Abstract

A novel technique was used to control the spatial overlap of the orthogonal linearly polarized waveguide modes in ultrafast laser inscribed BiB3O6 waveguides. We report that the strain fields induced by the expansion of material in the laser focus can be considered independently in the design of “type II” waveguides guiding orthogonal linearly polarized light. The waveguide with the optimal mode overlap was used for type I birefringently phase-matched second-harmonic generation of a continuous wave laser source at 1047nm.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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2010 (2)

2008 (1)

W. J. Yang, P. G. Kazansky, and Y. P. Svirko, Nat. Photon. 2, 99 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

N. Umemura, K. Miyata, and K. Kato, Opt. Mater. 30, 532 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. Osellame, M. Lobino, N. Chiodo, M. Marangoni, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, H. T. Bookey, R. R. Thomson, N. D. Psaila, and A. K. Kar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241107(2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

R. R. Thomson, S. Campbell, I. J. Blewett, A. K. Kar, and D. T. Reid, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 111109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Burghoff, C. Grebing, S. Nolte, and A. Tunnermann, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 081108 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

M. Ghotbi and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, Opt. Express 12, 6002 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Nolte, J. Burghoff, M. Will, and A. Tunnermann, Proc. SPIE 5340, 164 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

T. Gorelik, M. Will, S. Nolte, A. Tuennermann, and U. Glatzel, Appl. Phys. A: Mater. Sci. Process. 76, 309(2003).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

H. Hellwig, J. Liebertz, and L. Bohatý, Solid State Commun. 109, 249 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Schiek, Y. S. Baek, and G. I. Stegeman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 2255 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1983 (1)

Baek, Y. S.

Beecher, S. J.

Blewett, I. J.

R. R. Thomson, S. Campbell, I. J. Blewett, A. K. Kar, and D. T. Reid, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 111109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bohatý, L.

H. Hellwig, J. Liebertz, and L. Bohatý, Solid State Commun. 109, 249 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bookey, H. T.

J. R. Macdonald, R. R. Thomson, S. J. Beecher, N. D. Psaila, H. T. Bookey, and A. K. Kar, Opt. Lett. 35, 4036 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Osellame, M. Lobino, N. Chiodo, M. Marangoni, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, H. T. Bookey, R. R. Thomson, N. D. Psaila, and A. K. Kar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241107(2007).
[CrossRef]

Burghoff, J.

J. Burghoff, C. Grebing, S. Nolte, and A. Tunnermann, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 081108 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Nolte, J. Burghoff, M. Will, and A. Tunnermann, Proc. SPIE 5340, 164 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Campbell, S.

R. R. Thomson, S. Campbell, I. J. Blewett, A. K. Kar, and D. T. Reid, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 111109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cerullo, G.

R. Osellame, M. Lobino, N. Chiodo, M. Marangoni, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, H. T. Bookey, R. R. Thomson, N. D. Psaila, and A. K. Kar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241107(2007).
[CrossRef]

Chiodo, N.

R. Osellame, M. Lobino, N. Chiodo, M. Marangoni, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, H. T. Bookey, R. R. Thomson, N. D. Psaila, and A. K. Kar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241107(2007).
[CrossRef]

Coker, E.

E. Coker and L. Filon, A Treatise on Photoelasticity(Cambridge University, 1931).

Davis, K. M.

Devi, K.

Ebrahim-Zadeh, M.

Filon, L.

E. Coker and L. Filon, A Treatise on Photoelasticity(Cambridge University, 1931).

Ghotbi, M.

Glatzel, U.

T. Gorelik, M. Will, S. Nolte, A. Tuennermann, and U. Glatzel, Appl. Phys. A: Mater. Sci. Process. 76, 309(2003).
[CrossRef]

Gorelik, T.

T. Gorelik, M. Will, S. Nolte, A. Tuennermann, and U. Glatzel, Appl. Phys. A: Mater. Sci. Process. 76, 309(2003).
[CrossRef]

Grebing, C.

J. Burghoff, C. Grebing, S. Nolte, and A. Tunnermann, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 081108 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hellwig, H.

H. Hellwig, J. Liebertz, and L. Bohatý, Solid State Commun. 109, 249 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hirao, K.

Kar, A. K.

J. R. Macdonald, R. R. Thomson, S. J. Beecher, N. D. Psaila, H. T. Bookey, and A. K. Kar, Opt. Lett. 35, 4036 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Osellame, M. Lobino, N. Chiodo, M. Marangoni, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, H. T. Bookey, R. R. Thomson, N. D. Psaila, and A. K. Kar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241107(2007).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Thomson, S. Campbell, I. J. Blewett, A. K. Kar, and D. T. Reid, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 111109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kato, K.

N. Umemura, K. Miyata, and K. Kato, Opt. Mater. 30, 532 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kazansky, P. G.

W. J. Yang, P. G. Kazansky, and Y. P. Svirko, Nat. Photon. 2, 99 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, S. C.

Liebertz, J.

H. Hellwig, J. Liebertz, and L. Bohatý, Solid State Commun. 109, 249 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lobino, M.

R. Osellame, M. Lobino, N. Chiodo, M. Marangoni, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, H. T. Bookey, R. R. Thomson, N. D. Psaila, and A. K. Kar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241107(2007).
[CrossRef]

Macdonald, J. R.

Marangoni, M.

R. Osellame, M. Lobino, N. Chiodo, M. Marangoni, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, H. T. Bookey, R. R. Thomson, N. D. Psaila, and A. K. Kar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241107(2007).
[CrossRef]

Miura, K.

Miyata, K.

N. Umemura, K. Miyata, and K. Kato, Opt. Mater. 30, 532 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nolte, S.

J. Burghoff, C. Grebing, S. Nolte, and A. Tunnermann, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 081108 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Nolte, J. Burghoff, M. Will, and A. Tunnermann, Proc. SPIE 5340, 164 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Gorelik, M. Will, S. Nolte, A. Tuennermann, and U. Glatzel, Appl. Phys. A: Mater. Sci. Process. 76, 309(2003).
[CrossRef]

Okamura, Y.

Osellame, R.

R. Osellame, M. Lobino, N. Chiodo, M. Marangoni, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, H. T. Bookey, R. R. Thomson, N. D. Psaila, and A. K. Kar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241107(2007).
[CrossRef]

Psaila, N. D.

J. R. Macdonald, R. R. Thomson, S. J. Beecher, N. D. Psaila, H. T. Bookey, and A. K. Kar, Opt. Lett. 35, 4036 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Osellame, M. Lobino, N. Chiodo, M. Marangoni, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, H. T. Bookey, R. R. Thomson, N. D. Psaila, and A. K. Kar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241107(2007).
[CrossRef]

Ramponi, R.

R. Osellame, M. Lobino, N. Chiodo, M. Marangoni, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, H. T. Bookey, R. R. Thomson, N. D. Psaila, and A. K. Kar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241107(2007).
[CrossRef]

Reid, D. T.

R. R. Thomson, S. Campbell, I. J. Blewett, A. K. Kar, and D. T. Reid, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 111109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Samanta, G. K.

Schiek, R.

Stegeman, G. I.

Sugimoto, N.

Svirko, Y. P.

W. J. Yang, P. G. Kazansky, and Y. P. Svirko, Nat. Photon. 2, 99 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Thomson, R. R.

J. R. Macdonald, R. R. Thomson, S. J. Beecher, N. D. Psaila, H. T. Bookey, and A. K. Kar, Opt. Lett. 35, 4036 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Osellame, M. Lobino, N. Chiodo, M. Marangoni, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, H. T. Bookey, R. R. Thomson, N. D. Psaila, and A. K. Kar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241107(2007).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Thomson, S. Campbell, I. J. Blewett, A. K. Kar, and D. T. Reid, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 111109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tuennermann, A.

T. Gorelik, M. Will, S. Nolte, A. Tuennermann, and U. Glatzel, Appl. Phys. A: Mater. Sci. Process. 76, 309(2003).
[CrossRef]

Tunnermann, A.

J. Burghoff, C. Grebing, S. Nolte, and A. Tunnermann, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 081108 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Nolte, J. Burghoff, M. Will, and A. Tunnermann, Proc. SPIE 5340, 164 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Umemura, N.

N. Umemura, K. Miyata, and K. Kato, Opt. Mater. 30, 532 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Will, M.

S. Nolte, J. Burghoff, M. Will, and A. Tunnermann, Proc. SPIE 5340, 164 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Gorelik, M. Will, S. Nolte, A. Tuennermann, and U. Glatzel, Appl. Phys. A: Mater. Sci. Process. 76, 309(2003).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, S.

Yang, W. J.

W. J. Yang, P. G. Kazansky, and Y. P. Svirko, Nat. Photon. 2, 99 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yoshinaka, S.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. A: Mater. Sci. Process. (1)

T. Gorelik, M. Will, S. Nolte, A. Tuennermann, and U. Glatzel, Appl. Phys. A: Mater. Sci. Process. 76, 309(2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

R. R. Thomson, S. Campbell, I. J. Blewett, A. K. Kar, and D. T. Reid, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 111109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Burghoff, C. Grebing, S. Nolte, and A. Tunnermann, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 081108 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Osellame, M. Lobino, N. Chiodo, M. Marangoni, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, H. T. Bookey, R. R. Thomson, N. D. Psaila, and A. K. Kar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241107(2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nat. Photon. (1)

W. J. Yang, P. G. Kazansky, and Y. P. Svirko, Nat. Photon. 2, 99 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Opt. Mater. (1)

N. Umemura, K. Miyata, and K. Kato, Opt. Mater. 30, 532 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

S. Nolte, J. Burghoff, M. Will, and A. Tunnermann, Proc. SPIE 5340, 164 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Solid State Commun. (1)

H. Hellwig, J. Liebertz, and L. Bohatý, Solid State Commun. 109, 249 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

E. Coker and L. Filon, A Treatise on Photoelasticity(Cambridge University, 1931).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Investigation of the polarization- dependent guiding experimental configuration.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Polarization-dependent guiding properties of the two-line structure. (a) White light transmission optical micrograph of a waveguide facet. (b) White light transmission optical micrograph with the guided 980 nm modes superimposed on top. The H-polarized mode (bottom) is shown in green and the V-polarized mode (top) is shown in red.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Proposed design of the four-line structure. The H-polarized (B) mode of waveguide 1 (WG1) is overlapped with the V-polarized (C) mode of waveguide 2 (WG2) to achieve the guiding of both polarizations ( B + C ) (WG 1 + 2 ).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Vertical offset of the modes as a function of depth offset between the pairs of damage lines for upper lines with a 25 μm separation and lower lines with a 20 μm separation. The points show experimentally measured differences in mode position between the H-polarized and V-polarized guided modes. The line shows a prediction of the vertical mode offset assuming each damage line pair has no effect on the strain fields caused by the other pair of damage lines, based on the two-lines structure (Fig. 2). (b) H-polarized and V- polarized guided modes for the waveguide, which exhibits the best vertical mode overlap between H-polarized and V- polarized modes.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Nonlinear performance of the waveguide with the best vertical mode overlap between the H- polarized and V-polarized modes. (a) Temperature tuning the BIBO crystal for SHG for a pump wavelength of 1047 nm . (b) The efficiency of the SHG as a function of pump power in the low pump depletion regime.

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