Abstract

We report pulse-shaper-assisted phase control of a broad spectrum, aiming to synthesize nonsinusoidal waveforms. We first generate multiple-order coherent Raman sidebands by focusing two laser beams into a piece of diamond. Then we combine five sidebands into a single beam by using a prism. Our setup allows for both coarse, manual phase adjustments and fine tuning of the spectral phases. A flat spectral phase across these five frequency-separated sub-bands is achieved, which implies generation of two to three optical-cycle pulses.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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2011 (1)

H. Chan, Z. Hsieh, W. Liang, A. H. Kung, C. Lee, C. Lai, R. Pan, and L. Peng, Science 331, 1165 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (2)

2009 (1)

2008 (2)

M. Zhi, X. Wang, and A. V. Sokolov, Opt. Express 16, 12139(2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Chen, Z. Hsieh, S. W. Huang, H. Su, C. Lai, T. Tang, C. Lin, C. Lee, R. Pan, C. Pan, and A. H. Kung, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 163906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (4)

E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, Science 317, 769 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. B. Corkum and F. Krausz, Nat. Phys. 3, 381 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Sun, B. J. S. Gale, and D. T. Reid, Opt. Lett. 32, 1414(2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Zhi and A. V. Sokolov, Opt. Lett. 32, 2251 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

A. V. Sokolov, M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, A. M. Burzo, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, J. Mod. Opt. 52, 285 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

A. V. Sokolov and S. E. Harris, J. Opt. B 5, R1 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Apolonski, A.

E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, Science 317, 769 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Burzo, A. M.

A. V. Sokolov, M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, A. M. Burzo, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, J. Mod. Opt. 52, 285 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cavalieri, A. L.

E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, Science 317, 769 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chan, H.

H. Chan, Z. Hsieh, W. Liang, A. H. Kung, C. Lee, C. Lai, R. Pan, and L. Peng, Science 331, 1165 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, W.

W. Chen, Z. Hsieh, S. W. Huang, H. Su, C. Lai, T. Tang, C. Lin, C. Lee, R. Pan, C. Pan, and A. H. Kung, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 163906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Corkum, P. B.

P. B. Corkum and F. Krausz, Nat. Phys. 3, 381 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Crozatier, V.

Dantus, M.

Dela Cruz, J. M.

Forget, N.

Gale, B. J. S.

Goulielmakis, E.

E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, Science 317, 769 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gunn, J. M.

Harris, S. E.

A. V. Sokolov, M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, A. M. Burzo, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, J. Mod. Opt. 52, 285 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Sokolov and S. E. Harris, J. Opt. B 5, R1 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hsieh, Z.

H. Chan, Z. Hsieh, W. Liang, A. H. Kung, C. Lee, C. Lai, R. Pan, and L. Peng, Science 331, 1165 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Chen, Z. Hsieh, S. W. Huang, H. Su, C. Lai, T. Tang, C. Lin, C. Lee, R. Pan, C. Pan, and A. H. Kung, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 163906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang, S. W.

W. Chen, Z. Hsieh, S. W. Huang, H. Su, C. Lai, T. Tang, C. Lin, C. Lee, R. Pan, C. Pan, and A. H. Kung, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 163906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Katsuragawa, M.

Kawamoto, Y.

Kienberger, R.

E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, Science 317, 769 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kleineberg, U.

E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, Science 317, 769 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krausz, F.

E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, Science 317, 769 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. B. Corkum and F. Krausz, Nat. Phys. 3, 381 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kung, A. H.

H. Chan, Z. Hsieh, W. Liang, A. H. Kung, C. Lee, C. Lai, R. Pan, and L. Peng, Science 331, 1165 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Chen, Z. Hsieh, S. W. Huang, H. Su, C. Lai, T. Tang, C. Lin, C. Lee, R. Pan, C. Pan, and A. H. Kung, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 163906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lai, C.

H. Chan, Z. Hsieh, W. Liang, A. H. Kung, C. Lee, C. Lai, R. Pan, and L. Peng, Science 331, 1165 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Chen, Z. Hsieh, S. W. Huang, H. Su, C. Lai, T. Tang, C. Lin, C. Lee, R. Pan, C. Pan, and A. H. Kung, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 163906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, C.

H. Chan, Z. Hsieh, W. Liang, A. H. Kung, C. Lee, C. Lai, R. Pan, and L. Peng, Science 331, 1165 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Chen, Z. Hsieh, S. W. Huang, H. Su, C. Lai, T. Tang, C. Lin, C. Lee, R. Pan, C. Pan, and A. H. Kung, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 163906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liang, W.

H. Chan, Z. Hsieh, W. Liang, A. H. Kung, C. Lee, C. Lai, R. Pan, and L. Peng, Science 331, 1165 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lin, C.

W. Chen, Z. Hsieh, S. W. Huang, H. Su, C. Lai, T. Tang, C. Lin, C. Lee, R. Pan, C. Pan, and A. H. Kung, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 163906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lozovoy, V. V.

Matsubara, E.

Midorikawa, K.

Oksenhendler, T.

Pan, C.

W. Chen, Z. Hsieh, S. W. Huang, H. Su, C. Lai, T. Tang, C. Lin, C. Lee, R. Pan, C. Pan, and A. H. Kung, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 163906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pan, R.

H. Chan, Z. Hsieh, W. Liang, A. H. Kung, C. Lee, C. Lai, R. Pan, and L. Peng, Science 331, 1165 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Chen, Z. Hsieh, S. W. Huang, H. Su, C. Lai, T. Tang, C. Lin, C. Lee, R. Pan, C. Pan, and A. H. Kung, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 163906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pandir, K. R.

Peng, L.

H. Chan, Z. Hsieh, W. Liang, A. H. Kung, C. Lee, C. Lai, R. Pan, and L. Peng, Science 331, 1165 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pervak, V.

E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, Science 317, 769 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reid, D. T.

Sekikawa, T.

Shverdin, M. Y.

A. V. Sokolov, M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, A. M. Burzo, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, J. Mod. Opt. 52, 285 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sokolov, A. V.

M. Zhi, X. Wang, and A. V. Sokolov, Opt. Express 16, 12139(2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Zhi and A. V. Sokolov, Opt. Lett. 32, 2251 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Sokolov, M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, A. M. Burzo, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, J. Mod. Opt. 52, 285 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Sokolov and S. E. Harris, J. Opt. B 5, R1 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Su, H.

W. Chen, Z. Hsieh, S. W. Huang, H. Su, C. Lai, T. Tang, C. Lin, C. Lee, R. Pan, C. Pan, and A. H. Kung, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 163906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Suda, A.

Sun, J. H.

Suzuki, T.

Tang, T.

W. Chen, Z. Hsieh, S. W. Huang, H. Su, C. Lai, T. Tang, C. Lin, C. Lee, R. Pan, C. Pan, and A. H. Kung, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 163906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Uiberacker, M.

E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, Science 317, 769 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Walker, D. R.

A. V. Sokolov, M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, A. M. Burzo, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, J. Mod. Opt. 52, 285 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X.

Xu, B.

Yakovlev, V. S.

E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, Science 317, 769 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yamashita, M.

Yavuz, D. D.

A. V. Sokolov, M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, A. M. Burzo, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, J. Mod. Opt. 52, 285 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yin, G. Y.

A. V. Sokolov, M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, A. M. Burzo, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, J. Mod. Opt. 52, 285 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhi, M.

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

A. V. Sokolov, M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, A. M. Burzo, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, J. Mod. Opt. 52, 285 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. B (1)

A. V. Sokolov and S. E. Harris, J. Opt. B 5, R1 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Nat. Phys. (1)

P. B. Corkum and F. Krausz, Nat. Phys. 3, 381 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

W. Chen, Z. Hsieh, S. W. Huang, H. Su, C. Lai, T. Tang, C. Lin, C. Lee, R. Pan, C. Pan, and A. H. Kung, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 163906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (2)

E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, Science 317, 769 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Chan, Z. Hsieh, W. Liang, A. H. Kung, C. Lee, C. Lai, R. Pan, and L. Peng, Science 331, 1165 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the experimental setup. In our experiment, a spherical mirror (instead of a lens) is used to focus the Raman sidebands to the prism in order to minimize dispersion. The glass plates are inserted (and tilted as needed) so as to coarse tune the spectral phases, thus producing a waveform precompensated for pulse shaping by Dazzler. The thickness of the BBO crystal is 20 μm .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

SHG/SFG spectrum of the five sidebands after BBO crystal as we (a), (b) vary the AS2 phase from 0 to 10 π , after we adjust the relative phase among all sidebands to be equal or (c), (d) when AS3 is π out of phase with respect to the other four sidebands. Sub-band A, C, G: SHG of AS1, AS2, and AS4, respectively; B, SFG of AS1 and AS2; D, SFG of AS1 and AS4, and SFG of AS2 and AS3; E, SHG of AS3, SFG of AS1 and AS5, and AS2 and AS4; F, SFG of AS3 and AS4. (b), (c) Theoretical simulation of (a) and (d). (f), (g) Electric field of pulses calculated for (f) when all sidebands are in phase and (g) when AS3 is π out of phase with respect to the other four sidebands. (e), (h) Phase dependence of the total spectral intensity (CCD counts of the spectrometer divided by 10 7 ) after the BBO crystal for cases (a) and (d), which gives an indication of the pulse duration, as discussed in the text.

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