Abstract

We demonstrated that transverse mode can be controlled by manipulating gain distribution in a Yb:YAG ceramic thin disk. Several elongated higher order transverse modes of a Hermite–Gaussian beam were observed when a straight-line-shaped gain region was created by using a diode laser output from an optical fiber. An orthogonally crossing pair of straight-line-shaped gain regions created with an additional optical fiber output resulted in the generation of a doughnut-shaped Laguerre–Gaussian beam. This implies that easy and quick switching of Hermite–Gaussian and Laguerre–Gaussian beams is possible without mechanical handling.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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2011 (1)

T. Züchner, A. V. Failla, and A. J. Meixner, Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. Engl. 50, 5274 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

2009 (1)

2006 (1)

M. F. Andersen, C. Ryu, P. Cladé, V. Natarajan, A. Vaziri, L. Helmerson, and W. D. Phillips, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 170406(2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (2)

Y. F. Chen, Y. P. Lan, and S. C. Wang, Appl. Phys. B 72, 167 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. Paterson. M. P. MacDonald, J. Arlt, W. Sibbett, P. E. Bryant, and K. Dholakia, Science 292, 912 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991 (1)

S. Sato, M. Ishigure, and H. Inaba, Electron. Lett. 27, 1831(1991).
[CrossRef]

Allen, L.

L. Allen, S. M. Barnett, and M. J. Padjett, Optical Angular Momentum (ICP, 2003).
[CrossRef]

Andersen, M. F.

M. F. Andersen, C. Ryu, P. Cladé, V. Natarajan, A. Vaziri, L. Helmerson, and W. D. Phillips, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 170406(2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aoki, N.

Arlt, J.

L. Paterson. M. P. MacDonald, J. Arlt, W. Sibbett, P. E. Bryant, and K. Dholakia, Science 292, 912 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barnett, S. M.

L. Allen, S. M. Barnett, and M. J. Padjett, Optical Angular Momentum (ICP, 2003).
[CrossRef]

Bryant, P. E.

L. Paterson. M. P. MacDonald, J. Arlt, W. Sibbett, P. E. Bryant, and K. Dholakia, Science 292, 912 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, Y. F.

Y. F. Chen, Y. P. Lan, and S. C. Wang, Appl. Phys. B 72, 167 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chujo, K.

Cladé, P.

M. F. Andersen, C. Ryu, P. Cladé, V. Natarajan, A. Vaziri, L. Helmerson, and W. D. Phillips, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 170406(2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dholakia, K.

L. Paterson. M. P. MacDonald, J. Arlt, W. Sibbett, P. E. Bryant, and K. Dholakia, Science 292, 912 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Failla, A. V.

T. Züchner, A. V. Failla, and A. J. Meixner, Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. Engl. 50, 5274 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Helmerson, L.

M. F. Andersen, C. Ryu, P. Cladé, V. Natarajan, A. Vaziri, L. Helmerson, and W. D. Phillips, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 170406(2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Inaba, H.

S. Sato, M. Ishigure, and H. Inaba, Electron. Lett. 27, 1831(1991).
[CrossRef]

Ishigure, M.

S. Sato, M. Ishigure, and H. Inaba, Electron. Lett. 27, 1831(1991).
[CrossRef]

Koechner, W.

W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering, 4th ed. (Springer, 1996).

Kozawa, Y.

Lan, Y. P.

Y. F. Chen, Y. P. Lan, and S. C. Wang, Appl. Phys. B 72, 167 (2001).
[CrossRef]

MacDonald, M. P.

L. Paterson. M. P. MacDonald, J. Arlt, W. Sibbett, P. E. Bryant, and K. Dholakia, Science 292, 912 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Meixner, A. J.

T. Züchner, A. V. Failla, and A. J. Meixner, Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. Engl. 50, 5274 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Miyamoto, K.

Morita, R.

Nakamura, K.

Natarajan, V.

M. F. Andersen, C. Ryu, P. Cladé, V. Natarajan, A. Vaziri, L. Helmerson, and W. D. Phillips, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 170406(2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Okida, M.

Omatsu, T.

Padjett, M. J.

L. Allen, S. M. Barnett, and M. J. Padjett, Optical Angular Momentum (ICP, 2003).
[CrossRef]

Paterson, L.

L. Paterson. M. P. MacDonald, J. Arlt, W. Sibbett, P. E. Bryant, and K. Dholakia, Science 292, 912 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phillips, W. D.

M. F. Andersen, C. Ryu, P. Cladé, V. Natarajan, A. Vaziri, L. Helmerson, and W. D. Phillips, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 170406(2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ryu, C.

M. F. Andersen, C. Ryu, P. Cladé, V. Natarajan, A. Vaziri, L. Helmerson, and W. D. Phillips, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 170406(2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sato, S.

Y. Kozawa and S. Sato, Opt. Express 18, 10828 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Sato, M. Ishigure, and H. Inaba, Electron. Lett. 27, 1831(1991).
[CrossRef]

Sibbett, W.

L. Paterson. M. P. MacDonald, J. Arlt, W. Sibbett, P. E. Bryant, and K. Dholakia, Science 292, 912 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vaziri, A.

M. F. Andersen, C. Ryu, P. Cladé, V. Natarajan, A. Vaziri, L. Helmerson, and W. D. Phillips, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 170406(2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, S. C.

Y. F. Chen, Y. P. Lan, and S. C. Wang, Appl. Phys. B 72, 167 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Young, M.

M. Young, Optics and Lasers, 4th ed. (Springer-Verlag, 1992).

Zhan, Q.

Züchner, T.

T. Züchner, A. V. Failla, and A. J. Meixner, Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. Engl. 50, 5274 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Opt. Photon. (1)

Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. Engl. (1)

T. Züchner, A. V. Failla, and A. J. Meixner, Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. Engl. 50, 5274 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

Y. F. Chen, Y. P. Lan, and S. C. Wang, Appl. Phys. B 72, 167 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

S. Sato, M. Ishigure, and H. Inaba, Electron. Lett. 27, 1831(1991).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

M. F. Andersen, C. Ryu, P. Cladé, V. Natarajan, A. Vaziri, L. Helmerson, and W. D. Phillips, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 170406(2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (1)

L. Paterson. M. P. MacDonald, J. Arlt, W. Sibbett, P. E. Bryant, and K. Dholakia, Science 292, 912 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (3)

L. Allen, S. M. Barnett, and M. J. Padjett, Optical Angular Momentum (ICP, 2003).
[CrossRef]

W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering, 4th ed. (Springer, 1996).

M. Young, Optics and Lasers, 4th ed. (Springer-Verlag, 1992).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic diagram of the Yb:YAG ceramic thin disk laser cavity, (b) the configuration of two laser diode beams delivered from optical fibers. LD, laser diode; AR, antireflection; HR, high-reflection.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Typical output beams from a Yb:YAG ceramic thin disk laser pumped by a single laser diode: (a)  HG 00 , (b)  HG 01 , (c)  HG 04 , and (d)  HG 07 modes. The left and right panels of each figure are the intensity pattern and profile, respectively. The dotted and solid curves are experimental and theoretical curves, respectively.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Output beam patterns obtained by decreasing the distance between two pump beams. From (a) to (e), the distance decreases.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Beam pattern, (b) profile, and (c) interference pattern of the output beam when two pumping beams are rigorously crossed in the thin disk. The dotted and solid curves in (b) are experimental and theoretical curves, respectively.

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