Abstract

We analyze ultrafast surface plasmon-polariton pulse reshaping effects and nonlinear propagation modes for metal/dielectric plasmon waveguides. It is found that group velocity and loss dispersion effects can substantially modify both pulse duration (broadening/narrowing) and intensity decay (acceleration/retardation) by as much as several tens of percentage points in the short-pulse regime and that metallic nonlinearities alone may support soliton, self-focusing, and self-compressing modes.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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2010

K. F. MacDonald and N. I. Zheludev, Laser & Photon. Rev. 4, 562 (2010).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Temnov, G. Armelles, U. Woggon, D. Guzatov, A. Cebollada, A. Garcia-Martin, J. M. Garcia-Martin, T. Thomay, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Bratschitsch, Nat. Photon. 4, 107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

J. Renger, R. Quidant, N. van Hulst, S. Palomba, and L. Novotny, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 266802 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Rotenberg, J. N. Caspers, and H. M. van Driel, Phys. Rev. B 80, 245420 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Bliokh, Y. P. Bliokh, and A. Ferrando, Phys. Rev. A 79, 041803 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. R. Davoyan, I. V. Shadrivov, and Y. S. Kivshar, Opt. Express 17, 21732 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

2006

R. Zia, J. A. Schuller, A. Chandran, and M. L. Brongersma, Mater. Today 9, 20 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. Ozbay, Science 311, 189 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. L. Barnes, J. Opt. A 8, S87 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004

P. Wang, Y. Lu, L. Tang, J. Zhang, H. Ming, J. Xie, F. H. Ho, H. H. Chang, H. Y. Lin, and D. P. Tsai, Opt. Commun. 229, 425 (2004).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

1998

1965

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2001).

Armelles, G.

V. V. Temnov, G. Armelles, U. Woggon, D. Guzatov, A. Cebollada, A. Garcia-Martin, J. M. Garcia-Martin, T. Thomay, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Bratschitsch, Nat. Photon. 4, 107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, W. L.

W. L. Barnes, J. Opt. A 8, S87 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bergman, D. J.

M. I. Stockman, D. J. Bergman, and T. Kobayashi, Phys. Rev. B 69, 054202 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bliokh, K. Y.

K. Y. Bliokh, Y. P. Bliokh, and A. Ferrando, Phys. Rev. A 79, 041803 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bliokh, Y. P.

K. Y. Bliokh, Y. P. Bliokh, and A. Ferrando, Phys. Rev. A 79, 041803 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, R. W.

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic, 2008).

Bratschitsch, R.

V. V. Temnov, G. Armelles, U. Woggon, D. Guzatov, A. Cebollada, A. Garcia-Martin, J. M. Garcia-Martin, T. Thomay, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Bratschitsch, Nat. Photon. 4, 107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Brongersma, M. L.

R. Zia, J. A. Schuller, A. Chandran, and M. L. Brongersma, Mater. Today 9, 20 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Caspers, J. N.

N. Rotenberg, J. N. Caspers, and H. M. van Driel, Phys. Rev. B 80, 245420 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cebollada, A.

V. V. Temnov, G. Armelles, U. Woggon, D. Guzatov, A. Cebollada, A. Garcia-Martin, J. M. Garcia-Martin, T. Thomay, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Bratschitsch, Nat. Photon. 4, 107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chandran, A.

R. Zia, J. A. Schuller, A. Chandran, and M. L. Brongersma, Mater. Today 9, 20 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chang, H. H.

P. Wang, Y. Lu, L. Tang, J. Zhang, H. Ming, J. Xie, F. H. Ho, H. H. Chang, H. Y. Lin, and D. P. Tsai, Opt. Commun. 229, 425 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Davoyan, A. R.

Djurišic, A. B.

Elazar, J. M.

Feigenbaum, E.

Ferrando, A.

K. Y. Bliokh, Y. P. Bliokh, and A. Ferrando, Phys. Rev. A 79, 041803 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Garcia-Martin, A.

V. V. Temnov, G. Armelles, U. Woggon, D. Guzatov, A. Cebollada, A. Garcia-Martin, J. M. Garcia-Martin, T. Thomay, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Bratschitsch, Nat. Photon. 4, 107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Garcia-Martin, J. M.

V. V. Temnov, G. Armelles, U. Woggon, D. Guzatov, A. Cebollada, A. Garcia-Martin, J. M. Garcia-Martin, T. Thomay, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Bratschitsch, Nat. Photon. 4, 107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Guzatov, D.

V. V. Temnov, G. Armelles, U. Woggon, D. Guzatov, A. Cebollada, A. Garcia-Martin, J. M. Garcia-Martin, T. Thomay, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Bratschitsch, Nat. Photon. 4, 107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ho, F. H.

P. Wang, Y. Lu, L. Tang, J. Zhang, H. Ming, J. Xie, F. H. Ho, H. H. Chang, H. Y. Lin, and D. P. Tsai, Opt. Commun. 229, 425 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kivshar, Y. S.

Kobayashi, T.

M. I. Stockman, D. J. Bergman, and T. Kobayashi, Phys. Rev. B 69, 054202 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Leitenstorfer, A.

V. V. Temnov, G. Armelles, U. Woggon, D. Guzatov, A. Cebollada, A. Garcia-Martin, J. M. Garcia-Martin, T. Thomay, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Bratschitsch, Nat. Photon. 4, 107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lin, H. Y.

P. Wang, Y. Lu, L. Tang, J. Zhang, H. Ming, J. Xie, F. H. Ho, H. H. Chang, H. Y. Lin, and D. P. Tsai, Opt. Commun. 229, 425 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lu, Y.

P. Wang, Y. Lu, L. Tang, J. Zhang, H. Ming, J. Xie, F. H. Ho, H. H. Chang, H. Y. Lin, and D. P. Tsai, Opt. Commun. 229, 425 (2004).
[CrossRef]

MacDonald, K. F.

K. F. MacDonald and N. I. Zheludev, Laser & Photon. Rev. 4, 562 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Majewski, M. L.

Malitson, I. H.

Ming, H.

P. Wang, Y. Lu, L. Tang, J. Zhang, H. Ming, J. Xie, F. H. Ho, H. H. Chang, H. Y. Lin, and D. P. Tsai, Opt. Commun. 229, 425 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Novotny, L.

J. Renger, R. Quidant, N. van Hulst, S. Palomba, and L. Novotny, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 266802 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Orenstein, M.

Ozbay, E.

E. Ozbay, Science 311, 189 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Palomba, S.

J. Renger, R. Quidant, N. van Hulst, S. Palomba, and L. Novotny, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 266802 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Quidant, R.

J. Renger, R. Quidant, N. van Hulst, S. Palomba, and L. Novotny, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 266802 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rakic, A. D.

Renger, J.

J. Renger, R. Quidant, N. van Hulst, S. Palomba, and L. Novotny, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 266802 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rotenberg, N.

N. Rotenberg, J. N. Caspers, and H. M. van Driel, Phys. Rev. B 80, 245420 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Schuller, J. A.

R. Zia, J. A. Schuller, A. Chandran, and M. L. Brongersma, Mater. Today 9, 20 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shadrivov, I. V.

Stockman, M. I.

M. I. Stockman, D. J. Bergman, and T. Kobayashi, Phys. Rev. B 69, 054202 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tang, L.

P. Wang, Y. Lu, L. Tang, J. Zhang, H. Ming, J. Xie, F. H. Ho, H. H. Chang, H. Y. Lin, and D. P. Tsai, Opt. Commun. 229, 425 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Temnov, V. V.

V. V. Temnov, G. Armelles, U. Woggon, D. Guzatov, A. Cebollada, A. Garcia-Martin, J. M. Garcia-Martin, T. Thomay, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Bratschitsch, Nat. Photon. 4, 107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Thomay, T.

V. V. Temnov, G. Armelles, U. Woggon, D. Guzatov, A. Cebollada, A. Garcia-Martin, J. M. Garcia-Martin, T. Thomay, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Bratschitsch, Nat. Photon. 4, 107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, D. P.

P. Wang, Y. Lu, L. Tang, J. Zhang, H. Ming, J. Xie, F. H. Ho, H. H. Chang, H. Y. Lin, and D. P. Tsai, Opt. Commun. 229, 425 (2004).
[CrossRef]

van Driel, H. M.

N. Rotenberg, J. N. Caspers, and H. M. van Driel, Phys. Rev. B 80, 245420 (2009).
[CrossRef]

van Hulst, N.

J. Renger, R. Quidant, N. van Hulst, S. Palomba, and L. Novotny, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 266802 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, P.

P. Wang, Y. Lu, L. Tang, J. Zhang, H. Ming, J. Xie, F. H. Ho, H. H. Chang, H. Y. Lin, and D. P. Tsai, Opt. Commun. 229, 425 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Woggon, U.

V. V. Temnov, G. Armelles, U. Woggon, D. Guzatov, A. Cebollada, A. Garcia-Martin, J. M. Garcia-Martin, T. Thomay, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Bratschitsch, Nat. Photon. 4, 107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Xie, J.

P. Wang, Y. Lu, L. Tang, J. Zhang, H. Ming, J. Xie, F. H. Ho, H. H. Chang, H. Y. Lin, and D. P. Tsai, Opt. Commun. 229, 425 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

P. Wang, Y. Lu, L. Tang, J. Zhang, H. Ming, J. Xie, F. H. Ho, H. H. Chang, H. Y. Lin, and D. P. Tsai, Opt. Commun. 229, 425 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zheludev, N. I.

K. F. MacDonald and N. I. Zheludev, Laser & Photon. Rev. 4, 562 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zia, R.

R. Zia, J. A. Schuller, A. Chandran, and M. L. Brongersma, Mater. Today 9, 20 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

J. Opt. A

W. L. Barnes, J. Opt. A 8, S87 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am.

Laser & Photon. Rev.

K. F. MacDonald and N. I. Zheludev, Laser & Photon. Rev. 4, 562 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Today

R. Zia, J. A. Schuller, A. Chandran, and M. L. Brongersma, Mater. Today 9, 20 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photon.

V. V. Temnov, G. Armelles, U. Woggon, D. Guzatov, A. Cebollada, A. Garcia-Martin, J. M. Garcia-Martin, T. Thomay, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Bratschitsch, Nat. Photon. 4, 107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

P. Wang, Y. Lu, L. Tang, J. Zhang, H. Ming, J. Xie, F. H. Ho, H. H. Chang, H. Y. Lin, and D. P. Tsai, Opt. Commun. 229, 425 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

K. Y. Bliokh, Y. P. Bliokh, and A. Ferrando, Phys. Rev. A 79, 041803 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B

M. I. Stockman, D. J. Bergman, and T. Kobayashi, Phys. Rev. B 69, 054202 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. Rotenberg, J. N. Caspers, and H. M. van Driel, Phys. Rev. B 80, 245420 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

J. Renger, R. Quidant, N. van Hulst, S. Palomba, and L. Novotny, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 266802 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Science

E. Ozbay, Science 311, 189 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids, E.D.Palik, ed., (Academic, 1985).

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2001).

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic, 2008).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Femtosecond SPP pulse and waveguide parameters: left, Gaussian input pulse amplitude profiles in temporal and spectral domains; right, planar waveguide geometry and exponential intensity decay characteristic.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Percentage GVD-induced SPP pulse broadening per propagation length against input pulse width and center wavelength for an Al / SiO 2 waveguide. The inset shows normalized 10 fs input (black) and corresponding output pulse profiles at selected wavelengths.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

LD-induced variation in SPP pulse output intensity (normalized by a factor, 1 / e ) against input pulse duration and center wavelength for an Al / SiO 2 waveguide. The inset shows normalized 10 fs input (black) and corresponding output pulse profiles at selected wavelengths.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Combined impact of group velocity and loss dispersion on SPP pulse transmission over one propagation length on Al/, Ag/ and Au/silica waveguides: Upper plots show total (GVD- plus LD-induced) percentage pulse broadening; lower plots show normalized output pulse intensity, as functions of input pulse duration and center wavelength.

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