D. A.

Li, F.

Y. Yang, X. Cheng, F. Li, X. Hu, X. Lin, and S. Gong, Opt. Lett. 36, 1302 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Li, Y. Wang, X. Chen, and S. Gong, Chin. J. Lasers 23, 1317 (2005).

Li, J.

J. Wang, J. Tang, M. Duan, and J. Li, Acta Electron. Sin. 28, 38 (2000).

Li, Y.

Lin, X.

Liu, S.

S. Liu, Y. Zhang, H. Wu, and D. Fan, Opt. Commun. 284, 4180 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Luo, B.

X. Miao, L. Yin, W. Zhuang, B. Luo, A. Dang, J. Chen, and H. Guo, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 086106 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Gou, A. Dang, Y. Han, S. Gao, Y. Cao, and B. Luo, Chin. Sci. Bull. 55, 527 (2010), in Chinese.
[CrossRef]

Menders, J.

K. Choi, J. Menders, P. Searcy, and E. Korevaar, Opt. Commun. 96, 240 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Miao, X.

X. Miao, L. Yin, W. Zhuang, B. Luo, A. Dang, J. Chen, and H. Guo, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 086106 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Sun, X. Miao, R. Sheng, and J. Chen, in Proceedings of 2011 National Conference on Optoelectronics and Quantum Electronics of China (Chinese Institute of Electronics, 2011), pp. 225–227.

Q. Sun, X. Miao, R. Sheng, and J. Chen, “Near-infrared spectra and distribution of population on excited states of electrodeless discharge rubidium vapor lamp,” Chin. Phys. B, 110341 (to be published).

Popescu, A.

A. Popescu and T. Walther, Appl. Phys. B 98, 667 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Popescu, D. Walldorf, K. Schorstein, and T. Walther, Opt. Commun. 264, 475 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Popescu, K. Schorstein, and T. Walther, Appl. Phys. B 79, 955 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Scharpf, W. J.

Schorstein, K.

A. Popescu, D. Walldorf, K. Schorstein, and T. Walther, Opt. Commun. 264, 475 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Popescu, K. Schorstein, and T. Walther, Appl. Phys. B 79, 955 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Searcy, P.

K. Choi, J. Menders, P. Searcy, and E. Korevaar, Opt. Commun. 96, 240 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Shay, T. M.

She, C. Y.

Sheng, R.

Q. Sun, X. Miao, R. Sheng, and J. Chen, in Proceedings of 2011 National Conference on Optoelectronics and Quantum Electronics of China (Chinese Institute of Electronics, 2011), pp. 225–227.

Q. Sun, X. Miao, R. Sheng, and J. Chen, “Near-infrared spectra and distribution of population on excited states of electrodeless discharge rubidium vapor lamp,” Chin. Phys. B, 110341 (to be published).

Squicciarini, M. F.

Sun, Q.

Q. Sun, X. Miao, R. Sheng, and J. Chen, in Proceedings of 2011 National Conference on Optoelectronics and Quantum Electronics of China (Chinese Institute of Electronics, 2011), pp. 225–227.

Q. Sun, X. Miao, R. Sheng, and J. Chen, “Near-infrared spectra and distribution of population on excited states of electrodeless discharge rubidium vapor lamp,” Chin. Phys. B, 110341 (to be published).

Tang, J.

J. Wang, J. Tang, M. Duan, and J. Li, Acta Electron. Sin. 28, 38 (2000).

J. Tang, Q. Wang, Y. Li, L. Zhang, J. Gan, and M. Duan, Appl. Opt. 34, 2619 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Walldorf, D.

A. Popescu, D. Walldorf, K. Schorstein, and T. Walther, Opt. Commun. 264, 475 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Walther, T.

A. Popescu and T. Walther, Appl. Phys. B 98, 667 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Popescu, D. Walldorf, K. Schorstein, and T. Walther, Opt. Commun. 264, 475 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Popescu, K. Schorstein, and T. Walther, Appl. Phys. B 79, 955 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

J. Wang, J. Tang, M. Duan, and J. Li, Acta Electron. Sin. 28, 38 (2000).

Wang, Q.

J. Tang, Q. Wang, Y. Li, L. Zhang, J. Gan, and M. Duan, Appl. Opt. 34, 2619 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, Q. Wang, J. Fu, and T. Dong, Principle of Quantum Frequency Standard (Science, 1986), p. 391, in Chinese.

Wang, Y.

F. Li, Y. Wang, X. Chen, and S. Gong, Chin. J. Lasers 23, 1317 (2005).

Y. Wang, Q. Wang, J. Fu, and T. Dong, Principle of Quantum Frequency Standard (Science, 1986), p. 391, in Chinese.

Wu, H.

S. Liu, Y. Zhang, H. Wu, and D. Fan, Opt. Commun. 284, 4180 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Y.

Yeh, P.

Yin, L.

X. Miao, L. Yin, W. Zhuang, B. Luo, A. Dang, J. Chen, and H. Guo, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 086106 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yuan, T.

Zhang, L.

Zhang, Y.

S. Liu, Y. Zhang, H. Wu, and D. Fan, Opt. Commun. 284, 4180 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhuang, W.

X. Miao, L. Yin, W. Zhuang, B. Luo, A. Dang, J. Chen, and H. Guo, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 086106 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Acta Electron. Sin. (1)

J. Wang, J. Tang, M. Duan, and J. Li, Acta Electron. Sin. 28, 38 (2000).

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. (1)

J. C. Camparo, Appl. Phys. 101, 053303 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

A. Popescu and T. Walther, Appl. Phys. B 98, 667 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Popescu, K. Schorstein, and T. Walther, Appl. Phys. B 79, 955 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chin. J. Lasers (1)

F. Li, Y. Wang, X. Chen, and S. Gong, Chin. J. Lasers 23, 1317 (2005).

Chin. Sci. Bull. (1)

H. Gou, A. Dang, Y. Han, S. Gao, Y. Cao, and B. Luo, Chin. Sci. Bull. 55, 527 (2010), in Chinese.
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. A. Gelbwachs, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1266(1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (3)

A. Popescu, D. Walldorf, K. Schorstein, and T. Walther, Opt. Commun. 264, 475 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Liu, Y. Zhang, H. Wu, and D. Fan, Opt. Commun. 284, 4180 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Choi, J. Menders, P. Searcy, and E. Korevaar, Opt. Commun. 96, 240 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

X. Miao, L. Yin, W. Zhuang, B. Luo, A. Dang, J. Chen, and H. Guo, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 086106 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (3)

Y. Wang, Q. Wang, J. Fu, and T. Dong, Principle of Quantum Frequency Standard (Science, 1986), p. 391, in Chinese.

Q. Sun, X. Miao, R. Sheng, and J. Chen, in Proceedings of 2011 National Conference on Optoelectronics and Quantum Electronics of China (Chinese Institute of Electronics, 2011), pp. 225–227.

Q. Sun, X. Miao, R. Sheng, and J. Chen, “Near-infrared spectra and distribution of population on excited states of electrodeless discharge rubidium vapor lamp,” Chin. Phys. B, 110341 (to be published).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic diagram of the experimental setup: ECDL, external cavity diode laser; H1 and H2, permanent magnets; P1 and P2, cross polarizer; PD, photodiode. (b) Photo of the LESFADOF when the lamp is operated in red mode.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Energy diagram. (a)  R b 85 , (b)  R b 87 .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Transmission spectra at 775.9 nm under three spectral modes; T = 242 ° C .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Transmitted signal when the lamp is in red mode and temperature is 242 ° C .

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Peak transmission (without system loss and lamp light) as a function of temperature when the lamp is working on red mode.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Transition Rate of Rubidium

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