Abstract

We report on the fabrication of Nd:YCOB (Nd:YCa4O(BO3)3) optical waveguides by using 170MeV Ar8+ ion irradiation at an ultralow fluence of 2×1012  ions/cm2. The confocal microphotoluminescence investigation on the produced waveguides has shown the well-preserved fluorescence features within the guiding layer with respect to the bulks. Under the optical pump at wavelength of 810nm, continuous wave waveguide lasers at 1061.2nm have been generated at room temperature with a high slope efficiency of 67.9%.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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2011 (7)

2010 (1)

2009 (2)

J. Siebenmorgen, K. Petermann, G. Huber, K. Rademaker, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, Appl. Phys. B 97, 251 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Chen, J. Appl. Phys. 106, 081101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

F. Chen, X. L. Wang, and K. M. Wang, Opt. Mater. 29, 1523 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. I. Mackenzie, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 626 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Olivares, A. García-Navarro, G. García, A. Méndez, F. Agulló-López, A. García-Cabañes, M. Carrascosa, and O. Caballero, Opt. Lett. 32, 2587 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

A. Garcia-Navarro, J. Olivares, G. Garcia, F. Agulló-López, S. Garcia-Blanco, C. Merchant, and J. S. Aitchison, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. Sect. B 249, 177 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Ilan, A. Gumennik, R. Fathei, A. J. Agranat, I. Shachar, and M. Hass, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 241130 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

J. Olivares, G. García, A. García-Navarro, F. Agulló-López, O. Caballero, and A. García-Cabañes, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 183501 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2002 (2)

K. M. Wang, H. Hu, F. Chen, F. Lu, B. R. Shi, D. Y. Shen, Y. G. Liu, J. Y. Wang, and Q. M. Lu, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. Sect. B 191, 789 (2002).
[CrossRef]

F. Schrempel, T. Höche, J.-P. Ruske, U. Grusemann, and W. Wesch, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. Sect. B 191, 202 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

V. V. Atuchin, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. Sect. B 168, 498 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Fujiamura, T. Kodama, T. Suhara, and H. Nishihara, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1513 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

Q. Ye, L. Shah, J. Eichenholz, D. Hammons, R. Peale, M. Richardson, A. Chin, and B. H. T. Chai, Opt. Commun. 164, 33 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Eichenholz, D. Hammons, L. Shah, Q. Ye, R. Peale, M. Richardson, and B. H. T. Chai, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1954 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Agranat, A. J.

H. Ilan, A. Gumennik, R. Fathei, A. J. Agranat, I. Shachar, and M. Hass, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 241130 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Agulló-López, F.

J. Olivares, A. García-Navarro, G. García, A. Méndez, F. Agulló-López, A. García-Cabañes, M. Carrascosa, and O. Caballero, Opt. Lett. 32, 2587 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Garcia-Navarro, J. Olivares, G. Garcia, F. Agulló-López, S. Garcia-Blanco, C. Merchant, and J. S. Aitchison, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. Sect. B 249, 177 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Olivares, G. García, A. García-Navarro, F. Agulló-López, O. Caballero, and A. García-Cabañes, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 183501 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Aitchison, J. S.

A. Garcia-Navarro, J. Olivares, G. Garcia, F. Agulló-López, S. Garcia-Blanco, C. Merchant, and J. S. Aitchison, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. Sect. B 249, 177 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Aka, G.

Akhmadaliev, S.

Atuchin, V. V.

V. V. Atuchin, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. Sect. B 168, 498 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Benayas, A.

Boudrioua, A.

Caballero, O.

J. Olivares, A. García-Navarro, G. García, A. Méndez, F. Agulló-López, A. García-Cabañes, M. Carrascosa, and O. Caballero, Opt. Lett. 32, 2587 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Olivares, G. García, A. García-Navarro, F. Agulló-López, O. Caballero, and A. García-Cabañes, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 183501 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cantelar, E.

N. Dong, J. M. de Mendivil, E. Cantelar, G. Lifante, J. V. de Aldana, G. A. Torchia, F. Chen, and D. Jaque, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 181103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Carrascosa, M.

Chai, B. H. T.

Q. Ye, L. Shah, J. Eichenholz, D. Hammons, R. Peale, M. Richardson, A. Chin, and B. H. T. Chai, Opt. Commun. 164, 33 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Eichenholz, D. Hammons, L. Shah, Q. Ye, R. Peale, M. Richardson, and B. H. T. Chai, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1954 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chandler, P. J.

P. D. Townsend, P. J. Chandler, and L. Zhang, Optical Effects of Ion Implantation (Cambridge University, 1994).
[CrossRef]

Chen, F.

Y. Ren, N. Dong, F. Chen, and D. Jaque, Opt. Express 19, 5522 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Ren, Y. Jia, F. Chen, Q. Lu, S. Akhmadaliev, and S. Zhou, Opt. Express 19, 12490 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Dong, J. M. de Mendivil, E. Cantelar, G. Lifante, J. V. de Aldana, G. A. Torchia, F. Chen, and D. Jaque, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 181103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

N. N. Dong, Y. Tan, A. Benayas, J. V. de Aldana, D. Jaque, C. Romero, F. Chen, and Q. M. Lu, Opt. Lett. 36, 975 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Ren, N. Dong, F. Chen, A. Benayas, D. Jaque, F. Qiu, and T. Narusawa, Opt. Lett. 35, 3276 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Chen, J. Appl. Phys. 106, 081101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Chen, X. L. Wang, and K. M. Wang, Opt. Mater. 29, 1523 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Wang, H. Hu, F. Chen, F. Lu, B. R. Shi, D. Y. Shen, Y. G. Liu, J. Y. Wang, and Q. M. Lu, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. Sect. B 191, 789 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chin, A.

Q. Ye, L. Shah, J. Eichenholz, D. Hammons, R. Peale, M. Richardson, A. Chin, and B. H. T. Chai, Opt. Commun. 164, 33 (1999).
[CrossRef]

de Aldana, J. V.

N. Dong, J. M. de Mendivil, E. Cantelar, G. Lifante, J. V. de Aldana, G. A. Torchia, F. Chen, and D. Jaque, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 181103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

N. N. Dong, Y. Tan, A. Benayas, J. V. de Aldana, D. Jaque, C. Romero, F. Chen, and Q. M. Lu, Opt. Lett. 36, 975 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

de Mendivil, J. M.

N. Dong, J. M. de Mendivil, E. Cantelar, G. Lifante, J. V. de Aldana, G. A. Torchia, F. Chen, and D. Jaque, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 181103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dong, N.

N. Dong, J. M. de Mendivil, E. Cantelar, G. Lifante, J. V. de Aldana, G. A. Torchia, F. Chen, and D. Jaque, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 181103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ren, N. Dong, F. Chen, and D. Jaque, Opt. Express 19, 5522 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Ren, N. Dong, F. Chen, A. Benayas, D. Jaque, F. Qiu, and T. Narusawa, Opt. Lett. 35, 3276 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dong, N. N.

Eichenholz, J.

J. Eichenholz, D. Hammons, L. Shah, Q. Ye, R. Peale, M. Richardson, and B. H. T. Chai, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1954 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Q. Ye, L. Shah, J. Eichenholz, D. Hammons, R. Peale, M. Richardson, A. Chin, and B. H. T. Chai, Opt. Commun. 164, 33 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fathei, R.

H. Ilan, A. Gumennik, R. Fathei, A. J. Agranat, I. Shachar, and M. Hass, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 241130 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fujiamura, M.

M. Fujiamura, T. Kodama, T. Suhara, and H. Nishihara, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1513 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Garcia, G.

A. Garcia-Navarro, J. Olivares, G. Garcia, F. Agulló-López, S. Garcia-Blanco, C. Merchant, and J. S. Aitchison, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. Sect. B 249, 177 (2006).
[CrossRef]

García, G.

J. Olivares, A. García-Navarro, G. García, A. Méndez, F. Agulló-López, A. García-Cabañes, M. Carrascosa, and O. Caballero, Opt. Lett. 32, 2587 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Olivares, G. García, A. García-Navarro, F. Agulló-López, O. Caballero, and A. García-Cabañes, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 183501 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Garcia-Blanco, S.

A. Garcia-Navarro, J. Olivares, G. Garcia, F. Agulló-López, S. Garcia-Blanco, C. Merchant, and J. S. Aitchison, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. Sect. B 249, 177 (2006).
[CrossRef]

García-Cabañes, A.

J. Olivares, A. García-Navarro, G. García, A. Méndez, F. Agulló-López, A. García-Cabañes, M. Carrascosa, and O. Caballero, Opt. Lett. 32, 2587 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Olivares, G. García, A. García-Navarro, F. Agulló-López, O. Caballero, and A. García-Cabañes, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 183501 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Garcia-Navarro, A.

A. Garcia-Navarro, J. Olivares, G. Garcia, F. Agulló-López, S. Garcia-Blanco, C. Merchant, and J. S. Aitchison, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. Sect. B 249, 177 (2006).
[CrossRef]

García-Navarro, A.

J. Olivares, A. García-Navarro, G. García, A. Méndez, F. Agulló-López, A. García-Cabañes, M. Carrascosa, and O. Caballero, Opt. Lett. 32, 2587 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Olivares, G. García, A. García-Navarro, F. Agulló-López, O. Caballero, and A. García-Cabañes, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 183501 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Grivas, C.

C. Grivas, Prog. Quantum Electron. 35, 159 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Grusemann, U.

F. Schrempel, T. Höche, J.-P. Ruske, U. Grusemann, and W. Wesch, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. Sect. B 191, 202 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gumennik, A.

H. Ilan, A. Gumennik, R. Fathei, A. J. Agranat, I. Shachar, and M. Hass, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 241130 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hammons, D.

Q. Ye, L. Shah, J. Eichenholz, D. Hammons, R. Peale, M. Richardson, A. Chin, and B. H. T. Chai, Opt. Commun. 164, 33 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Eichenholz, D. Hammons, L. Shah, Q. Ye, R. Peale, M. Richardson, and B. H. T. Chai, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1954 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hass, M.

H. Ilan, A. Gumennik, R. Fathei, A. J. Agranat, I. Shachar, and M. Hass, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 241130 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Höche, T.

F. Schrempel, T. Höche, J.-P. Ruske, U. Grusemann, and W. Wesch, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. Sect. B 191, 202 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hu, H.

K. M. Wang, H. Hu, F. Chen, F. Lu, B. R. Shi, D. Y. Shen, Y. G. Liu, J. Y. Wang, and Q. M. Lu, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. Sect. B 191, 789 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Huber, G.

J. Siebenmorgen, K. Petermann, G. Huber, K. Rademaker, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, Appl. Phys. B 97, 251 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ilan, H.

H. Ilan, A. Gumennik, R. Fathei, A. J. Agranat, I. Shachar, and M. Hass, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 241130 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jacquier, B.

Jaque, D.

Jia, Y.

Kar, A. K.

Kodama, T.

M. Fujiamura, T. Kodama, T. Suhara, and H. Nishihara, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1513 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lifante, G.

N. Dong, J. M. de Mendivil, E. Cantelar, G. Lifante, J. V. de Aldana, G. A. Torchia, F. Chen, and D. Jaque, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 181103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y. G.

K. M. Wang, H. Hu, F. Chen, F. Lu, B. R. Shi, D. Y. Shen, Y. G. Liu, J. Y. Wang, and Q. M. Lu, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. Sect. B 191, 789 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lu, F.

K. M. Wang, H. Hu, F. Chen, F. Lu, B. R. Shi, D. Y. Shen, Y. G. Liu, J. Y. Wang, and Q. M. Lu, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. Sect. B 191, 789 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lu, Q.

Lu, Q. M.

N. N. Dong, Y. Tan, A. Benayas, J. V. de Aldana, D. Jaque, C. Romero, F. Chen, and Q. M. Lu, Opt. Lett. 36, 975 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. M. Wang, H. Hu, F. Chen, F. Lu, B. R. Shi, D. Y. Shen, Y. G. Liu, J. Y. Wang, and Q. M. Lu, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. Sect. B 191, 789 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mackenzie, J. I.

J. I. Mackenzie, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 626 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Méndez, A.

Merchant, C.

A. Garcia-Navarro, J. Olivares, G. Garcia, F. Agulló-López, S. Garcia-Blanco, C. Merchant, and J. S. Aitchison, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. Sect. B 249, 177 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Moretti, P.

Murphy, E. J.

E. J. Murphy, Integrated Optical Circuits and Components: Design and Applications (Marcel Dekker, 1999).

Narusawa, T.

Nishihara, H.

M. Fujiamura, T. Kodama, T. Suhara, and H. Nishihara, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1513 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nolte, S.

J. Siebenmorgen, K. Petermann, G. Huber, K. Rademaker, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, Appl. Phys. B 97, 251 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Olivares, J.

J. Olivares, A. García-Navarro, G. García, A. Méndez, F. Agulló-López, A. García-Cabañes, M. Carrascosa, and O. Caballero, Opt. Lett. 32, 2587 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Garcia-Navarro, J. Olivares, G. Garcia, F. Agulló-López, S. Garcia-Blanco, C. Merchant, and J. S. Aitchison, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. Sect. B 249, 177 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Olivares, G. García, A. García-Navarro, F. Agulló-López, O. Caballero, and A. García-Cabañes, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 183501 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Peale, R.

J. Eichenholz, D. Hammons, L. Shah, Q. Ye, R. Peale, M. Richardson, and B. H. T. Chai, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1954 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Q. Ye, L. Shah, J. Eichenholz, D. Hammons, R. Peale, M. Richardson, A. Chin, and B. H. T. Chai, Opt. Commun. 164, 33 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Petermann, K.

J. Siebenmorgen, K. Petermann, G. Huber, K. Rademaker, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, Appl. Phys. B 97, 251 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, F.

Rademaker, K.

J. Siebenmorgen, K. Petermann, G. Huber, K. Rademaker, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, Appl. Phys. B 97, 251 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ren, Y.

Richardson, M.

Q. Ye, L. Shah, J. Eichenholz, D. Hammons, R. Peale, M. Richardson, A. Chin, and B. H. T. Chai, Opt. Commun. 164, 33 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Eichenholz, D. Hammons, L. Shah, Q. Ye, R. Peale, M. Richardson, and B. H. T. Chai, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1954 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rodenas, A.

Romero, C.

Ruske, J.-P.

F. Schrempel, T. Höche, J.-P. Ruske, U. Grusemann, and W. Wesch, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. Sect. B 191, 202 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Schrempel, F.

F. Schrempel, T. Höche, J.-P. Ruske, U. Grusemann, and W. Wesch, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. Sect. B 191, 202 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shachar, I.

H. Ilan, A. Gumennik, R. Fathei, A. J. Agranat, I. Shachar, and M. Hass, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 241130 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shah, L.

Q. Ye, L. Shah, J. Eichenholz, D. Hammons, R. Peale, M. Richardson, A. Chin, and B. H. T. Chai, Opt. Commun. 164, 33 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Eichenholz, D. Hammons, L. Shah, Q. Ye, R. Peale, M. Richardson, and B. H. T. Chai, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1954 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Shen, D. Y.

K. M. Wang, H. Hu, F. Chen, F. Lu, B. R. Shi, D. Y. Shen, Y. G. Liu, J. Y. Wang, and Q. M. Lu, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. Sect. B 191, 789 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shi, B. R.

K. M. Wang, H. Hu, F. Chen, F. Lu, B. R. Shi, D. Y. Shen, Y. G. Liu, J. Y. Wang, and Q. M. Lu, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. Sect. B 191, 789 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Siebenmorgen, J.

J. Siebenmorgen, K. Petermann, G. Huber, K. Rademaker, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, Appl. Phys. B 97, 251 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Suhara, T.

M. Fujiamura, T. Kodama, T. Suhara, and H. Nishihara, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1513 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tan, Y.

Tascu, S.

Torchia, G. A.

N. Dong, J. M. de Mendivil, E. Cantelar, G. Lifante, J. V. de Aldana, G. A. Torchia, F. Chen, and D. Jaque, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 181103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Townsend, P. D.

P. D. Townsend, P. J. Chandler, and L. Zhang, Optical Effects of Ion Implantation (Cambridge University, 1994).
[CrossRef]

Tünnermann, A.

J. Siebenmorgen, K. Petermann, G. Huber, K. Rademaker, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, Appl. Phys. B 97, 251 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Vincent, B.

Wang, J. Y.

K. M. Wang, H. Hu, F. Chen, F. Lu, B. R. Shi, D. Y. Shen, Y. G. Liu, J. Y. Wang, and Q. M. Lu, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. Sect. B 191, 789 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wang, K. M.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Microscope image of the Ar 8 + ion irradiated Nd:YCOB sample, and (b) the measured near-field intensity of the TM mode.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Room-temperature luminescence emission spectrum correlated to Nd 3 + ions at F 4 3 / 2 I 4 9 / 2 transition of the Nd:YCOB crystal, the spatial dependence of the (b) emitted intensity, (c) spectral shift, and (d) emission width (at FWHM) of the 881.6 nm emission line.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Laser emission spectrum from the 170 MeV Ar 8 + irradiated Nd:YCOB planar waveguide. The inset shows the laser modal profile ( TE 0 ) at 1061.2 nm .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Output laser power at 1061.2 nm as a function of absorbed pump power at 810 nm obtained from the Nd:YCOB waveguide.

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