Abstract

We report the realization of a fiber-optic static strain sensor with ultrahigh resolution and large dynamic range for the applications of geophysical research. The sensor consists of a pair of fiber-Bragg-grating-based Fabry–Perot interferometers as sensor heads for strain sensing and reference, respectively. The Pound–Drever–Hall technique is employed to interrogate the sensor heads, and a cross-correlation algorithm is used to figure out the strain information with high precision. Static strain resolution down to 5.8 nanostrains is demonstrated. The dynamic range can be extended up to hundreds of microstrains, and the measuring period is a few tens of seconds.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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