Abstract

We present the selective excitation and coupling of high-order optical modes in microstructured optical fibers (MOFs) by using a fiber-end microtip. After the self-growing of a microtip on the end face of a standard single-mode fiber, it is demonstrated that a fine tuning of the relative displacement between the microtip and MOF can greatly improve the excitation and coupling efficiency of high-order optical modes of the MOF. A 6.85dB improvement in coupling efficiency of the second-order mode of a homemade small-hole MOF is experimentally achieved, and a sensitivity-enhanced measurement of the refractive index in MOF microholes is demonstrated.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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2011 (1)

A. P. Zhang, G. F. Yan, S.-R. Gao, S. He, B. Kim, J. Im, and Y. Chung, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 221109 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

Y. L. Hoo, S. Liu, H. L. Ho, and W. Jin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 296 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. D. Lim, H. C. Park, I.-K. Hwang, S. B. Lee, and B. Y. Kim, Opt. Express 18, 1833 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

2006 (3)

2005 (1)

2003 (2)

C. Kerbage and B. J. Eggleton, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1338(2003).
[CrossRef]

G. B. Ren, Z. Wang, S. Q. Lou, and S. S. Jian, Opt. Express 11, 1310 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

M. Hocine, R. Bachelot, C. Ecoffet, N. Fressengeas, P. Royer, and G. Kugel, Synth. Met. 127, 313 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

Atkin, D. M.

Bachelot, R.

M. Hocine, R. Bachelot, C. Ecoffet, N. Fressengeas, P. Royer, and G. Kugel, Synth. Met. 127, 313 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bang, O.

Birks, T. A.

Bjarklev, A.

Blaize, S.

Blanc, W.

M. C. P. Huy, G. Laffont, Y. Frignac, V. Dewynter-Marty, P. Ferdinand, P. Roy, J. M. Blondy, D. Pagnoux, W. Blanc, and B. Dussardier, Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 992 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Blondy, J. M.

M. C. P. Huy, G. Laffont, Y. Frignac, V. Dewynter-Marty, P. Ferdinand, P. Roy, J. M. Blondy, D. Pagnoux, W. Blanc, and B. Dussardier, Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 992 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bruyant, A.

Chung, Y.

A. P. Zhang, G. F. Yan, S.-R. Gao, S. He, B. Kim, J. Im, and Y. Chung, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 221109 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Demokan, M. S.

Dewynter-Marty, V.

M. C. P. Huy, G. Laffont, Y. Frignac, V. Dewynter-Marty, P. Ferdinand, P. Roy, J. M. Blondy, D. Pagnoux, W. Blanc, and B. Dussardier, Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 992 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dufva, M.

Dussardier, B.

M. C. P. Huy, G. Laffont, Y. Frignac, V. Dewynter-Marty, P. Ferdinand, P. Roy, J. M. Blondy, D. Pagnoux, W. Blanc, and B. Dussardier, Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 992 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ecoffet, C.

M. Hocine, R. Bachelot, C. Ecoffet, N. Fressengeas, P. Royer, and G. Kugel, Synth. Met. 127, 313 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Eggleton, B. J.

Emiliyanov, G.

Ferdinand, P.

M. C. P. Huy, G. Laffont, Y. Frignac, V. Dewynter-Marty, P. Ferdinand, P. Roy, J. M. Blondy, D. Pagnoux, W. Blanc, and B. Dussardier, Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 992 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fressengeas, N.

M. Hocine, R. Bachelot, C. Ecoffet, N. Fressengeas, P. Royer, and G. Kugel, Synth. Met. 127, 313 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Frignac, Y.

M. C. P. Huy, G. Laffont, Y. Frignac, V. Dewynter-Marty, P. Ferdinand, P. Roy, J. M. Blondy, D. Pagnoux, W. Blanc, and B. Dussardier, Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 992 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gao, S.-R.

A. P. Zhang, G. F. Yan, S.-R. Gao, S. He, B. Kim, J. Im, and Y. Chung, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 221109 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Gesuele, F.

Hale, A.

He, S.

A. P. Zhang, G. F. Yan, S.-R. Gao, S. He, B. Kim, J. Im, and Y. Chung, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 221109 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Jiang, A. P. Zhang, Y.-C. Wang, H.-Y. Tam, and S. He, Opt. Express 17, 17976 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ho, H. L.

Hocine, M.

M. Hocine, R. Bachelot, C. Ecoffet, N. Fressengeas, P. Royer, and G. Kugel, Synth. Met. 127, 313 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hoiby, P. E.

Hoo, Y. L.

Y. L. Hoo, S. Liu, H. L. Ho, and W. Jin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 296 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Huy, M. C. P.

M. C. P. Huy, G. Laffont, Y. Frignac, V. Dewynter-Marty, P. Ferdinand, P. Roy, J. M. Blondy, D. Pagnoux, W. Blanc, and B. Dussardier, Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 992 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hwang, I.-K.

Im, J.

A. P. Zhang, G. F. Yan, S.-R. Gao, S. He, B. Kim, J. Im, and Y. Chung, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 221109 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jensen, J. B.

Jian, S. S.

Jiang, M.

Jin, W.

Ju, J.

Kerbage, C.

Kim, B.

A. P. Zhang, G. F. Yan, S.-R. Gao, S. He, B. Kim, J. Im, and Y. Chung, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 221109 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kim, B. Y.

Knight, J. C.

Kugel, G.

M. Hocine, R. Bachelot, C. Ecoffet, N. Fressengeas, P. Royer, and G. Kugel, Synth. Met. 127, 313 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Laffont, G.

M. C. P. Huy, G. Laffont, Y. Frignac, V. Dewynter-Marty, P. Ferdinand, P. Roy, J. M. Blondy, D. Pagnoux, W. Blanc, and B. Dussardier, Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 992 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. B.

Lerondel, G.

Lim, S. D.

Liu, S.

Y. L. Hoo, S. Liu, H. L. Ho, and W. Jin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 296 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lou, S. Q.

Pagnoux, D.

M. C. P. Huy, G. Laffont, Y. Frignac, V. Dewynter-Marty, P. Ferdinand, P. Roy, J. M. Blondy, D. Pagnoux, W. Blanc, and B. Dussardier, Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 992 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pang, C.

Park, H. C.

Pedersen, L. H.

Ren, G. B.

Rindorf, L.

Roy, P.

M. C. P. Huy, G. Laffont, Y. Frignac, V. Dewynter-Marty, P. Ferdinand, P. Roy, J. M. Blondy, D. Pagnoux, W. Blanc, and B. Dussardier, Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 992 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Royer, P.

C. Pang, F. Gesuele, A. Bruyant, S. Blaize, G. Lerondel, and P. Royer, Opt. Express 17, 6939 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hocine, R. Bachelot, C. Ecoffet, N. Fressengeas, P. Royer, and G. Kugel, Synth. Met. 127, 313 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P. St. J.

Tam, H.-Y.

Wang, Y.-C.

Wang, Z.

Weatbrook, P. S.

Windeler, R. S.

Xiao, L.

Yan, G. F.

A. P. Zhang, G. F. Yan, S.-R. Gao, S. He, B. Kim, J. Im, and Y. Chung, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 221109 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yu, J.

Zhang, A. P.

A. P. Zhang, G. F. Yan, S.-R. Gao, S. He, B. Kim, J. Im, and Y. Chung, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 221109 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Jiang, A. P. Zhang, Y.-C. Wang, H.-Y. Tam, and S. He, Opt. Express 17, 17976 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

C. Kerbage and B. J. Eggleton, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1338(2003).
[CrossRef]

A. P. Zhang, G. F. Yan, S.-R. Gao, S. He, B. Kim, J. Im, and Y. Chung, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 221109 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

Y. L. Hoo, S. Liu, H. L. Ho, and W. Jin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 296 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

M. C. P. Huy, G. Laffont, Y. Frignac, V. Dewynter-Marty, P. Ferdinand, P. Roy, J. M. Blondy, D. Pagnoux, W. Blanc, and B. Dussardier, Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 992 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (7)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Synth. Met. (1)

M. Hocine, R. Bachelot, C. Ecoffet, N. Fressengeas, P. Royer, and G. Kugel, Synth. Met. 127, 313 (2002).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the excitation and coupling of the high-order optical modes of the MOFs using a fiber-end microtip for sensing applications.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Microscope images of the fabricated microtips on the fiber end when the LD power is (a)  0.98 μW , (b)  1.09 μW , (c)  1.30 μW ; (d) enlarged view of the microtip shown in (b).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Reflection spectrum of the fabricated MOFBG. (a) SEM image of the cross section of the homemade MOF; (b) microscope image illustrating the MOF spliced with a standard SMF.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Reflection spectra of the MOFBG excited and collected with the fiber-end microtip. The two microtips have a relative displacement about 0.7 μm .

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Comparison of the measured and calculated responses of the Bragg wavelength of the two optical modes to the change of RIs in microholes. The inset shows the calculated sensitivity curves.

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