Abstract

A crystalline Raman laser is pumped at 90° to the Raman laser axis by a single pass from a line-focused 532nm pump laser of pulse duration 10ns. The Raman laser threshold was 6.1mJ, and at 12mJ pump energy, a maximum output energy of 2.7mJ was obtained with a slope efficiency of 46%. The threshold pump intensity is within a factor of 2 of the same device when end-pumped. The results highlight significant potential for coherent beam conversion and combination with enhanced degrees of flexibility and increased power.

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  1. J. H. Dennis and P. E. Tannenwald, Appl. Phys. Lett. 5, 58 (1964).
  2. C. R. Menyuk, G. Hilfer, and J. Reintjes, Proc. SPIE 874, 165 (1988).
  3. C. E. Barker, R. A. Sacks, B. M. Van Wonterghem, J. A. Caird, J. R. Murray, J. H. Campbell, K. Kyle, R. B. Ehrlich, and N. D. Nielsen, in Conference on Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion, LLNL doc UCRL-JC-118106 (1995).
  4. W. L. Smith, M. A. Henesian, and F. P. Milanovich, in 1983 Laser Program Annual Report LLNL UCRL 500.21-83, 6-61–6-69 (1984).
  5. K. M. Mahoney, D. Hwang, A. L. Oien, G. T. Bennett, M. J. Kukla, K. Burgio, and C. R. Anderson, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Tech. Dig. (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper MC2.
  6. J. P. Tucker, A. L. Oien, and G. T. Bennett, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper CMP1.
  7. G. Hilfer and C. R. Menyuk, Opt. Lett. 17, 949 (1992).
    [PubMed]
  8. R. P. Mildren and A. Sabella, Opt. Lett. 34, 2811 (2009).
    [PubMed]
  9. Y. R. Shen and N. Bloembergen, Phys. Rev. A 137, A1787(1965).
  10. N. W. Ashcroft and N. D. Mermin, Solid State Physics (Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1976).
  11. H. M. Pask, P. Dekker, R. P. Mildren, D. J. Spence, and J. A. Piper, Prog. Quantum Electron. 32, 121 (2008).

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

H. M. Pask, P. Dekker, R. P. Mildren, D. J. Spence, and J. A. Piper, Prog. Quantum Electron. 32, 121 (2008).

1992 (1)

1988 (1)

C. R. Menyuk, G. Hilfer, and J. Reintjes, Proc. SPIE 874, 165 (1988).

1965 (1)

Y. R. Shen and N. Bloembergen, Phys. Rev. A 137, A1787(1965).

1964 (1)

J. H. Dennis and P. E. Tannenwald, Appl. Phys. Lett. 5, 58 (1964).

Anderson, C. R.

K. M. Mahoney, D. Hwang, A. L. Oien, G. T. Bennett, M. J. Kukla, K. Burgio, and C. R. Anderson, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Tech. Dig. (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper MC2.

Ashcroft, N. W.

N. W. Ashcroft and N. D. Mermin, Solid State Physics (Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1976).

Barker, C. E.

C. E. Barker, R. A. Sacks, B. M. Van Wonterghem, J. A. Caird, J. R. Murray, J. H. Campbell, K. Kyle, R. B. Ehrlich, and N. D. Nielsen, in Conference on Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion, LLNL doc UCRL-JC-118106 (1995).

Bennett, G. T.

J. P. Tucker, A. L. Oien, and G. T. Bennett, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper CMP1.

K. M. Mahoney, D. Hwang, A. L. Oien, G. T. Bennett, M. J. Kukla, K. Burgio, and C. R. Anderson, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Tech. Dig. (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper MC2.

Bloembergen, N.

Y. R. Shen and N. Bloembergen, Phys. Rev. A 137, A1787(1965).

Burgio, K.

K. M. Mahoney, D. Hwang, A. L. Oien, G. T. Bennett, M. J. Kukla, K. Burgio, and C. R. Anderson, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Tech. Dig. (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper MC2.

Caird, J. A.

C. E. Barker, R. A. Sacks, B. M. Van Wonterghem, J. A. Caird, J. R. Murray, J. H. Campbell, K. Kyle, R. B. Ehrlich, and N. D. Nielsen, in Conference on Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion, LLNL doc UCRL-JC-118106 (1995).

Campbell, J. H.

C. E. Barker, R. A. Sacks, B. M. Van Wonterghem, J. A. Caird, J. R. Murray, J. H. Campbell, K. Kyle, R. B. Ehrlich, and N. D. Nielsen, in Conference on Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion, LLNL doc UCRL-JC-118106 (1995).

Dekker, P.

H. M. Pask, P. Dekker, R. P. Mildren, D. J. Spence, and J. A. Piper, Prog. Quantum Electron. 32, 121 (2008).

Dennis, J. H.

J. H. Dennis and P. E. Tannenwald, Appl. Phys. Lett. 5, 58 (1964).

Ehrlich, R. B.

C. E. Barker, R. A. Sacks, B. M. Van Wonterghem, J. A. Caird, J. R. Murray, J. H. Campbell, K. Kyle, R. B. Ehrlich, and N. D. Nielsen, in Conference on Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion, LLNL doc UCRL-JC-118106 (1995).

Henesian, M. A.

W. L. Smith, M. A. Henesian, and F. P. Milanovich, in 1983 Laser Program Annual Report LLNL UCRL 500.21-83, 6-61–6-69 (1984).

Hilfer, G.

G. Hilfer and C. R. Menyuk, Opt. Lett. 17, 949 (1992).
[PubMed]

C. R. Menyuk, G. Hilfer, and J. Reintjes, Proc. SPIE 874, 165 (1988).

Hwang, D.

K. M. Mahoney, D. Hwang, A. L. Oien, G. T. Bennett, M. J. Kukla, K. Burgio, and C. R. Anderson, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Tech. Dig. (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper MC2.

Kukla, M. J.

K. M. Mahoney, D. Hwang, A. L. Oien, G. T. Bennett, M. J. Kukla, K. Burgio, and C. R. Anderson, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Tech. Dig. (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper MC2.

Kyle, K.

C. E. Barker, R. A. Sacks, B. M. Van Wonterghem, J. A. Caird, J. R. Murray, J. H. Campbell, K. Kyle, R. B. Ehrlich, and N. D. Nielsen, in Conference on Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion, LLNL doc UCRL-JC-118106 (1995).

Mahoney, K. M.

K. M. Mahoney, D. Hwang, A. L. Oien, G. T. Bennett, M. J. Kukla, K. Burgio, and C. R. Anderson, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Tech. Dig. (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper MC2.

Menyuk, C. R.

G. Hilfer and C. R. Menyuk, Opt. Lett. 17, 949 (1992).
[PubMed]

C. R. Menyuk, G. Hilfer, and J. Reintjes, Proc. SPIE 874, 165 (1988).

Mermin, N. D.

N. W. Ashcroft and N. D. Mermin, Solid State Physics (Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1976).

Milanovich, F. P.

W. L. Smith, M. A. Henesian, and F. P. Milanovich, in 1983 Laser Program Annual Report LLNL UCRL 500.21-83, 6-61–6-69 (1984).

Mildren, R. P.

R. P. Mildren and A. Sabella, Opt. Lett. 34, 2811 (2009).
[PubMed]

H. M. Pask, P. Dekker, R. P. Mildren, D. J. Spence, and J. A. Piper, Prog. Quantum Electron. 32, 121 (2008).

Murray, J. R.

C. E. Barker, R. A. Sacks, B. M. Van Wonterghem, J. A. Caird, J. R. Murray, J. H. Campbell, K. Kyle, R. B. Ehrlich, and N. D. Nielsen, in Conference on Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion, LLNL doc UCRL-JC-118106 (1995).

Nielsen, N. D.

C. E. Barker, R. A. Sacks, B. M. Van Wonterghem, J. A. Caird, J. R. Murray, J. H. Campbell, K. Kyle, R. B. Ehrlich, and N. D. Nielsen, in Conference on Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion, LLNL doc UCRL-JC-118106 (1995).

Oien, A. L.

K. M. Mahoney, D. Hwang, A. L. Oien, G. T. Bennett, M. J. Kukla, K. Burgio, and C. R. Anderson, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Tech. Dig. (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper MC2.

J. P. Tucker, A. L. Oien, and G. T. Bennett, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper CMP1.

Pask, H. M.

H. M. Pask, P. Dekker, R. P. Mildren, D. J. Spence, and J. A. Piper, Prog. Quantum Electron. 32, 121 (2008).

Piper, J. A.

H. M. Pask, P. Dekker, R. P. Mildren, D. J. Spence, and J. A. Piper, Prog. Quantum Electron. 32, 121 (2008).

Reintjes, J.

C. R. Menyuk, G. Hilfer, and J. Reintjes, Proc. SPIE 874, 165 (1988).

Sabella, A.

Sacks, R. A.

C. E. Barker, R. A. Sacks, B. M. Van Wonterghem, J. A. Caird, J. R. Murray, J. H. Campbell, K. Kyle, R. B. Ehrlich, and N. D. Nielsen, in Conference on Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion, LLNL doc UCRL-JC-118106 (1995).

Shen, Y. R.

Y. R. Shen and N. Bloembergen, Phys. Rev. A 137, A1787(1965).

Smith, W. L.

W. L. Smith, M. A. Henesian, and F. P. Milanovich, in 1983 Laser Program Annual Report LLNL UCRL 500.21-83, 6-61–6-69 (1984).

Spence, D. J.

H. M. Pask, P. Dekker, R. P. Mildren, D. J. Spence, and J. A. Piper, Prog. Quantum Electron. 32, 121 (2008).

Tannenwald, P. E.

J. H. Dennis and P. E. Tannenwald, Appl. Phys. Lett. 5, 58 (1964).

Tucker, J. P.

J. P. Tucker, A. L. Oien, and G. T. Bennett, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper CMP1.

Van Wonterghem, B. M.

C. E. Barker, R. A. Sacks, B. M. Van Wonterghem, J. A. Caird, J. R. Murray, J. H. Campbell, K. Kyle, R. B. Ehrlich, and N. D. Nielsen, in Conference on Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion, LLNL doc UCRL-JC-118106 (1995).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

J. H. Dennis and P. E. Tannenwald, Appl. Phys. Lett. 5, 58 (1964).

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

Y. R. Shen and N. Bloembergen, Phys. Rev. A 137, A1787(1965).

Proc. SPIE (1)

C. R. Menyuk, G. Hilfer, and J. Reintjes, Proc. SPIE 874, 165 (1988).

Prog. Quantum Electron. (1)

H. M. Pask, P. Dekker, R. P. Mildren, D. J. Spence, and J. A. Piper, Prog. Quantum Electron. 32, 121 (2008).

Other (5)

C. E. Barker, R. A. Sacks, B. M. Van Wonterghem, J. A. Caird, J. R. Murray, J. H. Campbell, K. Kyle, R. B. Ehrlich, and N. D. Nielsen, in Conference on Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion, LLNL doc UCRL-JC-118106 (1995).

W. L. Smith, M. A. Henesian, and F. P. Milanovich, in 1983 Laser Program Annual Report LLNL UCRL 500.21-83, 6-61–6-69 (1984).

K. M. Mahoney, D. Hwang, A. L. Oien, G. T. Bennett, M. J. Kukla, K. Burgio, and C. R. Anderson, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Tech. Dig. (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper MC2.

J. P. Tucker, A. L. Oien, and G. T. Bennett, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper CMP1.

N. W. Ashcroft and N. D. Mermin, Solid State Physics (Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1976).

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Phase-matching diagrams showing the range of k ν vector magnitudes and directions for forward, backward, and 90 ° scattering. Schematic of the (b) side-pumped and (c) end-pumped Raman lasers.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Output energy as a function of the pump energy transmitted by the pump face of the crystal for the side-pumped and end-pumped (inset) configurations.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Comparison of Threshold Parameters for Side- and End-Pumped Systems

Equations (2)

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β 2 2 Q ν * + ( ω 0 2 ω ν 2 + i 2 ω ν Γ ) Q ν * = ( N d α d Q ν ) E p * E s * ,
× ( × E s ) ( ε s ω s 2 / c 2 ) E s = ( N d α d Q ν ) 4 π ω s 2 / c 2 Q ν * E p ,

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