Abstract

We report an all-optical multiple-channel exclusive OR (XOR) gate for 10  Gbits/s non-return-to-zero differential phase-shift keying (NRZ-DPSK) signals using nondegenerate four-wave mixing in a silicon waveguide. The function of the logic XOR gate is experimentally demonstrated using 40bit DPSK sequences. Also, the eye diagram of the XOR signal is clearly observed as the incident signals are both modulated by DPSK sequences originating from 2311 pseudorandom binary sequences.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  3. T. Fjelde, A. Kloch, D. Wolfson, B. Daqens, A. Coquelin, I. Guillemot, F. Gaborit, F. Poingt, and M. Renaud, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 750 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  4. K. L. Hall and K. A. Rauschenbach, Electron. Lett. 32, 1214 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. J. Poustie, K. J. Blow, R. J. Manning, and A. E. Kelly, Opt. Commun. 159, 208 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  6. D. M. F. Lai, C. H. Kwok, and K. K.-Y. Wong, Opt. Express 16, 18362 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J.-Y. Kim, J.-M. Kang, T.-Y. Kim, and S.-K. Han, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 3392 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  11. K. Chan, C.-K. Chan, L. K. Chen, and F. Tong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 897 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  20. Q. Xu and M. Lipson, Opt. Express 15, 924 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. J.-W. Wu and A. K. Sarma, Opt. Commun. 283, 2914 (2010).
    [CrossRef]

2010 (2)

J. Wang and J. Sun, Electron. Lett. 46, 288 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J.-W. Wu and A. K. Sarma, Opt. Commun. 283, 2914 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

J. Wang, Q. Sun, J. Sun, and X. Zhang, Opt. Commun. 282, 2615 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Velanas, A. Bogris, and D. Syvridis, Opt. Fiber Technol. 15, 65 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, Q. Sun, and J. Sun, Opt. Express 17, 12555 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

2007 (3)

2006 (5)

T. K. Liang, L. R. Nunes, M. Tsuchiya, K. S. Abedin, T. Miyazaki, D. Van Thourhout, W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, R. Baets, and H. K. Tsang, Opt. Commun. 265, 171 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Q. Guo and M. J. Connelly, Opt. Express 14, 2938 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.-Y. Kim, J.-M. Kang, T.-Y. Kim, and S.-K. Han, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 3392 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Berrettini, A. Simi, A. Malacarne, A. Bogoni, and L. Poti, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 917 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. Deng, K. Chan, C.-K. Chan, and L.-K. Chen, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 702 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2004 (2)

K. Chan, C.-K. Chan, L. K. Chen, and F. Tong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 897 (2004).
[CrossRef]

I. Kang, C. Dorrer, and J. Leuthold, Electron. Lett. 40, 496 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

T. Fjelde, A. Kloch, D. Wolfson, B. Daqens, A. Coquelin, I. Guillemot, F. Gaborit, F. Poingt, and M. Renaud, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 750 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

A. J. Poustie, K. J. Blow, R. J. Manning, and A. E. Kelly, Opt. Commun. 159, 208 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

K. L. Hall and K. A. Rauschenbach, Electron. Lett. 32, 1214 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Abedin, K. S.

T. K. Liang, L. R. Nunes, M. Tsuchiya, K. S. Abedin, T. Miyazaki, D. Van Thourhout, W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, R. Baets, and H. K. Tsang, Opt. Commun. 265, 171 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Baets, R.

T. K. Liang, L. R. Nunes, M. Tsuchiya, K. S. Abedin, T. Miyazaki, D. Van Thourhout, W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, R. Baets, and H. K. Tsang, Opt. Commun. 265, 171 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Berrettini, G.

G. Berrettini, A. Simi, A. Malacarne, A. Bogoni, and L. Poti, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 917 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Blow, K. J.

A. J. Poustie, K. J. Blow, R. J. Manning, and A. E. Kelly, Opt. Commun. 159, 208 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bogaerts, W.

T. K. Liang, L. R. Nunes, M. Tsuchiya, K. S. Abedin, T. Miyazaki, D. Van Thourhout, W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, R. Baets, and H. K. Tsang, Opt. Commun. 265, 171 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bogoni, A.

G. Berrettini, A. Simi, A. Malacarne, A. Bogoni, and L. Poti, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 917 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bogris, A.

P. Velanas, A. Bogris, and D. Syvridis, Opt. Fiber Technol. 15, 65 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chan, C.-K.

N. Deng, K. Chan, C.-K. Chan, and L.-K. Chen, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 702 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Chan, C.-K. Chan, L. K. Chen, and F. Tong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 897 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chan, K.

N. Deng, K. Chan, C.-K. Chan, and L.-K. Chen, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 702 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Chan, C.-K. Chan, L. K. Chen, and F. Tong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 897 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L. K.

K. Chan, C.-K. Chan, L. K. Chen, and F. Tong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 897 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L.-K.

N. Deng, K. Chan, C.-K. Chan, and L.-K. Chen, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 702 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Connelly, M. J.

Coquelin, A.

T. Fjelde, A. Kloch, D. Wolfson, B. Daqens, A. Coquelin, I. Guillemot, F. Gaborit, F. Poingt, and M. Renaud, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 750 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Daqens, B.

T. Fjelde, A. Kloch, D. Wolfson, B. Daqens, A. Coquelin, I. Guillemot, F. Gaborit, F. Poingt, and M. Renaud, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 750 (2001).
[CrossRef]

De Leonardis, F.

V. M. N. Pasaro and F. De Leonardis, Opt. Quantum Electron. 38, 877 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Deng, N.

N. Deng, K. Chan, C.-K. Chan, and L.-K. Chen, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 702 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dorrer, C.

I. Kang, C. Dorrer, and J. Leuthold, Electron. Lett. 40, 496 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dumon, P.

T. K. Liang, L. R. Nunes, M. Tsuchiya, K. S. Abedin, T. Miyazaki, D. Van Thourhout, W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, R. Baets, and H. K. Tsang, Opt. Commun. 265, 171 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fejer, M. M.

Fjelde, T.

T. Fjelde, A. Kloch, D. Wolfson, B. Daqens, A. Coquelin, I. Guillemot, F. Gaborit, F. Poingt, and M. Renaud, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 750 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gaborit, F.

T. Fjelde, A. Kloch, D. Wolfson, B. Daqens, A. Coquelin, I. Guillemot, F. Gaborit, F. Poingt, and M. Renaud, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 750 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gnauck, A. H.

Guillemot, I.

T. Fjelde, A. Kloch, D. Wolfson, B. Daqens, A. Coquelin, I. Guillemot, F. Gaborit, F. Poingt, and M. Renaud, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 750 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Guo, L. Q.

Hall, K. L.

K. L. Hall and K. A. Rauschenbach, Electron. Lett. 32, 1214 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Han, S.-K.

Huang, D.

Kang, I.

I. Kang, C. Dorrer, and J. Leuthold, Electron. Lett. 40, 496 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kang, J.-M.

Kelly, A. E.

A. J. Poustie, K. J. Blow, R. J. Manning, and A. E. Kelly, Opt. Commun. 159, 208 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J.-Y.

Kim, T.-Y.

Kloch, A.

T. Fjelde, A. Kloch, D. Wolfson, B. Daqens, A. Coquelin, I. Guillemot, F. Gaborit, F. Poingt, and M. Renaud, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 750 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kwok, C. H.

Lai, D. M. F.

Leuthold, J.

I. Kang, C. Dorrer, and J. Leuthold, Electron. Lett. 40, 496 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Liang, T. K.

T. K. Liang, L. R. Nunes, M. Tsuchiya, K. S. Abedin, T. Miyazaki, D. Van Thourhout, W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, R. Baets, and H. K. Tsang, Opt. Commun. 265, 171 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lipson, M.

Malacarne, A.

G. Berrettini, A. Simi, A. Malacarne, A. Bogoni, and L. Poti, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 917 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Manning, R. J.

A. J. Poustie, K. J. Blow, R. J. Manning, and A. E. Kelly, Opt. Commun. 159, 208 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Miyazaki, T.

T. K. Liang, L. R. Nunes, M. Tsuchiya, K. S. Abedin, T. Miyazaki, D. Van Thourhout, W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, R. Baets, and H. K. Tsang, Opt. Commun. 265, 171 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nunes, L. R.

T. K. Liang, L. R. Nunes, M. Tsuchiya, K. S. Abedin, T. Miyazaki, D. Van Thourhout, W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, R. Baets, and H. K. Tsang, Opt. Commun. 265, 171 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pasaro, V. M. N.

V. M. N. Pasaro and F. De Leonardis, Opt. Quantum Electron. 38, 877 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Poingt, F.

T. Fjelde, A. Kloch, D. Wolfson, B. Daqens, A. Coquelin, I. Guillemot, F. Gaborit, F. Poingt, and M. Renaud, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 750 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Poti, L.

G. Berrettini, A. Simi, A. Malacarne, A. Bogoni, and L. Poti, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 917 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Poustie, A. J.

A. J. Poustie, K. J. Blow, R. J. Manning, and A. E. Kelly, Opt. Commun. 159, 208 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rauschenbach, K. A.

K. L. Hall and K. A. Rauschenbach, Electron. Lett. 32, 1214 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Renaud, M.

T. Fjelde, A. Kloch, D. Wolfson, B. Daqens, A. Coquelin, I. Guillemot, F. Gaborit, F. Poingt, and M. Renaud, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 750 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sarma, A. K.

J.-W. Wu and A. K. Sarma, Opt. Commun. 283, 2914 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Simi, A.

G. Berrettini, A. Simi, A. Malacarne, A. Bogoni, and L. Poti, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 917 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sun, J.

Sun, Q.

Syvridis, D.

P. Velanas, A. Bogris, and D. Syvridis, Opt. Fiber Technol. 15, 65 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tong, F.

K. Chan, C.-K. Chan, L. K. Chen, and F. Tong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 897 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tsang, H. K.

T. K. Liang, L. R. Nunes, M. Tsuchiya, K. S. Abedin, T. Miyazaki, D. Van Thourhout, W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, R. Baets, and H. K. Tsang, Opt. Commun. 265, 171 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tsuchiya, M.

T. K. Liang, L. R. Nunes, M. Tsuchiya, K. S. Abedin, T. Miyazaki, D. Van Thourhout, W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, R. Baets, and H. K. Tsang, Opt. Commun. 265, 171 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Van Thourhout, D.

T. K. Liang, L. R. Nunes, M. Tsuchiya, K. S. Abedin, T. Miyazaki, D. Van Thourhout, W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, R. Baets, and H. K. Tsang, Opt. Commun. 265, 171 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Velanas, P.

P. Velanas, A. Bogris, and D. Syvridis, Opt. Fiber Technol. 15, 65 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

Winzer, P. J.

Wolfson, D.

T. Fjelde, A. Kloch, D. Wolfson, B. Daqens, A. Coquelin, I. Guillemot, F. Gaborit, F. Poingt, and M. Renaud, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 750 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wong, K. K.-Y.

Wu, J.-W.

J.-W. Wu and A. K. Sarma, Opt. Commun. 283, 2914 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Q.

Zhang, X.

Electron. Lett. (3)

K. L. Hall and K. A. Rauschenbach, Electron. Lett. 32, 1214 (1996).
[CrossRef]

I. Kang, C. Dorrer, and J. Leuthold, Electron. Lett. 40, 496 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang and J. Sun, Electron. Lett. 46, 288 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

N. Deng, K. Chan, C.-K. Chan, and L.-K. Chen, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 702 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

K. Chan, C.-K. Chan, L. K. Chen, and F. Tong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 897 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Berrettini, A. Simi, A. Malacarne, A. Bogoni, and L. Poti, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 917 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Fjelde, A. Kloch, D. Wolfson, B. Daqens, A. Coquelin, I. Guillemot, F. Gaborit, F. Poingt, and M. Renaud, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 750 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Opt. Commun. (4)

T. K. Liang, L. R. Nunes, M. Tsuchiya, K. S. Abedin, T. Miyazaki, D. Van Thourhout, W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, R. Baets, and H. K. Tsang, Opt. Commun. 265, 171 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, Q. Sun, J. Sun, and X. Zhang, Opt. Commun. 282, 2615 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J.-W. Wu and A. K. Sarma, Opt. Commun. 283, 2914 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Poustie, K. J. Blow, R. J. Manning, and A. E. Kelly, Opt. Commun. 159, 208 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

P. Velanas, A. Bogris, and D. Syvridis, Opt. Fiber Technol. 15, 65 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

V. M. N. Pasaro and F. De Leonardis, Opt. Quantum Electron. 38, 877 (2007).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Principle of the logic XOR gate for NRZ-DPSK signals based on FWM in a silicon waveguide.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup of the 10   Gbits / s NRZ-DPSK logic XOR gate in a silicon waveguide.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured optical spectra of the proposed logic XOR gate for 10   Gbits / s NRZ-DPSK signals at the end of the silicon waveguide.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Temporal waveforms of the destructive demodulation outputs of the DI for input signals (a) A and (b) B and (c) the output idler. The corresponding eye diagrams are shown in (d), (e), and (f).

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Truth Table of the Proposed Logic XOR Gate for the DPSK Signal

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

φ I 1 = φ A + φ P φ B ,
φ I 2 = φ A + φ B φ P ,
φ I 3 = φ B + φ P φ A .
Δ φ I 1 = Δ φ A Δ φ B ,
Δ φ I 2 = Δ φ A + Δ φ B ,
Δ φ I 3 = Δ φ B Δ φ A ,

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