Abstract

We experimentally investigate a high-linearity analog photonic link based on polarization-modulation in-phase/quadrature (I/Q) intensity-demodulation. In the proposed system, a light wave with its polarization direction oriented at an angle of 45° with respect to the principal axis of the polarization modulator (PolM) is polarization modulated by a drive signal. In the receiver, the polarization-modulated signal is split into two paths using a 5050 optical coupler (OC). In each path, a polarization beam splitter (PBS) is connected to the PolM via a polarization controller (PC) to realize the in-phase and quadrature signal, respectively. Thanks to the polarization-modulation to intensity- modulation conversion, the fluctuation of the optical phase noise has no impact on the coherent signals. In addition, the use of a single PolM allows the link avoids the matching requirements of dual modulator schemes. The linearization leads to suppression of the third-order intermodulation (IMD3) by more than 40dB, compared to the quadrature signal. Experimental results show that the link gain is 11.5dB, noise figure is 26.5dB, and the third-order limited spurious free dynamic range (SFDR) is 124dB in a 1Hz bandwidth.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  12. T. R. Clark, S. R. O’Connor, and M. L. Dennis, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 58, 3039 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  14. T. E. Darcie and J. Zhang, in Optical Fiber Communication/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OThU1.
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    [CrossRef]

2011

2010

Y. Shen, B. Hraimel, X. Zhang, Glenn E. R. Cowan, K. Wu, and T. Liu, J. Lightwave Technol. 58, 3327 (2010).

T. R. Clark, S. R. O’Connor, and M. L. Dennis, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 58, 3039 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

2007

S. Gupta, G. C. Valley, and B. Jalali, J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 3716 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Zibar, L. A. Johansson, H. Chou, A. Ramaswamy, M. Rodwell, and J. E. Bowers, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 686 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. M. Haas and T. E. Murphy, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 729 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Clark and M. L. Dennis, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1206 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

J. D. Bull, T. E. Darcie, J. Zhang, H. Kato, and N. A. F. Jaeger, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1073 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004

J. D. Bull, N. A. F. Jaeger, H. Kato, M. Fairburn, A. Reid, and P. Ghanipour, Proc. SPIE 5577, 5577 (2004).

2001

H. Jung, G. Lee, S. Han, and W. Choi, Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 29, 2 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1995

T. Iwai, K. Sato, and K. Suto, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1606 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1990

S. K. Korotky and R. M. DE Ridder, IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 8, 1377 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Bowers, J. E.

D. Zibar, L. A. Johansson, H. Chou, A. Ramaswamy, M. Rodwell, and J. E. Bowers, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 686 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bull, J. D.

J. D. Bull, T. E. Darcie, J. Zhang, H. Kato, and N. A. F. Jaeger, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1073 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Bull, N. A. F. Jaeger, H. Kato, M. Fairburn, A. Reid, and P. Ghanipour, Proc. SPIE 5577, 5577 (2004).

Choi, W.

H. Jung, G. Lee, S. Han, and W. Choi, Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 29, 2 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chou, H.

D. Zibar, L. A. Johansson, H. Chou, A. Ramaswamy, M. Rodwell, and J. E. Bowers, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 686 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Clark, T. R.

T. R. Clark, S. R. O’Connor, and M. L. Dennis, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 58, 3039 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Clark and M. L. Dennis, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1206 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Colladay, K.

Cowan, Glenn E. R.

Y. Shen, B. Hraimel, X. Zhang, Glenn E. R. Cowan, K. Wu, and T. Liu, J. Lightwave Technol. 58, 3327 (2010).

Dalton, L. R.

Darcie, T. E.

J. D. Bull, T. E. Darcie, J. Zhang, H. Kato, and N. A. F. Jaeger, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1073 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. E. Darcie and J. Zhang, in Optical Fiber Communication/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OThU1.

DE Ridder, R. M.

S. K. Korotky and R. M. DE Ridder, IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 8, 1377 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Dennis, M. L.

T. R. Clark, S. R. O’Connor, and M. L. Dennis, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 58, 3039 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Clark and M. L. Dennis, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1206 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fairburn, M.

J. D. Bull, N. A. F. Jaeger, H. Kato, M. Fairburn, A. Reid, and P. Ghanipour, Proc. SPIE 5577, 5577 (2004).

Fard, A.

Fetterman, H. R.

Ghanipour, P.

J. D. Bull, N. A. F. Jaeger, H. Kato, M. Fairburn, A. Reid, and P. Ghanipour, Proc. SPIE 5577, 5577 (2004).

Gupta, S.

Haas, B. M.

B. M. Haas and T. E. Murphy, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 729 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Han, S.

H. Jung, G. Lee, S. Han, and W. Choi, Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 29, 2 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hraimel, B.

B. Hraimel, X. Zhang, W. Jiang, K. Wu, T. Liu, T. Xu, Q. Nie, and K. Xu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 230 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Shen, B. Hraimel, X. Zhang, Glenn E. R. Cowan, K. Wu, and T. Liu, J. Lightwave Technol. 58, 3327 (2010).

Iwai, T.

T. Iwai, K. Sato, and K. Suto, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1606 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Jaeger, N. A. F.

J. D. Bull, T. E. Darcie, J. Zhang, H. Kato, and N. A. F. Jaeger, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1073 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Bull, N. A. F. Jaeger, H. Kato, M. Fairburn, A. Reid, and P. Ghanipour, Proc. SPIE 5577, 5577 (2004).

Jalali, B.

Jiang, W.

B. Hraimel, X. Zhang, W. Jiang, K. Wu, T. Liu, T. Xu, Q. Nie, and K. Xu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 230 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Johansson, L. A.

D. Zibar, L. A. Johansson, H. Chou, A. Ramaswamy, M. Rodwell, and J. E. Bowers, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 686 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jung, H.

H. Jung, G. Lee, S. Han, and W. Choi, Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 29, 2 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kato, H.

J. D. Bull, T. E. Darcie, J. Zhang, H. Kato, and N. A. F. Jaeger, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1073 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Bull, N. A. F. Jaeger, H. Kato, M. Fairburn, A. Reid, and P. Ghanipour, Proc. SPIE 5577, 5577 (2004).

Kim, S.

Korotky, S. K.

S. K. Korotky and R. M. DE Ridder, IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 8, 1377 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Lee, G.

H. Jung, G. Lee, S. Han, and W. Choi, Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 29, 2 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Liu, T.

B. Hraimel, X. Zhang, W. Jiang, K. Wu, T. Liu, T. Xu, Q. Nie, and K. Xu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 230 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Shen, B. Hraimel, X. Zhang, Glenn E. R. Cowan, K. Wu, and T. Liu, J. Lightwave Technol. 58, 3327 (2010).

Liu, W.

McKinney, J. D.

Murphy, T. E.

B. M. Haas and T. E. Murphy, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 729 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nie, Q.

B. Hraimel, X. Zhang, W. Jiang, K. Wu, T. Liu, T. Xu, Q. Nie, and K. Xu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 230 (2011).
[CrossRef]

O’Connor, S. R.

T. R. Clark, S. R. O’Connor, and M. L. Dennis, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 58, 3039 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pei, Q.

Ramaswamy, A.

D. Zibar, L. A. Johansson, H. Chou, A. Ramaswamy, M. Rodwell, and J. E. Bowers, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 686 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Reid, A.

J. D. Bull, N. A. F. Jaeger, H. Kato, M. Fairburn, A. Reid, and P. Ghanipour, Proc. SPIE 5577, 5577 (2004).

Rodwell, M.

D. Zibar, L. A. Johansson, H. Chou, A. Ramaswamy, M. Rodwell, and J. E. Bowers, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 686 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sato, K.

T. Iwai, K. Sato, and K. Suto, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1606 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Y.

Y. Shen, B. Hraimel, X. Zhang, Glenn E. R. Cowan, K. Wu, and T. Liu, J. Lightwave Technol. 58, 3327 (2010).

Suto, K.

T. Iwai, K. Sato, and K. Suto, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1606 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Valley, G. C.

Williams, K. J.

Wu, K.

B. Hraimel, X. Zhang, W. Jiang, K. Wu, T. Liu, T. Xu, Q. Nie, and K. Xu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 230 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Shen, B. Hraimel, X. Zhang, Glenn E. R. Cowan, K. Wu, and T. Liu, J. Lightwave Technol. 58, 3327 (2010).

Xu, K.

B. Hraimel, X. Zhang, W. Jiang, K. Wu, T. Liu, T. Xu, Q. Nie, and K. Xu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 230 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Xu, T.

B. Hraimel, X. Zhang, W. Jiang, K. Wu, T. Liu, T. Xu, Q. Nie, and K. Xu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 230 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

J. D. Bull, T. E. Darcie, J. Zhang, H. Kato, and N. A. F. Jaeger, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1073 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. E. Darcie and J. Zhang, in Optical Fiber Communication/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OThU1.

Zhang, X.

B. Hraimel, X. Zhang, W. Jiang, K. Wu, T. Liu, T. Xu, Q. Nie, and K. Xu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 230 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Shen, B. Hraimel, X. Zhang, Glenn E. R. Cowan, K. Wu, and T. Liu, J. Lightwave Technol. 58, 3327 (2010).

Zibar, D.

D. Zibar, L. A. Johansson, H. Chou, A. Ramaswamy, M. Rodwell, and J. E. Bowers, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 686 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun.

S. K. Korotky and R. M. DE Ridder, IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 8, 1377 (1990).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

B. Hraimel, X. Zhang, W. Jiang, K. Wu, T. Liu, T. Xu, Q. Nie, and K. Xu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 230 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. Zibar, L. A. Johansson, H. Chou, A. Ramaswamy, M. Rodwell, and J. E. Bowers, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 686 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. M. Haas and T. E. Murphy, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 729 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Clark and M. L. Dennis, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1206 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Bull, T. E. Darcie, J. Zhang, H. Kato, and N. A. F. Jaeger, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1073 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.

T. R. Clark, S. R. O’Connor, and M. L. Dennis, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 58, 3039 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. D. McKinney, K. Colladay, and K. J. Williams, J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 1212 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Iwai, K. Sato, and K. Suto, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1606 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Y. Shen, B. Hraimel, X. Zhang, Glenn E. R. Cowan, K. Wu, and T. Liu, J. Lightwave Technol. 58, 3327 (2010).

S. Gupta, G. C. Valley, and B. Jalali, J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 3716 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett.

H. Jung, G. Lee, S. Han, and W. Choi, Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 29, 2 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Proc. SPIE

J. D. Bull, N. A. F. Jaeger, H. Kato, M. Fairburn, A. Reid, and P. Ghanipour, Proc. SPIE 5577, 5577 (2004).

Other

T. E. Darcie and J. Zhang, in Optical Fiber Communication/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OThU1.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram for the polarization-modulation I / Q intensity-demodulation analog photonic link based on PolM.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Polarization trajectories on the Poincaré sphere before and after the PolM for the setup in Fig. 1.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

The FFT power spectra for a two-tone test with 10 and 11 MHz input frequencies. The input power of per tone is 11 dBm . (a) Quadrature signal only, and (b)  I / Q - demodulated signal. The suppression of IMD3 by more than 40 dBc is obtained.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Fundamental and IMD3 analog signal output powers as a function of analog signal input power. The link gain is 11.5 dBm , OIP3 is + 27.25 dBm , and the SFDR is 124 dB - Hz 2 / 3 .

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

P = P in 2 [ 1 ± cos ( π V π V in ( t ) + φ ) ] ,
I I = RP in cos [ π V π V in ( t ) ] ,
I Q = RP in sin [ π V π V in ( t ) ] ,

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