Abstract

Selective exposure to visible light is used to permanently trim the resonant wavelengths of coupled ring-resonator filters and delay-lines realized on a chalcogenide As2S3 platform. Post-fabrication manipulation of the circuit parameters has proved an effective tool to compensate for technological tolerances, targeting demanding speci fications in photonic integrated circuits with no need for always-on power-hungry actuators. The same approach opens a way to realize photonic integrated circuits that can be reconfigured after fabrication to fulfill specific applications.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. V. Van, J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 584 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. Melloni, F. Morichetti, C. Ferrari, and M. Martinelli, Opt. Lett. 33, 2389 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. F. Morichetti, A. Canciamilla, C. Ferrari, A. Samarelli, M. Sorel, and A. Melloni, Nat. Commun. 2, 296 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. A. Canciamilla, M. Torregiani, C. Ferrari, F. Morichetti, R. M. De La Rue, A. Samarelli, M. Sorel, and A. Melloni, J. Opt. 12, 104008 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. Schrauwen, D. van Thourhout, and R. Baets, Opt. Express 16, 3738 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. Y. Shen, I. B. Divliansky, D. N. Basov, and S. Mookherjea, Opt. Lett. 36, 2668 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. D. K. Sparacin, C.-Y. Hong, L. C. Kimerling, J. Michel, J. P. Lock, and K. K. Gleason, Opt. Lett. 30, 2251 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. B. J. Eggleton, B. Luther-Davies, and K. Richardson, Nat. Photon. 5, 141 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. Hu, N. Carlie, L. Petit, A. Agarwal, K. Richardson, and L. Kimerling, Opt. Lett. 33, 761 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. M. W. Lee, C. Grillet, C. L. C. Smith, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, D. Freeman, B. Luther-Davies, S. Madden, A. Rode, Y. Ruan, and Y.-H. Lee, Opt. Express 15, 1277(2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. N. Carlie, J. D. Musgraves, B. Zdyrko, I. Luzinov, J. Hu, V. Singh, A. Agarwal, L. C. Kimerling, A. Canciamilla, F. Morichetti, A. Melloni, and K. Richardson, Opt. Express 18, 26728 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. J. Hu, M. Torregiani, F. Morichetti, N. Carlie, A. Agarwal, K. Richardson, L. C. Kimerling, and A. Melloni, Opt. Lett. 35, 874 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. E. J. Norberg, R. S. Guzzon, J. S. Parker, L. A. Johansson, and L. A. Coldren, J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 1611 (2011).
    [CrossRef]

2011

F. Morichetti, A. Canciamilla, C. Ferrari, A. Samarelli, M. Sorel, and A. Melloni, Nat. Commun. 2, 296 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. J. Eggleton, B. Luther-Davies, and K. Richardson, Nat. Photon. 5, 141 (2011).
[CrossRef]

E. J. Norberg, R. S. Guzzon, J. S. Parker, L. A. Johansson, and L. A. Coldren, J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 1611 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Shen, I. B. Divliansky, D. N. Basov, and S. Mookherjea, Opt. Lett. 36, 2668 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010

2008

2007

2005

Agarwal, A.

Baets, R.

Basov, D. N.

Canciamilla, A.

F. Morichetti, A. Canciamilla, C. Ferrari, A. Samarelli, M. Sorel, and A. Melloni, Nat. Commun. 2, 296 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Canciamilla, M. Torregiani, C. Ferrari, F. Morichetti, R. M. De La Rue, A. Samarelli, M. Sorel, and A. Melloni, J. Opt. 12, 104008 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Carlie, J. D. Musgraves, B. Zdyrko, I. Luzinov, J. Hu, V. Singh, A. Agarwal, L. C. Kimerling, A. Canciamilla, F. Morichetti, A. Melloni, and K. Richardson, Opt. Express 18, 26728 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Carlie, N.

Coldren, L. A.

De La Rue, R. M.

A. Canciamilla, M. Torregiani, C. Ferrari, F. Morichetti, R. M. De La Rue, A. Samarelli, M. Sorel, and A. Melloni, J. Opt. 12, 104008 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Divliansky, I. B.

Eggleton, B. J.

Ferrari, C.

F. Morichetti, A. Canciamilla, C. Ferrari, A. Samarelli, M. Sorel, and A. Melloni, Nat. Commun. 2, 296 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Canciamilla, M. Torregiani, C. Ferrari, F. Morichetti, R. M. De La Rue, A. Samarelli, M. Sorel, and A. Melloni, J. Opt. 12, 104008 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Melloni, F. Morichetti, C. Ferrari, and M. Martinelli, Opt. Lett. 33, 2389 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Freeman, D.

Gleason, K. K.

Grillet, C.

Guzzon, R. S.

Hong, C.-Y.

Hu, J.

Johansson, L. A.

Kimerling, L.

Kimerling, L. C.

Lee, M. W.

Lee, Y.-H.

Lock, J. P.

Luther-Davies, B.

Luzinov, I.

Madden, S.

Martinelli, M.

Melloni, A.

Michel, J.

Mookherjea, S.

Morichetti, F.

Moss, D. J.

Musgraves, J. D.

Norberg, E. J.

Parker, J. S.

Petit, L.

Richardson, K.

Rode, A.

Ruan, Y.

Samarelli, A.

F. Morichetti, A. Canciamilla, C. Ferrari, A. Samarelli, M. Sorel, and A. Melloni, Nat. Commun. 2, 296 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Canciamilla, M. Torregiani, C. Ferrari, F. Morichetti, R. M. De La Rue, A. Samarelli, M. Sorel, and A. Melloni, J. Opt. 12, 104008 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Schrauwen, J.

Shen, Y.

Singh, V.

Smith, C. L. C.

Sorel, M.

F. Morichetti, A. Canciamilla, C. Ferrari, A. Samarelli, M. Sorel, and A. Melloni, Nat. Commun. 2, 296 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Canciamilla, M. Torregiani, C. Ferrari, F. Morichetti, R. M. De La Rue, A. Samarelli, M. Sorel, and A. Melloni, J. Opt. 12, 104008 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sparacin, D. K.

Torregiani, M.

A. Canciamilla, M. Torregiani, C. Ferrari, F. Morichetti, R. M. De La Rue, A. Samarelli, M. Sorel, and A. Melloni, J. Opt. 12, 104008 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Hu, M. Torregiani, F. Morichetti, N. Carlie, A. Agarwal, K. Richardson, L. C. Kimerling, and A. Melloni, Opt. Lett. 35, 874 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Van, V.

van Thourhout, D.

Zdyrko, B.

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Opt.

A. Canciamilla, M. Torregiani, C. Ferrari, F. Morichetti, R. M. De La Rue, A. Samarelli, M. Sorel, and A. Melloni, J. Opt. 12, 104008 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Commun.

F. Morichetti, A. Canciamilla, C. Ferrari, A. Samarelli, M. Sorel, and A. Melloni, Nat. Commun. 2, 296 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Photon.

B. J. Eggleton, B. Luther-Davies, and K. Richardson, Nat. Photon. 5, 141 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Cross section of the As 2 S 3 channel waveguide. (b) Schematic of the selective photo-induced trimming technique applied to coupled ring-resonator circuits.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Normalized spectral response of a four-ring As 2 S 3 filter at (a) the Through and (b) the Drop ports: measurement before (dotted lines) and after (solid lines) photo-induced trimming are compared with theoretical curves (dashed lines). (c) Measured response at Through (red) and Drop (blue) ports over a 20 nm wide wavelength range. (d) Eye diagrams of a 10 Gbit / s OOK signal ( d 1 ) at the Through port ( λ c = 1550.8 nm ) and ( d 2 ) at the Drop port ( λ c = 1550.3 nm ).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Photo-induced reconfiguration of a coupled-resonator delay line. (b) Eye-diagrams of a 10 Gbit / s OOK signal transmitted through a four-ring As 2 S 3 delay-line when the number N of on-resonance rings is set to ( b 1 ) N = 0 , reference delay; ( b 2 ) N = 3 , 32 ps delay; and ( b 3 ) N = 4 , 53 ps delay.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Photo-induced shift of the resonant wavelength of As 2 S 3 microrings versus (a) exposure time and (b) energy density at increasing trimming intensity I T = 0.4 , 1, and 2 mW / cm 2 .

Metrics