Abstract

The performance of two-section, passively mode-locked semiconductor lasers is theoretically analyzed for different cavity designs. Placing the saturable absorber section close to an antireflection-coated facet leads to a substantial increase in output power and a reduction in amplitude and timing jitter. Moreover, it broadens the bias current region of stable passive mode-locking operation.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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  1. R. Fork, C. Shank, R. Yen, and C. Hirlimann, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 19, 500 (1983).
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    [CrossRef]
  4. H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1173(2000).
    [CrossRef]
  5. K. A. Williams, M. G. Thompson, and I. H. White, New J. Phys. 6, 179 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. D. Jones, L. Zhang, J. Carroll, and D. Marcenac, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1051 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  7. D. Derickson, R. Helkey, A. Mar, J. Karin, J. Wasserbauer, and J. Bowers, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2186 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  8. L. Narducci and N. B. Abraham, Laser Physics and Laser Instabilities (World Scientific, 1988).
  9. H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11, 736 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. Javaloyes and S. Balle, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 1023 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. Javaloyes and S. Balle, Phys. Rev. A 81, 062505 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  12. L. Hou, P. Stolarz, J. Javaloyes, R. Green, C. Ironside, M. Sorel, and A. Bryce, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1731 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  13. C. Hönninger, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, M. Moser, and U. Keller, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 46 (1999).
    [CrossRef]

2010 (2)

J. Javaloyes and S. Balle, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 1023 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Javaloyes and S. Balle, Phys. Rev. A 81, 062505 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

L. Hou, P. Stolarz, J. Javaloyes, R. Green, C. Ironside, M. Sorel, and A. Bryce, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1731 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

K. A. Williams, M. G. Thompson, and I. H. White, New J. Phys. 6, 179 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1173(2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1996 (1)

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435(1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

D. Jones, L. Zhang, J. Carroll, and D. Marcenac, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1051 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

D. Derickson, R. Helkey, A. Mar, J. Karin, J. Wasserbauer, and J. Bowers, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2186 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

1983 (1)

R. Fork, C. Shank, R. Yen, and C. Hirlimann, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 19, 500 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1975 (1)

H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11, 736 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Abraham, N. B.

L. Narducci and N. B. Abraham, Laser Physics and Laser Instabilities (World Scientific, 1988).

Balle, S.

J. Javaloyes and S. Balle, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 1023 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Javaloyes and S. Balle, Phys. Rev. A 81, 062505 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bowers, J.

D. Derickson, R. Helkey, A. Mar, J. Karin, J. Wasserbauer, and J. Bowers, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2186 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Braun, B.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435(1996).
[CrossRef]

Bryce, A.

L. Hou, P. Stolarz, J. Javaloyes, R. Green, C. Ironside, M. Sorel, and A. Bryce, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1731 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Carroll, J.

D. Jones, L. Zhang, J. Carroll, and D. Marcenac, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1051 (1995).
[CrossRef]

der Au, J. Aus

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435(1996).
[CrossRef]

Derickson, D.

D. Derickson, R. Helkey, A. Mar, J. Karin, J. Wasserbauer, and J. Bowers, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2186 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Fluck, R.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435(1996).
[CrossRef]

Fork, R.

R. Fork, C. Shank, R. Yen, and C. Hirlimann, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 19, 500 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Green, R.

L. Hou, P. Stolarz, J. Javaloyes, R. Green, C. Ironside, M. Sorel, and A. Bryce, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1731 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1173(2000).
[CrossRef]

H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11, 736 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Helkey, R.

D. Derickson, R. Helkey, A. Mar, J. Karin, J. Wasserbauer, and J. Bowers, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2186 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Hirlimann, C.

R. Fork, C. Shank, R. Yen, and C. Hirlimann, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 19, 500 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Hönninger, C.

C. Hönninger, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, M. Moser, and U. Keller, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 46 (1999).
[CrossRef]

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435(1996).
[CrossRef]

Hou, L.

L. Hou, P. Stolarz, J. Javaloyes, R. Green, C. Ironside, M. Sorel, and A. Bryce, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1731 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ironside, C.

L. Hou, P. Stolarz, J. Javaloyes, R. Green, C. Ironside, M. Sorel, and A. Bryce, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1731 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Javaloyes, J.

J. Javaloyes and S. Balle, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 1023 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Javaloyes and S. Balle, Phys. Rev. A 81, 062505 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Hou, P. Stolarz, J. Javaloyes, R. Green, C. Ironside, M. Sorel, and A. Bryce, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1731 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jones, D.

D. Jones, L. Zhang, J. Carroll, and D. Marcenac, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1051 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Jung, I. D.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435(1996).
[CrossRef]

Karin, J.

D. Derickson, R. Helkey, A. Mar, J. Karin, J. Wasserbauer, and J. Bowers, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2186 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kärtner, F. X.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435(1996).
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

C. Hönninger, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, M. Moser, and U. Keller, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 46 (1999).
[CrossRef]

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435(1996).
[CrossRef]

Kopf, D.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435(1996).
[CrossRef]

Mar, A.

D. Derickson, R. Helkey, A. Mar, J. Karin, J. Wasserbauer, and J. Bowers, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2186 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Marcenac, D.

D. Jones, L. Zhang, J. Carroll, and D. Marcenac, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1051 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Matuschek, N.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435(1996).
[CrossRef]

Mitschke, F. M.

Mollenauer, L. F.

Morier-Genoud, F.

Moser, M.

Narducci, L.

L. Narducci and N. B. Abraham, Laser Physics and Laser Instabilities (World Scientific, 1988).

Paschotta, R.

Shank, C.

R. Fork, C. Shank, R. Yen, and C. Hirlimann, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 19, 500 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Sorel, M.

L. Hou, P. Stolarz, J. Javaloyes, R. Green, C. Ironside, M. Sorel, and A. Bryce, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1731 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Stolarz, P.

L. Hou, P. Stolarz, J. Javaloyes, R. Green, C. Ironside, M. Sorel, and A. Bryce, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1731 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Thompson, M. G.

K. A. Williams, M. G. Thompson, and I. H. White, New J. Phys. 6, 179 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wasserbauer, J.

D. Derickson, R. Helkey, A. Mar, J. Karin, J. Wasserbauer, and J. Bowers, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2186 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Weingarten, K. J.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435(1996).
[CrossRef]

White, I. H.

K. A. Williams, M. G. Thompson, and I. H. White, New J. Phys. 6, 179 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Williams, K. A.

K. A. Williams, M. G. Thompson, and I. H. White, New J. Phys. 6, 179 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yen, R.

R. Fork, C. Shank, R. Yen, and C. Hirlimann, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 19, 500 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

D. Jones, L. Zhang, J. Carroll, and D. Marcenac, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1051 (1995).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (5)

D. Jones, L. Zhang, J. Carroll, and D. Marcenac, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1051 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. Derickson, R. Helkey, A. Mar, J. Karin, J. Wasserbauer, and J. Bowers, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2186 (1992).
[CrossRef]

H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11, 736 (1975).
[CrossRef]

J. Javaloyes and S. Balle, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 1023 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. Fork, C. Shank, R. Yen, and C. Hirlimann, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 19, 500 (1983).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435(1996).
[CrossRef]

H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1173(2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

L. Hou, P. Stolarz, J. Javaloyes, R. Green, C. Ironside, M. Sorel, and A. Bryce, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1731 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

New J. Phys. (1)

K. A. Williams, M. G. Thompson, and I. H. White, New J. Phys. 6, 179 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

J. Javaloyes and S. Balle, Phys. Rev. A 81, 062505 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

L. Narducci and N. B. Abraham, Laser Physics and Laser Instabilities (World Scientific, 1988).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Left, center, and right columns correspond to ACPML, SML, and SCPML, respectively. Top, center, and bottom rows depict the time average of the pulses circulating in the cavity, the population inversion, and the population grating both normalized to transparency N t , respectively. The bias current is J = 5 J th .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Left: output pulse characteristics. The upper panel represents the pulse peak power and the associated FWHM of its distribution as a function of the reflectivity on the left facet R l . Lower panel: amplitude of the normalized RF peak and the autocorrelation FWHM. Right: output time trace in the three regimes of SCPML, SML, and ACPML. The bias current is J = 5 J th .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Left, center, and right columns correspond to SCPML, SML, and ACPML, respectively, while the top and bottom panels depict the output pulse peak power and repetition rates as a function of the bias current. The error bars represent the FWHM of the pulse peak power and cycle jitter distributions, respectively.

Equations (5)

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( t ± z ) E ± ( z , t ) = i Γ ω 0 L 2 ε 0 n g c P ± ( z , t ) α i 2 E ± ,
P ± ( z , t ) = ε 0 0 χ b [ γ s , N 0 ( z , r ) ] E ± ( z , r ) d s + 0 N ± 2 ( z , r ) χ b N [ γ s , N 0 ( z , r ) ] E ( z , r ) d s ,
t N 0 ( z , t ) = J R ( N 0 ) i ( P + E + + P E c . c . ) ,
t N ± 2 ( z , t ) = ( R ( N 0 ) + 4 D q 0 2 ) N ± 2 i ( P ± E E ± P ) ,
E + ( 0 , t ) = R l E ( 0 , t ) , E ( L , t ) = R r E + ( L , t ) .

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