Abstract

A pulsed mid-infrared pump at λ=2173nm is used to demonstrate wideband optical parametric gain in a low-loss 2cm long silicon photonic wire. Using dispersion engineering to obtain negative second-order (β2) and positive fourth-order (β4) dispersion, we generate broadband modulation instability and parametric fluorescence extending from 1911nm2486nm. Using a cw probe signal to interrogate the modulation instability spectrum, we demonstrate parametric amplification >40dB with an on-chip gain bandwidth wider than 580nm, as well as narrowband Raman-assisted peak gain >50dB.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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2011 (3)

2010 (3)

E. K. Tien, Y. W. Huang, S. M. Gao, Q. Song, F. Qian, S. K. Kalyoncu, and O. Boyraz, Opt. Express 18, 21981 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. P. Liu, R. M. Osgood, Y. A. Vlasov, and W. M. J. Green, Nat. Photon. 4, 557 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Zlatanovic, J. Park, S. Moro, J. Boggio, I. Divliansky, N. Alic, S. Mookherjea, and S. Radic, Nat. Photon. 4, 561 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008 (5)

2007 (2)

V. Raghunathan, D. Borlaug, R. R. Rice, and B. Jalali, Opt. Express 15, 14355 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. D. Bristow, N. Rotenberg, and H. M. van Driel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 191104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, Nature 441, 960 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. C. Panoiu, X. F. Chen, and R. M. Osgood, Opt. Lett. 31, 3609 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2001).

Alic, N.

S. Zlatanovic, J. Park, S. Moro, J. Boggio, I. Divliansky, N. Alic, S. Mookherjea, and S. Radic, Nat. Photon. 4, 561 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Assefa, S.

Baets, R.

B. Kuyken, X. P. Liu, R. M. Osgood Jr., R. Baets, G. Roelkens, and W. M. J. Green, Opt. Express 19, 20172 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Kuyken, X. Liu, R. Osgood, Y. Vlasov, G. Roelkens, R. Baets, and W. Green, Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) 2011 (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OTU4.

Boggio, J.

S. Zlatanovic, J. Park, S. Moro, J. Boggio, I. Divliansky, N. Alic, S. Mookherjea, and S. Radic, Nat. Photon. 4, 561 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Borlaug, D.

Boyraz, O.

Bristow, A. D.

A. D. Bristow, N. Rotenberg, and H. M. van Driel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 191104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, X. F.

Chen, X. G.

Choi, D. Y.

Chou, C. Y.

Claps, R.

Dadap, J.

Dimitropoulos, D.

Divliansky, I.

S. Zlatanovic, J. Park, S. Moro, J. Boggio, I. Divliansky, N. Alic, S. Mookherjea, and S. Radic, Nat. Photon. 4, 561 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Driscoll, J.

Dulkeith, E.

Eggleton, B. J.

Forst, M.

Foster, M. A.

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, Nat. Photon. 2, 35 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, Nature 441, 960 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gaeta, A.

Gaeta, A. L.

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, Nat. Photon. 2, 35 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, Nature 441, 960 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gai, X.

Gao, S. M.

Geraghty, D. F.

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, Nat. Photon. 2, 35 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Green, W.

J. Dadap, N. Panoiu, X. G. Chen, I. W. Hsieh, X. P. Liu, C. Y. Chou, E. Dulkeith, S. McNab, F. Xia, W. Green, L. Sekaric, Y. A. Vlasov, and R. M. Osgood, Opt. Express 16, 1280 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Kuyken, X. Liu, R. Osgood, Y. Vlasov, G. Roelkens, R. Baets, and W. Green, Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) 2011 (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OTU4.

Green, W. M. J.

Hsieh, I. W.

Huang, Y. W.

Jalali, B.

Johnson, T. J.

Kalyoncu, S. K.

Kuyken, B.

B. Kuyken, X. P. Liu, R. M. Osgood Jr., R. Baets, G. Roelkens, and W. M. J. Green, Opt. Express 19, 20172 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Kuyken, X. Liu, R. Osgood, Y. Vlasov, G. Roelkens, R. Baets, and W. Green, Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) 2011 (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OTU4.

Lamont, M. R. E.

Lau, R.

Lin, Q.

Lipson, M.

R. Lau, M. Menard, Y. Okawachi, M. Forst, A. Turner-Foster, R. Salem, M. Lipson, and A. Gaeta, Opt. Lett. 36, 1263 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, Nat. Photon. 2, 35 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, Nature 441, 960 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, X.

B. Kuyken, X. Liu, R. Osgood, Y. Vlasov, G. Roelkens, R. Baets, and W. Green, Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) 2011 (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OTU4.

Liu, X. P.

Luther-Davies, B.

Madden, S.

McNab, S.

Menard, M.

Michael, C. P.

Mookherjea, S.

S. Zlatanovic, J. Park, S. Moro, J. Boggio, I. Divliansky, N. Alic, S. Mookherjea, and S. Radic, Nat. Photon. 4, 561 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Moro, S.

S. Zlatanovic, J. Park, S. Moro, J. Boggio, I. Divliansky, N. Alic, S. Mookherjea, and S. Radic, Nat. Photon. 4, 561 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Okawachi, Y.

Osgood, R.

B. Kuyken, X. Liu, R. Osgood, Y. Vlasov, G. Roelkens, R. Baets, and W. Green, Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) 2011 (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OTU4.

Osgood, R. M.

Painter, O. J.

Panoiu, N.

Panoiu, N. C.

Park, J.

S. Zlatanovic, J. Park, S. Moro, J. Boggio, I. Divliansky, N. Alic, S. Mookherjea, and S. Radic, Nat. Photon. 4, 561 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pearl, S.

S. Pearl, N. Rotenberg, and H. M. van Driel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 131102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Perahia, R.

Qian, F.

Radic, S.

S. Zlatanovic, J. Park, S. Moro, J. Boggio, I. Divliansky, N. Alic, S. Mookherjea, and S. Radic, Nat. Photon. 4, 561 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Raghunathan, V.

Rice, R. R.

Roelkens, G.

B. Kuyken, X. P. Liu, R. M. Osgood Jr., R. Baets, G. Roelkens, and W. M. J. Green, Opt. Express 19, 20172 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Kuyken, X. Liu, R. Osgood, Y. Vlasov, G. Roelkens, R. Baets, and W. Green, Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) 2011 (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OTU4.

Rotenberg, N.

S. Pearl, N. Rotenberg, and H. M. van Driel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 131102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Bristow, N. Rotenberg, and H. M. van Driel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 191104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Salem, R.

R. Lau, M. Menard, Y. Okawachi, M. Forst, A. Turner-Foster, R. Salem, M. Lipson, and A. Gaeta, Opt. Lett. 36, 1263 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, Nat. Photon. 2, 35 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, B. S.

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, Nature 441, 960 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sekaric, L.

Sharping, J. E.

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, Nature 441, 960 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Song, Q.

Tien, E. K.

Turner, A. C.

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, Nat. Photon. 2, 35 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, Nature 441, 960 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Turner-Foster, A.

van Driel, H. M.

S. Pearl, N. Rotenberg, and H. M. van Driel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 131102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Bristow, N. Rotenberg, and H. M. van Driel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 191104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Vlasov, Y.

B. Kuyken, X. Liu, R. Osgood, Y. Vlasov, G. Roelkens, R. Baets, and W. Green, Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) 2011 (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OTU4.

Vlasov, Y. A.

Xia, F.

Zlatanovic, S.

S. Zlatanovic, J. Park, S. Moro, J. Boggio, I. Divliansky, N. Alic, S. Mookherjea, and S. Radic, Nat. Photon. 4, 561 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

A. D. Bristow, N. Rotenberg, and H. M. van Driel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 191104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Pearl, N. Rotenberg, and H. M. van Driel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 131102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photon. (3)

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, Nat. Photon. 2, 35 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. P. Liu, R. M. Osgood, Y. A. Vlasov, and W. M. J. Green, Nat. Photon. 4, 557 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Zlatanovic, J. Park, S. Moro, J. Boggio, I. Divliansky, N. Alic, S. Mookherjea, and S. Radic, Nat. Photon. 4, 561 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, Nature 441, 960 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (8)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (2)

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2001).

B. Kuyken, X. Liu, R. Osgood, Y. Vlasov, G. Roelkens, R. Baets, and W. Green, Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) 2011 (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OTU4.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic illustration of pump- detuning-dependent broadband, discrete-band, and ultrabroadband phase-matched regions for FWM. The horizontal black, red, and blue hatched bands correspond to conditions with increasing pump power.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Input (dashed magenta) and output (solid blue) pump spectrum, taken with an input peak power P 13.5 W and λ = 2173 nm , illustrating ultrabroadband MI, and Raman Stokes/anti-Stokes peaks. (b) MI spectra with four different pump peak power levels at pump wavelength λ = 2173 nm .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Series of FWM spectra with the pulsed pump copropagating with a cw mid-IR signal at various wavelengths. The pulsed pump is centered at λ = 2173 nm , and has P 13.5 W . (b) Spectrum of on-chip parametric signal gain (black squares) and idler conversion gain (red triangles). Fiber-waveguide coupling loss measured with cutback method is shown by the blue trace.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Output pulsed signal/idler peak power versus input cw signal power at λ s = 2356 nm , with input pump peak power P 13.5 W . (b) On-chip parametric gain as a function of P. Off-chip optical transparency is achieved with a peak power of 8 W .

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